ALEX Lesson Plans
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Sailing on the Wind
Description:
This is a handson lesson that uses science and the steps of the Engineering Design Process to determine important properties in sail design materials and learn how to harness wind power. Students will learn that a problem can be solved in different ways using different materials, properties of materials change its effectiveness, conducting tests help determine versatility of materials, and that wind can be harnessed to do work.
This lesson is adapted from Catching the Wind: Designing Windmills, Lesson 3: Testing Sail Designs (produced by the Museum of Boston for the Engaging Youth in Engineering program.) Visit http://www.mos.org/EiE for more information.
This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 18: Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one and twostep "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. [3MD3] [MA2013] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3MD4] [MA2013] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a twocolumn table. [4MD1] [S1] (3) 13: Describe ways to sustain natural resources, including recycling, reusing, conserving, and protecting the environment. [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [S1] (5) 4: Describe forms of energy, including chemical, heat, light, and mechanical.
Subject: Mathematics (3  4), or Science (3  5)
Title: Sailing on the Wind
Description: This is a handson lesson that uses science and the steps of the Engineering Design Process to determine important properties in sail design materials and learn how to harness wind power. Students will learn that a problem can be solved in different ways using different materials, properties of materials change its effectiveness, conducting tests help determine versatility of materials, and that wind can be harnessed to do work.
This lesson is adapted from Catching the Wind: Designing Windmills, Lesson 3: Testing Sail Designs (produced by the Museum of Boston for the Engaging Youth in Engineering program.) Visit http://www.mos.org/EiE for more information.
This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: This is How We Roll!
Description:
Students take on the role of engineers who need to design a roller coaster. They will explore the history of roller coasters, the different types, and the many things that can affect the success or failure of a roller coaster. Finally the students will use a variety of Internet resources to guide them as they create their own roller coaster and test it for success. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects.
Subject: Science (4)
Title: This is How We Roll!
Description: Students take on the role of engineers who need to design a roller coaster. They will explore the history of roller coasters, the different types, and the many things that can affect the success or failure of a roller coaster. Finally the students will use a variety of Internet resources to guide them as they create their own roller coaster and test it for success. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Investigating Friction
Description:
Students will experience friction in action. Students will work actively in small groups to promote socialization and teamwork. Students will experience different types of matter and materials to explore the impact of friction.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [MA2013] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4MD4]
Subject: Mathematics (4), or Science (4)
Title: Investigating Friction
Description: Students will experience friction in action. Students will work actively in small groups to promote socialization and teamwork. Students will experience different types of matter and materials to explore the impact of friction.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Effects of Friction on a Moving Block
Description:
Students will move a 2 X 4 inch block with a hook attached across different surface areas. Students will discover how the friction created by these surface areas affect the movement of the block. Students will begin the activity by predicting which surface will produce the most and least friction. Five different surfaces will be tested (smooth table or desk top, wax paper, paper towel, course sandpaper and fine sandpaper).This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [TC2] (35) 2: Use various technology applications, including word processing and multimedia software. [TC2] (35) 6: Describe social and ethical behaviors related to technology use. [TC2] (35) 8: Collect information from a variety of digital sources. [TC2] (35) 11: Use digital tools to analyze authentic problems. [MA2013] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a twocolumn table. [4MD1]
Subject: Mathematics (4), or Science (4), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Effects of Friction on a Moving Block
Description: Students will move a 2 X 4 inch block with a hook attached across different surface areas. Students will discover how the friction created by these surface areas affect the movement of the block. Students will begin the activity by predicting which surface will produce the most and least friction. Five different surfaces will be tested (smooth table or desk top, wax paper, paper towel, course sandpaper and fine sandpaper).This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Straight Line Motion
Description:
This is an introductory lesson on straight line motion and the forces that affect motion. Some of the terms introduced in this lesson are force, gravity, and speed. The activities in this lesson will help students begin to understand that gravity, mass, and friction have an effect on speed and motion. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [ELA2013] (4) 9: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the Grades 45 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RL.4.10] [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [MA2013] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3MD4]
Subject: English Language Arts (4), or Mathematics (3), or Science (4)
Title: Straight Line Motion
Description: This is an introductory lesson on straight line motion and the forces that affect motion. Some of the terms introduced in this lesson are force, gravity, and speed. The activities in this lesson will help students begin to understand that gravity, mass, and friction have an effect on speed and motion. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: KEEP IT MOVIN'!
Description:
This experiment will provide students with an opportunity to see firsthand the effects of friction on moving objects. This handson/mindson activity will engage all learning styles and provide the opportunity to relate to realworld situations.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [CE] (012) 8: Cooperation [CE] (012) 22: Creativity [TC2] (35) 1: Use input and output devices of technology systems. [TC2] (35) 10: Use digital environments to collaborate and communicate. [MA2013] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4MD4]
Subject: Character Education (K  12), or Mathematics (4), or Science (4), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: KEEP IT MOVIN'!
Description: This experiment will provide students with an opportunity to see firsthand the effects of friction on moving objects. This handson/mindson activity will engage all learning styles and provide the opportunity to relate to realworld situations.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Friction Faction
Description:
The students will use different surfaces to test which will cause less friction on a ball. This will let the students determine how friction affects the distance an object in motion will go. This lesson will include cooperative grouping for the activity and whole group discussion of the results.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [ELA2013] (4) 23: Write informative or explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly. [W.4.2] [ELA2013] (4) 39: Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. [L.4.2] [ELA2013] (4) 35: Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace. [SL.4.4] [ELA2013] (4) 29: Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources. [W.4.8] [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [ELA2013] (4) 16: Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears. [RI.4.7] [MA2013] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve onestep word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3MD2] [MA2013] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a twocolumn table. [4MD1]
Subject: English Language Arts (4), or Mathematics (3  4), or Science (4)
Title: Friction Faction
Description: The students will use different surfaces to test which will cause less friction on a ball. This will let the students determine how friction affects the distance an object in motion will go. This lesson will include cooperative grouping for the activity and whole group discussion of the results.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
ALEX Podcasts
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Friction
Overview:
We tested the effects of friction on a toy car. We made a ramp for the car, and we timed the car on different surfaces. We used materials such as wood, felt, foil, plastic, and construction paper. We found that rough surfaces create more friction for the car, and smooth surfaces create less friction for the car. Some of the surfaces even caused the car to stop completely. Watch our video to see our experiment!
This podcast created in part for the 2012 Girls Engaged in Math and Science University Exposition. Standard(s):
[S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects.
Friction Overview: We tested the effects of friction on a toy car. We made a ramp for the car, and we timed the car on different surfaces. We used materials such as wood, felt, foil, plastic, and construction paper. We found that rough surfaces create more friction for the car, and smooth surfaces create less friction for the car. Some of the surfaces even caused the car to stop completely. Watch our video to see our experiment!
This podcast created in part for the 2012 Girls Engaged in Math and Science University Exposition.
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Rockets!
Overview:
This podcast documents a field trip to view a rocket launch. A video explains how rockets work, and there is a great video of an actual rocket launch. Standard(s):
[S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [S1] (4) 8: Identify technological advances and other benefits of space exploration.
Rockets! Overview: This podcast documents a field trip to view a rocket launch. A video explains how rockets work, and there is a great video of an actual rocket launch.
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Battleship USS Alabama Virtual Fieldtrip 1
Overview:
This pocast follows a group of 4th and 5th grade students on a tour of the Battleship USS in Mobile, Alabama.
Join them as they share engaging facts spanning the history of the USS Battle ship beginning with its commission on August 16, 1942.
Standard(s):
[S1] (4) 2: Compare different pitches of sound produced by changing the size, tension, amount, or type of vibrating material. [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [SS2010] ALA (4) 13: Describe the economic and social impact of World War II on Alabamians, including entry of women into the workforce, increase in job opportunities, rationing, utilization of Alabama's military installations, military recruitment, the draft, and a rise in racial consciousness.
Battleship USS Alabama Virtual Fieldtrip 1 Overview: This pocast follows a group of 4th and 5th grade students on a tour of the Battleship USS in Mobile, Alabama.
Join them as they share engaging facts spanning the history of the USS Battle ship beginning with its commission on August 16, 1942.
Web Resources
Assessments
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Friction Quiz
Description:
The concepts of frictions placed in a 10 question quiz to assess mastery.Quiz is computer graded.
Standard(s): [S1] (3) 4: Define force and motion. [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [S1] (8) 8: Identify Newton's three laws of motion. [S1] PHS (912) 7: Relate velocity, acceleration, and kinetic energy to mass, distance, force, and time. [S1] PHY (912) 1: Explain linear, uniform circular, and projectile motions using one and twodimensional vectors. [STM] STM3 (912) 10: Describe primary characteristics associated with mechanical systems, including physical quantities, motion, and energy.
Friction Quiz
http://www.bbc.co.uk...
The concepts of frictions placed in a 10 question quiz to assess mastery.Quiz is computer graded.
Interactives/Games
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Science Games for Kids
Description:
This site contains fun science games for kids while learning more about science and technology. This site is free to use.
Standard(s): [S1] (4) 3: Recognize how light interacts with transparent, translucent, and opaque materials. [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [S1] (4) 5: Describe the interdependence of plants and animals. [S1] (4) 8: Identify technological advances and other benefits of space exploration. [S1] (4) 9: Describe the appearance and movement of Earth and its moon. [S1] (6) 5: Describe layers of the oceanic hydrosphere, including the pelagic zone, benthic zone, abyssal zone, and intertidal zone. [S1] (7) 4: Describe organisms in the sixkingdom classification system by their characteristics.
Science Games for Kids
http://www.scienceki...
This site contains fun science games for kids while learning more about science and technology. This site is free to use.
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Forces at the Funfair
Description:
By playing this investigative online game, the student will explore the effect of changes in several variables on the motion of the roller coaster. Students will observe the effects of friction, while using their problem solving skills.
Standard(s): [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [S1] (5) 6: Compare effects of gravitational force on Earth, on the moon, and within space.
Forces at the Funfair
http://www.glasgowsc...
By playing this investigative online game, the student will explore the effect of changes in several variables on the motion of the roller coaster. Students will observe the effects of friction, while using their problem solving skills.
Learning Activities
Save to ALEX 
Share

Show Details
Title: Science Games for Kids
Description:
This site contains fun science games for kids while learning more about science and technology. This site is free to use.
Standard(s): [S1] (4) 3: Recognize how light interacts with transparent, translucent, and opaque materials. [S1] (4) 4: Describe effects of friction on moving objects. [S1] (4) 5: Describe the interdependence of plants and animals. [S1] (4) 8: Identify technological advances and other benefits of space exploration. [S1] (4) 9: Describe the appearance and movement of Earth and its moon. [S1] (6) 5: Describe layers of the oceanic hydrosphere, including the pelagic zone, benthic zone, abyssal zone, and intertidal zone. [S1] (7) 4: Describe organisms in the sixkingdom classification system by their characteristics.
Science Games for Kids
http://www.scienceki...
This site contains fun science games for kids while learning more about science and technology. This site is free to use.

