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Title: Look Around, What do You See? Origamis!
Description:
Students will make origamis using Japanese paper folding techniques. This lesson will enhance the students ability to understand geometry concepts.
This is a College and CareerReady Standards showcase lesson plan.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (1) 20: Compose twodimensional shapes (rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, halfcircles, and quartercircles) or threedimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones, and right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape, and compose new shapes from the composite shape. (Students do not need to learn formal names such as "right rectangular prism.") [1G2] [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2] [MA2013] (4) 28: Recognize a line of symmetry for a twodimensional figure as a line across the figure such that the figure can be folded along the line into matching parts. Identify linesymmetric figures and draw lines of symmetry. [4G3]
Subject: Mathematics (1  4)
Title: Look Around, What do You See? Origamis!
Description: Students will make origamis using Japanese paper folding techniques. This lesson will enhance the students ability to understand geometry concepts.
This is a College and CareerReady Standards showcase lesson plan.
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Title: Look Around and What do You See Geometry
Description:
Students will learn how to identify geometric figures and their attributes in the world around them.
This is a College and CareerReady Standards showcase lesson plan.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Mathematics (3)
Title: Look Around and What do You See Geometry
Description: Students will learn how to identify geometric figures and their attributes in the world around them.
This is a College and CareerReady Standards showcase lesson plan.
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Title: Geometric Man
Description:
The students will explore angles, rays, line segments, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and twodimensional figures through the use of the book "Shape Up! Fun With Triangles and Other Polygons" by David A. Adler. They will also classify quadrilaterals through an interactive website.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2]
Subject: Mathematics (3  4)
Title: Geometric Man
Description: The students will explore angles, rays, line segments, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and twodimensional figures through the use of the book "Shape Up! Fun With Triangles and Other Polygons" by David A. Adler. They will also classify quadrilaterals through an interactive website.
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Title: Sign Shapes
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Students will take a field trip (or use computer) to locate 9 different shapes in the form of store signs. They will use digital cameras to take pictures (or copy and paste pictures) of the shapes and then create a slide show using the pictures. On each page of the slide show, the student will name the shape, number of sides, angles and vertices and also draw lines of symmetry.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 28: Recognize a line of symmetry for a twodimensional figure as a line across the figure such that the figure can be folded along the line into matching parts. Identify linesymmetric figures and draw lines of symmetry. [4G3] [TC2] (35) 2: Use various technology applications, including word processing and multimedia software. [TC2] (35) 12: Create a product using digital tools.
Subject: Mathematics (3  4), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Sign Shapes
Description: Students will take a field trip (or use computer) to locate 9 different shapes in the form of store signs. They will use digital cameras to take pictures (or copy and paste pictures) of the shapes and then create a slide show using the pictures. On each page of the slide show, the student will name the shape, number of sides, angles and vertices and also draw lines of symmetry.
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Title: A What? A What? A Quadrilateral
Description:
In this lesson, students will identify the characteristics of a quadrilateral. Students will have a chance categorize quadrilaterals into subgroups such as squares, rhombuses, rectangles, and nonregular quadrilaterals. This lesson using geometric shapes for a handson activity and includes a quadrilateral quest via the internet at the end.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (5) 25: Understand that attributes belonging to a category of twodimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. [5G3] [TC2] (35) 2: Use various technology applications, including word processing and multimedia software. [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (5) 25: Understand that attributes belonging to a category of twodimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. [5G3] [TC2] (35) 2: Use various technology applications, including word processing and multimedia software.
Subject: Mathematics (3  5), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: A What? A What? A Quadrilateral
Description: In this lesson, students will identify the characteristics of a quadrilateral. Students will have a chance categorize quadrilaterals into subgroups such as squares, rhombuses, rectangles, and nonregular quadrilaterals. This lesson using geometric shapes for a handson activity and includes a quadrilateral quest via the internet at the end.
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Title: It's In The Bag
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This lesson is a unique and fun way to review perimeter, angles, and types of adjectives. Students pick an object from the classroom that will fit in a paper lunch bag. They investigate their object and fill in the attached sheet. You can then make a bulletin board out in the hall by attaching the bag (with the object in it) below or beside the info sheet. Students can come by and try to guess what object is in the bag by looking at the info sheet. They can then check their guess by looking in the bag.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3MD4] [MA2013] (3) 23: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving perimeters of polygons, including finding the perimeter given the side lengths, finding an unknown side length, and exhibiting rectangles with the same perimeter and different areas or with the same area and different perimeters. [3MD8] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Mathematics (3)
Title: It's In The Bag
Description: This lesson is a unique and fun way to review perimeter, angles, and types of adjectives. Students pick an object from the classroom that will fit in a paper lunch bag. They investigate their object and fill in the attached sheet. You can then make a bulletin board out in the hall by attaching the bag (with the object in it) below or beside the info sheet. Students can come by and try to guess what object is in the bag by looking at the info sheet. They can then check their guess by looking in the bag.
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Title: Twisted Tangrams
Description:
In this lesson students will use a handson approach to problem solving. They will construct and manipulate tangrams to recreate animals from a story. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [ELA2013] (0) 16: With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an illustration depicts). [RI.K.7] [ELA2013] (0) 10: With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. [RI.K.1] [ELA2013] (0) 7: With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear (e.g., what moment in a story an illustration depicts). [RL.K.7] [CE] (012) 8: Cooperation [CE] (012) 10: Selfcontrol [CE] (012) 6: Respect for others [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (0) 17: Describe objects in the environment using names of shapes, and describe the relative positions of these objects using terms such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, and next to. [KG1] [MA2013] (0) 18: Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. [KG2] [MA2013] (0) 19: Identify shapes as twodimensional (lying in a plane, "flat") or threedimensional ("solid"). [KG3] [MA2013] (0) 20: Analyze and compare two and threedimensional shapes, in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts (e.g., number of sides and vertices or "corners"), and other attributes (e.g., having sides of equal length). [KG4] [MA2013] (0) 21: Model shapes in the world by building shapes from components (e.g., sticks and clay balls) and drawing shapes. [KG5] [MA2013] (0) 22: Compose simple shapes to form larger shapes. [KG6] [MA2013] (1) 19: Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and threesided) versus nondefining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes. [1G1] [MA2013] (1) 20: Compose twodimensional shapes (rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, halfcircles, and quartercircles) or threedimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones, and right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape, and compose new shapes from the composite shape. (Students do not need to learn formal names such as "right rectangular prism.") [1G2] [MA2013] (1) 21: Partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters; and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares. Understand for these examples that decomposing into more equal shares creates smaller shares. [1G3] [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (2) 25: Partition a rectangle into rows and columns of samesize squares, and count to find the total number of them. [2G2] [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3]
Subject: Character Education (K  12), or English Language Arts (K), or Mathematics (K  4)
Title: Twisted Tangrams
Description: In this lesson students will use a handson approach to problem solving. They will construct and manipulate tangrams to recreate animals from a story. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: "Polly"gon Pockets
Description:
In this lesson, students will explore the attributes of various polygons. Students will need to be in 12 cooperative groups (one for each shape being explored). They will complete a jigsaw puzzle to discover their shape and then list the attributes they notice about it. They will create a foldable that shows each polygon, describes its attributes, and lists items in our world that use that shape. Then, the students will create a collage using either magazines and 9x12 construction paper or the Internet and Microsoft Word to create a collage of items in our world that use polygon shapes. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [AED] VA (5) 2: Apply variety and unity in the production of two and threedimensional works of art. [MA2013] (5) 26: Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5G4] [MA2013] (3) 20: Recognize area as an attribute of plane figures, and understand concepts of area measurement. [3MD5] [MA2013] (3) 21: Measure areas by counting unit squares (square cm, square m, square in, square ft, and improvised units). [3MD6] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2] [MA2013] (4) 28: Recognize a line of symmetry for a twodimensional figure as a line across the figure such that the figure can be folded along the line into matching parts. Identify linesymmetric figures and draw lines of symmetry. [4G3] [MA2013] (5) 25: Understand that attributes belonging to a category of twodimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. [5G3]
Subject: Arts Education (5), or Mathematics (3  5)
Title: "Polly"gon Pockets
Description: In this lesson, students will explore the attributes of various polygons. Students will need to be in 12 cooperative groups (one for each shape being explored). They will complete a jigsaw puzzle to discover their shape and then list the attributes they notice about it. They will create a foldable that shows each polygon, describes its attributes, and lists items in our world that use that shape. Then, the students will create a collage using either magazines and 9x12 construction paper or the Internet and Microsoft Word to create a collage of items in our world that use polygon shapes. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Angles in the Mix
Description:
In this lesson, students will observe art paintings for angles  straight, right, obtuse, and acute. Using digital cameras, students will find "art" in their environment, which displays those same types of angles. They will use their photos to create a Photo Story describing the angles in their environmental art and share it with the class. Lastly, students will choose one of their photos to paint and label the angles found in their art.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [ELA2013] (5) 39: Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. [L.5.2] [ELA2013] (5) 23: Write informative or explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly. [W.5.2] [ELA2013] (5) 25: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Gradespecific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 2224 above.) [W.5.4] [ELA2013] (5) 36: Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes. [SL.5.5] [ELA2013] (5) 28: Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. [W.5.7] [ELA2013] (5) 27: With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of two pages in a single sitting. [W.5.6] [ELA2013] (5) 40: Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening. [L.5.3] [AED] VA (5) 6: Describe works of art according to the style of various cultures, times, and places. [ELA] (5) 7: Compose expository texts using an introductory paragraph that includes a main idea; supporting paragraphs with a minimum of three reasons, explanations, or steps in a process; and a conclusion. [ELA] (5) 9: Apply mechanics in writing, including capitalization of first word in a direct quotation and use of punctuation, including quotation marks and comma with direct quotations, colon to introduce a list, and commas after introductory words, with a noun of direct address, and in a compound sentence. [ELA] (5) 10: Demonstrate knowledge of grammar and usage concepts, including subjectverb agreement with a compound subject; present, past, and future verb tenses; forms of adjectives; forms of nouns; and subject, object, and possessive pronouns. [ELA] (5) 11: Use search strategies in the research process to identify reliable current resources and computer technology to locate information. [ELA] (5) 12: Demonstrate eye contact, articulation, and appropriate voice intonation with expository presentations. [ELA] (5) 13: Apply strategies of a skillful listener, including maintaining eye contact, attending to the listening task, and assigning meaning to the message. [TC2] (35) 1: Use input and output devices of technology systems. [TC2] (35) 10: Use digital environments to collaborate and communicate. [TC2] (35) 12: Create a product using digital tools. [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2]
Subject: Arts Education (5), or English Language Arts (5), or English Language Arts (5), or Mathematics (3  4), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Angles in the Mix
Description: In this lesson, students will observe art paintings for angles  straight, right, obtuse, and acute. Using digital cameras, students will find "art" in their environment, which displays those same types of angles. They will use their photos to create a Photo Story describing the angles in their environmental art and share it with the class. Lastly, students will choose one of their photos to paint and label the angles found in their art.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Congruent and Similar Figures
Description:
This lesson provides a variety of handson activities for the students to understand the difference between congruent and similar figures. Students will use geoboards, pattern blocks, and the Internet to explore the difference. The activities can be used to reach all learning types.
Standard(s): [AED] VA (5) 6: Describe works of art according to the style of various cultures, times, and places. [AED] VA (5) 6: Describe works of art according to the style of various cultures, times, and places. [TC2] (35) 8: Collect information from a variety of digital sources. [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Arts Education (5), or Mathematics (3), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Congruent and Similar Figures
Description: This lesson provides a variety of handson activities for the students to understand the difference between congruent and similar figures. Students will use geoboards, pattern blocks, and the Internet to explore the difference. The activities can be used to reach all learning types.
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Title: Capturing Polygons
Description:
During this lesson students discover the different types of polygons. They use a variety of methods to learn to identify polygons. They realize that polygons are everywhere as they search for polygons around the school.
Standard(s): [TC2] (35) 1: Use input and output devices of technology systems. [TC2] (35) 2: Use various technology applications, including word processing and multimedia software. [TC2] (35) 10: Use digital environments to collaborate and communicate. [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Mathematics (3), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Capturing Polygons
Description: During this lesson students discover the different types of polygons. They use a variety of methods to learn to identify polygons. They realize that polygons are everywhere as they search for polygons around the school.
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Title: Quadrilaterals
Description:
During this lesson students explore the Internet to learn about quadrilaterals. Students create the different types of quadrilaterals and use technology to learn how to classify quadrilaterals.
Standard(s): [TC2] (35) 5: Practice safe use of technology systems and applications. [TC2] (35) 6: Describe social and ethical behaviors related to technology use. [TC2] (35) 8: Collect information from a variety of digital sources. [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Mathematics (3), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Quadrilaterals
Description: During this lesson students explore the Internet to learn about quadrilaterals. Students create the different types of quadrilaterals and use technology to learn how to classify quadrilaterals.
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Title: ABC's of Geometry
Description:
During this lesson students explore the world of geometry on the Internet. Students create their own list of terms by navigating geometry sites. Students also reinforce what they have learned using interactive Internet sites.
Standard(s): [ELA] (4) 2: Demonstrate reading vocabulary knowledge, including recognition of a variety of synonyms and antonyms. [ELA] (4) 2: Demonstrate reading vocabulary knowledge, including recognition of a variety of synonyms and antonyms. [TC2] (35) 2: Use various technology applications, including word processing and multimedia software. [TC2] (35) 3: Identify common hardware and software problems. [TC2] (35) 8: Collect information from a variety of digital sources. [TC2] (35) 2: Use various technology applications, including word processing and multimedia software. [TC2] (35) 8: Collect information from a variety of digital sources. [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [ELA2013] (4) 43: Acquire and use accurately gradeappropriate general academic and domainspecific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation). [L.4.6]
Subject: English Language Arts (4), or English Language Arts (4), or Mathematics (3), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: ABC's of Geometry
Description: During this lesson students explore the world of geometry on the Internet. Students create their own list of terms by navigating geometry sites. Students also reinforce what they have learned using interactive Internet sites.
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Title: Geo Picture
Description:
During this lesson students use their imagination to create a fascinating picture using only straight lines. Students have the opportunity to illustrate their designs on an interactive Internet site.
Standard(s): [TC2] (35) 5: Practice safe use of technology systems and applications. [TC2] (35) 6: Describe social and ethical behaviors related to technology use. [TC2] (35) 9: Use technology tools to organize, interpret, and display data. [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Mathematics (3), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Geo Picture
Description: During this lesson students use their imagination to create a fascinating picture using only straight lines. Students have the opportunity to illustrate their designs on an interactive Internet site.
Thinkfinity Lesson Plans
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Title: Working with Shapes
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review different geometric terms. They explore these and other geometric concepts by modeling on the geoboard.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Arts,Mathematics Title: Working with Shapes
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students review different geometric terms. They explore these and other geometric concepts by modeling on the geoboard. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Shapes on the Way Home
Description:
This reproducible chart, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to search for and list shapes they find as they walk home from school. They record each shape's name, where it was found and whether it is a plane or solid figure.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 9: Identify arithmetic patterns (including patterns in the addition table or multiplication table), and explain them using properties of operations. [3OA9] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 5: Generate a number or shape pattern that follows a given rule. Identify apparent features of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule itself. [4OA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Shapes on the Way Home
Description: This reproducible chart, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to search for and list shapes they find as they walk home from school. They record each shape's name, where it was found and whether it is a plane or solid figure. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Constructing a ThreeDimensional Model
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students build a three dimensional model of a clubhouse from two dimensional blueprints designed in an earlier lesson. In addition, they solve problems related to constructing and decorating their clubhouse.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 23: Recognize angles as geometric shapes that are formed wherever two rays share a common endpoint, and understand concepts of angle measurement. [4MD5] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1]
Subject: Arts,Mathematics Title: Constructing a ThreeDimensional Model
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students build a three dimensional model of a clubhouse from two dimensional blueprints designed in an earlier lesson. In addition, they solve problems related to constructing and decorating their clubhouse. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Patterns That Grow: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use logical thinking to create, identify, extend, and translate patterns. They make patterns with numbers and shapes and then explore patterns in a variety of mathematical contexts. The lesson includes a link to an interactive online shape tool.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 5: Generate a number or shape pattern that follows a given rule. Identify apparent features of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule itself. [4OA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Patterns That Grow: Looking Back and Moving Forward
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use logical thinking to create, identify, extend, and translate patterns. They make patterns with numbers and shapes and then explore patterns in a variety of mathematical contexts. The lesson includes a link to an interactive online shape tool. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Who Was Wassily Kandinsky?
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the geometric figures Wassily Kandinsky used in his art. Students participate in a scavenger hunt to become familiar with Kandinsky s works and the geometric figures used in his paintings.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1]
Subject: Arts,Mathematics Title: Who Was Wassily Kandinsky?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the geometric figures Wassily Kandinsky used in his art. Students participate in a scavenger hunt to become familiar with Kandinsky s works and the geometric figures used in his paintings. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Shapes Art
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. They listen to the poem Shapes from Shel Silverstein s A Light in the Attic and then recognize, draw, and describe geometric figures.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 18: Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. [KG2] [MA2013] (1) 20: Compose twodimensional shapes (rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, halfcircles, and quartercircles) or threedimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones, and right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape, and compose new shapes from the composite shape. (Students do not need to learn formal names such as "right rectangular prism.") [1G2] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [ELA2013] (3) 1: Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers. [RL.3.1] [ELA2013] (3) 3: Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events. [RL.3.3] [ELA2013] (3) 13: Determine the meaning of general academic and domainspecific words and phrases in a text relevant to a Grade 3 topic or subject area. [RI.3.4] [ELA2013] (3) 21: Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. [RF.3.4]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: Shapes Art
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. They listen to the poem Shapes from Shel Silverstein s A Light in the Attic and then recognize, draw, and describe geometric figures. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5
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Title: Describing Designs
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students create designs and describe them to classmates, using fractional and geometric terms. The lesson provides a context for using the vocabulary terms horizontal, vertical, square, rectangle, triangle, diagonal, onehalf, and onefourth. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (5) 23: Use a pair of perpendicular number lines, called axes, to define a coordinate system with the intersection of the lines (the origin) arranged to coincide with the 0 on each line and a given point in the plane located by using an ordered pair of numbers, called its coordinates. Understand that the first number indicates how far to travel from the origin in the direction of one axis, and the second number indicates how far to travel in the direction of the second axis, with the convention that the names of the two axes and the coordinates correspond (e.g., xaxis and xcoordinate, yaxis and ycoordinate). [5G1]
Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Mathematics Title: Describing Designs
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students create designs and describe them to classmates, using fractional and geometric terms. The lesson provides a context for using the vocabulary terms horizontal, vertical, square, rectangle, triangle, diagonal, onehalf, and onefourth. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Getting to Know the Shapes
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students discover the uses of geometry and measurement in the world of architecture as they are introduced to a project in which they design a clubhouse.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1]
Subject: Arts,Mathematics Title: Getting to Know the Shapes
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students discover the uses of geometry and measurement in the world of architecture as they are introduced to a project in which they design a clubhouse. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Seeing Geometry in Art
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the geometric figures Wassily Kandinsky used in his art. Students use paintings printed during a previous lesson to connect their knowledge of geometric shapes and terms with Kandinsky s use of geometric figures. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Arts,Mathematics Title: Seeing Geometry in Art
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore the geometric figures Wassily Kandinsky used in his art. Students use paintings printed during a previous lesson to connect their knowledge of geometric shapes and terms with Kandinsky s use of geometric figures. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Making a Shape Jacket
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use an online, interactive activity to analyze characteristics and properties of threedimensional geometric shapes; develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships; and use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve problems. Students investigate and use netsjackets for geometric solids that can be folded to create the surface of the solid, representing a polyhedron in two dimensions.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Making a Shape Jacket
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use an online, interactive activity to analyze characteristics and properties of threedimensional geometric shapes; develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships; and use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve problems. Students investigate and use netsjackets for geometric solids that can be folded to create the surface of the solid, representing a polyhedron in two dimensions. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Geometric Solids and Their Properties
Description:
In this fivelesson unit from Illuminations, students analyze characteristics and properties of threedimensional geometric shapes; develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships; and use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve problems. After being introduced to shapes, they look for patterns, construct a solid, and build a shape jacket.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 9: Identify arithmetic patterns (including patterns in the addition table or multiplication table), and explain them using properties of operations. [3OA9] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (3) 25: Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. [3G2] [MA2013] (4) 5: Generate a number or shape pattern that follows a given rule. Identify apparent features of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule itself. [4OA5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Geometric Solids and Their Properties
Description: In this fivelesson unit from Illuminations, students analyze characteristics and properties of threedimensional geometric shapes; develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships; and use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve problems. After being introduced to shapes, they look for patterns, construct a solid, and build a shape jacket. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Study the Shapes
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use an online, interactive activity to analyze characteristics and properties of threedimensional geometric shapes; develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships; and use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve problems. Students investigate geometric shapes in the classroom and complete a chart describing the characteristics of several geometric solids.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (5) 23: Use a pair of perpendicular number lines, called axes, to define a coordinate system with the intersection of the lines (the origin) arranged to coincide with the 0 on each line and a given point in the plane located by using an ordered pair of numbers, called its coordinates. Understand that the first number indicates how far to travel from the origin in the direction of one axis, and the second number indicates how far to travel in the direction of the second axis, with the convention that the names of the two axes and the coordinates correspond (e.g., xaxis and xcoordinate, yaxis and ycoordinate). [5G1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Study the Shapes
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use an online, interactive activity to analyze characteristics and properties of threedimensional geometric shapes; develop mathematical arguments about geometric relationships; and use visualization, spatial reasoning, and geometric modeling to solve problems. Students investigate geometric shapes in the classroom and complete a chart describing the characteristics of several geometric solids. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Rectangles and Parallelograms
Description:
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students use dynamic software to examine the properties of rectangles and parallelograms and then identify what distinguishes a rectangle from a more general parallelogram. Using spatial relationships, they examine the properties of two and threedimensional shapes. The lesson links to a virtual manipulative that allows students to compare rectangles and parallelograms.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 23: Recognize angles as geometric shapes that are formed wherever two rays share a common endpoint, and understand concepts of angle measurement. [4MD5] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Rectangles and Parallelograms
Description: In this lesson, from Illuminations, students use dynamic software to examine the properties of rectangles and parallelograms and then identify what distinguishes a rectangle from a more general parallelogram. Using spatial relationships, they examine the properties of two and threedimensional shapes. The lesson links to a virtual manipulative that allows students to compare rectangles and parallelograms. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Shape Search
Description:
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to list all the shapes they can find in photos of various manmade structures. They are also asked to list the number of sides each shape has.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Arts,Mathematics Title: Shape Search
Description: This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to list all the shapes they can find in photos of various manmade structures. They are also asked to list the number of sides each shape has. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Shapes at Work
Description:
The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is to look for shapes in both the natural and designed world; to investigate the ways in which shapes can be used; to design and build structures using appropriate shapes. In this lesson, students record shapes that they find around them, identifying those that can be used to solve practical problems and build larger structures. Students will explore the uses of various shapes and record their findings in a science journal. It would also be helpful to display class findings on a bulletin board entitled Shapes We Have Used (or Made).
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (3) 25: Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. [3G2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Shapes at Work
Description: The purpose of this lesson, from Science NetLinks, is to look for shapes in both the natural and designed world; to investigate the ways in which shapes can be used; to design and build structures using appropriate shapes. In this lesson, students record shapes that they find around them, identifying those that can be used to solve practical problems and build larger structures. Students will explore the uses of various shapes and record their findings in a science journal. It would also be helpful to display class findings on a bulletin board entitled Shapes We Have Used (or Made). Thinkfinity Partner: Science NetLinks Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Mathematics and Children's Literature
Description:
In this fivelesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. Five pieces of literature are applied to teaching a wide range of topics in the mathematics curriculum, from sorting and classifying to the meaning of averages.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve onestep word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3MD2] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 13: Write, read, and evaluate expressions in which letters stand for numbers. [6EE2] [MA2013] (6) 22: Find the volume of a right rectangular prism with fractional edge lengths by packing it with unit cubes of the appropriate unit fraction edge lengths, and show that the volume is the same as would be found by multiplying the edge lengths of the prism. Apply the formulas V = lwh and V = Bh to find volumes of right rectangular prisms with fractional edge lengths in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G2] [MA2013] (6) 23: Draw polygons in the coordinate plane given coordinates for the vertices; use coordinates to find the length of a side joining points with the same first coordinate or the same second coordinate. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G3] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6] [MA2013] (8) 24: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres, and use them to solve realworld and mathematical problems. [8G9] [ELA2013] (3) 29: Recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories. [W.3.8] [ELA2013] (5) 1: Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. [RL.5.1] [ELA2013] (5) 10: Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. [RI.5.1] [ELA2013] (5) 13: Determine the meaning of general academic and domainspecific words and phrases in a text relevant to a Grade 5 topic or subject area. [RI.5.4] [ELA2013] (5) 18: Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. [RI.5.9] [ELA2013] (6) 7: Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they "see" and "hear" when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch. [RL.6.7] [ELA2013] (6) 8: Differentiate among odes, ballads, epic poetry, and science fiction. (Alabama) [ELA2013] (6) 9: Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics. [RL.6.9] [ELA2013] (6) 10: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the Grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RL.6.10] [ELA2013] (7) 7: Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film). [RL.7.7] [ELA2013] (7) 8: Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history. [RL.7.9] [ELA2013] (7) 9: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the Grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RL.7.10] [ELA2013] (8) 7: Analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors. [RL.8.7] [ELA2013] (8) 8: Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new. [RL.8.9] [ELA2013] (8) 9: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of Grades 68 text complexity band independently and proficiently. [RL.8.10]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: Mathematics and Children's Literature
Description: In this fivelesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. Five pieces of literature are applied to teaching a wide range of topics in the mathematics curriculum, from sorting and classifying to the meaning of averages. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: Building with Triangles
Description:
This unit of four lessons, from Illuminations, focuses on triangles and their properties. Each investigation begins with an openended question that challenges students to become actively involved in mathematical experiments, ideas, discussions, manipulative materials, tools, and techniques.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 23: Recognize angles as geometric shapes that are formed wherever two rays share a common endpoint, and understand concepts of angle measurement. [4MD5] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Building with Triangles
Description: This unit of four lessons, from Illuminations, focuses on triangles and their properties. Each investigation begins with an openended question that challenges students to become actively involved in mathematical experiments, ideas, discussions, manipulative materials, tools, and techniques. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: Nonagon/Podcasting Tool
Digital Tool:
Video/Wiki Web Address URL:
http://tmbw.net/wiki/Nonagon Standard(s):
[MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] Digital Tool Description: The nonagon video serves to introduce geometric figures. It is part of a larger site on podcasting complete with scripts and links if students would like to create a podcast after learning about geometry.
Other family night podcasts: http://tmbw.net/wiki/Category:Friday_Night_Family_Podcast_Episodes
Full version of Nonagon with puppet intro explaining various shapes.
Title: Nonagon/Podcasting Tool Digital Tool: Video/Wiki Digital Tool Description: The nonagon video serves to introduce geometric figures. It is part of a larger site on podcasting complete with scripts and links if students would like to create a podcast after learning about geometry.
Other family night podcasts: http://tmbw.net/wiki/Category:Friday_Night_Family_Podcast_Episodes
Full version of Nonagon with puppet intro explaining various shapes.
Web Resources
Interactives/Games
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Title: Gee Geometric
Description:
This is a geometric game for students to count faces, sides, and edges of solids.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 24: Represent threedimensional figures using nets made up of rectangles and triangles, and use the nets to find the surface area of these figures. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G4] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Gee Geometric
http://illuminations...
This is a geometric game for students to count faces, sides, and edges of solids.
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Title: Polygon Sort
Description:
This is an interactive that allows students to sort polygons based on their characteristics.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Polygon Sort
http://www.crickweb....
This is an interactive that allows students to sort polygons based on their characteristics.
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Title: Geoboard
Description:
This FREE Geoboard app is a tool for exploring a variety of mathematical topics introduced in the elementary and middle grades. Learners stretch bands around pegs to form line segments and polygons and make discoveries about perimeter, area, angles, congruence, fractions, and more.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 21: Apply the area and perimeter formulas for rectangles in realworld and mathematical problems. [4MD3] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2] [MA2013] (6) 21: Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G1]
Geoboard
https://itunes.apple...
This FREE Geoboard app is a tool for exploring a variety of mathematical topics introduced in the elementary and middle grades. Learners stretch bands around pegs to form line segments and polygons and make discoveries about perimeter, area, angles, congruence, fractions, and more.
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Title: Interactive Quadrilaterals
Description:
Explore quadrilateral shapes and angles with this interactive tool.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Interactive Quadrilaterals
http://www.mathsisfu...
Explore quadrilateral shapes and angles with this interactive tool.
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Title: Geoboard App by The Math Learning Center
Description:
Free iPad app for exploring geometry. Learners stretch bands around pegs to discover geometric concepts.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1]
Geoboard App by The Math Learning Center
https://itunes.apple...
Free iPad app for exploring geometry. Learners stretch bands around pegs to discover geometric concepts.
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Title: Math Makes a Connection: The Quadrilateral Game
Description:
On an interactive geoboard, students must create quadrilaterals based on the attributes listed on the playing cards. The game is part of the Connected Math Series.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Math Makes a Connection: The Quadrilateral Game
http://connectedmath...
On an interactive geoboard, students must create quadrilaterals based on the attributes listed on the playing cards. The game is part of the Connected Math Series.
Learning Activities
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Title: Geoboard
Description:
This FREE Geoboard app is a tool for exploring a variety of mathematical topics introduced in the elementary and middle grades. Learners stretch bands around pegs to form line segments and polygons and make discoveries about perimeter, area, angles, congruence, fractions, and more.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (4) 21: Apply the area and perimeter formulas for rectangles in realworld and mathematical problems. [4MD3] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2] [MA2013] (6) 21: Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G1]
Geoboard
https://itunes.apple...
This FREE Geoboard app is a tool for exploring a variety of mathematical topics introduced in the elementary and middle grades. Learners stretch bands around pegs to form line segments and polygons and make discoveries about perimeter, area, angles, congruence, fractions, and more.
Thinkfinity Informational Materials
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Title: Number and Operations Web Links
Description:
This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 1: Count to 100 by ones and by tens. [KCC1] [MA2013] (0) 2: Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1). [KCC2] [MA2013] (0) 3: Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] [MA2013] (0) 4: Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] [MA2013] (0) 5: Count to answer "how many?" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] [MA2013] (3) 1: Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 x 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. [3OA1] [MA2013] (3) 2: Interpret wholenumber quotients of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 56 ÷ 8 as the number of objects in each share when 56 objects are partitioned equally into 8 shares, or as a number of shares when 56 objects are partitioned into equal shares of 8 objects each. [3OA2] [MA2013] (3) 3: Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3OA3] [MA2013] (3) 4: Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers. [3OA4] [MA2013] (3) 5: Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide. (Students need not use formal terms for these properties.) [3OA5] [MA2013] (3) 6: Understand division as an unknownfactor problem. [3OA6] [MA2013] (3) 7: Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 x 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two onedigit numbers. [3OA7] [MA2013] (3) 8: Solve twostep word problems using the four operations. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding. (This standard is limited to problems posed with whole numbers and having wholenumber answers; students should know how to perform operations in the conventional order when there are no parentheses to specify a particular order (Order of Operations).) [3OA8] [MA2013] (3) 9: Identify arithmetic patterns (including patterns in the addition table or multiplication table), and explain them using properties of operations. [3OA9] [MA2013] (3) 10: Use place value understanding to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or 100. [3NBT1] [MA2013] (3) 11: Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction. [3NBT2] [MA2013] (3) 12: Multiply onedigit whole numbers by multiples of 10 in the range 10  90 (e.g., 9 x 80, 5 x 60) using strategies based on place value and properties of operations. [3NBT3] [MA2013] (3) 13: Understand a fraction ^{1}/_{b} as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} as the quantity formed by a parts and size ^{1}/_{b}. [3NF1] [MA2013] (3) 14: Understand a fraction as a number on the number line; represent fractions on a number line diagram. [3NF2] [MA2013] (3) 15: Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size. [3NF3] [MA2013] (3) 16: Tell and write time to the nearest minute, and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram. [3MD1] [MA2013] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve onestep word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3MD2] [MA2013] (3) 18: Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one and twostep "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. [3MD3] [MA2013] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3MD4] [MA2013] (3) 20: Recognize area as an attribute of plane figures, and understand concepts of area measurement. [3MD5] [MA2013] (3) 21: Measure areas by counting unit squares (square cm, square m, square in, square ft, and improvised units). [3MD6] [MA2013] (3) 22: Relate area to the operations of multiplication and addition. [3MD7] [MA2013] (3) 23: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving perimeters of polygons, including finding the perimeter given the side lengths, finding an unknown side length, and exhibiting rectangles with the same perimeter and different areas or with the same area and different perimeters. [3MD8] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (3) 25: Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. [3G2] [MA2013] (4) 1: Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g., interpret 35 = 5 x 7 as a statement that 35 is 5 times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5. Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations. [4OA1] [MA2013] (4) 2: Multiply or divide to solve word problems involving multiplicative comparison, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem, distinguishing multiplicative comparison from additive comparison. (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [4OA2] [MA2013] (4) 3: Solve multistep word problems posed with whole numbers and having wholenumber answers using the four operations, including problems in which remainders must be interpreted. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding. [4OA3] [MA2013] (4) 4: Find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range 1100. Recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1100 is a multiple of a given onedigit number. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1100 is prime or composite. [4OA4] [MA2013] (4) 5: Generate a number or shape pattern that follows a given rule. Identify apparent features of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule itself. [4OA5] [MA2013] (4) 6: Recognize that in a multidigit whole number, a digit in one place represents ten times what it represents in the place to its right. [4NBT1] [MA2013] (4) 7: Read and write multidigit whole numbers using baseten numerals, number names, and expanded form. Compare two multidigit numbers based on meanings of the digits in each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons. [4NBT2] [MA2013] (4) 8: Use place value understanding to round multidigit whole numbers to any place. [4NBT3] [MA2013] (4) 9: Fluently add and subtract multidigit whole numbers using the standard algorithm. [4NBT4] [MA2013] (4) 10: Multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a onedigit whole number, and multiply two twodigit numbers, using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models. [4NBT5] [MA2013] (4) 11: Find wholenumber quotients and remainders with up to fourdigit dividends and onedigit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models. [4NBT6] [MA2013] (4) 12: Explain why a fraction ^{a}/_{b} is equivalent to a fraction ^{nxa}/_{nxb} by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions. [4NF1] [MA2013] (4) 13: Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators, e.g., by creating common denominators or numerators or by comparing to a benchmark fraction such as ^{1}/_{2}. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model. [4NF2] [MA2013] (4) 14: Understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} with a > 1 as a sum of fractions ^{1}/_{b}. [4NF3] [MA2013] (4) 15: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction by a whole number. [4NF4] [MA2013] (4) 16: Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100, and use this technique to add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100. (Students who can generate equivalent fractions can develop strategies for adding fractions with unlike denominators in general. But addition and subtraction with unlike denominators in general is not a requirement at this grade.) [4NF5] [MA2013] (4) 17: Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100. [4NF6] [MA2013] (4) 18: Compare two decimals to hundredths by reasoning about their size. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two decimals refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual model. [4NF7] [MA2013] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a twocolumn table. [4MD1] [MA2013] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4MD2] [MA2013] (4) 21: Apply the area and perimeter formulas for rectangles in realworld and mathematical problems. [4MD3] [MA2013] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4MD4] [MA2013] (4) 23: Recognize angles as geometric shapes that are formed wherever two rays share a common endpoint, and understand concepts of angle measurement. [4MD5] [MA2013] (4) 24: Measure angles in wholenumber degrees using a protractor. Sketch angles of specified measure. [4MD6] [MA2013] (4) 25: Recognize angle measure as additive. When an angle is decomposed into nonoverlapping parts, the angle measure of the whole is the sum of the angle measures of the parts. Solve addition and subtraction problems to find unknown angles on a diagram in realworld or mathematical problems, e.g., by using an equation with a symbol for the unknown angle measure. [4MD7] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2] [MA2013] (4) 28: Recognize a line of symmetry for a twodimensional figure as a line across the figure such that the figure can be folded along the line into matching parts. Identify linesymmetric figures and draw lines of symmetry. [4G3] [MA2013] (5) 1: Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate expressions with these symbols. [5OA1] [MA2013] (5) 2: Write simple expressions that record calculations with numbers, and interpret numerical expressions without evaluating them. [5OA2] [MA2013] (5) 3: Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. [5OA3] [MA2013] (5) 4: Recognize that in a multidigit number, a digit in one place represents 10 times as much as it represents in the place to its right and ^{1}/_{10} of what it represents in the place to its left. [5NBT1] [MA2013] (5) 5: Explain patterns in the number of zeros of the product when multiplying a number by powers of 10, and explain patterns in the placement of the decimal point when a decimal is multiplied or divided by a power of 10. Use wholenumber exponents to denote powers of 10. [5NBT2] [MA2013] (5) 6: Read, write, and compare decimals to thousandths. [5NBT3] [MA2013] (5) 7: Use place value understanding to round decimals to any place. [5NBT4] [MA2013] (5) 8: Fluently multiply multidigit whole numbers using the standard algorithm. [5NBT5] [MA2013] (5) 9: Find wholenumber quotients of whole numbers with up to fourdigit dividends and twodigit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models. [5NBT6] [MA2013] (5) 10: Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method, and explain the reasoning used. [5NBT7] [MA2013] (5) 11: Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. [5NF1] [MA2013] (5) 12: Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally, and assess the reasonableness of answers. [5NF2] [MA2013] (5) 13: Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (^{a}/_{b} = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF3] [MA2013] (5) 14: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction. [5NF4] [MA2013] (5) 15: Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing), by: [5NF5] [MA2013] (5) 16: Solve realworld problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF6] [MA2013] (5) 17: Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at this grade.)
[5NF7] [MA2013] (5) 18: Convert among differentsized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multistep, realworld problems. [5MD1] [MA2013] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5MD2] [MA2013] (5) 20: Recognize volume as an attribute of solid figures, and understand concepts of volume measurement. [5MD3] [MA2013] (5) 21: Measure volumes by counting unit cubes, using cubic cm, cubic in, cubic ft, and improvised units. [5MD4] [MA2013] (5) 22: Relate volume to the operations of multiplication and addition, and solve realworld and mathematical problems involving volume. [5MD5] [MA2013] (5) 23: Use a pair of perpendicular number lines, called axes, to define a coordinate system with the intersection of the lines (the origin) arranged to coincide with the 0 on each line and a given point in the plane located by using an ordered pair of numbers, called its coordinates. Understand that the first number indicates how far to travel from the origin in the direction of one axis, and the second number indicates how far to travel in the direction of the second axis, with the convention that the names of the two axes and the coordinates correspond (e.g., xaxis and xcoordinate, yaxis and ycoordinate). [5G1] [MA2013] (5) 24: Represent realworld and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation. [5G2] [MA2013] (5) 25: Understand that attributes belonging to a category of twodimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. [5G3] [MA2013] (5) 26: Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5G4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Number and Operations Web Links
Description: This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
Thinkfinity Interactive Games
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Title: Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Tracks
Description:
Mathematical games can foster mathematical communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. In addition, games can motivate students and engage them in thinking about and applying concepts and skills. This eexample from Illuminations contains an interactive version of a game that can be used in the grades 35 classroom to support students' learning about fractions. eMath Investigations are selected eexamples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The eexamples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the eexamples are natural companions to the iMath investigations.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 1: Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 x 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. [3OA1] [MA2013] (3) 2: Interpret wholenumber quotients of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 56 ÷ 8 as the number of objects in each share when 56 objects are partitioned equally into 8 shares, or as a number of shares when 56 objects are partitioned into equal shares of 8 objects each. [3OA2] [MA2013] (3) 3: Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3OA3] [MA2013] (3) 4: Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers. [3OA4] [MA2013] (3) 5: Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide. (Students need not use formal terms for these properties.) [3OA5] [MA2013] (3) 6: Understand division as an unknownfactor problem. [3OA6] [MA2013] (3) 7: Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 x 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two onedigit numbers. [3OA7] [MA2013] (3) 8: Solve twostep word problems using the four operations. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding. (This standard is limited to problems posed with whole numbers and having wholenumber answers; students should know how to perform operations in the conventional order when there are no parentheses to specify a particular order (Order of Operations).) [3OA8] [MA2013] (3) 9: Identify arithmetic patterns (including patterns in the addition table or multiplication table), and explain them using properties of operations. [3OA9] [MA2013] (3) 10: Use place value understanding to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or 100. [3NBT1] [MA2013] (3) 11: Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction. [3NBT2] [MA2013] (3) 12: Multiply onedigit whole numbers by multiples of 10 in the range 10  90 (e.g., 9 x 80, 5 x 60) using strategies based on place value and properties of operations. [3NBT3] [MA2013] (3) 13: Understand a fraction ^{1}/_{b} as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} as the quantity formed by a parts and size ^{1}/_{b}. [3NF1] [MA2013] (3) 14: Understand a fraction as a number on the number line; represent fractions on a number line diagram. [3NF2] [MA2013] (3) 15: Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size. [3NF3] [MA2013] (3) 16: Tell and write time to the nearest minute, and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram. [3MD1] [MA2013] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve onestep word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3MD2] [MA2013] (3) 18: Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one and twostep "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. [3MD3] [MA2013] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3MD4] [MA2013] (3) 21: Measure areas by counting unit squares (square cm, square m, square in, square ft, and improvised units). [3MD6] [MA2013] (3) 22: Relate area to the operations of multiplication and addition. [3MD7] [MA2013] (3) 23: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving perimeters of polygons, including finding the perimeter given the side lengths, finding an unknown side length, and exhibiting rectangles with the same perimeter and different areas or with the same area and different perimeters. [3MD8] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (3) 25: Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. [3G2] [MA2013] (4) 1: Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison, e.g., interpret 35 = 5 x 7 as a statement that 35 is 5 times as many as 7 and 7 times as many as 5. Represent verbal statements of multiplicative comparisons as multiplication equations. [4OA1] [MA2013] (4) 2: Multiply or divide to solve word problems involving multiplicative comparison, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem, distinguishing multiplicative comparison from additive comparison. (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [4OA2] [MA2013] (4) 3: Solve multistep word problems posed with whole numbers and having wholenumber answers using the four operations, including problems in which remainders must be interpreted. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding. [4OA3] [MA2013] (4) 4: Find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range 1100. Recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1100 is a multiple of a given onedigit number. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1100 is prime or composite. [4OA4] [MA2013] (4) 5: Generate a number or shape pattern that follows a given rule. Identify apparent features of the pattern that were not explicit in the rule itself. [4OA5] [MA2013] (4) 6: Recognize that in a multidigit whole number, a digit in one place represents ten times what it represents in the place to its right. [4NBT1] [MA2013] (4) 7: Read and write multidigit whole numbers using baseten numerals, number names, and expanded form. Compare two multidigit numbers based on meanings of the digits in each place, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons. [4NBT2] [MA2013] (4) 8: Use place value understanding to round multidigit whole numbers to any place. [4NBT3] [MA2013] (4) 9: Fluently add and subtract multidigit whole numbers using the standard algorithm. [4NBT4] [MA2013] (4) 10: Multiply a whole number of up to four digits by a onedigit whole number, and multiply two twodigit numbers, using strategies based on place value and the properties of operations. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models. [4NBT5] [MA2013] (4) 11: Find wholenumber quotients and remainders with up to fourdigit dividends and onedigit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models. [4NBT6] [MA2013] (4) 12: Explain why a fraction ^{a}/_{b} is equivalent to a fraction ^{nxa}/_{nxb} by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions. [4NF1] [MA2013] (4) 13: Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators, e.g., by creating common denominators or numerators or by comparing to a benchmark fraction such as ^{1}/_{2}. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model. [4NF2] [MA2013] (4) 14: Understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} with a > 1 as a sum of fractions ^{1}/_{b}. [4NF3] [MA2013] (4) 15: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction by a whole number. [4NF4] [MA2013] (4) 16: Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100, and use this technique to add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100. (Students who can generate equivalent fractions can develop strategies for adding fractions with unlike denominators in general. But addition and subtraction with unlike denominators in general is not a requirement at this grade.) [4NF5] [MA2013] (4) 17: Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100. [4NF6] [MA2013] (4) 18: Compare two decimals to hundredths by reasoning about their size. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two decimals refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual model. [4NF7] [MA2013] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a twocolumn table. [4MD1] [MA2013] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4MD2] [MA2013] (4) 21: Apply the area and perimeter formulas for rectangles in realworld and mathematical problems. [4MD3] [MA2013] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4MD4] [MA2013] (4) 23: Recognize angles as geometric shapes that are formed wherever two rays share a common endpoint, and understand concepts of angle measurement. [4MD5] [MA2013] (4) 24: Measure angles in wholenumber degrees using a protractor. Sketch angles of specified measure. [4MD6] [MA2013] (4) 25: Recognize angle measure as additive. When an angle is decomposed into nonoverlapping parts, the angle measure of the whole is the sum of the angle measures of the parts. Solve addition and subtraction problems to find unknown angles on a diagram in realworld or mathematical problems, e.g., by using an equation with a symbol for the unknown angle measure. [4MD7] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2] [MA2013] (4) 28: Recognize a line of symmetry for a twodimensional figure as a line across the figure such that the figure can be folded along the line into matching parts. Identify linesymmetric figures and draw lines of symmetry. [4G3] [MA2013] (5) 1: Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate expressions with these symbols. [5OA1] [MA2013] (5) 2: Write simple expressions that record calculations with numbers, and interpret numerical expressions without evaluating them. [5OA2] [MA2013] (5) 3: Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. [5OA3] [MA2013] (5) 4: Recognize that in a multidigit number, a digit in one place represents 10 times as much as it represents in the place to its right and ^{1}/_{10} of what it represents in the place to its left. [5NBT1] [MA2013] (5) 5: Explain patterns in the number of zeros of the product when multiplying a number by powers of 10, and explain patterns in the placement of the decimal point when a decimal is multiplied or divided by a power of 10. Use wholenumber exponents to denote powers of 10. [5NBT2] [MA2013] (5) 6: Read, write, and compare decimals to thousandths. [5NBT3] [MA2013] (5) 7: Use place value understanding to round decimals to any place. [5NBT4] [MA2013] (5) 8: Fluently multiply multidigit whole numbers using the standard algorithm. [5NBT5] [MA2013] (5) 9: Find wholenumber quotients of whole numbers with up to fourdigit dividends and twodigit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models. [5NBT6] [MA2013] (5) 10: Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method, and explain the reasoning used. [5NBT7] [MA2013] (5) 11: Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. [5NF1] [MA2013] (5) 12: Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally, and assess the reasonableness of answers. [5NF2] [MA2013] (5) 13: Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (^{a}/_{b} = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF3] [MA2013] (5) 14: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction. [5NF4] [MA2013] (5) 15: Interpret multiplication as scaling (resizing), by: [5NF5] [MA2013] (5) 16: Solve realworld problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF6] [MA2013] (5) 17: Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at this grade.)
[5NF7] [MA2013] (5) 18: Convert among differentsized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multistep, realworld problems. [5MD1] [MA2013] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5MD2] [MA2013] (5) 20: Recognize volume as an attribute of solid figures, and understand concepts of volume measurement. [5MD3] [MA2013] (5) 21: Measure volumes by counting unit cubes, using cubic cm, cubic in, cubic ft, and improvised units. [5MD4] [MA2013] (5) 22: Relate volume to the operations of multiplication and addition, and solve realworld and mathematical problems involving volume. [5MD5] [MA2013] (5) 23: Use a pair of perpendicular number lines, called axes, to define a coordinate system with the intersection of the lines (the origin) arranged to coincide with the 0 on each line and a given point in the plane located by using an ordered pair of numbers, called its coordinates. Understand that the first number indicates how far to travel from the origin in the direction of one axis, and the second number indicates how far to travel in the direction of the second axis, with the convention that the names of the two axes and the coordinates correspond (e.g., xaxis and xcoordinate, yaxis and ycoordinate). [5G1] [MA2013] (5) 24: Represent realworld and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation. [5G2] [MA2013] (5) 25: Understand that attributes belonging to a category of twodimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. [5G3] [MA2013] (5) 26: Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5G4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Tracks
Description: Mathematical games can foster mathematical communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. In addition, games can motivate students and engage them in thinking about and applying concepts and skills. This eexample from Illuminations contains an interactive version of a game that can be used in the grades 35 classroom to support students' learning about fractions. eMath Investigations are selected eexamples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The eexamples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the eexamples are natural companions to the iMath investigations. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
Thinkfinity Learning Activities
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Title: Concentration
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This student interactive from Illuminations allows students to play the classic game of Concentration by themselves or against a friend. The interactive can be used to review numbers, shapes, multiplication facts, fractions, decimals, and percents.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (1) 21: Partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters; and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares. Understand for these examples that decomposing into more equal shares creates smaller shares. [1G3] [MA2013] (2) 4: Use addition to find the total number of objects arranged in rectangular arrays with up to 5 rows and up to 5 columns; write an equation to express the total as a sum of equal addends. [2OA4] [MA2013] (2) 26: Partition circles and rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares; describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc.; and describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, or four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. [2G3] [MA2013] (3) 1: Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 x 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. [3OA1] [MA2013] (3) 3: Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3OA3] [MA2013] (3) 4: Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers. [3OA4] [MA2013] (3) 9: Identify arithmetic patterns (including patterns in the addition table or multiplication table), and explain them using properties of operations. [3OA9] [MA2013] (3) 14: Understand a fraction as a number on the number line; represent fractions on a number line diagram. [3NF2] [MA2013] (3) 15: Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size. [3NF3] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (3) 25: Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. [3G2] [MA2013] (4) 18: Compare two decimals to hundredths by reasoning about their size. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two decimals refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual model. [4NF7] [MA2013] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4MD2] [MA2013] (4) 23: Recognize angles as geometric shapes that are formed wherever two rays share a common endpoint, and understand concepts of angle measurement. [4MD5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Concentration
Description: This student interactive from Illuminations allows students to play the classic game of Concentration by themselves or against a friend. The interactive can be used to review numbers, shapes, multiplication facts, fractions, decimals, and percents. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5
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Title: Penguins: Built to Swim
Description:
Activity. Students conduct a series of experiments to test how the physical characteristics of penguins help them to swim and dive.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 16: Tell and write time to the nearest minute, and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram. [3MD1] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Geography,Mathematics,Science Title: Penguins: Built to Swim
Description: Activity. Students conduct a series of experiments to test how the physical characteristics of penguins help them to swim and dive. Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Design Your Own Space Probe
Description:
Activity. Students design a space probe that will gather extreme weather information on a planet they choose.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (1) 19: Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and threesided) versus nondefining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes. [1G1] [MA2013] (2) 24: Recognize and draw shapes having specified attributes such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. (Sizes are compared directly or visually, not compared by measuring.) Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, and cubes. [2G1] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Design Your Own Space Probe
Description: Activity. Students design a space probe that will gather extreme weather information on a planet they choose. Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education Grade Span: 2,3,4,5
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Title: IGD: Area of a Rectangle
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, allows students to see interactively how to find the area of a rectangle by manipulating the length of two opposite sides of a rectangle. They discover that as the measurement of the base changes, the area of the rectangle remains base times height.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (3) 25: Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. [3G2] [MA2013] (6) 21: Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: IGD: Area of a Rectangle
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, allows students to see interactively how to find the area of a rectangle by manipulating the length of two opposite sides of a rectangle. They discover that as the measurement of the base changes, the area of the rectangle remains base times height. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: Fractal Tool
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, illustrates iteration graphically. Students can view preset iterations of various shapes and/or choose to create their own iterations.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6] [MA2013] (8) 19: Understand that a twodimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar twodimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them. [8G4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 27: Recognize that sequences are functions, sometimes defined recursively, whose domain is a subset of the integers. [FIF3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 15: Given two figures, use the definition of similarity in terms of similarity transformations to decide if they are similar; explain using similarity transformations the meaning of similarity for triangles as the equality of all corresponding pairs of angles and the proportionality of all corresponding pairs of sides. [GSRT2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 18: Use congruence and similarity criteria for triangles to solve problems and to prove relationships in geometric figures. [GSRT5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1] [MA2013] MI1 (912) 9: Analyze works of visual art and architecture for mathematical relationships. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL1 (912) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [FBF2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Fractal Tool
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, illustrates iteration graphically. Students can view preset iterations of various shapes and/or choose to create their own iterations. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: Isometric Drawing Tool
Description:
Create dynamic drawings on isometric dot paper with this interactive tool. Draw 2D and 3D figures using edges, faces, or cubes that you can shift, rotate, color, or decompose.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (3) 25: Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. [3G2] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2] [MA2013] (5) 25: Understand that attributes belonging to a category of twodimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. [5G3] [MA2013] (5) 26: Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5G4] [MA2013] (6) 22: Find the volume of a right rectangular prism with fractional edge lengths by packing it with unit cubes of the appropriate unit fraction edge lengths, and show that the volume is the same as would be found by multiplying the edge lengths of the prism. Apply the formulas V = lwh and V = Bh to find volumes of right rectangular prisms with fractional edge lengths in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G2] [MA2013] (6) 24: Represent threedimensional figures using nets made up of rectangles and triangles, and use the nets to find the surface area of these figures. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G4] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 13: Describe the twodimensional figures that result from slicing threedimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids. [7G3] [MA2013] (8) 19: Understand that a twodimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar twodimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them. [8G4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 2: Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch). [GCO2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 38: Identify the shapes of twodimensional crosssections of threedimensional objects, and identify threedimensional objects generated by rotations of twodimensional objects. [GGMD4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Isometric Drawing Tool
Description: Create dynamic drawings on isometric dot paper with this interactive tool. Draw 2D and 3D figures using edges, faces, or cubes that you can shift, rotate, color, or decompose. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

