ALEX Lesson Plans
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Title: Watercraft Challenge
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This projectbased lesson provides students with opportunities to complete the engineering design process and explore concepts of sinking/floating, buoyancy, water displacement, and density. Students will participate in interdisciplinary, handson experiments as they plan, build, test, evaluate, and redesign watercrafts.
Standard(s): [TC2] (35) 12: Create a product using digital tools.
Subject: Mathematics (K  3), or Credit Recovery Science (1  2), or Technology Education (K  5)
Title: Watercraft Challenge
Description: This projectbased lesson provides students with opportunities to complete the engineering design process and explore concepts of sinking/floating, buoyancy, water displacement, and density. Students will participate in interdisciplinary, handson experiments as they plan, build, test, evaluate, and redesign watercrafts.
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Title: Counting at Christmas
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In this lesson students will count and represent the cardinality of a given number. Students will actively be engaged with virtual and tangible manipulatives. Students will be creating and sharing their artworks to represent a given number 020.
Standard(s): [TC2] (02) 10: Design original works using digital tools.
Subject: Mathematics (K), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Counting at Christmas
Description: In this lesson students will count and represent the cardinality of a given number. Students will actively be engaged with virtual and tangible manipulatives. Students will be creating and sharing their artworks to represent a given number 020.
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Title: Stop, Look, and Find Shapes in Our School and Community!
Description:
This is a projectbased lesson that provides many handson opportunities for students to learn about shapes in their environment. Students are challenged to find shapes in our world using everyday technology. Students review the characteristics of basic shapes such as squares, triangles, circles, etc. They will then learn how to use digital cameras to capture shapes in the environment and will create a digital book of their photos.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Stop, Look, and Find Shapes in Our School and Community!
Description: This is a projectbased lesson that provides many handson opportunities for students to learn about shapes in their environment. Students are challenged to find shapes in our world using everyday technology. Students review the characteristics of basic shapes such as squares, triangles, circles, etc. They will then learn how to use digital cameras to capture shapes in the environment and will create a digital book of their photos.
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Title: Get Jiggy With It!
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Students will exhibit their understanding of character through improvisation. Students will listen to a story and act out the actions. They will demonstrate the verbs and adjectives that describe their characters' movements.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6]
Subject: Arts Education (1), or English Language Arts (1), or Mathematics (K), or Credit Recovery Science (1)
Title: Get Jiggy With It!
Description: Students will exhibit their understanding of character through improvisation. Students will listen to a story and act out the actions. They will demonstrate the verbs and adjectives that describe their characters' movements.
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Title: "Bursting with Math"
Description:
Using "Starburst" jelly beans to sort, graph and add.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2)
Title: "Bursting with Math"
Description: Using "Starburst" jelly beans to sort, graph and add.
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Title: Congruent Figures
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This lesson is an introduction to a unit about congruent shapes. Students will begin by listening to a book about shapes. They will then complete several handson activities, including sorting shapes, using their bodies to form congruent shapes, and using activities on the Internet to practice forming congruent shapes.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Congruent Figures
Description: This lesson is an introduction to a unit about congruent shapes. Students will begin by listening to a book about shapes. They will then complete several handson activities, including sorting shapes, using their bodies to form congruent shapes, and using activities on the Internet to practice forming congruent shapes.
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Title: Counting Backward from Ten
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Students will be introduced in this lesson to the concept of orally counting backward from ten using a book, number cards, and the Internet.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3]
Subject: Mathematics (K)
Title: Counting Backward from Ten
Description: Students will be introduced in this lesson to the concept of orally counting backward from ten using a book, number cards, and the Internet.
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Title: Lucky Charms Graphs
Description:
This culminating lesson will use Lucky Charms cereal for review of sorting, counting, tally marks, and graphing. This is a fun and tasty way for students to learn about math.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Lucky Charms Graphs
Description: This culminating lesson will use Lucky Charms cereal for review of sorting, counting, tally marks, and graphing. This is a fun and tasty way for students to learn about math.
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Title: What's Inside a Pumpkin?
Description:
As part of a study on pumpkins, students will discover what's inside a pumpkin by observing a pumpkin, making individual booklets, and tasting baked pumpkin seeds.
Standard(s): [ELA2015] (0) 41: Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts. [L.K.6]
Subject: English Language Arts (K), or Mathematics (K  2), or Credit Recovery Science (K), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: What's Inside a Pumpkin?
Description: As part of a study on pumpkins, students will discover what's inside a pumpkin by observing a pumpkin, making individual booklets, and tasting baked pumpkin seeds.
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Title: It's Your Birthday, Dr. Seuss!
Description:
This lesson plan is intended to be used during the month of March when the class is preparing to celebrate Dr. Seuss Day. After listening to and reading different stories by Dr. Seuss, the students have opportunities to compare and contrast story elements through critical thinking and Venn diagrams.
Standard(s): [ELA2015] (3) 3: Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events. [RL.3.3]
Subject: Character Education (K  12), or English Language Arts (1  3), or Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  5)
Title: It's Your Birthday, Dr. Seuss!
Description: This lesson plan is intended to be used during the month of March when the class is preparing to celebrate Dr. Seuss Day. After listening to and reading different stories by Dr. Seuss, the students have opportunities to compare and contrast story elements through critical thinking and Venn diagrams.
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Title: Fishy Addition!
Description:
In this lesson, students will use manipulatives to act out and solve simple addition problems.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3]
Subject: Mathematics (K)
Title: Fishy Addition!
Description: In this lesson, students will use manipulatives to act out and solve simple addition problems.
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Title: Toy Store Money
Description:
During this lesson students will have the opportunity to use real coins to purchase items in a class department store. Students will work to determine which coins they need to purchase an object. They will also practice counting skills on the Internet before the big shopping day.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 7: Read and write numbers to 1000 using baseten numerals, number names, and expanded form. [2NBT3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Toy Store Money
Description: During this lesson students will have the opportunity to use real coins to purchase items in a class department store. Students will work to determine which coins they need to purchase an object. They will also practice counting skills on the Internet before the big shopping day.
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Title: There's Magic In Green Eggs and Ham
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As a part of a unit about Dr. Suess, students will learn about sequential order. Student understanding will be aided by the use of handson preparation of green eggs and ham, dictation, flannel board, sentence strips, and a living center.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 15: Directly compare two objects, with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has "more of" or "less of" the attribute, and describe the difference. [KMD2]
Subject: English Language Arts (K), or Mathematics (K)
Title: There's Magic In Green Eggs and Ham
Description: As a part of a unit about Dr. Suess, students will learn about sequential order. Student understanding will be aided by the use of handson preparation of green eggs and ham, dictation, flannel board, sentence strips, and a living center.
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Title: Counting Zero to Five
Description:
Students will be introduced in this lesson to the numerals zero through five. Students will associate the numeral with the correct number of objects. Students will demonstrate their understanding of the quantities zero through five showing "How many?" by counting their fingers or using a closed fist for zero.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5]
Subject: Mathematics (K), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Counting Zero to Five
Description: Students will be introduced in this lesson to the numerals zero through five. Students will associate the numeral with the correct number of objects. Students will demonstrate their understanding of the quantities zero through five showing "How many?" by counting their fingers or using a closed fist for zero.
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Title: Begin with Buttons: Looking Back and Moving Forward
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review the work of the previous lessons through a variety of activity stations, one of which involves using an interactive Web site. Students model with buttons and record addition and subtraction.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 5: Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). [1OA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Begin with Buttons: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review the work of the previous lessons through a variety of activity stations, one of which involves using an interactive Web site. Students model with buttons and record addition and subtraction. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Calculating Patterns: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description:
This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, is designed as a summative assessment of students understanding of patterns. It measures their ability to create, extend, and interpret patterns in multiple ways.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Calculating Patterns: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, is designed as a summative assessment of students understanding of patterns. It measures their ability to create, extend, and interpret patterns in multiple ways. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Who's in the Fact Family?
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the relation of addition to subtraction. Students use problemsolving skills to find fact families, including those in which one addend is zero or in which the addends are alike.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 8: Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers. [1OA8]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Who's in the Fact Family?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the relation of addition to subtraction. Students use problemsolving skills to find fact families, including those in which one addend is zero or in which the addends are alike. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Calculating Patterns
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In this eight lesson unit, from Illuminations, students represent patterns in different ways. They solve problems; make, explain, and defend conjectures; make generalizations; and extend and clarify their knowledge.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Calculating Patterns
Description: In this eight lesson unit, from Illuminations, students represent patterns in different ways. They solve problems; make, explain, and defend conjectures; make generalizations; and extend and clarify their knowledge. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Sampling Rocks
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The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is for students to learn about sampling through an investigation of rocks found in the schoolyard. In this lesson, students collect and analyze a sampling of rocks from the schoolyard. They sort the collected rocks by characteristics such as size, weight, and color, to see if any generalizations can be made about the types of rocks that can be found in the schoolyard.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 19: Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and threesided) versus nondefining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes. [1G1]
Subject: Mathematics, Science Title: Sampling Rocks
Description: The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is for students to learn about sampling through an investigation of rocks found in the schoolyard. In this lesson, students collect and analyze a sampling of rocks from the schoolyard. They sort the collected rocks by characteristics such as size, weight, and color, to see if any generalizations can be made about the types of rocks that can be found in the schoolyard. Thinkfinity Partner: Science NetLinks Grade Span: K,1,2
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Title: Sorting
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The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is to develop the idea that information can be more easily managed and retrieved if it is logically sorted and stored, using the example of books in a library. The activities in this lesson focus on sorting and ordering things so that they can be easily retrieved at a later date.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Sorting
Description: The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is to develop the idea that information can be more easily managed and retrieved if it is logically sorted and stored, using the example of books in a library. The activities in this lesson focus on sorting and ordering things so that they can be easily retrieved at a later date. Thinkfinity Partner: Science NetLinks Grade Span: 1,2,3
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Title: More and More Buttons
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use buttons to create, model, and record addition sentences. They also explore commutativity in addition contexts.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: More and More Buttons
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use buttons to create, model, and record addition sentences. They also explore commutativity in addition contexts. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Fact Families
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use books and connecting cubes to explore the relationship of addition to subtraction. Students search for related addition and subtraction facts for a given number using a virtual or actual calculator to find differences. They also investigate fact families when one addend is 0 as well as when the addends are the same. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 8: Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers. [1OA8]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: Fact Families
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use books and connecting cubes to explore the relationship of addition to subtraction. Students search for related addition and subtraction facts for a given number using a virtual or actual calculator to find differences. They also investigate fact families when one addend is 0 as well as when the addends are the same. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: How Many Buttons?
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review classification, make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and find numbers that are one more and one less than a given number. They apply their knowledge of classification as they play a game similar to bingo. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 19: Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and threesided) versus nondefining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes. [1G1]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: How Many Buttons?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review classification, make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and find numbers that are one more and one less than a given number. They apply their knowledge of classification as they play a game similar to bingo. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Three in a Set
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct sets of three, compare them with sets of two, and write the numeral 3. They also show a set of three on their recording chart.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Three in a Set
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct sets of three, compare them with sets of two, and write the numeral 3. They also show a set of three on their recording chart. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Pyramid Power
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and write numbers that enumerate how many elements are in a group. They make and record sets of one more and one less than a given number. They have the opportunity to apply their reasoning and communication skills in this lesson.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with singleunit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple puttogether, takeapart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2MD10]
Subject: Health,Mathematics Title: Pyramid Power
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and write numbers that enumerate how many elements are in a group. They make and record sets of one more and one less than a given number. They have the opportunity to apply their reasoning and communication skills in this lesson. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Button Trains
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students describe order by using vocabulary such as before, after, and between. They also review and use both cardinal and ordinal numbers.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Button Trains
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students describe order by using vocabulary such as before, after, and between. They also review and use both cardinal and ordinal numbers. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Practice Makes Perfect
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students focus on differences of numbers from 10. Students use a real or virtual calculator and play a concentration game.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Practice Makes Perfect
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students focus on differences of numbers from 10. Students use a real or virtual calculator and play a concentration game. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Get the PictureGet the Story
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the connections between mathematics and football. Students examine four pictures of things typically found at a football gameplayers, a scoreboard, a crowd, and a concession stand. They then create problem situations that correspond to their interpretation of each of the pictures.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Get the PictureGet the Story
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the connections between mathematics and football. Students examine four pictures of things typically found at a football gameplayers, a scoreboard, a crowd, and a concession stand. They then create problem situations that correspond to their interpretation of each of the pictures. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5
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Title: Building Sets of Six
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct sets of six, compare them with sets of a size up to six objects, and write the numeral 6. They also show a set of six on a 10 Frame and on a recording chart. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Sets of Six
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct sets of six, compare them with sets of a size up to six objects, and write the numeral 6. They also show a set of six on a 10 Frame and on a recording chart. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Numbers to Five
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to five objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Numbers to Five
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to five objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: How Many More?
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students write subtraction problems, model them with sets of fishshaped crackers, and communicate their findings in words and pictures. They record differences in words and symbols. The additive identity is reviewed in the context of comparing equal sets. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 8: Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers. [1OA8]
Subject: Mathematics Title: How Many More?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students write subtraction problems, model them with sets of fishshaped crackers, and communicate their findings in words and pictures. They record differences in words and symbols. The additive identity is reviewed in the context of comparing equal sets. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: What's My Rule for Sorting?
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students build on prior knowledge of sorting and classifying when they recognize sorts and name rules for sorting. They identify common properties in the classroom environment and then make, explain, and defend conjectures to extend their knowledge.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: What's My Rule for Sorting?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students build on prior knowledge of sorting and classifying when they recognize sorts and name rules for sorting. They identify common properties in the classroom environment and then make, explain, and defend conjectures to extend their knowledge. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Sing and Show Patterns
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This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, accommodates multiple learning styles by engaging students in creating patterns with movement and translating the patterns into other forms.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Arts,Mathematics Title: Sing and Show Patterns
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, accommodates multiple learning styles by engaging students in creating patterns with movement and translating the patterns into other forms. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Using the Number Line to Compare
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students determine differences using the number line to compare lengths. Because this model is based on linear measurement, it is a distinctly different representation from the models presented in the first two lessons of this unit. At the end of this lesson, children are encouraged to predict differences and answer puzzles involving subtraction.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (2) 15: Measure the length of an object twice, using length units of different lengths for the two measurements; describe how the two measurements relate to the size of the unit chosen. [2MD2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Using the Number Line to Compare
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students determine differences using the number line to compare lengths. Because this model is based on linear measurement, it is a distinctly different representation from the models presented in the first two lessons of this unit. At the end of this lesson, children are encouraged to predict differences and answer puzzles involving subtraction. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Sets of Seven
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct and identify sets of seven objects. They compare sets of up to seven items and record a set of seven in chart form.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 9: Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120. In this range, read and write numerals and represent a number of objects with a written numeral. [1NBT1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Sets of Seven
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct and identify sets of seven objects. They compare sets of up to seven items and record a set of seven in chart form. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Sets of 11 and 12
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of 11 and 12. They use bean sticks, connecting cubes, and ten frames to construct sets of 11 and 12. Then, they record and compare them the sets.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Sets of 11 and 12
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of 11 and 12. They use bean sticks, connecting cubes, and ten frames to construct sets of 11 and 12. Then, they record and compare them the sets. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Finding Fact Families
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the relation of addition to subtraction. Then the children search for related addition and subtraction facts for a given number. They also investigate fact families, including those where one addend is 0 and where the addends are alike. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (1) 7: Understand the meaning of the equal sign, and determine if equations involving addition and subtraction are true or false. [1OA7]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Finding Fact Families
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the relation of addition to subtraction. Then the children search for related addition and subtraction facts for a given number. They also investigate fact families, including those where one addend is 0 and where the addends are alike. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Connecting Numbers and Patterns
Description:
This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, accommodates multiple learning styles by having students create patterns using different forms. For example, students use body movement or kinesthetic experiences to create and copy patterns. Students use knowledge and skills in new situations to develop a solid understanding of the process for creating patterns, recognizing pattern sequences, and representing patterns in different ways.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Connecting Numbers and Patterns
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, accommodates multiple learning styles by having students create patterns using different forms. For example, students use body movement or kinesthetic experiences to create and copy patterns. Students use knowledge and skills in new situations to develop a solid understanding of the process for creating patterns, recognizing pattern sequences, and representing patterns in different ways. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Sets of 19 and 20
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of 19 and 20. They count up to 20, construct and decompose sets up to 20, and record the decompositions.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Sets of 19 and 20
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore sets of 19 and 20. They count up to 20, construct and decompose sets up to 20, and record the decompositions. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Create a House Number: Grades 12
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students look for all the possible solution sets for a mathematics problem involving a threedigit house number. They experiment with numbers to find all possible ways to add three different digits to obtain the given sum of six and explore the ways three digits can be placed together to form different threedigit numbers.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 9: Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g., by using objects or drawings to represent the problem. [KOA2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Create a House Number: Grades 12
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students look for all the possible solution sets for a mathematics problem involving a threedigit house number. They experiment with numbers to find all possible ways to add three different digits to obtain the given sum of six and explore the ways three digits can be placed together to form different threedigit numbers. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Count to 10: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review this unit by creating, decomposing, and comparing sets of zero to ten objects and by writing the cardinal number for each set.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Count to 10: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review this unit by creating, decomposing, and comparing sets of zero to ten objects and by writing the cardinal number for each set. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Writing Numerals to Five
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct groups of a given size, recognize the number in the group, and record that number in numerals. By doing this, they learn the number words through five in order (namely, to rote count) and develop the ability to count rationally. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Writing Numerals to Five
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct groups of a given size, recognize the number in the group, and record that number in numerals. By doing this, they learn the number words through five in order (namely, to rote count) and develop the ability to count rationally. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: One, Two, ThreeGo
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, after reviewing the numbers two and three, students construct and identify sets of one. They compare sets of one, two, and three objects, and then they record a set of three in chart form.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: One, Two, ThreeGo
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, after reviewing the numbers two and three, students construct and identify sets of one. They compare sets of one, two, and three objects, and then they record a set of three in chart form. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Finding Four
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the number four. They make sets of four, write the numeral 4, and compare sets of four to sets of one, two, and three.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Finding Four
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the number four. They make sets of four, write the numeral 4, and compare sets of four to sets of one, two, and three. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Preschool Counting Practice
Digital Tool:
Counting Cookies  Learn to Count Numbers 1234 Web Address URL:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_PT5Qm2K04 Standard(s):
[MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] Digital Tool Description: This video will be another tool to help Kindergarten and Preschool students who are beginning to learn to count. The first video emphasizes counting 14 with a cookie theme. It has lots of repetition and clearly shows 1 to 1 correspondence. The second video graphically represents counting 15 with turtles swimming under water.
Title: Preschool Counting Practice Digital Tool: Counting Cookies  Learn to Count Numbers 1234 Digital Tool Description: This video will be another tool to help Kindergarten and Preschool students who are beginning to learn to count. The first video emphasizes counting 14 with a cookie theme. It has lots of repetition and clearly shows 1 to 1 correspondence. The second video graphically represents counting 15 with turtles swimming under water.
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Title: Marble Math
Digital Tool:
website Web Address URL:
http://www.abcya.com/addition.htm Standard(s):
[MA2015] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5] Digital Tool Description: Marble Math is a game on www.abcya.com that allows students to practice addition with manipulatives. Students can use the tool to practice addition. The game tracks the students progress and shows students which answers are correct and incorrect. Students can use virtual manipulatives to assist them in correctly adding a number sentence. As students progress to the next level the problems get more difficult.
Title: Marble Math Digital Tool: website Digital Tool Description: Marble Math is a game on www.abcya.com that allows students to practice addition with manipulatives. Students can use the tool to practice addition. The game tracks the students progress and shows students which answers are correct and incorrect. Students can use virtual manipulatives to assist them in correctly adding a number sentence. As students progress to the next level the problems get more difficult.
ALEX Podcasts
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Title: Counting to Five
Overview:
This podcast consists of three kindergarten students counting to five with flashcards, and then asking the viewer to join them. Standard(s):
[MA2015] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4]
Counting to Five Overview: This podcast consists of three kindergarten students counting to five with flashcards, and then asking the viewer to join them.
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Title: The Great Bear Race
Overview:
Racing Bears is a counting game. The math focus points are counting spaces and moving on a gameboard and thinking strategically about the moves on a gameboard. Standard(s):
[MA2015] (1) 21: Partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters; and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares. Understand for these examples that decomposing into more equal shares creates smaller shares. [1G3]
The Great Bear Race Overview: Racing Bears is a counting game. The math focus points are counting spaces and moving on a gameboard and thinking strategically about the moves on a gameboard.
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Title: Calendar Math
Overview:
In this podcast our class will demonstrate how we use calendar math each day. We discussed the days of the week. We graphed the daily, monthly and yearly weather. We used the 100's chart to practice skip counting and even and odd numbers. We used straws to count the days of school, grouping ones, tens and one hundreds. Standard(s):
[MA2015] (1) 17: Tell and write time in hours and halfhours using analog and digital clocks. [1MD3]
Calendar Math Overview: In this podcast our class will demonstrate how we use calendar math each day. We discussed the days of the week. We graphed the daily, monthly and yearly weather. We used the 100's chart to practice skip counting and even and odd numbers. We used straws to count the days of school, grouping ones, tens and one hundreds.
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Title: Traveling Numbers
Overview:
This podcast shows the various places numbers can be found when traveling. It also shows the shapes that can be found in traffic signs. Standard(s):
[MA2015] (0) 22: Compose simple shapes to form larger shapes. [KG6]
Traveling Numbers Overview: This podcast shows the various places numbers can be found when traveling. It also shows the shapes that can be found in traffic signs.
Thinkfinity Podcasts
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Title: What Would You Pack For a Trip To Outer Space?
Description:
Building your own private spaceship can be a lot of fun, but what travels with you can be just as important as what the outside looks like. Have you ever thought about what's on an astronaut's packing list?
Standard(s): [MA2015] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1]
Subject: CrossDisciplinary  Informal Education , CrossDisciplinary  Technology , Mathematics  Applied Mathematics , Physical Education  Adventure and Risk Challenge Activities , Science  Biological and Life Sciences , Science  Earth science , Science  General Science , Science  Natural History , Science  Space Sciences , Science  Zoology , Vocational Education  Technical , Adult & Family Literacy  Lifeskills , Informal Education  Academic Enrichment , Informal Education  Arts and Crafts , Informal Education  Business/Entrepreneurship training , Informal Education  Community service/Leadership/Teambuilding , Informal Education  Drama and Puppets , Informal Education  Environmental Education , Informal Education  Health/Wellness/Nutrition/Cooking , Informal Education  Homework Help/Tutoring , Informal Education  Movement and Music , Informal Education  Photography/Digital Arts , Informal Education  School to Career Experience , Informal Education  Sports/Fitness/Recreation , Informal Education  Technology Training , Informal Education  Zoo/Aquarium/Nature Center Education Title: What Would You Pack For a Trip To Outer Space?
Description: Building your own private spaceship can be a lot of fun, but what travels with you can be just as important as what the outside looks like. Have you ever thought about what's on an astronaut's packing list? Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5
Thinkfinity Informational Materials
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Title: Number and Operations Web Links
Description:
This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (5) 26: Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5G4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Number and Operations Web Links
Description: This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
Thinkfinity Learning Activities
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Title: What Would You Pack For a Trip To Outer Space?
Description:
Building your own private spaceship can be a lot of fun, but what travels with you can be just as important as what the outside looks like. Have you ever thought about what's on an astronaut's packing list?
Standard(s): [MA2015] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1]
Subject: CrossDisciplinary  Informal Education , CrossDisciplinary  Technology , Mathematics  Applied Mathematics , Physical Education  Adventure and Risk Challenge Activities , Science  Biological and Life Sciences , Science  Earth science , Science  General Science , Science  Natural History , Science  Space Sciences , Science  Zoology , Vocational Education  Technical , Adult & Family Literacy  Lifeskills , Informal Education  Academic Enrichment , Informal Education  Arts and Crafts , Informal Education  Business/Entrepreneurship training , Informal Education  Community service/Leadership/Teambuilding , Informal Education  Drama and Puppets , Informal Education  Environmental Education , Informal Education  Health/Wellness/Nutrition/Cooking , Informal Education  Homework Help/Tutoring , Informal Education  Movement and Music , Informal Education  Photography/Digital Arts , Informal Education  School to Career Experience , Informal Education  Sports/Fitness/Recreation , Informal Education  Technology Training , Informal Education  Zoo/Aquarium/Nature Center Education Title: What Would You Pack For a Trip To Outer Space?
Description: Building your own private spaceship can be a lot of fun, but what travels with you can be just as important as what the outside looks like. Have you ever thought about what's on an astronaut's packing list? Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5
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Title: Celebrate the 100th day of school!
Description:
As a class, students work in small groups to create a '' 100th Day'' book.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (5) 5: Explain patterns in the number of zeros of the product when multiplying a number by powers of 10, and explain patterns in the placement of the decimal point when a decimal is multiplied or divided by a power of 10. Use wholenumber exponents to denote powers of 10. [5NBT2]
Subject: Language Arts Title: Celebrate the 100th day of school!
Description: As a class, students work in small groups to create a '' 100th Day'' book. Thinkfinity Partner: ReadWriteThink Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

