ALEX Lesson Plans
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Title: Counting at Christmas
Description:
In this lesson students will count and represent the cardinality of a given number. Students will actively be engaged with virtual and tangible manipulatives. Students will be creating and sharing their artworks to represent a given number 020.
Standard(s): [TC2] (02) 10: Design original works using digital tools.
Subject: Mathematics (K), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Counting at Christmas
Description: In this lesson students will count and represent the cardinality of a given number. Students will actively be engaged with virtual and tangible manipulatives. Students will be creating and sharing their artworks to represent a given number 020.
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Title: Heart Graphing
Description:
During this lesson students will complete handson activities.Technology will be incorporated with this lesson. Students will sort conversation heart candy by colors. Students will then use their data to complete picture graphs.
Standard(s): [TC2] (02) 1: Identify basic parts of various technology systems.
Subject: Mathematics (K), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Heart Graphing
Description: During this lesson students will complete handson activities.Technology will be incorporated with this lesson. Students will sort conversation heart candy by colors. Students will then use their data to complete picture graphs.
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Title: The Counting House
Description:
In this lesson, students will recognize numbers 020. Students will place objects with the correct corresponding number.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3]
Subject: Mathematics (K)
Title: The Counting House
Description: In this lesson, students will recognize numbers 020. Students will place objects with the correct corresponding number.
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Title: Congruent Figures
Description:
This lesson is an introduction to a unit about congruent shapes. Students will begin by listening to a book about shapes. They will then complete several handson activities, including sorting shapes, using their bodies to form congruent shapes, and using activities on the Internet to practice forming congruent shapes.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Congruent Figures
Description: This lesson is an introduction to a unit about congruent shapes. Students will begin by listening to a book about shapes. They will then complete several handson activities, including sorting shapes, using their bodies to form congruent shapes, and using activities on the Internet to practice forming congruent shapes.
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Title: Counting Backward from Ten
Description:
Students will be introduced in this lesson to the concept of orally counting backward from ten using a book, number cards, and the Internet.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3]
Subject: Mathematics (K)
Title: Counting Backward from Ten
Description: Students will be introduced in this lesson to the concept of orally counting backward from ten using a book, number cards, and the Internet.
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Title: Fishy Addition!
Description:
In this lesson, students will use manipulatives to act out and solve simple addition problems.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3]
Subject: Mathematics (K)
Title: Fishy Addition!
Description: In this lesson, students will use manipulatives to act out and solve simple addition problems.
Thinkfinity Lesson Plans
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Title: Counting Back and Counting On
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students model subtraction with connecting cubes while the teacher reads to them from counting books. Then, students make a train of connecting cubes and write in vertical and horizontal format the differences suggested by adding to and subtracting from the train, one cube at a time. Finally, students record in their learning portfolio for the unit a train showing one cube being taken away and record the difference in vertical and horizontal format. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: Counting Back and Counting On
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students model subtraction with connecting cubes while the teacher reads to them from counting books. Then, students make a train of connecting cubes and write in vertical and horizontal format the differences suggested by adding to and subtracting from the train, one cube at a time. Finally, students record in their learning portfolio for the unit a train showing one cube being taken away and record the difference in vertical and horizontal format. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Begin with Buttons: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review the work of the previous lessons through a variety of activity stations, one of which involves using an interactive Web site. Students model with buttons and record addition and subtraction.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 5: Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). [1OA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Begin with Buttons: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review the work of the previous lessons through a variety of activity stations, one of which involves using an interactive Web site. Students model with buttons and record addition and subtraction. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Three in a Set
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct sets of three, compare them with sets of two, and write the numeral 3. They also show a set of three on their recording chart.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Three in a Set
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct sets of three, compare them with sets of two, and write the numeral 3. They also show a set of three on their recording chart. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Practice Makes Perfect
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students focus on differences of numbers from 10. Students use a real or virtual calculator and play a concentration game.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Practice Makes Perfect
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students focus on differences of numbers from 10. Students use a real or virtual calculator and play a concentration game. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Focus on Two
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, a nursery rhyme provides a context for using the number two. Students make groups of two, write the numeral 2, and record a group of two on a personal recording chart.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Focus on Two
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, a nursery rhyme provides a context for using the number two. Students make groups of two, write the numeral 2, and record a group of two on a personal recording chart. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Zero Our Hero
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of zero items and practice writing the numbers 0 through 5. Students count back from five, identify sets of up to five items, and record 0 on a chart. They also construct sets of up to five items.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Zero Our Hero
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of zero items and practice writing the numbers 0 through 5. Students count back from five, identify sets of up to five items, and record 0 on a chart. They also construct sets of up to five items. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Sets of Six
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct sets of six, compare them with sets of a size up to six objects, and write the numeral 6. They also show a set of six on a 10 Frame and on a recording chart. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Sets of Six
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct sets of six, compare them with sets of a size up to six objects, and write the numeral 6. They also show a set of six on a 10 Frame and on a recording chart. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Finding Addition Patterns
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, a game encourages students to find the sums of two onedigit numbers. Students explore commutativity and examine addition patterns. Then they record known facts on a personal addition chart. Reasoning is a major focus in this lesson.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [KOA4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Finding Addition Patterns
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, a game encourages students to find the sums of two onedigit numbers. Students explore commutativity and examine addition patterns. Then they record known facts on a personal addition chart. Reasoning is a major focus in this lesson. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Numbers to Five
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to five objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Numbers to Five
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to five objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Sets of Eight
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the number 8. They make and decompose sets of eight, write the numeral 8, and compare sets of up to eight objects.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Sets of Eight
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the number 8. They make and decompose sets of eight, write the numeral 8, and compare sets of up to eight objects. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: What's My Rule for Sorting?
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students build on prior knowledge of sorting and classifying when they recognize sorts and name rules for sorting. They identify common properties in the classroom environment and then make, explain, and defend conjectures to extend their knowledge.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: What's My Rule for Sorting?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students build on prior knowledge of sorting and classifying when they recognize sorts and name rules for sorting. They identify common properties in the classroom environment and then make, explain, and defend conjectures to extend their knowledge. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Using the Number Line to Compare
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students determine differences using the number line to compare lengths. Because this model is based on linear measurement, it is a distinctly different representation from the models presented in the first two lessons of this unit. At the end of this lesson, children are encouraged to predict differences and answer puzzles involving subtraction.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 15: Measure the length of an object twice, using length units of different lengths for the two measurements; describe how the two measurements relate to the size of the unit chosen. [2MD2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Using the Number Line to Compare
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students determine differences using the number line to compare lengths. Because this model is based on linear measurement, it is a distinctly different representation from the models presented in the first two lessons of this unit. At the end of this lesson, children are encouraged to predict differences and answer puzzles involving subtraction. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Sets of 17 and 18
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of up to18. They construct sets up to 18, write the numerals 17 and 18, and model 17 and 18 with bean sticks, cubes, and ten frames.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 6: Count within 1000; skipcount by 5s, 10s, and 100s. [2NBT2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Sets of 17 and 18
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of up to18. They construct sets up to 18, write the numerals 17 and 18, and model 17 and 18 with bean sticks, cubes, and ten frames. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Connecting Numbers and Patterns
Description:
This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, accommodates multiple learning styles by having students create patterns using different forms. For example, students use body movement or kinesthetic experiences to create and copy patterns. Students use knowledge and skills in new situations to develop a solid understanding of the process for creating patterns, recognizing pattern sequences, and representing patterns in different ways.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Connecting Numbers and Patterns
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, accommodates multiple learning styles by having students create patterns using different forms. For example, students use body movement or kinesthetic experiences to create and copy patterns. Students use knowledge and skills in new situations to develop a solid understanding of the process for creating patterns, recognizing pattern sequences, and representing patterns in different ways. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Multiple Patterns
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore patterns that involve doubling. They use objects and numbers in their exploration and record them using a table.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (3) 10: Use place value understanding to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or 100. [3NBT1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Multiple Patterns
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore patterns that involve doubling. They use objects and numbers in their exploration and record them using a table. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Sets of 19 and 20
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of 19 and 20. They count up to 20, construct and decompose sets up to 20, and record the decompositions.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Sets of 19 and 20
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of 19 and 20. They count up to 20, construct and decompose sets up to 20, and record the decompositions. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Sorting Foods
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students visit a Web site to play a game related to the food pyramid and sort foods using the categories of the food pyramid. They also create sets up to ten and write numerals up to ten. This lesson makes a natural connection to the science of nutrition.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3]
Subject: Health,Mathematics Title: Sorting Foods
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students visit a Web site to play a game related to the food pyramid and sort foods using the categories of the food pyramid. They also create sets up to ten and write numerals up to ten. This lesson makes a natural connection to the science of nutrition. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Count 'n Match
Digital Tool:
Learning to Count Web Address URL:
http://www.smallgames.pro/learninggames/learntocount/ Standard(s):
[MA2015] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] Digital Tool Description: This tool will help children correspond pictures to an actual number. The child will count the objects shown in the picture and select the number that corresponds with the quantity of objects shown.
Title: Count 'n Match Digital Tool: Learning to Count Digital Tool Description: This tool will help children correspond pictures to an actual number. The child will count the objects shown in the picture and select the number that corresponds with the quantity of objects shown.
Thinkfinity Informational Materials
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Title: Number and Operations Web Links
Description:
This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (5) 26: Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5G4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Number and Operations Web Links
Description: This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
Thinkfinity Learning Activities
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Title: Illuminations Activities
Description:
This Web page, from Illuminations, allows users to access all of Illuminations' online, interactive activities. The activities span the grades and encompass all areas of mathematics.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 14: Measure the length of an object by selecting and using appropriate tools such as rulers, yardsticks, meter sticks, and measuring tapes. [2MD1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Illuminations Activities
Description: This Web page, from Illuminations, allows users to access all of Illuminations' online, interactive activities. The activities span the grades and encompass all areas of mathematics. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

