ALEX Lesson Plans
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Title: Stop, Look, and Find Shapes in Our School and Community!
Description:
This is a projectbased lesson that provides many handson opportunities for students to learn about shapes in their environment. Students are challenged to find shapes in our world using everyday technology. Students review the characteristics of basic shapes such as squares, triangles, circles, etc. They will then learn how to use digital cameras to capture shapes in the environment and will create a digital book of their photos.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Stop, Look, and Find Shapes in Our School and Community!
Description: This is a projectbased lesson that provides many handson opportunities for students to learn about shapes in their environment. Students are challenged to find shapes in our world using everyday technology. Students review the characteristics of basic shapes such as squares, triangles, circles, etc. They will then learn how to use digital cameras to capture shapes in the environment and will create a digital book of their photos.
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Title: "Bursting with Math"
Description:
Using "Starburst" jelly beans to sort, graph and add.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2)
Title: "Bursting with Math"
Description: Using "Starburst" jelly beans to sort, graph and add.
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Title: Shape Makers
Description:
In this Five E’s AMSTI lesson, students discover relationships between shapes. Students discover multiple ways to combine shapes to fill the area of a given shape using real and virtual pattern blocks, and share their solutions with peers. Children create puzzles for a partner and play an online game to reinforce their learning.
This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2)
Title: Shape Makers
Description: In this Five E’s AMSTI lesson, students discover relationships between shapes. Students discover multiple ways to combine shapes to fill the area of a given shape using real and virtual pattern blocks, and share their solutions with peers. Children create puzzles for a partner and play an online game to reinforce their learning.
This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.
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Title: Share and Share Alike (Equal Parts)
Description:
This Five E’s AMSTI lesson plan equips students to divide an object into equal parts. A story and interactive whiteboard activity about sharing food demonstrate the idea of equal halves of circles, after which students attempt to half squares and rectangles, and explain their findings to the group. Finally, children divide paper and electronic pizzas into 3 and 4 equal parts.
This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 18: Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. [KG2]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2)
Title: Share and Share Alike (Equal Parts)
Description: This Five E’s AMSTI lesson plan equips students to divide an object into equal parts. A story and interactive whiteboard activity about sharing food demonstrate the idea of equal halves of circles, after which students attempt to half squares and rectangles, and explain their findings to the group. Finally, children divide paper and electronic pizzas into 3 and 4 equal parts.
This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.
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Title: "Fantastic Fractions"
Description:
The students will use sugarfree Gummy bears to identify fractional parts of the whole. The students will create a graph using the information obtain.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Character Education (K  12), or Mathematics (1  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: "Fantastic Fractions"
Description: The students will use sugarfree Gummy bears to identify fractional parts of the whole. The students will create a graph using the information obtain.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
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Title: Geometric Shadows
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Students will identify objects as translucent, transparent, or opaque. Upon seeing the shadow of the opaque object, students will identify the geometric figure created by the shadow.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  4), or Science (4)
Title: Geometric Shadows
Description: Students will identify objects as translucent, transparent, or opaque. Upon seeing the shadow of the opaque object, students will identify the geometric figure created by the shadow.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
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Title: Understanding Fractions
Description:
In this lesson the children will demonstrate parts of a whole using a candy bar (or fruit), and piece of paper. The activities are used as instructional plans to help students better understand shapes and parts of a shape up to a whole. It is an activity that would precede the lesson/unit taught on twothree dimensional shapes. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: English Language Arts (2), or Mathematics (1  2)
Title: Understanding Fractions
Description: In this lesson the children will demonstrate parts of a whole using a candy bar (or fruit), and piece of paper. The activities are used as instructional plans to help students better understand shapes and parts of a shape up to a whole. It is an activity that would precede the lesson/unit taught on twothree dimensional shapes. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: "Triangles and Things"
Description:
The Greedy Triangle, a Marilyn Burns book, will assist students in determining the simple relationships among polygons. With a wish, the Greedy Triangle is transformed into various polygons. With the addition of a side and an angle, students will be able to determine the difference among triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, and hexagon. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Arts Education (2), or English Language Arts (1), or Mathematics (K  2)
Title: "Triangles and Things"
Description: The Greedy Triangle, a Marilyn Burns book, will assist students in determining the simple relationships among polygons. With a wish, the Greedy Triangle is transformed into various polygons. With the addition of a side and an angle, students will be able to determine the difference among triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, and hexagon. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Are You a Square or a Rectangle?
Description:
During a handson, inquiry approach lesson, students will discover the difference between standard and nonstandard units of measure. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Character Education (K  12), or English Language Arts (K), or Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Are You a Square or a Rectangle?
Description: During a handson, inquiry approach lesson, students will discover the difference between standard and nonstandard units of measure. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Twisted Tangrams
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In this lesson students will use a handson approach to problem solving. They will construct and manipulate tangrams to recreate animals from a story. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Character Education (K  12), or English Language Arts (K), or Mathematics (K  4)
Title: Twisted Tangrams
Description: In this lesson students will use a handson approach to problem solving. They will construct and manipulate tangrams to recreate animals from a story. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Fortune Cookie Verbs
Description:
During this lesson students have the opportunity to create fortune cookies and identify the verbs in the fortunes.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: English Language Arts (2), or Mathematics (1  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Fortune Cookie Verbs
Description: During this lesson students have the opportunity to create fortune cookies and identify the verbs in the fortunes.
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Title: Congruent Figures
Description:
This lesson is an introduction to a unit about congruent shapes. Students will begin by listening to a book about shapes. They will then complete several handson activities, including sorting shapes, using their bodies to form congruent shapes, and using activities on the Internet to practice forming congruent shapes.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Congruent Figures
Description: This lesson is an introduction to a unit about congruent shapes. Students will begin by listening to a book about shapes. They will then complete several handson activities, including sorting shapes, using their bodies to form congruent shapes, and using activities on the Internet to practice forming congruent shapes.
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Title: Shapes in the Classroom
Description:
This lesson will teach students to identify solid figures found in the classroom and in magazines. Students will also learn more about solid figures using the Internet.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Shapes in the Classroom
Description: This lesson will teach students to identify solid figures found in the classroom and in magazines. Students will also learn more about solid figures using the Internet.
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Title: Lucky Charms Graphs
Description:
This culminating lesson will use Lucky Charms cereal for review of sorting, counting, tally marks, and graphing. This is a fun and tasty way for students to learn about math.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Lucky Charms Graphs
Description: This culminating lesson will use Lucky Charms cereal for review of sorting, counting, tally marks, and graphing. This is a fun and tasty way for students to learn about math.
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Title: Tantalizing Tangrams
Description:
This is an introductory lesson using tangrams. Students will observe the seven geometric shapes that make up the tangram in a variety of ways that exhibit spatial relationships. They will have handson experiences using these tangrams to create new shapes. Finally, they will try to make the seven shapes form a square.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Arts Education (K), or Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Tantalizing Tangrams
Description: This is an introductory lesson using tangrams. Students will observe the seven geometric shapes that make up the tangram in a variety of ways that exhibit spatial relationships. They will have handson experiences using these tangrams to create new shapes. Finally, they will try to make the seven shapes form a square.
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Title: Getting Into "Shape"
Description:
Through observation and hands on activity, students identify plane shapes that make up geometric solids (space shapes).
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics (K  2), or Technology Education (K  2)
Title: Getting Into "Shape"
Description: Through observation and hands on activity, students identify plane shapes that make up geometric solids (space shapes).
Thinkfinity Lesson Plans
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Title: Geoboards
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students identify and recognize triangles using multiple representations, locate triangles in their environment, and construct triangles. Students use geoboards to explore the characteristics of triangles.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Geoboards
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students identify and recognize triangles using multiple representations, locate triangles in their environment, and construct triangles. Students use geoboards to explore the characteristics of triangles. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: How Big Is Your Heart?
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the size of their hearts. They do this by measuring the length, width, and circumference of their fists and relating this to the size of their hearts.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: How Big Is Your Heart?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the size of their hearts. They do this by measuring the length, width, and circumference of their fists and relating this to the size of their hearts. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Links Away
Description:
In this sevenlesson unit, from Illuminations, students explore the five models of subtraction (counting, sets, number line, balanced equations and inverse of addition) using links. They also learn that the order property does not hold for subtraction and explore the relation between addition and subtraction. Students also write story problems in which subtraction is required and begin to memorize the subtraction facts.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Links Away
Description: In this sevenlesson unit, from Illuminations, students explore the five models of subtraction (counting, sets, number line, balanced equations and inverse of addition) using links. They also learn that the order property does not hold for subtraction and explore the relation between addition and subtraction. Students also write story problems in which subtraction is required and begin to memorize the subtraction facts. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
Web Resources
Learning Activities
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Title: Parts to a Whole
Description:
Students use fruit to show how parts make a whole in this lesson.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Parts to a Whole
http://mathforum.org...
Students use fruit to show how parts make a whole in this lesson.
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Title: Super Teacher Worksheets: Fractions
Description:
This page lists ideas for teaching fractins. The activities include fractions with candy bars, M&Ms, tortillas, folded paper, and pies.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Super Teacher Worksheets: Fractions
http://www.superteac...
This page lists ideas for teaching fractins. The activities include fractions with candy bars, M&Ms, tortillas, folded paper, and pies.
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Title: Proteacher Collection: Fractions
Description:
This Web site contains comments and ideas for teaching fractions.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (4) 14: Understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} with a > 1 as a sum of fractions ^{1}/_{b}. [4NF3]
Proteacher Collection: Fractions
http://www.proteache...
This Web site contains comments and ideas for teaching fractions.
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Title: Understanding Fractions
Description:
This is a two page pdf for explaining and practicing fractions.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 13: Understand a fraction ^{1}/_{b} as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} as the quantity formed by a parts and size ^{1}/_{b}. [3NF1]
Understanding Fractions
http://www.mathmammo...
This is a two page pdf for explaining and practicing fractions.
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Title: Divide and Shade
Description:
This is a lesson plan for students to learn to divide and shade 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Divide and Shade
http://mathforum.org...
This is a lesson plan for students to learn to divide and shade 1/2, 1/3, and 1/4.
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Title: How to Teach Basic Fractions with Manipulatives
Description:
This page has instructions for teaching fractions using manipulatives.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 15: Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size. [3NF3]
How to Teach Basic Fractions with Manipulatives
http://www.ehow.com/...
This page has instructions for teaching fractions using manipulatives.
Thinkfinity Interactive Games
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Title: Developing Geometry Understandings and Spatial Skills through Puzzlelike Problems with Tangrams
Description:
Describing figures and visualizing what they look like when they are transformed through rotations or flips or are put together or taken apart in different ways are important aspects of geometry in the lower grades. This twopart tangram example from Illuminations demonstrates the potential for highquality experiences provided by computer 'shape' environments for students as they learn concepts described in the Geometry Standard. Problemsolving tasks that involve physical manipulatives as well as virtual manipulatives afford many students an entry into mathematics that they might not otherwise experience.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Developing Geometry Understandings and Spatial Skills through Puzzlelike Problems with Tangrams
Description: Describing figures and visualizing what they look like when they are transformed through rotations or flips or are put together or taken apart in different ways are important aspects of geometry in the lower grades. This twopart tangram example from Illuminations demonstrates the potential for highquality experiences provided by computer 'shape' environments for students as they learn concepts described in the Geometry Standard. Problemsolving tasks that involve physical manipulatives as well as virtual manipulatives afford many students an entry into mathematics that they might not otherwise experience. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,1,2
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Title: Learning Geometry and Measurement Concepts by Creating Paths and Navigating Mazes: Hiding Ladybug
Description:
This standalone applet is part of the Illuminations lesson titled '' Helping Ladybug Hide with Arrows and Angles.'' In the lesson, students use this applet to hide a ladybug under a leaf.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (4) 5: Generate a number or shape pattern that follows a given rule. Identify apparent features of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule itself. [4OA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Learning Geometry and Measurement Concepts by Creating Paths and Navigating Mazes: Hiding Ladybug
Description: This standalone applet is part of the Illuminations lesson titled '' Helping Ladybug Hide with Arrows and Angles.'' In the lesson, students use this applet to hide a ladybug under a leaf. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
Thinkfinity Learning Activities
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Title: Investigating the Concept of Triangle and Properties of Polygons: Creating Polygons
Description:
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Investigating the Concept of Triangle and Properties of Polygons: Creating Polygons
Description: Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2
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Title: Concentration
Description:
This student interactive from Illuminations allows students to play the classic game of Concentration by themselves or against a friend. The interactive can be used to review numbers, shapes, multiplication facts, fractions, decimals, and percents.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (4) 23: Recognize angles as geometric shapes that are formed wherever two rays share a common endpoint, and understand concepts of angle measurement. [4MD5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Concentration
Description: This student interactive from Illuminations allows students to play the classic game of Concentration by themselves or against a friend. The interactive can be used to review numbers, shapes, multiplication facts, fractions, decimals, and percents. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5

