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Lesson Plans (16) A detailed description of the instruction for teaching one or more concepts or skills. Podcasts (8) A program (audio or video) made available in digital format for playback or download over the Internet. Informational Materials (2) Textual information containing useful facts or information.
Learning Activities (4) Any activity that would enhance a lesson or unit in order to help the learner master an objective 
and/or acquire a skill.  Examples include, but are not limited to, online tutorials, experiments, 
demonstrations, and hands-on activities. Learning Assets (3)


ALEX Lesson Plans


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Subject: English Language Arts (5), or English Language Arts (4 - 5), or Social Studies (5)
Title: Going to War!
Description: In this 21st Century roleplay lesson, students use what they know about causes of the Civil War to have an educated discussion with another class.  By utilizing Skype, students and teachers collaborate with one another in an engaging historical scenario.


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Subject: Social Studies (5)
Title: The Effects of the Civil War
Description: Students will work in groups to research the causes of the Civil War, events during the war, and Reconstruction. They will compile their information into a multimedia presentation. They will use research to answer the essential question, "How did the events of the Civil War effect our society today?"


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Subject: Social Studies (3 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: A Divided Nation
Description: Students will explore the sectional differences between the North and the South that ultimately led to the southern secession. Students will learn what is meant by secession and which states seceded, the country they formed, its capital, and whom they elected president. Students will create a PowerPoint Presentation, a brochure, and possibly a newsletter using computer software presenting information they have learned.


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Subject: English Language Arts (4), or English Language Arts (4), or Social Studies (4 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: The Underground Railroad
Description: The Underground Railroad of the 1800's inspired talented writers of all ages. This lesson will integrate some of these famous writings to encourage students to develop their questioning techniques for analysis of literature while furthering their knowledge of this era in American history. As an extension of this study, students will create a class quilt to illustrate the depth of their research.


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Subject: English Language Arts (5), or English Language Arts (5), or Social Studies (5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Newscast on the Battles of the Ironclad Ships
Description: This lesson is on the ironclad ships and the battles that took place during the Civil War. Students will use the information from previous lessons to create a simulated newscast that takes place during an actual battle between ironclad ships.


Thinkfinity Lesson Plans


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Subject: Social Studies - Geography - Social Studies - United States History
Title: Quilting: The Story of the Underground Railroad     
Description: In this lesson, from Xpeditions, students use the Internet to research the dangers that escaping slaves faced along the Underground Railroad and the factors that helped the slaves make it to freedom. They conclude by designing quilts describing what they have learned.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Language Arts
Title: Escaping Slavery: Sweet Clara and the Freedom Quilt      
Description: Students read Sweet Clara and the Freedom Quilt by Deborah Hopkinson, create a problems/solutions/events chart, and create a map with a key, compass, and landmarks surrounding their home and school.
Thinkfinity Partner: ReadWriteThink
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: We Must Not Be Enemies: Lincoln's First Inaugural Address     
Description: The focus for this six-lesson EDSITEment unit is on the address given by Abraham Lincoln at his first inauguration as U.S. President. His address reflected contemporary events and set the tone for his presidency. This series of lessons aims to help students to understand the historical context and significance of Lincoln's inaugural address through archival documents such as campaign posters, sheet music, vintage photographs and documents. Students also learn how to apply this historical research process to the interpretation of any President's inaugural address.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Language Arts
Title: Engaging Students in a Collaborative Exploration of the Gettysburg Address     
Description: In small groups, students closely examine one sentence from the Gettysburg Address and create a multigenre project communicating what they have discovered about the meaning and significance of the text.
Thinkfinity Partner: ReadWriteThink
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Language Arts
Title: Using Historical Fiction to Learn About the Civil War     
Description: Students in grades 4 and 5 discuss inferential comprehension and visualization as they use a think-aloud questioning strategy to develop a deeper understanding of a historical novel.
Thinkfinity Partner: ReadWriteThink
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Critical Ways of Seeing ''The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn'' in Context     
Description: This lesson, from EDSITEment, asks students to combine Internet historical research with critical reading. They then produce several writing assignments exploring what readers see in Huckleberry Finn and why they see it that way.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: 'The Red Badge of Courage'': A New Kind of Realism     
Description: In this lesson, from EDSITEment, students compare specific excerpts from Stephen Crane's The Red Badge of Courage to first-hand accounts of Civil War battles, in text and images. They also list elements of Crane's style that contribute to the novel's realism. To conclude, they create a first-person account that employs the basic stylistic characteristics of The Red Badge of Courage.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: 'The Red Badge of Courage'': A New Kind of Courage     
Description: In this lesson, from EDSITEment, students explore the values of courage and patriotism in Stephen Crane's The Red Badge of Courage. They closely read Chapter 23 and compare it with a more traditional tale of combat and a systematic look at an early reviewer's accusations. Using their new understanding, students are asked to select one of three published endings to The Red Badge of Courage best suited to their understanding of Crane's exploration of values in the novel.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



ALEX Learning Assets


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Title: Free at last, free at last! : Slavery during the Civil War
Digital Tool: The Underground Railroad
Digital Tool Description: This interactive website allows the students in your class to follow Harriet Tubman through her journey of the Underground Railroad and her escape to freedom. It also allows you to find out different important facts about the places she went through such as Camden, Delaware, Wilmington, Delaware, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


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Title: Causes of the Civil War
Digital Tool: Xtranormal Video
Digital Tool Description: The Xtranormal video depicts a discussion about the causes of the U.S. Civil War between Barack Obama and Abraham Lincoln. Both presidents are represented by cartoon avatars that resemble each president. **Because the video is from YouTube, instructions for how to address potential school site Internet blockages are listed in the "Advanced Preparation" section of this page.


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Title: Flight to Freedom: the Underground Railroad
Digital Tool: Mission US 2: Flight to Freedom role-playing game
Digital Tool Description: Mission US provides an interactive role-playing game that is available for streaming or download. The game to be used is Mission 2: "Flight to Freedom". The player assumes the role of a slave and journeys to freedom via the Underground Railroad. The player makes choices, has conversations with characters, and learns about life on a Southern plantation and the struggle for freedom for slaves.


ALEX Podcasts


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Overcoming Slavery through Civil War
Overview:
The Civil War abolishes slavery, but are civil rights given to all? 


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Overcoming War and Finding Peace
Overview:
A brief overview of war in the United States and suggestions for preventing future conflicts.


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Mountain Tom Clark
Overview:
A brief outline of the life of the notorious Civil War-era outlaw Tom Clark, who terrorized north Alabama.


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William Lowndes Yancey and the Coming of the Civil War
Overview:
ArchiTreats: Food for Thought continues another year of informative talks on Alabama history at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Join us as Eric Walther presents William Lowndes Yancey and the Coming of the Civil War. Eric Walther’s talk, based on his recent biography of William Lowndes Yancey, could easily be titled “the making of a fire eater,” or “the Yancey that nobody knows.” Professor Walther will detail the many profound and troubling incidents in the early years of Yancey’s life in order to explain how this man transformed from a die-hard Unionist into Alabama’s premier secessionist. Family turbulence and violence combined with the hypocrisy and duplicity of his Northern step-father, resulting in Yancey’s early rejection and distrust of Northern society and his belief in the innate superiority of the slaveholding regime of the antebellum South. As disunion grew close in the 1850s, in a speech to students at the University of Alabama, Yancey all but pronounced himself the embodiment of the South and its leading defender. Eric Walther teaches U.S. History at the University of Houston. His specialty is the Antebellum South and the coming of the Civil War. He received a B.A. in History and American Studies from California State University, Fullerton and M. A. and Ph.D. degrees from Louisiana State University. Walther is the author of three books, numerous articles, and book reviews. Shattering of the Union: America in the 1850s, won a Choice Magazine book award in 2004. William Lowndes Yancey and the Coming of the Civil War was published by the University of North Carolina Press in the spring of 2006 and has received the James Rawley Award from the Southern Historical Association and the Jefferson Davis Award from the Mus eum of the Confederacy. This program is part of the statewide Becoming Alabama initiative to commemorate three landmark events in the development of Alabama: the Creek War of 1813‐1814, the CivilWar and Emancipation, and th e Civil Rights Movement. ArchiTreats: Food for Thought lecture series is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives. The public is invited to bring a sack lunch and enjoy a bit of Alabama history. Coffee and tea will be provided by the Friends of the Alabama Archives. For more information, call (334) 353‐4726.


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Alabama's Civil War: Researching and Writing "Selma: A Novel of the Civil War"
Overview:
In Val L. McGee's new book, Selma: A Novel of the Civil War, hope is born of tragedy. Join us as McGee presents, "Alabama's Civil War: Researching and Writing Selma: A Novel of the Civil War." This ‘Bonus' ArchiTreats: Food for Thought presentation was held at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. The drama in Selma: A Novel of the Civil War is taken primarily from the pages of Alabama newspapers published in the early 1860s, available only through the reference room of the Alabama Archives. Selma also reflects research in more than 250 slave cases decided by the Alabama Supreme Court from 1819 to 1865 as published in the state Supreme Court's Alabama Reports. In this presentation McGee will share the historical research which informs almost every page of this novel and he will discuss the process of writing a historical novel. Reviewer Dr. Norwood Kerr noted that, "Selma is especially vivid in describing the pre-war ‘Queen City of the Black Belt.'... Moderate unionists, fire-eating secessionists, and free and enslaved blacks - Judge McGee gives voice to all with both precision and compassion." Val McGee is a past president of the Alabama Historical Association and the Friends of the Alabama Archives He is the author of Claybank Memories: A History of Dale County, Alabama; The Origins of Fort Rucker; and A Cross Above: A History of the First United Methodist Church of Ozark, Alabama. He served as an infantry officer at Camp Rucker and in Europe during World War II. An attorney by profession, he was an Alabama trial judge from 1981 to 1993. Selma is his first novel. This ‘Bonus' ArchiTreats is presented by the Alabama Department of Archives and History.  


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Lee's Alabama Boys at the Battle of Chancellorsville
Overview:
Join us for "Lee's Alabama Boys at the Battle of Chancellorsville" presented by Ben H. Severance on Thursday, July 17th, at 12 noon at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Civil War historians generally agree that the Battle of Chancellorsville was General Robert E. Lee's military masterpiece. Between May 1-4, 1863, Lee outmaneuvered and soundly defeated Union forces. Contributing greatly to this outcome was the performance of a dozen regiments of Alabama infantrymen. From spearheading Stonewall Jackson's famous flank attack on May 2, to repelling a powerful Union counterattack on May 3, Alabamians played a major role in the battle's most critical phases. For Lee's "Alabama Boys", Chancellorsville was one of their finest moments. At the conclusion of the program, Archives Chief Curator Bob Bradley will show and discuss the flag of the 5th Alabama Infantry. The flag was captured during the Battle of Chancellorsville by the 111th Pennsylvania Volunteers. The flag was returned to the State of Alabama on March 25, 1905. Ben H. Severance is an assistant professor of history at Auburn University Montgomery. He received his Ph.D. in 2002 from the University of Tennessee (Knoxville). In 2005, he published Tennessee Radical Army: the State Guard and Its Role in Reconstruction, 1867-1869. He is currently working on a photographic history of Alabamians during the Civil War. This ArchiTreats presentation is one in a series of monthly third-Thursday free lectures presented by the Alabama Department of Archives and History. The public is invited to bring a sack lunch and enjoy a bit of Alabama history. Coffee and tea will be provided by the Friends of the Alabama Archives. For more information call (334) 353-4712 or go to www.archives.alabama.gov.    


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The Cotton State
Overview:
ArchiTreats: Food for Thought celebrates the Year of Alabama History through a series of sequential lectures in Alabama history by leading experts in the field. While many think of antebellum Alabama as a state of magnolias and cotton plantations, that picture tells only part of the story. This program will show how three groups – white yeomen farmers, planter elites, and enslaved African Americans – together created the “cotton state” in Alabama. It will begin with a description of the differences between life in the yeoman sections of the state – the hill counties and the Wiregrass – and life in the plantation areas – the Black Belt and the Tennessee Valley. Each of these groups contributed to and shaped Alabama society and antebellum politics. The program will examine some of the “hot” political topics of the time – the state bank, congressional districting, taxation, state aid for railroads, and secession from the Union. Montgomery - native J. Mills Thornton is a professor of history at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Professor Thornton received his bachelor’s degree with high honors from Princeton University in 1966, and his doctorate from Yale University in 1974, joining the faculty of the University of Michigan in that year. His book, Politics and Power in a Slave Society: Alabama, 1800-1860, published in 1978, received the Dunning Prize of the American Historical Association. His second book, Dividing Lines: Municipal Politics and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Montgomery, Birmingham and Selma, published in 2002, received the Liberty Legacy Prize of the Organization of American Historians. During 2007-08, he served as the Pitt Professor of American History and Institutions at the University of Cambridge in England. This ArchiTreats presentation is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives and a grant from the Alabama Humanities Foundation, a state program of the National Endowment for the Humanities.


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The Civil War in Alabama
Overview:
ArchiTreats: Food for Thought celebrates the Year of Alabama History through a series of sequential lectures in Alabama history by leading experts in the field. Enjoy this installment that was presented on Thursday, May 21 with Robert B. Bradley presenting The Civil War in Alabama. The Civil War in Alabama focuses upon the events and activities which took place within the state from secession until the final days of the war. According to Bradley, many of the most significant events which took place in Alabama are frequently treated as local history when, in fact, they were part of a much larger picture. The formation of the Confederate government, the decision to fire on Ft. Sumter, the occupation of north Alabama, Streight's raid, Rousseau's raid, the Selma manufacturing complex, and the campaign for Mobile are just a few of the topics examined in this program. Robert (Bob) Bradley is currently the Chief Curator at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. From 1974-1986, he was a historian with the National Park Service, specializing in the management, preservation, and interpretation of 18th- to mid 20th-century fortifications and military sites. Of his several assignments, his position as Chief Historian at Fort Sumter National Monument in Charleston, South Carolina was his favorite. From 1986-1988 Bradley was Historic Sites Administrator for the Alabama Historical Commission. Since coming to the Archives in 1988 he has been responsible for the preservation, documentation, and conservation of the Department's collection of nearly a half-million artifacts. He is the author of Documenting the Civil War Period Flag Collection at the Alabama Department of Archives and History, which is available on the Department's web-site, and he has contributed to a wide variety of Civil War publications. He is also very active in Civil War battlefield preservation. This ArchiTreats presentation is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives and a grant from the Alabama Humanities Foundation, a state program of the National Endowment for the Humanities.  


Web Resources


Lesson Plans


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The Civil War Through a Child's Eye
http://www.loc.gov/t...
"The Civil War Through a Child's Eye" is a comprehensive project-based lesson plan where students work as historians to examine and analyze images from the Library of Congress.

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Travel the Underground Railroad: Escape to Freedom
http://teacher.schol...
This site is packed full of teacher materials and student activities to help students travel the Underground Railroad and step back in time.

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Underground Railroad
http://www.create.ce...
This is a short lesson that allows students to experience a journey along the Underground Railroad through the use of an interactive Web site. Students will use this Web site to also research the history of slavery in the United States as well as the people who helped bring it to an end through the abolition movement.

Informational Materials


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The Civil War Through a Child's Eye
http://www.loc.gov/t...
"The Civil War Through a Child's Eye" is a comprehensive project-based lesson plan where students work as historians to examine and analyze images from the Library of Congress.

Save to ALEX | Share Share | Show Details
Travel the Underground Railroad: Escape to Freedom
http://teacher.schol...
This site is packed full of teacher materials and student activities to help students travel the Underground Railroad and step back in time.

Learning Activities


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Choose Your Side!
http://www.nps.gov/w...
Interactive program that gives information on the Civil War and allows the students to choose a side, either Confederate or Union. It gives a certificate where they can enter their name and enlist. They will be able to follow the journey of those soldiers

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Travel the Underground Railroad: Escape to Freedom
http://teacher.schol...
This site is packed full of teacher materials and student activities to help students travel the Underground Railroad and step back in time.

Thinkfinity Learning Activities


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Subject: Language Arts
Title: Celebrate Juneteenth!     
Description: Students use the Venn Diagram to compare Juneteenth celebrations to Fourth of July celebrations and hypothesize about the differences.
Thinkfinity Partner: ReadWriteThink
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts
Title: Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address in 1863.     
Description: Students practice the Pre-AP strategy called SOAPSTone, identifying important parts of the Gettysburg Address and comparing it with John F. Kennedy's inaugural speech.
Thinkfinity Partner: ReadWriteThink
Grade Span: 7,8,9,10,11,12



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