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Lesson Plans (13) A detailed description of the instruction for teaching one or more concepts or skills. Podcasts (8) A program (audio or video) made available in digital format for playback or download over the Internet. Informational Materials (2) Textual information containing useful facts or information.
Learning Activities (4) Any activity that would enhance a lesson or unit in order to help the learner master an objective 
and/or acquire a skill.  Examples include, but are not limited to, online tutorials, experiments, 
demonstrations, and hands-on activities. Learning Assets (1)


ALEX Lesson Plans


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Subject: Social Studies (10 - 11)
Title: History: It's All Around Me
Description: Most students are unaware of the historical significances that can be found in their immediate surroundings. This lesson plan sends students on a quest to seek out areas of historical significance that can be found within their local area. Once students find these hidden historical gems they will report their findings via photo story. This lesson plan has been made with Alabama historical places of reference in mind; you will need to adapt it for your own individual state.


Thinkfinity Lesson Plans


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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: 'The Red Badge of Courage'': A New Kind of Realism     
Description: In this lesson, from EDSITEment, students compare specific excerpts from Stephen Crane's The Red Badge of Courage to first-hand accounts of Civil War battles, in text and images. They also list elements of Crane's style that contribute to the novel's realism. To conclude, they create a first-person account that employs the basic stylistic characteristics of The Red Badge of Courage.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts
Title: Myth and Truth: The Gettysburg Address     
Description: By exploring myths and truths surrounding Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address, students think critically about commonly believed stories regarding this famous speech from the Civil War era.
Thinkfinity Partner: ReadWriteThink
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: 'The Red Badge of Courage'': A New Kind of Courage     
Description: In this lesson, from EDSITEment, students explore the values of courage and patriotism in Stephen Crane's The Red Badge of Courage. They closely read Chapter 23 and compare it with a more traditional tale of combat and a systematic look at an early reviewer's accusations. Using their new understanding, students are asked to select one of three published endings to The Red Badge of Courage best suited to their understanding of Crane's exploration of values in the novel.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Abraham Lincoln, the 1860 Election, and the Future of the American Union and Slavery     
Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from EDSITEment, students explore the wide-ranging debate over American slavery by presenting the lives of its leading opponents and defenders and the views they held about America's peculiar institution. Students identify influential opponents and defenders of American slavery and compare their respective biographies, explain the reasons given for and against the morality and legitimacy of slavery under the U.S. Constitution, and articulate an economic argument in favor of slavery and an opposing argument on behalf of free labor.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



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Subject: Science
Title: Glowing Wounds     
Description: In this Science Update, from Science NetLinks, you'll hear about a Civil War legend of soldiers' glowing war wounds that may actually be based in fact. Science Updates are audio interviews with scientists and are accompanied by a set of questions as well as links to related Science NetLinks lessons and other related resources.
Thinkfinity Partner: Science NetLinks
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Walt Whitman's Notebooks and Poetry: The Sweep of the Universe     
Description: In this lesson, from EDSITEment, students read the poetry of Walt Whitman to determine how he attempts to combine universal themes with individual experiences and feelings. Additionally, students reflect on how Whitman used his experiences in the Civil War in his poetry.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Lincoln Goes to War     
Description: This EDSITEment lesson explores the decision-making process that precipitated the Civil War, focusing on deliberations within the Lincoln administration that led to the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in April 1861.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies,Arts
Title: Images at War     
Description: The goals of this EDSITEment lesson are to examine American attitudes toward war as revealed in Civil War photographs and World War II homefront posters, to explore ways in which the experience of war has helped shape the American social and cultural identity, to gain experience interpreting archival images, and to organize a statement of findings.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Families in Bondage     
Description: This two-part lesson from EDSITEment draws on letters written by African Americans in slavery and by free blacks to loved ones still in bondage, singling out a few among the many slave experiences to offer students a glimpse into slavery and its effects on African American family life. In Part I, students examine the letters of Hannah Valentine, an enslaved woman who lived on a Virginia plantation. In Part II, students read letters from a fugitive slave to his still-enslaved wife and from a black Union soldier to his still-enslaved daughters, confronting directly the anguish of separation that was a constant factor in African American family life during slave times, when children and parents, husbands and wives, were routinely sold away from one another. Students explore the emotional terrain revealed in these letters by comparing the response to separation voiced by Valentine with that voiced by the Union soldier and the fugitive slave.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Attitudes Toward Emancipation     
Description: In this lesson from EDSITEment, students explore the obstacles and alternatives facing the nation at the time of the Emancipation Proclamation. They evaluate the provisions of the Emancipation Proclamation, trace the stages that led to Lincoln's formulation of this policy, explore the range of contemporary public opinion on the issue of emancipation, and document the multifaceted significance of the Emancipation Proclamation within the context of the Civil War era.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 9,10,11,12



ALEX Learning Assets


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Title: Causes of the Civil War
Digital Tool: Xtranormal Video
Digital Tool Description: The Xtranormal video depicts a discussion about the causes of the U.S. Civil War between Barack Obama and Abraham Lincoln. Both presidents are represented by cartoon avatars that resemble each president. **Because the video is from YouTube, instructions for how to address potential school site Internet blockages are listed in the "Advanced Preparation" section of this page.


ALEX Podcasts


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Overcoming Slavery through Civil War
Overview:
The Civil War abolishes slavery, but are civil rights given to all? 


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History Reference Center Database Research Project: Civil War
Overview:
Using the History Reference Center Database, students will look for Civil War pictures, charts, graphs, or maps to use in a classroom project.


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William Lowndes Yancey and the Coming of the Civil War
Overview:
ArchiTreats: Food for Thought continues another year of informative talks on Alabama history at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Join us as Eric Walther presents William Lowndes Yancey and the Coming of the Civil War. Eric Walther’s talk, based on his recent biography of William Lowndes Yancey, could easily be titled “the making of a fire eater,” or “the Yancey that nobody knows.” Professor Walther will detail the many profound and troubling incidents in the early years of Yancey’s life in order to explain how this man transformed from a die-hard Unionist into Alabama’s premier secessionist. Family turbulence and violence combined with the hypocrisy and duplicity of his Northern step-father, resulting in Yancey’s early rejection and distrust of Northern society and his belief in the innate superiority of the slaveholding regime of the antebellum South. As disunion grew close in the 1850s, in a speech to students at the University of Alabama, Yancey all but pronounced himself the embodiment of the South and its leading defender. Eric Walther teaches U.S. History at the University of Houston. His specialty is the Antebellum South and the coming of the Civil War. He received a B.A. in History and American Studies from California State University, Fullerton and M. A. and Ph.D. degrees from Louisiana State University. Walther is the author of three books, numerous articles, and book reviews. Shattering of the Union: America in the 1850s, won a Choice Magazine book award in 2004. William Lowndes Yancey and the Coming of the Civil War was published by the University of North Carolina Press in the spring of 2006 and has received the James Rawley Award from the Southern Historical Association and the Jefferson Davis Award from the Mus eum of the Confederacy. This program is part of the statewide Becoming Alabama initiative to commemorate three landmark events in the development of Alabama: the Creek War of 1813‐1814, the CivilWar and Emancipation, and th e Civil Rights Movement. ArchiTreats: Food for Thought lecture series is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives. The public is invited to bring a sack lunch and enjoy a bit of Alabama history. Coffee and tea will be provided by the Friends of the Alabama Archives. For more information, call (334) 353‐4726.


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Alabama's Civil War: Researching and Writing "Selma: A Novel of the Civil War"
Overview:
In Val L. McGee's new book, Selma: A Novel of the Civil War, hope is born of tragedy. Join us as McGee presents, "Alabama's Civil War: Researching and Writing Selma: A Novel of the Civil War." This ‘Bonus' ArchiTreats: Food for Thought presentation was held at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. The drama in Selma: A Novel of the Civil War is taken primarily from the pages of Alabama newspapers published in the early 1860s, available only through the reference room of the Alabama Archives. Selma also reflects research in more than 250 slave cases decided by the Alabama Supreme Court from 1819 to 1865 as published in the state Supreme Court's Alabama Reports. In this presentation McGee will share the historical research which informs almost every page of this novel and he will discuss the process of writing a historical novel. Reviewer Dr. Norwood Kerr noted that, "Selma is especially vivid in describing the pre-war ‘Queen City of the Black Belt.'... Moderate unionists, fire-eating secessionists, and free and enslaved blacks - Judge McGee gives voice to all with both precision and compassion." Val McGee is a past president of the Alabama Historical Association and the Friends of the Alabama Archives He is the author of Claybank Memories: A History of Dale County, Alabama; The Origins of Fort Rucker; and A Cross Above: A History of the First United Methodist Church of Ozark, Alabama. He served as an infantry officer at Camp Rucker and in Europe during World War II. An attorney by profession, he was an Alabama trial judge from 1981 to 1993. Selma is his first novel. This ‘Bonus' ArchiTreats is presented by the Alabama Department of Archives and History.  


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Lee's Alabama Boys at the Battle of Chancellorsville
Overview:
Join us for "Lee's Alabama Boys at the Battle of Chancellorsville" presented by Ben H. Severance on Thursday, July 17th, at 12 noon at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Civil War historians generally agree that the Battle of Chancellorsville was General Robert E. Lee's military masterpiece. Between May 1-4, 1863, Lee outmaneuvered and soundly defeated Union forces. Contributing greatly to this outcome was the performance of a dozen regiments of Alabama infantrymen. From spearheading Stonewall Jackson's famous flank attack on May 2, to repelling a powerful Union counterattack on May 3, Alabamians played a major role in the battle's most critical phases. For Lee's "Alabama Boys", Chancellorsville was one of their finest moments. At the conclusion of the program, Archives Chief Curator Bob Bradley will show and discuss the flag of the 5th Alabama Infantry. The flag was captured during the Battle of Chancellorsville by the 111th Pennsylvania Volunteers. The flag was returned to the State of Alabama on March 25, 1905. Ben H. Severance is an assistant professor of history at Auburn University Montgomery. He received his Ph.D. in 2002 from the University of Tennessee (Knoxville). In 2005, he published Tennessee Radical Army: the State Guard and Its Role in Reconstruction, 1867-1869. He is currently working on a photographic history of Alabamians during the Civil War. This ArchiTreats presentation is one in a series of monthly third-Thursday free lectures presented by the Alabama Department of Archives and History. The public is invited to bring a sack lunch and enjoy a bit of Alabama history. Coffee and tea will be provided by the Friends of the Alabama Archives. For more information call (334) 353-4712 or go to www.archives.alabama.gov.    


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The Cotton State
Overview:
ArchiTreats: Food for Thought celebrates the Year of Alabama History through a series of sequential lectures in Alabama history by leading experts in the field. While many think of antebellum Alabama as a state of magnolias and cotton plantations, that picture tells only part of the story. This program will show how three groups – white yeomen farmers, planter elites, and enslaved African Americans – together created the “cotton state” in Alabama. It will begin with a description of the differences between life in the yeoman sections of the state – the hill counties and the Wiregrass – and life in the plantation areas – the Black Belt and the Tennessee Valley. Each of these groups contributed to and shaped Alabama society and antebellum politics. The program will examine some of the “hot” political topics of the time – the state bank, congressional districting, taxation, state aid for railroads, and secession from the Union. Montgomery - native J. Mills Thornton is a professor of history at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Professor Thornton received his bachelor’s degree with high honors from Princeton University in 1966, and his doctorate from Yale University in 1974, joining the faculty of the University of Michigan in that year. His book, Politics and Power in a Slave Society: Alabama, 1800-1860, published in 1978, received the Dunning Prize of the American Historical Association. His second book, Dividing Lines: Municipal Politics and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Montgomery, Birmingham and Selma, published in 2002, received the Liberty Legacy Prize of the Organization of American Historians. During 2007-08, he served as the Pitt Professor of American History and Institutions at the University of Cambridge in England. This ArchiTreats presentation is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives and a grant from the Alabama Humanities Foundation, a state program of the National Endowment for the Humanities.


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The Civil War in Alabama
Overview:
ArchiTreats: Food for Thought celebrates the Year of Alabama History through a series of sequential lectures in Alabama history by leading experts in the field. Enjoy this installment that was presented on Thursday, May 21 with Robert B. Bradley presenting The Civil War in Alabama. The Civil War in Alabama focuses upon the events and activities which took place within the state from secession until the final days of the war. According to Bradley, many of the most significant events which took place in Alabama are frequently treated as local history when, in fact, they were part of a much larger picture. The formation of the Confederate government, the decision to fire on Ft. Sumter, the occupation of north Alabama, Streight's raid, Rousseau's raid, the Selma manufacturing complex, and the campaign for Mobile are just a few of the topics examined in this program. Robert (Bob) Bradley is currently the Chief Curator at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. From 1974-1986, he was a historian with the National Park Service, specializing in the management, preservation, and interpretation of 18th- to mid 20th-century fortifications and military sites. Of his several assignments, his position as Chief Historian at Fort Sumter National Monument in Charleston, South Carolina was his favorite. From 1986-1988 Bradley was Historic Sites Administrator for the Alabama Historical Commission. Since coming to the Archives in 1988 he has been responsible for the preservation, documentation, and conservation of the Department's collection of nearly a half-million artifacts. He is the author of Documenting the Civil War Period Flag Collection at the Alabama Department of Archives and History, which is available on the Department's web-site, and he has contributed to a wide variety of Civil War publications. He is also very active in Civil War battlefield preservation. This ArchiTreats presentation is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives and a grant from the Alabama Humanities Foundation, a state program of the National Endowment for the Humanities.  


Thinkfinity Podcasts


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Subject: Science
Title: Glowing Wounds     
Description: In this Science Update, from Science NetLinks, you'll hear about a Civil War legend of soldiers' glowing war wounds that may actually be based in fact. Science Updates are audio interviews with scientists and are accompanied by a set of questions as well as links to related Science NetLinks lessons and other related resources.
Thinkfinity Partner: Science NetLinks
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Web Resources


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Alabama Moments in American History
http://www.alabamamo...
This website provides supplemental materials correlated to the 10th and 11th grade Social Studies Course of Study and the graduation exam. These resources were created in an effort to show how Alabama's history is interwoven with the history of the U. S.

Lesson Plans


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Judgment Day: For and Against Freedom
http://www.pbs.org/w...
This lesson uses a program segment and primary sources to deepen understanding of the militant phase of anti-slavery activism inspired by the pamphlets, newspapers, speeches, and organized campaigns of early 19th-century abolitionists. Students can perform guided research into the lives and ideologies of famous abolitionists, notably women abolitionists, and create fictional dialogues between them.

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Travel the Underground Railroad: Escape to Freedom
http://teacher.schol...
This site is packed full of teacher materials and student activities to help students travel the Underground Railroad and step back in time.

Informational Materials


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The Lincoln Line
http://www.historypl...
A timeline of the life of Abraham Lincoln. This has some illustrations that can be used for visuals and links to events that happened during Lincoln's life and the Civil War.

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Travel the Underground Railroad: Escape to Freedom
http://teacher.schol...
This site is packed full of teacher materials and student activities to help students travel the Underground Railroad and step back in time.

Learning Activities


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Judgment Day: For and Against Freedom
http://www.pbs.org/w...
This lesson uses a program segment and primary sources to deepen understanding of the militant phase of anti-slavery activism inspired by the pamphlets, newspapers, speeches, and organized campaigns of early 19th-century abolitionists. Students can perform guided research into the lives and ideologies of famous abolitionists, notably women abolitionists, and create fictional dialogues between them.

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Choose Your Side!
http://www.nps.gov/w...
Interactive program that gives information on the Civil War and allows the students to choose a side, either Confederate or Union. It gives a certificate where they can enter their name and enlist. They will be able to follow the journey of those soldiers

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Travel the Underground Railroad: Escape to Freedom
http://teacher.schol...
This site is packed full of teacher materials and student activities to help students travel the Underground Railroad and step back in time.

Thinkfinity Learning Activities


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Subject: Language Arts
Title: Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address in 1863.     
Description: Students practice the Pre-AP strategy called SOAPSTone, identifying important parts of the Gettysburg Address and comparing it with John F. Kennedy's inaugural speech.
Thinkfinity Partner: ReadWriteThink
Grade Span: 7,8,9,10,11,12



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