ALEX Lesson Plans
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Title: The Heart and Soil of Agriculture
Description:
This lesson will discuss the process and importance of water filtration though soil. This lesson will discuss the vital role that soil and water play in our survival. We are limited to a very small percentage of available water. We are also very limited to available soil for growth. As we grow and build upon our soil what impact will this play with our drinking water.
Standard(s): [S1] (6) 2: Describe factors that cause changes to Earth's surface over time. [S1] (6) 3: Describe water and carbon biogeochemical cycles and their effects on Earth. [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [ELA2013] (6) 11: Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. [RI.6.1] [ELA2013] (6) 12: Determine a central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through particular details; provide a summary of the text distinct from personal opinions or judgments. [RI.6.2] [ELA2013] (6) 20: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the Grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RI.6.10] [ELA2013] (6) 42: Acquire and use accurately gradeappropriate general academic and domainspecific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression. [L.6.6]
Subject: English Language Arts (6), or Mathematics (6), or Science (6)
Title: The Heart and Soil of Agriculture
Description: This lesson will discuss the process and importance of water filtration though soil. This lesson will discuss the vital role that soil and water play in our survival. We are limited to a very small percentage of available water. We are also very limited to available soil for growth. As we grow and build upon our soil what impact will this play with our drinking water.
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Title: How Big Should it Be?
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This lesson will allow students to become familiar with the concept of equivalent ratios and similar objects. Through an open investigation, students will develop methods to find equivalent ratios. This is a lesson to be used as part of a unit with Painter Problems and How Far Can You Leap found in ALEX.
This is a College and CareerReady Standards showcase lesson plan.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1]
Subject: Mathematics (6  7)
Title: How Big Should it Be?
Description: This lesson will allow students to become familiar with the concept of equivalent ratios and similar objects. Through an open investigation, students will develop methods to find equivalent ratios. This is a lesson to be used as part of a unit with Painter Problems and How Far Can You Leap found in ALEX.
This is a College and CareerReady Standards showcase lesson plan.
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Title: How Far Can You Leap?
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This lesson will allow students to become familiar with the concept of unit rate. Through an open investigation students will develop methods to find unit rate with a table, equivalent ratios, or an equation. This is a lesson to be used as part of a unit with "Painter Problems" and "How Big Should It Be?"
This is a College and CareerReady Standards showcase lesson plan.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1]
Subject: Mathematics (6  7)
Title: How Far Can You Leap?
Description: This lesson will allow students to become familiar with the concept of unit rate. Through an open investigation students will develop methods to find unit rate with a table, equivalent ratios, or an equation. This is a lesson to be used as part of a unit with "Painter Problems" and "How Big Should It Be?"
This is a College and CareerReady Standards showcase lesson plan.
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Title: Painter Problems
Description:
This lesson will allow students to become familiar with ratios. In this investigative lesson students will compare ratios and determine equivalent ratios. This is an introductory lesson to be used as part of a unit.
This is a College and CareerReady Standards showcase lesson plan.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3]
Subject: Mathematics (6)
Title: Painter Problems
Description: This lesson will allow students to become familiar with ratios. In this investigative lesson students will compare ratios and determine equivalent ratios. This is an introductory lesson to be used as part of a unit.
This is a College and CareerReady Standards showcase lesson plan.
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Title: M & M's Probability (extension of M and M's Math)
Description:
The activity incorporates the M and M's Internet Website into a probability activities involving the most prevalent colors. This lesson allows students to create virtual bar graphs with M and M's.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 28: Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms, and box plots. [6SP4] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3]
Subject: Mathematics (6)
Title: M & M's Probability (extension of M and M's Math)
Description: The activity incorporates the M and M's Internet Website into a probability activities involving the most prevalent colors. This lesson allows students to create virtual bar graphs with M and M's.
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Title: Scaling Down the Solar System
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In this lesson students will work collaboratively to gain a better understanding of the vastness of space by scaling down the solar system.
This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [S1] (4) 10: Describe components of our solar system. [S1] (5) 11: Compare distances from the sun to planets in our solar system. [TC2] (35) 1: Use input and output devices of technology systems. [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3]
Subject: Mathematics (6  7), or Science (4  5), or Technology Education (3  5)
Title: Scaling Down the Solar System
Description: In this lesson students will work collaboratively to gain a better understanding of the vastness of space by scaling down the solar system.
This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
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Title: Can you survive in the real world?
Description:
Living in the real world is expensive and sometimes hard for a new college graduate to adjust to. This lesson will allow students to see the importance and need of budgeting money. Students will have to make choices and research different budget areas. Can they survive in the real world?
This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [TC2] (68) 5: Use basic features of word processing, spreadsheets, databases, and presentation software. [TC2] (68) 13: Use digital tools to formulate solutions to authentic problems. [MA2013] (4) 15: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction by a whole number. [4NF4] [MA2013] (4) 16: Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100, and use this technique to add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100. (Students who can generate equivalent fractions can develop strategies for adding fractions with unlike denominators in general. But addition and subtraction with unlike denominators in general is not a requirement at this grade.) [4NF5] [MA2013] (4) 17: Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100. [4NF6] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 6: Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multidigit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. [6NS3] [SS2010] CIV (7) 9: Apply principles of money management to the preparation of a personal budget that addresses housing, transportation, food, clothing, medical expenses, insurance, checking and savings accounts, loans, investments, credit, and comparison shopping.
Subject: Mathematics (4  6), or Social Studies (7), or Technology Education (6  8)
Title: Can you survive in the real world?
Description: Living in the real world is expensive and sometimes hard for a new college graduate to adjust to. This lesson will allow students to see the importance and need of budgeting money. Students will have to make choices and research different budget areas. Can they survive in the real world?
This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
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Title: Aquarium Project
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The class is given money to purchase fish for a class aquarium. Students must use the size and lifestyle requirements for the fish to decide which type to buy. Students must present their proposal to the principal in a letter.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [TC2] (68) 5: Use basic features of word processing, spreadsheets, databases, and presentation software. [TC2] (68) 6: Select specific digital tools for completing curriculumrelated tasks. [MA2013] (5) 11: Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. [5NF1] [MA2013] (5) 12: Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally, and assess the reasonableness of answers. [5NF2] [MA2013] (5) 16: Solve realworld problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF6] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 6: Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multidigit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. [6NS3]
Subject: Mathematics (5  6), or Technology Education (6  8)
Title: Aquarium Project
Description: The class is given money to purchase fish for a class aquarium. Students must use the size and lifestyle requirements for the fish to decide which type to buy. Students must present their proposal to the principal in a letter.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
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Title: The Average Middle "Schooler"
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In this lesson, students will work in groups to find the average middle school student. They will measure members of the group, find the average, and convert to different units of measure. Students will also conduct a survey and display the information in graphs.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [TC2] (68) 5: Use basic features of word processing, spreadsheets, databases, and presentation software. [MA2013] (5) 18: Convert among differentsized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multistep, realworld problems. [5MD1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5]
Subject: Mathematics (5  6), or Technology Education (6  8)
Title: The Average Middle "Schooler"
Description: In this lesson, students will work in groups to find the average middle school student. They will measure members of the group, find the average, and convert to different units of measure. Students will also conduct a survey and display the information in graphs.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
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Title: Thirsty for Ratios
Description:
In this lesson the students will learn what a ratio is and how it can be used in comparison. In this lesson, students will also determine how to combine a sports drink in powder form and water to make enough for a whole football team. Students will be encouraged to use different strategies such as ratios and proportions. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2]
Subject: Mathematics (6)
Title: Thirsty for Ratios
Description: In this lesson the students will learn what a ratio is and how it can be used in comparison. In this lesson, students will also determine how to combine a sports drink in powder form and water to make enough for a whole football team. Students will be encouraged to use different strategies such as ratios and proportions. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Percents
Description:
This lesson explores the making of comparisons by using percents. In this lesson you will compare your class's favorite foods using percents. Students will use cooperative groups to answer follow up questions about the lesson.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 9: Solve multistep reallife and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies. [7EE3]
Subject: Mathematics (6  7)
Title: Percents
Description: This lesson explores the making of comparisons by using percents. In this lesson you will compare your class's favorite foods using percents. Students will use cooperative groups to answer follow up questions about the lesson.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Fractions and Recipes
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This is a lesson used to show how fractions are used in everyday life. Students will use the knowledge they have about fractions to change a recipe to accommodate different amounts of people. Students will enjoy navigating the Internet to locate a recipe. Students will also have the opportunity to make the recipe in class and share it with their friends.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (5) 16: Solve realworld problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF6] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 5: Fluently divide multidigit numbers using the standard algorithm. [6NS2] [MA2013] (6) 6: Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multidigit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. [6NS3]
Subject: Mathematics (5  6)
Title: Fractions and Recipes
Description: This is a lesson used to show how fractions are used in everyday life. Students will use the knowledge they have about fractions to change a recipe to accommodate different amounts of people. Students will enjoy navigating the Internet to locate a recipe. Students will also have the opportunity to make the recipe in class and share it with their friends.
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Title: Shake ‘n Go Fractions
Description:
This lesson is designed for cooperative groups. Students will use a computer tutorial to practice computing equivalent fractions and then will apply what they have learned to adjust a recipe for a tasty snack.
Standard(s): [TC2] (68) 11: Use digital tools and strategies to locate, collect, organize, evaluate, and synthesize
information. [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3]
Subject: Mathematics (6), or Technology Education (6  8)
Title: Shake ‘n Go Fractions
Description: This lesson is designed for cooperative groups. Students will use a computer tutorial to practice computing equivalent fractions and then will apply what they have learned to adjust a recipe for a tasty snack.
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Title: Measuring Marvelously  Standard Ruler
Description:
This lesson is used to instruct students in the use of a standard "English" ruler for determining measurements. The students will read a standard ruler accurately to the nearest 1/16 of an inch. The student will measure different items to gain proficiency in measuring.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3]
Subject: Mathematics (6)
Title: Measuring Marvelously  Standard Ruler
Description: This lesson is used to instruct students in the use of a standard "English" ruler for determining measurements. The students will read a standard ruler accurately to the nearest 1/16 of an inch. The student will measure different items to gain proficiency in measuring.
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Title: Percents
Description:
This lesson provides a variety of activities for the students to experience using percents. The usage of percents is presented in the context of situations that occur in a student's daily life. A kinesthetic activity is also included to reach all learning types.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3]
Subject: Mathematics (6)
Title: Percents
Description: This lesson provides a variety of activities for the students to experience using percents. The usage of percents is presented in the context of situations that occur in a student's daily life. A kinesthetic activity is also included to reach all learning types.
Thinkfinity Lesson Plans
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Title: A Swath of Red
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students estimate the area of the country that voted for the Republican candidate and the area that voted for the Democratic candidate in the 2000 presidential election using a grid overlay. Students then compare the areas to the electoral and popular vote election results. Ratios of electoral votes to area are used to make generalizations about the population distribution of the United States.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 21: Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G1] [MA2013] (6) 25: Recognize a statistical question as one that anticipates variability in the data related to the question and accounts for it in the answers. [6SP1] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6] [MA2013] (7) 17: Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population; generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population. Understand that random sampling tends to produce representative samples and support valid inferences. [7SP1] [MA2013] (7) 18: Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions. [7SP2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: A Swath of Red
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students estimate the area of the country that voted for the Republican candidate and the area that voted for the Democratic candidate in the 2000 presidential election using a grid overlay. Students then compare the areas to the electoral and popular vote election results. Ratios of electoral votes to area are used to make generalizations about the population distribution of the United States. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Real Estate Tycoon
Description:
This yearlong project, from Illuminations, is divided into three parts and reinforces skills that lay a foundation for algebra, such as measurement, fractions, decimals, percents, and proportions. Students design, build, and sell a house and then simulate investment of the profits in the stock market. Along the way, students make scale drawings, compute with fractions and decimals in various contexts, solve simple equations, and learn valuable lessons about how money really works.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 4: Interpret and compute quotients of fractions, and solve word problems involving division of fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. [6NS1] [MA2013] (6) 13: Write, read, and evaluate expressions in which letters stand for numbers. [6EE2] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (7) 6: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers. (Computations with rational numbers extend the rules for manipulating fractions to complex fractions.) [7NS3] [MA2013] (8) 9: Solve linear equations in one variable. [8EE7] [SS2010] CIV (7) 7: Determine how people organize economic systems to address basic economic questions regarding which goods and services will be produced, how they will be distributed, and who will consume them. [SS2010] CIV (7) 8: Appraise the relationship between the consumer and the marketplace in the economy of the United States regarding scarcity, opportunity cost, tradeoff decision making, and the stock market. [SS2010] CIV (7) 9: Apply principles of money management to the preparation of a personal budget that addresses housing, transportation, food, clothing, medical expenses, insurance, checking and savings accounts, loans, investments, credit, and comparison shopping.
Subject: Arts,Mathematics,Social Studies Title: Real Estate Tycoon
Description: This yearlong project, from Illuminations, is divided into three parts and reinforces skills that lay a foundation for algebra, such as measurement, fractions, decimals, percents, and proportions. Students design, build, and sell a house and then simulate investment of the profits in the stock market. Along the way, students make scale drawings, compute with fractions and decimals in various contexts, solve simple equations, and learn valuable lessons about how money really works. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Getting into the Electoral College
Description:
In this unit of 3 lessons from Illuminations, students are engaged in activities involving percentages, ratios, and area, with a focus throughout on building problemsolving and reasoning skills. They are designed to be used individually to fit within curriculum being covered at the time of an election. Additionally, the lesson extensions include many ideas for interdisciplinary activities and some possible schoolwide activities.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 21: Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G1] [MA2013] (6) 25: Recognize a statistical question as one that anticipates variability in the data related to the question and accounts for it in the answers. [6SP1] [MA2013] (6) 27: Recognize that a measure of center for a numerical data set summarizes all of its values with a single number, while a measure of variation describes how its values vary with a single number. [6SP3] [MA2013] (6) 28: Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms, and box plots. [6SP4] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (7) 17: Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population; generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population. Understand that random sampling tends to produce representative samples and support valid inferences. [7SP1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 6: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. [NQ3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 42: Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets. [SID2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [SID3] [MA2013] ALC (912) 11: Use ratios of perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar figures to solve applied problems. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Getting into the Electoral College
Description: In this unit of 3 lessons from Illuminations, students are engaged in activities involving percentages, ratios, and area, with a focus throughout on building problemsolving and reasoning skills. They are designed to be used individually to fit within curriculum being covered at the time of an election. Additionally, the lesson extensions include many ideas for interdisciplinary activities and some possible schoolwide activities. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Inclined Plane
Description:
In this multipleday activity, from Illuminations, students time balls rolling down inclines of varying lengths and heights. They then try to make inferences about the relationships among the variables involved.
Standard(s): [S1] (8) 8: Identify Newton's three laws of motion. [S1] (8) 10: Differentiate between potential and kinetic energy. [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Inclined Plane
Description: In this multipleday activity, from Illuminations, students time balls rolling down inclines of varying lengths and heights. They then try to make inferences about the relationships among the variables involved. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Why Is California So Important?
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students learn about the mechanics of the electoral college and use the State Data Map applet to gather data on the population and electoral votes for each state. Several questions are provided to strengthen understanding of measures of central tendency and fluency with decimals and percents.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 26: Understand that a set of data collected to answer a statistical question has a distribution which can be described by its center, spread, and overall shape. [6SP2] [MA2013] (6) 27: Recognize that a measure of center for a numerical data set summarizes all of its values with a single number, while a measure of variation describes how its values vary with a single number. [6SP3] [MA2013] (7) 20: Use measures of center and measures of variability for numerical data from random samples to draw informal comparative inferences about two populations. [7SP4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 42: Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets. [SID2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [SID3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Why Is California So Important?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students learn about the mechanics of the electoral college and use the State Data Map applet to gather data on the population and electoral votes for each state. Several questions are provided to strengthen understanding of measures of central tendency and fluency with decimals and percents. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Paper Pool: Analyzing Numeric and Geometric Patterns
Description:
This page provides an overview of a fourlesson Illuminations unit plan titled '' Analyzing Numeric and Geometric Patterns of Paper Pool.'' The interactive paper pool game in this unit plan provides an opportunity for students to further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple. This investigation includes student resources for the Paper Pool project, preparation notes, answers, and a holisticbycategory scoring rubric with guidelines for how it can be used to assess the project. Samples of two students' work and comments from a teacher accompany the suggested rubric. This resource references the Illuminations lessons titled '' Paper Pool Game,'' '' Explore More Tables,'' '' Look for Patterns,'' and '' Go the Distance.''
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Paper Pool: Analyzing Numeric and Geometric Patterns
Description: This page provides an overview of a fourlesson Illuminations unit plan titled '' Analyzing Numeric and Geometric Patterns of Paper Pool.'' The interactive paper pool game in this unit plan provides an opportunity for students to further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple. This investigation includes student resources for the Paper Pool project, preparation notes, answers, and a holisticbycategory scoring rubric with guidelines for how it can be used to assess the project. Samples of two students' work and comments from a teacher accompany the suggested rubric. This resource references the Illuminations lessons titled '' Paper Pool Game,'' '' Explore More Tables,'' '' Look for Patterns,'' and '' Go the Distance.'' Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Paper Pool Game
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple by playing an interactive paper pool game.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Paper Pool Game
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple by playing an interactive paper pool game. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Explore More Tables
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (8) 28: Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate categorical data by displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a twoway table. Construct and interpret a twoway table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects. Use relative frequencies calculated for rows or columns to describe possible association between the two variables. [8SP4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Explore More Tables
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Look for Patterns
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 7: Find the greatest common factor of two whole numbers less than or equal to 100 and the least common multiple of two whole numbers less than or equal to 12. Use the distributive property to express a sum of two whole numbers 1100 with a common factor as a multiple of a sum of two whole numbers with no common factor. [6NS4] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Look for Patterns
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Travel in the Solar System: Lesson 2
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students consider the amount of time that space travelers need to travel to the four terrestrial planets. Students also think about what kinds of events might occur on Earth while the space travelers are on their journey.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 20: Use variables to represent two quantities in a realworld problem that change in relationship to one another; write an equation to express one quantity, thought of as the dependent variable, in terms of the other quantity, thought of as the independent variable. Analyze the relationship between the dependent and independent variables using graphs and tables, and relate these to the equation. [6EE9] [MA2013] (7) 9: Solve multistep reallife and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies. [7EE3] [MA2013] (7) 18: Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions. [7SP2] [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Travel in the Solar System: Lesson 2
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students consider the amount of time that space travelers need to travel to the four terrestrial planets. Students also think about what kinds of events might occur on Earth while the space travelers are on their journey. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Shopping Mall Math
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In this twolesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they develop number sense in and around the shopping mall. Two gradelevel activities deal with size and space, estimation, measurement and applications involving percent.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 9: Solve multistep reallife and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies. [7EE3] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 18: Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions. [7SP2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Shopping Mall Math
Description: In this twolesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they develop number sense in and around the shopping mall. Two gradelevel activities deal with size and space, estimation, measurement and applications involving percent. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: Shops at the Mall
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students develop number sense in and around the shopping mall. They explore the allotment of space within a mall by generating a class list of stores typically found in a shopping center or mall. They then categorize stores into general categories, such as women's clothing, food service, and so on, and conduct research about malls in their own area. Finally, students plan a mall and create a scale drawing.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Shops at the Mall
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students develop number sense in and around the shopping mall. They explore the allotment of space within a mall by generating a class list of stores typically found in a shopping center or mall. They then categorize stores into general categories, such as women's clothing, food service, and so on, and conduct research about malls in their own area. Finally, students plan a mall and create a scale drawing. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Africa's Struggle With AIDS
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In this Xpeditions lesson, students come to understand the enormity of the impact of AIDS on the population of Africa by comparing its effect there with its effect on the population of the world in general, and especially on that of the United States. After locating Africa on a world map, and individual subSaharan nations on a map of Africa, students examine charts and graphs to find and compare data about AIDS in Africa, the world, and the United States.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 25: Recognize a statistical question as one that anticipates variability in the data related to the question and accounts for it in the answers. [6SP1] [MA2013] (6) 26: Understand that a set of data collected to answer a statistical question has a distribution which can be described by its center, spread, and overall shape. [6SP2] [MA2013] (6) 28: Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms, and box plots. [6SP4] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (7) 17: Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population; generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population. Understand that random sampling tends to produce representative samples and support valid inferences. [7SP1] [MA2013] (7) 18: Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions. [7SP2]
Subject: Health  Disease  Mathematics  Applied Mathematics  Science  Biology  Social Studies  Geography Title: Africa's Struggle With AIDS
Description: In this Xpeditions lesson, students come to understand the enormity of the impact of AIDS on the population of Africa by comparing its effect there with its effect on the population of the world in general, and especially on that of the United States. After locating Africa on a world map, and individual subSaharan nations on a map of Africa, students examine charts and graphs to find and compare data about AIDS in Africa, the world, and the United States. Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Big Math and Fries
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This Illuminations lesson is designed to enlighten students about how to calculate percent of calories from fat, carbohydrates, and protein. The calculations are made to determine if a person can follow the Zone Diet with only McDonald's food items.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 6: Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multidigit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. [6NS3] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3]
Subject: Health,Mathematics,Informal Education Title: Big Math and Fries
Description: This Illuminations lesson is designed to enlighten students about how to calculate percent of calories from fat, carbohydrates, and protein. The calculations are made to determine if a person can follow the Zone Diet with only McDonald's food items. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Purple Prisms
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students investigate rectangular prisms using an online, interactive applet. They manipulate the scale factor that links two threedimensional rectangular prisms to learn about edge lengths and surface area relationships.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 22: Find the volume of a right rectangular prism with fractional edge lengths by packing it with unit cubes of the appropriate unit fraction edge lengths, and show that the volume is the same as would be found by multiplying the edge lengths of the prism. Apply the formulas V = lwh and V = Bh to find volumes of right rectangular prisms with fractional edge lengths in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G2] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Purple Prisms
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students investigate rectangular prisms using an online, interactive applet. They manipulate the scale factor that links two threedimensional rectangular prisms to learn about edge lengths and surface area relationships. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Measurement Terms
Description:
This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, introduces relationships between measurement and geometry. The activities build on students prior knowledge as they work with partners and as a whole class to list, group, label, and write to present their understanding.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Measurement Terms
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, introduces relationships between measurement and geometry. The activities build on students prior knowledge as they work with partners and as a whole class to list, group, label, and write to present their understanding. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Mathematics and Children's Literature
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In this fivelesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. Five pieces of literature are applied to teaching a wide range of topics in the mathematics curriculum, from sorting and classifying to the meaning of averages.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve onestep word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3MD2] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 13: Write, read, and evaluate expressions in which letters stand for numbers. [6EE2] [MA2013] (6) 22: Find the volume of a right rectangular prism with fractional edge lengths by packing it with unit cubes of the appropriate unit fraction edge lengths, and show that the volume is the same as would be found by multiplying the edge lengths of the prism. Apply the formulas V = lwh and V = Bh to find volumes of right rectangular prisms with fractional edge lengths in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G2] [MA2013] (6) 23: Draw polygons in the coordinate plane given coordinates for the vertices; use coordinates to find the length of a side joining points with the same first coordinate or the same second coordinate. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G3] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6] [MA2013] (8) 24: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres, and use them to solve realworld and mathematical problems. [8G9] [ELA2013] (3) 29: Recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories. [W.3.8] [ELA2013] (5) 1: Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. [RL.5.1] [ELA2013] (5) 10: Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. [RI.5.1] [ELA2013] (5) 13: Determine the meaning of general academic and domainspecific words and phrases in a text relevant to a Grade 5 topic or subject area. [RI.5.4] [ELA2013] (5) 18: Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. [RI.5.9] [ELA2013] (6) 7: Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they "see" and "hear" when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch. [RL.6.7] [ELA2013] (6) 8: Differentiate among odes, ballads, epic poetry, and science fiction. (Alabama) [ELA2013] (6) 9: Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics. [RL.6.9] [ELA2013] (6) 10: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the Grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RL.6.10] [ELA2013] (7) 7: Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film). [RL.7.7] [ELA2013] (7) 8: Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history. [RL.7.9] [ELA2013] (7) 9: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the Grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RL.7.10] [ELA2013] (8) 7: Analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors. [RL.8.7] [ELA2013] (8) 8: Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new. [RL.8.9] [ELA2013] (8) 9: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of Grades 68 text complexity band independently and proficiently. [RL.8.10]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: Mathematics and Children's Literature
Description: In this fivelesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. Five pieces of literature are applied to teaching a wide range of topics in the mathematics curriculum, from sorting and classifying to the meaning of averages. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: Making Beds
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. They listen to the story How Big Is a Foot? by Rolf Myller and then explore the need for a standard unit of measure.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 18: Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one and twostep "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. [3MD3] [MA2013] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3MD4] [MA2013] (3) 23: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving perimeters of polygons, including finding the perimeter given the side lengths, finding an unknown side length, and exhibiting rectangles with the same perimeter and different areas or with the same area and different perimeters. [3MD8] [MA2013] (5) 18: Convert among differentsized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to 0.05 m), and use these conversions in solving multistep, realworld problems. [5MD1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [ELA2013] (3) 1: Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers. [RL.3.1] [ELA2013] (4) 1: Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. [RL.4.1] [ELA2013] (5) 1: Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. [RL.5.1]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: Making Beds
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. They listen to the story How Big Is a Foot? by Rolf Myller and then explore the need for a standard unit of measure. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: How Much is a Million?
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This lesson focuses students on the concept of 1,000,000. It allows students to see firsthand the sheer size of a million while at the same time providing students with an introduction to sampling and its use in mathematics. Students will use grains of rice and a balance to figure out the approximate volume and mass of 1,000,000 grains of rice.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (8) 6: Perform operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation, including problems where both decimal and scientific notation are used. Use scientific notation and choose units of appropriate size for measurements of very large or very small quantities (e.g., use millimeters per year for seafloor spreading). Interpret scientific notation that has been generated by technology. [8EE4]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: How Much is a Million?
Description: This lesson focuses students on the concept of 1,000,000. It allows students to see firsthand the sheer size of a million while at the same time providing students with an introduction to sampling and its use in mathematics. Students will use grains of rice and a balance to figure out the approximate volume and mass of 1,000,000 grains of rice. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Ratios
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This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, features equations for finding the ratios for surface area and volume when comparing a model to a fullsize object.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Ratios
Description: This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, features equations for finding the ratios for surface area and volume when comparing a model to a fullsize object. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Apple Pi
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In this unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, students use estimation and measurement skills to determine the ratio of circumference to diameter and explore the meaning of pi. They discover formulas for the circumference and area of a circle based on their investigations.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 14: Know the formulas for the area and circumference of a circle, and use them to solve problems; give an informal derivation of the relationship between the circumference and area of a circle. [7G4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Apple Pi
Description: In this unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, students use estimation and measurement skills to determine the ratio of circumference to diameter and explore the meaning of pi. They discover formulas for the circumference and area of a circle based on their investigations. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Bagel Algebra
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In this Illuminations lesson, a real life exampletaken from a bagel shopis used to get students to think about solving a problem symbolically. Students must decipher a series of equations and interpret results to understand the point that the bagel shop s owner is trying to make about the price of his bagels compared to that of his competitor.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Bagel Algebra
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, a real life exampletaken from a bagel shopis used to get students to think about solving a problem symbolically. Students must decipher a series of equations and interpret results to understand the point that the bagel shop s owner is trying to make about the price of his bagels compared to that of his competitor. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Bagel Comparison
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This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, presents information from a sign displayed by a real bagel retailer, comparing the price of their bagels to that of their competitor.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Bagel Comparison
Description: This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, presents information from a sign displayed by a real bagel retailer, comparing the price of their bagels to that of their competitor. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: How Steep Can You Be?
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students consider the construction of a tool that will measure percent slope. They then use ideas about percent slope to determine recommended defensible space distances near a home, in relation to protecting the home from wildfires.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: How Steep Can You Be?
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students consider the construction of a tool that will measure percent slope. They then use ideas about percent slope to determine recommended defensible space distances near a home, in relation to protecting the home from wildfires. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Constant Dimensions
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In this Illuminations lesson, students measure the length and width of a rectangle using both standard and nonstandard units of measure. In addition to providing measurement practice, this lesson allows students to discover that the ratio of length to width of a rectangle is constant, in spite of the units. For many middle school students, this discovery is surprising.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 21: Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G1] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (7) 10: Use variables to represent quantities in a realworld or mathematical problem, and construct simple equations and inequalities to solve problems by reasoning about the quantities. [7EE4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Constant Dimensions
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students measure the length and width of a rectangle using both standard and nonstandard units of measure. In addition to providing measurement practice, this lesson allows students to discover that the ratio of length to width of a rectangle is constant, in spite of the units. For many middle school students, this discovery is surprising. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Capture  Recapture
Description:
In this lesson, students experience an application of proportion that scientists actually use to solve reallife problems. Students learn how to estimate the size of a total population by taking samples and using proportions. The ratio of tagged items to the number of items in a sample is the same as the ratio of tagged items to the total population.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 14: Derive the formula for the sum of a finite geometric series (when the common ratio is not 1), and use the formula to solve problems.* [ASSE4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Capture  Recapture
Description: In this lesson, students experience an application of proportion that scientists actually use to solve reallife problems. Students learn how to estimate the size of a total population by taking samples and using proportions. The ratio of tagged items to the number of items in a sample is the same as the ratio of tagged items to the total population. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: Bean Counting
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By using sampling from a large collection of beans, students get a sense of equivalent fractions, which leads to a better understanding of proportions. Equivalent fractions are used to develop an understanding of proportions. The numbersense of recognizing equivalent fractions is useful when students study slope and proportions.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] ALC (912) 1: Create algebraic models for applicationbased problems by developing and solving equations and inequalities, including those involving direct, inverse, and joint variation. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Bean Counting
Description: By using sampling from a large collection of beans, students get a sense of equivalent fractions, which leads to a better understanding of proportions. Equivalent fractions are used to develop an understanding of proportions. The numbersense of recognizing equivalent fractions is useful when students study slope and proportions. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12
Thinkfinity Podcasts
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Title: How Can Math Help You Cook?
Description:
You might think the best part of making brownies is enjoying the end result, but gathering and mixing the ingredients can be just as fun. Grab a spoon and let's find out what ice cream can teach us about math. Yummy!
Standard(s): [MA2013] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a twocolumn table. [4MD1] [MA2013] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4MD4] [MA2013] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5MD2] [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 6: Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multidigit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. [6NS3]
Subject: CrossDisciplinary  Informal Education , Health  Nutrition , Mathematics  Applied Mathematics , Mathematics  Arithmetic , Mathematics  Measurement , Science  Biological and Life Sciences , Science  Biology , Science  Chemistry , Science  General Science , Adult & Family Literacy  Lifeskills , Informal Education  Health/Wellness/Nutrition/Cooking Title: How Can Math Help You Cook?
Description: You might think the best part of making brownies is enjoying the end result, but gathering and mixing the ingredients can be just as fun. Grab a spoon and let's find out what ice cream can teach us about math. Yummy! Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5
Web Resources
Interactives/Games
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Title: Free Puzzles
Description:
Free Puzzles is a website that contains a wide variety of interactive mathematics puzzles.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (8) 6: Perform operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation, including problems where both decimal and scientific notation are used. Use scientific notation and choose units of appropriate size for measurements of very large or very small quantities (e.g., use millimeters per year for seafloor spreading). Interpret scientific notation that has been generated by technology. [8EE4]
Free Puzzles
http://www.freepuzzl...
Free Puzzles is a website that contains a wide variety of interactive mathematics puzzles.
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Title: Lure of the Labyrinth: Proportion Game
Description:
"Hungry monsters come to feed here. Your mission: Figure out what they want to eat using ratios, multiplication, division, and factoring!"
Free interactive online game from BrainPOP. Students must compare the food these hungry monsters are eating and provide them with foods of equal proportion.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2]
Lure of the Labyrinth: Proportion Game
http://www.brainpop....
"Hungry monsters come to feed here. Your mission: Figure out what they want to eat using ratios, multiplication, division, and factoring!"
Free interactive online game from BrainPOP. Students must compare the food these hungry monsters are eating and provide them with foods of equal proportion.
Learning Activities
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Title: Thinking Blocks Ratios
Description:
Thinking Blocks is an interactive video that models word problems that involve ratios and provides practice problems.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3]
Thinking Blocks Ratios
http://www.mathplayg...
Thinking Blocks is an interactive video that models word problems that involve ratios and provides practice problems.
Thinkfinity Learning Activities
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Title: Fraction Models
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, explores several representations for fractions using adjustable numerators and denominators. Students can see decimal and percent equivalents, as well as a model that represents each fraction.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 13: Understand a fraction ^{1}/_{b} as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} as the quantity formed by a parts and size ^{1}/_{b}. [3NF1] [MA2013] (3) 14: Understand a fraction as a number on the number line; represent fractions on a number line diagram. [3NF2] [MA2013] (3) 15: Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size. [3NF3] [MA2013] (4) 12: Explain why a fraction ^{a}/_{b} is equivalent to a fraction ^{nxa}/_{nxb} by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions. [4NF1] [MA2013] (4) 13: Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators, e.g., by creating common denominators or numerators or by comparing to a benchmark fraction such as ^{1}/_{2}. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model. [4NF2] [MA2013] (4) 14: Understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} with a > 1 as a sum of fractions ^{1}/_{b}. [4NF3] [MA2013] (4) 16: Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100, and use this technique to add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100. (Students who can generate equivalent fractions can develop strategies for adding fractions with unlike denominators in general. But addition and subtraction with unlike denominators in general is not a requirement at this grade.) [4NF5] [MA2013] (4) 17: Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100. [4NF6] [MA2013] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4MD2] [MA2013] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4MD4] [MA2013] (5) 11: Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. [5NF1] [MA2013] (5) 12: Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally, and assess the reasonableness of answers. [5NF2] [MA2013] (5) 13: Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (^{a}/_{b} = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF3] [MA2013] (5) 16: Solve realworld problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF6] [MA2013] (5) 17: Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at this grade.)
[5NF7] [MA2013] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5MD2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Fraction Models
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, explores several representations for fractions using adjustable numerators and denominators. Students can see decimal and percent equivalents, as well as a model that represents each fraction. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: Fire
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In this student interactive, from Illuminations, students can see the results of a fire if a forest is densely planted in a rectangular grid. Students are able to choose a starting place for the fire and enter the probability that a given tree will burn.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 25: Recognize a statistical question as one that anticipates variability in the data related to the question and accounts for it in the answers. [6SP1] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 17: Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population; generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population. Understand that random sampling tends to produce representative samples and support valid inferences. [7SP1] [MA2013] (7) 18: Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions. [7SP2] [MA2013] (7) 21: Understand that the probability of a chance event is a number between 0 and 1 that expresses the likelihood of the event occurring. Larger numbers indicate greater likelihood. A probability near 0 indicates an unlikely event, a probability around ^{1}/_{2} indicates an event that is neither unlikely nor likely, and a probability near 1 indicates a likely event. [7SP5] [MA2013] (7) 22: Approximate the probability of a chance event by collecting data on the chance process that produces it and observing its longrun relative frequency, and predict the approximate relative frequency given the probability. [7SP6] [MA2013] (7) 23: Develop a probability model and use it to find probabilities of events. Compare probabilities from a model to observed frequencies; if the agreement is not good, explain possible sources of the discrepancy. [7SP7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 47: Understand that two events A and B are independent if the probability of A and B occurring together is the product of their probabilities, and use this characterization to determine if they are independent. [SCP2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 42: (+) Use probabilities to make fair decisions (e.g., drawing by lots, using a random number generator). [SMD6]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Fire
Description: In this student interactive, from Illuminations, students can see the results of a fire if a forest is densely planted in a rectangular grid. Students are able to choose a starting place for the fire and enter the probability that a given tree will burn. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: Canada Data Map
Description:
Investigate data for the Canadian provinces and territories with this interactive tool. Students can examine data sets contained within the interactive, or they can enter their own data.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 25: Recognize a statistical question as one that anticipates variability in the data related to the question and accounts for it in the answers. [6SP1] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 17: Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population; generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population. Understand that random sampling tends to produce representative samples and support valid inferences. [7SP1] [MA2013] (7) 18: Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions. [7SP2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 40: Apply concepts of density based on area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, British Thermal Units (BTUs) per cubic foot).* [GMG2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Canada Data Map
Description: Investigate data for the Canadian provinces and territories with this interactive tool. Students can examine data sets contained within the interactive, or they can enter their own data. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: How Can Math Help You Cook?
Description:
You might think the best part of making brownies is enjoying the end result, but gathering and mixing the ingredients can be just as fun. Grab a spoon and let's find out what ice cream can teach us about math. Yummy!
Standard(s): [MA2013] (4) 19: Know relative sizes of measurement units within one system of units, including km, m, cm; kg, g; lb, oz; l, ml; and hr, min, sec. Within a single system of measurement, express measurements in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Record measurement equivalents in a twocolumn table. [4MD1] [MA2013] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4MD4] [MA2013] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5MD2] [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 6: Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multidigit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. [6NS3]
Subject: CrossDisciplinary  Informal Education , Health  Nutrition , Mathematics  Applied Mathematics , Mathematics  Arithmetic , Mathematics  Measurement , Science  Biological and Life Sciences , Science  Biology , Science  Chemistry , Science  General Science , Adult & Family Literacy  Lifeskills , Informal Education  Health/Wellness/Nutrition/Cooking Title: How Can Math Help You Cook?
Description: You might think the best part of making brownies is enjoying the end result, but gathering and mixing the ingredients can be just as fun. Grab a spoon and let's find out what ice cream can teach us about math. Yummy! Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5
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Title: Dynamic Paper Tool
Description:
Create customized activity sheets for your classroom! Nets of 3D shapes, tessellations, coordinate graphs, and more  all based on your input.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (0) 17: Describe objects in the environment using names of shapes, and describe the relative positions of these objects using terms such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, and next to. [KG1] [MA2013] (0) 18: Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. [KG2] [MA2013] (0) 19: Identify shapes as twodimensional (lying in a plane, "flat") or threedimensional ("solid"). [KG3] [MA2013] (0) 20: Analyze and compare two and threedimensional shapes, in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts (e.g., number of sides and vertices or "corners"), and other attributes (e.g., having sides of equal length). [KG4] [MA2013] (0) 21: Model shapes in the world by building shapes from components (e.g., sticks and clay balls) and drawing shapes. [KG5] [MA2013] (0) 22: Compose simple shapes to form larger shapes. [KG6] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 9: Understand a rational number as a point on the number line. Extend number line diagrams and coordinate axes familiar from previous grades to represent points on the line and in the plane with negative number coordinates. [6NS6] [MA2013] (6) 24: Represent threedimensional figures using nets made up of rectangles and triangles, and use the nets to find the surface area of these figures. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Dynamic Paper Tool
Description: Create customized activity sheets for your classroom! Nets of 3D shapes, tessellations, coordinate graphs, and more  all based on your input. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

