ALEX Lesson Plans
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Title: Can You Crack The Code?
Description:
Students will conduct guided research on the Navaho code talkers and briefly discuss their impact on WWII. Students will also be introduced to other forms of cryptology and use number pattern skills to crack their own code and create a numerical code for classmates to crack.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 3: Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. [5OA3]
Subject: Mathematics (5  6)
Title: Can You Crack The Code?
Description: Students will conduct guided research on the Navaho code talkers and briefly discuss their impact on WWII. Students will also be introduced to other forms of cryptology and use number pattern skills to crack their own code and create a numerical code for classmates to crack.
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Title: "Ridin' Along In My Automobile"
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Students will research prices of used cars to discover how automobiles lose their value over time. Students will create a chart to record their information, use their chart to graph their data, and find measures of central tendency of their data. Students will present their findings and discuss the results.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4MD4]
Subject: Mathematics (3  5)
Title: "Ridin' Along In My Automobile"
Description: Students will research prices of used cars to discover how automobiles lose their value over time. Students will create a chart to record their information, use their chart to graph their data, and find measures of central tendency of their data. Students will present their findings and discuss the results.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
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Title: And the Point Is???
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Students will identify and describe the parts of a coordinate grid. Students will explain how to find and graph ordered pairs on a coordinate grid. Using a word processing program, students will create a coordinate grid activity sheet.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 24: Represent realworld and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation. [5G2]
Subject: Mathematics (5), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: And the Point Is???
Description: Students will identify and describe the parts of a coordinate grid. Students will explain how to find and graph ordered pairs on a coordinate grid. Using a word processing program, students will create a coordinate grid activity sheet.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
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Title: Human Ordered Pairs
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Students will work in collaborative groups to create a lifesize Cartesian plane and insert themselves as the ordered pairs.
This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 24: Represent realworld and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation. [5G2]
Subject: Mathematics (5  6)
Title: Human Ordered Pairs
Description: Students will work in collaborative groups to create a lifesize Cartesian plane and insert themselves as the ordered pairs.
This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
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Title: Creating a Reflection
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In this lesson, the students will create geometric reflections. This is a hands on activity where the student will be able to conceptualize how geometric shapes are reflected across the x and y axis of a coordinate graph. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 26: Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5G4]
Subject: Mathematics (5  8)
Title: Creating a Reflection
Description: In this lesson, the students will create geometric reflections. This is a hands on activity where the student will be able to conceptualize how geometric shapes are reflected across the x and y axis of a coordinate graph. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Coordinate Geometry
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Students will participate in several activities that will build their knowledge of coordinates graphing. Students will use ordered pairs to locate points on a grid. Students will also relate coordinate graphing to the real world through finding locations on a city map.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [SS2010] ALA (4) 1: Compare historical and current economic, political, and geographic information about Alabama on thematic maps, including weather and climate, physicalrelief, waterway, transportation, political, economic development, landuse, and population maps.
Subject: Mathematics (5), or Social Studies (4), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Coordinate Geometry
Description: Students will participate in several activities that will build their knowledge of coordinates graphing. Students will use ordered pairs to locate points on a grid. Students will also relate coordinate graphing to the real world through finding locations on a city map.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Light, Dry and Nutritious  A Look at Dehydrated Food
Description:
This is a handson, inquirybased activity that involves study and exploration of dehydration and dehydrated foods. Students are actively involved in using math and science skills.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 3: Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. [5OA3]
Subject: Mathematics (5  6), or Science (5), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Light, Dry and Nutritious  A Look at Dehydrated Food
Description: This is a handson, inquirybased activity that involves study and exploration of dehydration and dehydrated foods. Students are actively involved in using math and science skills.
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Title: Now You See Me...Now You Don't!
Description:
An animal’s physical characteristics, such as its body color, may give it a better chance of survival. For example, the body colors of many animals blend with their background. In this investigation, students will see that body color may help some animals survive by making them nearly invisible to predators. This lesson is designed to introduce students to the concept of camouflage as an animal adaptation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 18: Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one and twostep "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. [3MD3]
Subject: Mathematics (3  6), or Science (4), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Now You See Me...Now You Don't!
Description: An animal’s physical characteristics, such as its body color, may give it a better chance of survival. For example, the body colors of many animals blend with their background. In this investigation, students will see that body color may help some animals survive by making them nearly invisible to predators. This lesson is designed to introduce students to the concept of camouflage as an animal adaptation.
Thinkfinity Lesson Plans
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Title: Looking for Patterns
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This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, focuses on the properties of multiplication. Students skip count, examine multiplication patterns, and explore commutativity.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 3: Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. [5OA3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Looking for Patterns
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, focuses on the properties of multiplication. Students skip count, examine multiplication patterns, and explore commutativity. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Understanding Distance, Speed, and Time Relationships
Description:
In this twolesson unit, from Illuminations, students use a software simulation of two runners along a track. Students can control the speeds and starting points of the runners, watch the race and examine a graph of the timeversusdistance relationship. They examine graphs of related data and investigate scenarios involving constant rates of change.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 23: Use a pair of perpendicular number lines, called axes, to define a coordinate system with the intersection of the lines (the origin) arranged to coincide with the 0 on each line and a given point in the plane located by using an ordered pair of numbers, called its coordinates. Understand that the first number indicates how far to travel from the origin in the direction of one axis, and the second number indicates how far to travel in the direction of the second axis, with the convention that the names of the two axes and the coordinates correspond (e.g., xaxis and xcoordinate, yaxis and ycoordinate). [5G1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Understanding Distance, Speed, and Time Relationships
Description: In this twolesson unit, from Illuminations, students use a software simulation of two runners along a track. Students can control the speeds and starting points of the runners, watch the race and examine a graph of the timeversusdistance relationship. They examine graphs of related data and investigate scenarios involving constant rates of change. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
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Title: Exploring Other Number Patterns
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students analyze numeric patterns, including Fibonacci numbers. They also describe numeric patterns and then record them in table form.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 3: Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. [5OA3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Exploring Other Number Patterns
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students analyze numeric patterns, including Fibonacci numbers. They also describe numeric patterns and then record them in table form. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
Thinkfinity Podcasts
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Title: How Do You Unlock a Secret Code?
Description:
Cryptologists study secret codes. Being able to read encoded German and Japanese communications enabled the Allies to achieve victory in World War II., Join us as we explore how the code was cracked. By the end of this wonder, you may be making and breaking secret codes, too!
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5]
Subject: CrossDisciplinary  Informal Education , Arts  Glass , Arts  Sculpture , Arts  Woodworking , Science  Earth science , Science  Geology , Informal Education  Zoo/Aquarium/Nature Center Education Title: How Do You Unlock a Secret Code?
Description: Cryptologists study secret codes. Being able to read encoded German and Japanese communications enabled the Allies to achieve victory in World War II., Join us as we explore how the code was cracked. By the end of this wonder, you may be making and breaking secret codes, too! Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5
Web Resources
Lesson Plans
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Title: Birthday and the Binary System
Description:
This lesson is a collection of three activities, all of which revolve around patterns and place value in the binary system. Grades 5‑8 students are drawn into the mathematics by the "magical" ability to guess an unknown number and by the use of birthdays, something they find very relevant.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 3: Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. [5OA3]
Birthday and the Binary System
http://illuminations...
This lesson is a collection of three activities, all of which revolve around patterns and place value in the binary system. Grades 5‑8 students are drawn into the mathematics by the "magical" ability to guess an unknown number and by the use of birthdays, something they find very relevant.
Interactives/Games
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Title: Function Machine: Input and Output Machine for Doubles
Description:
In this interactive game, students put a number in the (Input) Function Machine. Students press the Activate button and a number appears in the Output. The machine will reveal the operations used to get the output number. This is an excellent game to play for algebraic patterns and expressions.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 3: Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. [5OA3]
Function Machine: Input and Output Machine for Doubles
http://www.ambleside...
In this interactive game, students put a number in the (Input) Function Machine. Students press the Activate button and a number appears in the Output. The machine will reveal the operations used to get the output number. This is an excellent game to play for algebraic patterns and expressions.
Learning Activities
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Title: Function Machine: Input and Output Machine for Doubles
Description:
In this interactive game, students put a number in the (Input) Function Machine. Students press the Activate button and a number appears in the Output. The machine will reveal the operations used to get the output number. This is an excellent game to play for algebraic patterns and expressions.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 3: Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form ordered pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns, and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. [5OA3]
Function Machine: Input and Output Machine for Doubles
http://www.ambleside...
In this interactive game, students put a number in the (Input) Function Machine. Students press the Activate button and a number appears in the Output. The machine will reveal the operations used to get the output number. This is an excellent game to play for algebraic patterns and expressions.
Thinkfinity Informational Materials
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Title: Number and Operations Web Links
Description:
This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 26: Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5G4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Number and Operations Web Links
Description: This collection of Web links, reviewed and presented by Illuminations, offers teachers and students information about and practice in concepts related to arithmetic. Users can read the Illuminations Editorial Board's review of each Web site, or choose to link directly to the sites. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
Thinkfinity Interactive Games
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Title: Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Tracks
Description:
Mathematical games can foster mathematical communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. In addition, games can motivate students and engage them in thinking about and applying concepts and skills. This eexample from Illuminations contains an interactive version of a game that can be used in the grades 35 classroom to support students' learning about fractions. eMath Investigations are selected eexamples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The eexamples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the eexamples are natural companions to the iMath investigations.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 26: Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5G4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Communicating about Mathematics Using Games: Playing Fraction Tracks
Description: Mathematical games can foster mathematical communication as students explain and justify their moves to one another. In addition, games can motivate students and engage them in thinking about and applying concepts and skills. This eexample from Illuminations contains an interactive version of a game that can be used in the grades 35 classroom to support students' learning about fractions. eMath Investigations are selected eexamples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The eexamples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the eexamples are natural companions to the iMath investigations. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5
Thinkfinity Learning Activities
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Title: How Do You Unlock a Secret Code?
Description:
Cryptologists study secret codes. Being able to read encoded German and Japanese communications enabled the Allies to achieve victory in World War II., Join us as we explore how the code was cracked. By the end of this wonder, you may be making and breaking secret codes, too!
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5]
Subject: CrossDisciplinary  Informal Education , Arts  Glass , Arts  Sculpture , Arts  Woodworking , Science  Earth science , Science  Geology , Informal Education  Zoo/Aquarium/Nature Center Education Title: How Do You Unlock a Secret Code?
Description: Cryptologists study secret codes. Being able to read encoded German and Japanese communications enabled the Allies to achieve victory in World War II., Join us as we explore how the code was cracked. By the end of this wonder, you may be making and breaking secret codes, too! Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5
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Title: Turtle Pond
Description:
In this student interactive, from Illuminations, students guide a turtle to a pond using computer commands. They improve their skills in estimating length and angle measurement as they enter a sequence of commands (distances and angles at which to turn) to help the turtle move toward the pond. The goal is to find the shortest path to the pond.
Standard(s): [MA2013] GEO (912) 19: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles in the triangle leading to definitions of trigonometric ratios for acute angles. [GSRT6]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Turtle Pond
Description: In this student interactive, from Illuminations, students guide a turtle to a pond using computer commands. They improve their skills in estimating length and angle measurement as they enter a sequence of commands (distances and angles at which to turn) to help the turtle move toward the pond. The goal is to find the shortest path to the pond. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8

