ALEX Lesson Plans
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Title: Lucky Charms colors and shapes
Description:
Students will complete a handson activity by sorting, estimating, counting, and graphing data. Students will sort the Lucky Charms by color and/shape. Students will interpret the data and create a graph.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [TC2] (02) 7: Use digital tools to access and retrieve information.
Subject: Mathematics (K), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Lucky Charms colors and shapes
Description: Students will complete a handson activity by sorting, estimating, counting, and graphing data. Students will sort the Lucky Charms by color and/shape. Students will interpret the data and create a graph.
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Title: Heart Graphing
Description:
During this lesson students will complete handson activities.Technology will be incorporated with this lesson. Students will sort conversation heart candy by colors. Students will then use their data to complete picture graphs.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] [TC2] (02) 2: Identify applications and operations of various technology systems. [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [TC2] (02) 5: Practice responsible use of technology systems and applications. [MA2013] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [TC2] (02) 2: Identify applications and operations of various technology systems. [TC2] (02) 5: Practice responsible use of technology systems and applications.
Subject: Mathematics (K), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Heart Graphing
Description: During this lesson students will complete handson activities.Technology will be incorporated with this lesson. Students will sort conversation heart candy by colors. Students will then use their data to complete picture graphs.
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Title: Get Jiggy With It!
Description:
Students will exhibit their understanding of character through improvisation. Students will listen to a story and act out the actions. They will demonstrate the verbs and adjectives that describe their characters' movements.
Standard(s): [ELA2013] (1) 35: Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings. [SL.1.5] [ELA2013] (1) 11: Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text. [RI.1.2] [AED] TH (1) 2: Use personal space, partner space, and group space in an appropriate manner. [AED] TH (1) 3: Demonstrate ways that voice, space, and movement are used to create emotions, characters, or objects. [AED] TH (1) 5: Portray individual characters from an oral reading in literature. [S1] (1) 5: Identify parts of the human body, including the head, neck, shoulders, arms, spine, and legs. [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6]
Subject: Arts Education (1), or English Language Arts (1), or Mathematics (K), or Science (1)
Title: Get Jiggy With It!
Description: Students will exhibit their understanding of character through improvisation. Students will listen to a story and act out the actions. They will demonstrate the verbs and adjectives that describe their characters' movements.
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Title: "Bursting with Math"
Description:
Using "Starburst" jelly beans to sort, graph and add.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 1: Count to 100 by ones and by tens. [KCC1] [MA2013] (0) 2: Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1). [KCC2] [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (1) 19: Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and threesided) versus nondefining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes. [1G1] [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (2) 25: Partition a rectangle into rows and columns of samesize squares, and count to find the total number of them. [2G2] [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2)
Title: "Bursting with Math"
Description: Using "Starburst" jelly beans to sort, graph and add.
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Title: Is Your Order Up or Down?
Description:
The students will be afforded opportunities to actively explore ordering numbers (from least to greatest and greatest to least). The students will engage in a whole group and cooperative learning group setting to explore ordering whole numbers. Students will also explore interactive web activities in an effort to enhance their understanding of ordering whole numbers.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7]
Subject: Mathematics (K)
Title: Is Your Order Up or Down?
Description: The students will be afforded opportunities to actively explore ordering numbers (from least to greatest and greatest to least). The students will engage in a whole group and cooperative learning group setting to explore ordering whole numbers. Students will also explore interactive web activities in an effort to enhance their understanding of ordering whole numbers.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: "No More Money Trouble"
Description:
This lesson will allow students to identify and count money. They will enjoy playing with coins that look like real money. This lesson is guaranteed to motivate students through the use of handson and cooperative group activities. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [ELA2013] (2) 30: Recount or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media. [SL.2.2] [ELA2013] (2) 29: Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about Grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. [SL.2.1] [TC2] (02) 9: Identify digital tools used for problem solving. [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (1) 1: Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [1OA1] [MA2013] (1) 2: Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. [1OA2] [MA2013] (1) 4: Understand subtraction as an unknownaddend problem. [1OA4] [MA2013] (1) 5: Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). [1OA5] [MA2013] (1) 6: Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10.
Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g., 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14); decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g., 13 – 4 = 13 – 3 – 1 = 10 – 1 = 9); using the relationship between addition and subtraction (e.g., knowing that 8 + 4 = 12, one knows
12 – 8 = 4); and creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6 + 7 by creating the known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 + 1 = 13). [1OA6] [MA2013] (3) 11: Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction. [3NBT2]
Subject: English Language Arts (2), or Mathematics (K  3), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: "No More Money Trouble"
Description: This lesson will allow students to identify and count money. They will enjoy playing with coins that look like real money. This lesson is guaranteed to motivate students through the use of handson and cooperative group activities. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Congruent Figures
Description:
This lesson is an introduction to a unit about congruent shapes. Students will begin by listening to a book about shapes. They will then complete several handson activities, including sorting shapes, using their bodies to form congruent shapes, and using activities on the Internet to practice forming congruent shapes.
Standard(s): [TC2] (02) 2: Identify applications and operations of various technology systems. [TC2] (02) 7: Use digital tools to access and retrieve information. [MA2013] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (0) 19: Identify shapes as twodimensional (lying in a plane, "flat") or threedimensional ("solid"). [KG3] [MA2013] (0) 20: Analyze and compare two and threedimensional shapes, in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts (e.g., number of sides and vertices or "corners"), and other attributes (e.g., having sides of equal length). [KG4] [MA2013] (0) 21: Model shapes in the world by building shapes from components (e.g., sticks and clay balls) and drawing shapes. [KG5] [MA2013] (0) 22: Compose simple shapes to form larger shapes. [KG6] [MA2013] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4] [MA2013] (1) 20: Compose twodimensional shapes (rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, halfcircles, and quartercircles) or threedimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones, and right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape, and compose new shapes from the composite shape. (Students do not need to learn formal names such as "right rectangular prism.") [1G2] [MA2013] (1) 21: Partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters; and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares. Understand for these examples that decomposing into more equal shares creates smaller shares. [1G3] [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (2) 25: Partition a rectangle into rows and columns of samesize squares, and count to find the total number of them. [2G2] [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Congruent Figures
Description: This lesson is an introduction to a unit about congruent shapes. Students will begin by listening to a book about shapes. They will then complete several handson activities, including sorting shapes, using their bodies to form congruent shapes, and using activities on the Internet to practice forming congruent shapes.
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Title: Counting Backward from Ten
Description:
Students will be introduced in this lesson to the concept of orally counting backward from ten using a book, number cards, and the Internet.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 1: Count to 100 by ones and by tens. [KCC1] [MA2013] (0) 2: Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1). [KCC2] [MA2013] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [KOA4] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3]
Subject: Mathematics (K)
Title: Counting Backward from Ten
Description: Students will be introduced in this lesson to the concept of orally counting backward from ten using a book, number cards, and the Internet.
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Title: It's Your Birthday, Dr. Seuss!
Description:
This lesson plan is intended to be used during the month of March when the class is preparing to celebrate Dr. Seuss Day. After listening to and reading different stories by Dr. Seuss, the students have opportunities to compare and contrast story elements through critical thinking and Venn diagrams.
Standard(s): [CE] (012) 5: Fairness [CE] (012) 9: Selfrespect [CE] (012) 7: Kindness [CE] (012) 6: Respect for others [CE] (012) 4: Honesty [CE] (012) 1: Courage [ELA2013] (3) 2: Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed through key details in the text. [RL.3.2] [TC2] (35) 1: Use input and output devices of technology systems. [TC2] (35) 8: Collect information from a variety of digital sources. [TC2] (02) 7: Use digital tools to access and retrieve information. [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 15: Directly compare two objects, with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has "more of" or "less of" the attribute, and describe the difference. [KMD2] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4] [MA2013] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with singleunit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple puttogether, takeapart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2MD10] [ELA2013] (1) 2: Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson. [RL.1.2] [ELA2013] (1) 5: Explain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information, drawing on a wide reading of a range of text types. [RL.1.5] [ELA2013] (2) 2: Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral. [RL.2.2] [ELA2013] (3) 2: Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed through key details in the text. [RL.3.2] [ELA2013] (3) 3: Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events. [RL.3.3]
Subject: Character Education (K  12), or English Language Arts (1  3), or Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  5)
Title: It's Your Birthday, Dr. Seuss!
Description: This lesson plan is intended to be used during the month of March when the class is preparing to celebrate Dr. Seuss Day. After listening to and reading different stories by Dr. Seuss, the students have opportunities to compare and contrast story elements through critical thinking and Venn diagrams.
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Title: Fishy Addition!
Description:
In this lesson, students will use manipulatives to act out and solve simple addition problems.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 1: Count to 100 by ones and by tens. [KCC1] [MA2013] (0) 2: Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1). [KCC2] [MA2013] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (0) 10: Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1). [KOA3] [MA2013] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [KOA4] [MA2013] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5] [MA2013] (0) 13: Compose and decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into ten ones and some further ones, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each composition or decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 18 = 10 + 8); understand that these numbers are composed of ten ones and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones. [KNBT1] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3]
Subject: Mathematics (K)
Title: Fishy Addition!
Description: In this lesson, students will use manipulatives to act out and solve simple addition problems.
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Title: There's Magic In Green Eggs and Ham
Description:
As a part of a unit about Dr. Suess, students will learn about sequential order. Student understanding will be aided by the use of handson preparation of green eggs and ham, dictation, flannel board, sentence strips, and a living center.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [ELA2013] (0) 34: Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional detail. [SL.K.4] [ELA2013] (0) 32: Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if something is not understood. [SL.K.2] [ELA2013] (0) 31: Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. [SL.K.1] [ELA2013] (0) 21: Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes). [RF.K.2] [ELA2013] (0) 5: Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems). [RL.K.5] [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 15: Directly compare two objects, with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has "more of" or "less of" the attribute, and describe the difference. [KMD2]
Subject: English Language Arts (K), or Mathematics (K)
Title: There's Magic In Green Eggs and Ham
Description: As a part of a unit about Dr. Suess, students will learn about sequential order. Student understanding will be aided by the use of handson preparation of green eggs and ham, dictation, flannel board, sentence strips, and a living center.
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Title: "Nuts" About Peanuts!! (Writing)
Description:
This lesson will be implemented as part of a unit about plants. The students will describe the characteristics of a peanut and peanut butter (using their five senses) and record their observations/descriptions on a graphic organizer. Student understanding will be enhanced with the use of books, class discussions, and the Internet.
Standard(s): [ELA2013] (1) 31: Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about Grade 1 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. [SL.1.1] [ELA2013] (1) 9: With prompting and support, read prose and poetry of appropriate complexity for Grade 1. [RL.1.10] [ELA2013] (1) 32: Ask and answer questions about key details in a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media. [SL.1.2] [S1] (1) 2: Identify basic properties of objects. [ELA2013] (1) 38: Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. [L.1.2] [ELA2013] (1) 34: Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly. [SL.1.4] [TC2] (02) 7: Use digital tools to access and retrieve information. [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4] [MA2013] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with singleunit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple puttogether, takeapart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2MD10]
Subject: English Language Arts (1), or Mathematics (K  2), or Science (1), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: "Nuts" About Peanuts!! (Writing)
Description: This lesson will be implemented as part of a unit about plants. The students will describe the characteristics of a peanut and peanut butter (using their five senses) and record their observations/descriptions on a graphic organizer. Student understanding will be enhanced with the use of books, class discussions, and the Internet.
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Title: "Nuts" About Peanuts! (Reading)
Description:
The lesson will be implemented as part of a unit about plants. The students will learn about the growth cycle of a peanut and use a FiveStep Sequence Thinksheet to sequence the steps. They will also make predictions and complete activities to check their predictions/draw conclusions (including math skills of graphing and comparing). Student understanding will be enhanced with the use of books, class discussions, and the Internet.
Standard(s): [S1] (1) 4: Describe survival traits of living things, including color, shape, size, texture, and covering. [S1] (1) 2: Identify basic properties of objects. [ELA2013] (1) 31: Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about Grade 1 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. [SL.1.1] [ELA2013] (1) 34: Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly. [SL.1.4] [ELA2013] (1) 38: Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. [L.1.2] [ELA2013] (1) 35: Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings. [SL.1.5] [ELA2013] (1) 36: Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation. (See Grade 1 Language standard 37 for specific expectations.) [SL.1.6] [ELA2013] (1) 9: With prompting and support, read prose and poetry of appropriate complexity for Grade 1. [RL.1.10] [TC2] (02) 7: Use digital tools to access and retrieve information. [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with singleunit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple puttogether, takeapart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2MD10]
Subject: English Language Arts (1), or Mathematics (K  2), or Science (1), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: "Nuts" About Peanuts! (Reading)
Description: The lesson will be implemented as part of a unit about plants. The students will learn about the growth cycle of a peanut and use a FiveStep Sequence Thinksheet to sequence the steps. They will also make predictions and complete activities to check their predictions/draw conclusions (including math skills of graphing and comparing). Student understanding will be enhanced with the use of books, class discussions, and the Internet.
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Title: Leo Lionni’s Little Blue and Little Yellow
Description:
Students will use Leo Lionni’s literature and his website to learn about the author, mix primary colors, summarize and rewrite a story, and use graphing skills to determine the classes’ favorite color.
Standard(s): [S1] (1) 2: Identify basic properties of objects. [TC2] (02) 6: Identify uses of technology systems in daily living. [ELA2013] (1) 20: Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print. [RF.1.1] [ELA2013] (1) 19: With prompting and support, read informational texts appropriately complex for Grade 1. [RI.1.10] [ELA2013] (1) 9: With prompting and support, read prose and poetry of appropriate complexity for Grade 1. [RL.1.10] [ELA2013] (1) 36: Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation. (See Grade 1 Language standard 37 for specific expectations.) [SL.1.6] [ELA2013] (1) 34: Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly. [SL.1.4] [ELA2013] (1) 33: Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to gather additional information or clarify something that is not understood. [SL.1.3] [ELA2013] (1) 32: Ask and answer questions about key details in a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media. [SL.1.2] [ELA2013] (1) 38: Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. [L.1.2] [ELA2013] (1) 31: Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about Grade 1 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. [SL.1.1] [ELA2013] (1) 23: Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. [RF.1.4] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4]
Subject: English Language Arts (1), or Mathematics (K  1), or Science (1), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Leo Lionni’s Little Blue and Little Yellow
Description: Students will use Leo Lionni’s literature and his website to learn about the author, mix primary colors, summarize and rewrite a story, and use graphing skills to determine the classes’ favorite color.
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Title: Very Busy Spiders
Description:
The students will work from a computer and a specified Webquest to complete a unit on spiders. The lessons will incorporate literature, writing, science, art, and graphing.
Standard(s): [S1] (2) 6: Identify characteristics of animals, including behavior, size, and body covering [S1] (1) 4: Describe survival traits of living things, including color, shape, size, texture, and covering. [TC2] (02) 1: Identify basic parts of various technology systems. [TC2] (02) 2: Identify applications and operations of various technology systems. [TC2] (02) 3: Demonstrate correct posture and finger placement while using a technology system. [TC2] (02) 4: Identify safe use of technology systems and applications. [TC2] (02) 7: Use digital tools to access and retrieve information. [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4] [MA2013] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with singleunit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple puttogether, takeapart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2MD10] [ELA2013] (2) 9: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the Grades 23 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RL.2.10] [ELA2013] (2) 19: By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the Grades 23 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RI.2.10] [ELA2013] (2) 21: Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. [RF.2.4] [ELA2013] (2) 27: Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations). [W.2.7] [ELA2013] (2) 28: Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. [W.2.8]
Subject: English Language Arts (2), or Mathematics (K  2), or Science (1  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Very Busy Spiders
Description: The students will work from a computer and a specified Webquest to complete a unit on spiders. The lessons will incorporate literature, writing, science, art, and graphing.
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Title: Begin with Buttons: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review the work of the previous lessons through a variety of activity stations, one of which involves using an interactive Web site. Students model with buttons and record addition and subtraction.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 1: Count to 100 by ones and by tens. [KCC1] [MA2013] (0) 2: Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1). [KCC2] [MA2013] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (0) 8: Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. (Drawings need not show details, but should show the mathematics in the problem. This applies wherever drawings are mentioned in the Standards.) [KOA1] [MA2013] (0) 9: Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g., by using objects or drawings to represent the problem. [KOA2] [MA2013] (0) 10: Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1). [KOA3] [MA2013] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [KOA4] [MA2013] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (1) 5: Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). [1OA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Begin with Buttons: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review the work of the previous lessons through a variety of activity stations, one of which involves using an interactive Web site. Students model with buttons and record addition and subtraction. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Who's in the Fact Family?
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the relation of addition to subtraction. Students use problemsolving skills to find fact families, including those in which one addend is zero or in which the addends are alike.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 13: Compose and decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into ten ones and some further ones, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each composition or decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 18 = 10 + 8); understand that these numbers are composed of ten ones and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones. [KNBT1] [MA2013] (1) 1: Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [1OA1] [MA2013] (1) 2: Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. [1OA2] [MA2013] (1) 3: Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract. (Students need not use formal terms for these properties.) [1OA3] [MA2013] (1) 7: Understand the meaning of the equal sign, and determine if equations involving addition and subtraction are true or false. [1OA7] [MA2013] (1) 8: Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers. [1OA8]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Who's in the Fact Family?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the relation of addition to subtraction. Students use problemsolving skills to find fact families, including those in which one addend is zero or in which the addends are alike. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Calculating Patterns
Description:
In this eight lesson unit, from Illuminations, students represent patterns in different ways. They solve problems; make, explain, and defend conjectures; make generalizations; and extend and clarify their knowledge.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 14: Describe measurable attributes of objects such as length or weight. Describe several measurable attributes of a single object. [KMD1] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Calculating Patterns
Description: In this eight lesson unit, from Illuminations, students represent patterns in different ways. They solve problems; make, explain, and defend conjectures; make generalizations; and extend and clarify their knowledge. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Sampling Rocks
Description:
The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is for students to learn about sampling through an investigation of rocks found in the schoolyard. In this lesson, students collect and analyze a sampling of rocks from the schoolyard. They sort the collected rocks by characteristics such as size, weight, and color, to see if any generalizations can be made about the types of rocks that can be found in the schoolyard.
Standard(s): [S1] (0) 1: Classify objects as solids or liquids. [S1] (0) 7: Classify objects using the five senses. [S1] (0) 8: Identify features of Earth as landmasses or bodies of water. [S1] (1) 2: Identify basic properties of objects. [S1] (1) 7: Identify components of Earth's surface, including soil, rocks, and water. [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4] [MA2013] (1) 19: Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and threesided) versus nondefining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes. [1G1]
Subject: Mathematics, Science Title: Sampling Rocks
Description: The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is for students to learn about sampling through an investigation of rocks found in the schoolyard. In this lesson, students collect and analyze a sampling of rocks from the schoolyard. They sort the collected rocks by characteristics such as size, weight, and color, to see if any generalizations can be made about the types of rocks that can be found in the schoolyard. Thinkfinity Partner: Science NetLinks Grade Span: K,1,2
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Title: Look at Me
Description:
In this sixlesson unit, from Illuminations, students collect data and display it with tally marks, pictographs, bar graphs, and glyphs. Students explore logical and numerical relationships, review onetoone correspondence, explore patterns and the relationships between numbers, and model addition sentences with missing addends.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Look at Me
Description: In this sixlesson unit, from Illuminations, students collect data and display it with tally marks, pictographs, bar graphs, and glyphs. Students explore logical and numerical relationships, review onetoone correspondence, explore patterns and the relationships between numbers, and model addition sentences with missing addends. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: How Many Buttons?
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review classification, make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and find numbers that are one more and one less than a given number. They apply their knowledge of classification as they play a game similar to bingo. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (1) 19: Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and threesided) versus nondefining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes. [1G1]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: How Many Buttons?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review classification, make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and find numbers that are one more and one less than a given number. They apply their knowledge of classification as they play a game similar to bingo. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Pyramid Power
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and write numbers that enumerate how many elements are in a group. They make and record sets of one more and one less than a given number. They have the opportunity to apply their reasoning and communication skills in this lesson.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4] [MA2013] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with singleunit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple puttogether, takeapart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2MD10]
Subject: Health,Mathematics Title: Pyramid Power
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students make sets of a given number, explore relationships between numbers, and write numbers that enumerate how many elements are in a group. They make and record sets of one more and one less than a given number. They have the opportunity to apply their reasoning and communication skills in this lesson. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Button Trains
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students describe order by using vocabulary such as before, after, and between. They also review and use both cardinal and ordinal numbers.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Button Trains
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students describe order by using vocabulary such as before, after, and between. They also review and use both cardinal and ordinal numbers. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Shirts Full of Buttons
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore subtraction in the comparative mode by answering questions such as How many more? and How many less? as they match sets of buttons. They also make and discuss bar graphs based on the number of buttons they are wearing.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 8: Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. (Drawings need not show details, but should show the mathematics in the problem. This applies wherever drawings are mentioned in the Standards.) [KOA1] [MA2013] (0) 16: Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] [MA2013] (1) 1: Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [1OA1] [MA2013] (1) 18: Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another. [1MD4] [MA2013] (2) 23: Draw a picture graph and a bar graph (with singleunit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple puttogether, takeapart, and compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [2MD10]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Shirts Full of Buttons
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore subtraction in the comparative mode by answering questions such as How many more? and How many less? as they match sets of buttons. They also make and discuss bar graphs based on the number of buttons they are wearing. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Numbers to Five
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to five objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 1: Count to 100 by ones and by tens. [KCC1] [MA2013] (0) 2: Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1). [KCC2] [MA2013] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (0) 11: For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [KOA4] [MA2013] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Numbers to Five
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students make groups of zero to five objects, connect number names to the groups, compose and decompose numbers, and use numerals to record the size of a group. Visual, auditory, and kinesthetic activities are used to help students begin to acquire a sense of number. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Island Inequality Mat
Description:
The concepts of greater than, less than, and equal to are explored in this 2lesson unit where students create piles of food on two islands, and use a paper fish, whose mouth is open, pointing towards the greater amount, introducing students to the associated symbols
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (1) 11: Compare two twodigit numbers based on meanings of the tens and ones digits, recording the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, and <. [1NBT3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Island Inequality Mat
Description: The concepts of greater than, less than, and equal to are explored in this 2lesson unit where students create piles of food on two islands, and use a paper fish, whose mouth is open, pointing towards the greater amount, introducing students to the associated symbols Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Food Pyramid Power:
Description:
In this sixlesson unit from Illuminations, students use algebraic thinking to explore properties of addition. The food pyramid is the starting point for these explorations. The learning experiences foster facility with the process standards of communication, connections, representation, and reasoning and proof.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (2) 3: Determine whether a group of objects (up to 20) has an odd or even number of members, e.g., by pairing objects or counting them by 2s; write an equation to express an even number as a sum of two equal addends. [2OA3]
Subject: Health,Mathematics Title: Food Pyramid Power:
Description: In this sixlesson unit from Illuminations, students use algebraic thinking to explore properties of addition. The food pyramid is the starting point for these explorations. The learning experiences foster facility with the process standards of communication, connections, representation, and reasoning and proof. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Building Sets of Seven
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct and identify sets of seven objects. They compare sets of up to seven items and record a set of seven in chart form.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 1: Count to 100 by ones and by tens. [KCC1] [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (1) 9: Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120. In this range, read and write numerals and represent a number of objects with a written numeral. [1NBT1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building Sets of Seven
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students construct and identify sets of seven objects. They compare sets of up to seven items and record a set of seven in chart form. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Multiple Patterns
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore patterns that involve doubling. They use objects and numbers in their exploration and record them using a table.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 2: Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1). [KCC2] [MA2013] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (0) 8: Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. (Drawings need not show details, but should show the mathematics in the problem. This applies wherever drawings are mentioned in the Standards.) [KOA1] [MA2013] (0) 21: Model shapes in the world by building shapes from components (e.g., sticks and clay balls) and drawing shapes. [KG5] [MA2013] (1) 5: Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). [1OA5] [MA2013] (1) 7: Understand the meaning of the equal sign, and determine if equations involving addition and subtraction are true or false. [1OA7] [MA2013] (1) 8: Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers. [1OA8] [MA2013] (1) 13: Given a twodigit number, mentally find 10 more or 10 less than the number without having to count; explain the reasoning used. [1NBT5] [MA2013] (3) 10: Use place value understanding to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or 100. [3NBT1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Multiple Patterns
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore patterns that involve doubling. They use objects and numbers in their exploration and record them using a table. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Count to 10: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review this unit by creating, decomposing, and comparing sets of zero to ten objects and by writing the cardinal number for each set.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Count to 10: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review this unit by creating, decomposing, and comparing sets of zero to ten objects and by writing the cardinal number for each set. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Further Investigating Greater Than, Less Than, and Equal To
Description:
Students build upon their understanding of greater than, less than, and equal to by observing quantity and making comparison using varied instructional materials. The fish cutout, with its mouth open, represents the greater than or less than symbol; the clam cutout represents the equal to symbol. Using fish lips as a transition point, children will apply their understanding of greater, less, and equal to the standard symbols as the teacher introduces symbolic notation at an developmentally appropriate level.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (1) 11: Compare two twodigit numbers based on meanings of the tens and ones digits, recording the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, and <. [1NBT3] [MA2013] (2) 8: Compare two threedigit numbers based on meanings of the hundreds, tens, and ones digits using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons. [2NBT4] [MA2013] (4) 7: Read and write multidigit whole numbers using baseten numerals, number names, and expanded form. Compare two multidigit numbers based on meanings of the digits in each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons. [4NBT2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Further Investigating Greater Than, Less Than, and Equal To
Description: Students build upon their understanding of greater than, less than, and equal to by observing quantity and making comparison using varied instructional materials. The fish cutout, with its mouth open, represents the greater than or less than symbol; the clam cutout represents the equal to symbol. Using fish lips as a transition point, children will apply their understanding of greater, less, and equal to the standard symbols as the teacher introduces symbolic notation at an developmentally appropriate level. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
ALEX Podcasts
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Title: The Game of Compare
Overview:
This activity is like the card game WAR. The students turn over cards and compare the numbers on the cards. The student with the larger number retrieves the cards. If the same number is turned over, the students turn over another card and compare the new numbers to decide who get the cards. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7]
The Game of Compare Overview: This activity is like the card game WAR. The students turn over cards and compare the numbers on the cards. The student with the larger number retrieves the cards. If the same number is turned over, the students turn over another card and compare the new numbers to decide who get the cards.
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Title: The Great Bear Race
Overview:
Racing Bears is a counting game.Â The math focus points are counting spaces and moving on a gameboard and thinking strategically about the moves on a gameboard. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (0) 8: Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. (Drawings need not show details, but should show the mathematics in the problem. This applies wherever drawings are mentioned in the Standards.) [KOA1] [MA2013] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5] [MA2013] (1) 21: Partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters; and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares. Understand for these examples that decomposing into more equal shares creates smaller shares. [1G3]
The Great Bear Race Overview: Racing Bears is a counting game.Â The math focus points are counting spaces and moving on a gameboard and thinking strategically about the moves on a gameboard.
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Title: Calendar Math
Overview:
In this podcast our class will demonstrate how we use calendar math each day. We discussed the days of the week. We graphed the daily, monthly and yearly weather. We used the 100's chart to practice skip counting and even and odd numbers. We used straws to count the days of school, grouping ones, tens and one hundreds. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (1) 1: Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. (See Appendix A, Table 1.) [1OA1] [MA2013] (1) 5: Relate counting to addition and subtraction (e.g., by counting on 2 to add 2). [1OA5] [MA2013] (1) 9: Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120. In this range, read and write numerals and represent a number of objects with a written numeral. [1NBT1] [MA2013] (1) 17: Tell and write time in hours and halfhours using analog and digital clocks. [1MD3]
Calendar Math Overview: In this podcast our class will demonstrate how we use calendar math each day. We discussed the days of the week. We graphed the daily, monthly and yearly weather. We used the 100's chart to practice skip counting and even and odd numbers. We used straws to count the days of school, grouping ones, tens and one hundreds.
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Title: Traveling Numbers
Overview:
This podcast shows the various places numbers can be found when traveling.Â It also shows the shapes that can be found in traffic signs. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (0) 18: Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. [KG2] [MA2013] (0) 21: Model shapes in the world by building shapes from components (e.g., sticks and clay balls) and drawing shapes. [KG5] [MA2013] (0) 22: Compose simple shapes to form larger shapes. [KG6]
Traveling Numbers Overview: This podcast shows the various places numbers can be found when traveling.Â It also shows the shapes that can be found in traffic signs.
Web Resources
Informational Materials
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Title: Know Your Numbers in a Flash
Description:
This website creates flashcards or allows teachers to create their own flashcards to assist students in number recognition and illustrations for onetoone correspondence.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5]
Know Your Numbers in a Flash
http://www.apples4th...
This website creates flashcards or allows teachers to create their own flashcards to assist students in number recognition and illustrations for onetoone correspondence.
Teacher Tools
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Title: Know Your Numbers in a Flash
Description:
This website creates flashcards or allows teachers to create their own flashcards to assist students in number recognition and illustrations for onetoone correspondence.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 6: Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] [MA2013] (0) 7: Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] [MA2013] (0) 12: Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5]
Know Your Numbers in a Flash
http://www.apples4th...
This website creates flashcards or allows teachers to create their own flashcards to assist students in number recognition and illustrations for onetoone correspondence.

