ALEX Lesson Plans
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Title: The World of Integers
Description:
The objective of this lesson is for students to review the basic operations of rational numbers – Integers. This lesson is design as a technologybased project; webquest, that focus on adding and subtracting integers with the extension of multiplying and dividing integers. This lesson requires students to focus on how integers are used in real world situations.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 9: Understand a rational number as a point on the number line. Extend number line diagrams and coordinate axes familiar from previous grades to represent points on the line and in the plane with negative number coordinates. [6NS6] [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2]
Subject: Mathematics (6  7)
Title: The World of Integers
Description: The objective of this lesson is for students to review the basic operations of rational numbers – Integers. This lesson is design as a technologybased project; webquest, that focus on adding and subtracting integers with the extension of multiplying and dividing integers. This lesson requires students to focus on how integers are used in real world situations.
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Title: Positively F.U.N. ! (fantastic, unique, and noteworthy) ways to idenitfy and add positive and negative integers)
Description:
This lesson will actively engage students to identify and add positive and negative integers. In cooperative groups, students will discuss everyday vocabulary that will activate students' existing background knowledge and set the purpose for understanding integers. Students will integrate new information with prior knowledge.
This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 8: Understand that positive and negative numbers are used together to describe quantities having opposite directions or values (e.g., temperature above/below zero, elevation above/below sea level, credits/debits, positive/negative electric charge); use positive and negative numbers to represent quantities in realworld contexts explaining the meaning of 0 in each situation. [6NS5] [MA2013] (6) 9: Understand a rational number as a point on the number line. Extend number line diagrams and coordinate axes familiar from previous grades to represent points on the line and in the plane with negative number coordinates. [6NS6] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2]
Subject: Mathematics (6  7)
Title: Positively F.U.N. ! (fantastic, unique, and noteworthy) ways to idenitfy and add positive and negative integers)
Description: This lesson will actively engage students to identify and add positive and negative integers. In cooperative groups, students will discuss everyday vocabulary that will activate students' existing background knowledge and set the purpose for understanding integers. Students will integrate new information with prior knowledge.
This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.
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Title: Calendar Fun Operations
Description:
This activity is designed to help students evaluate numerical expressions by using order of operations. The students will be provided a calendar for the current month of the year. Students will then be provided with a worksheet that contains 30 expressions and a different symbol for each expression. The students will manually calculate each expression using order of operations. Once the numerical value has been discovered for each expression, the symbol next to the expression will be drawn on the calendar for that date. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] [MA2013] (7) 6: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers. (Computations with rational numbers extend the rules for manipulating fractions to complex fractions.) [7NS3] [MA2013] (7) 7: Apply properties of operations as strategies to add, subtract, factor, and expand linear expressions with rational coefficients. [7EE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 1: Explain how the definition of the meaning of rational exponents follows from extending the properties of integer exponents to those values, allowing for a notation for radicals in terms of rational exponents. [NRN1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 2: Rewrite expressions involving radicals and rational exponents using the properties of exponents. [NRN2]
Subject: Mathematics (7  12)
Title: Calendar Fun Operations
Description: This activity is designed to help students evaluate numerical expressions by using order of operations. The students will be provided a calendar for the current month of the year. Students will then be provided with a worksheet that contains 30 expressions and a different symbol for each expression. The students will manually calculate each expression using order of operations. Once the numerical value has been discovered for each expression, the symbol next to the expression will be drawn on the calendar for that date. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Modeling and Adding Integers Using Numbers Lines and Counters
Description:
The purpose of this lesson is to enable students to add integers and apply this lesson to real life situations. In this lesson students will model and add integers using number lines and counters through the use of technologybased resources. Handson activities and class discussions will enhance and reinforce the objectives.
Standard(s): [TC2] (68) 9: Practice responsible and legal use of technology systems and digital content. [TC2] (68) 11: Use digital tools and strategies to locate, collect, organize, evaluate, and synthesize
information. [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2]
Subject: Mathematics (7), or Technology Education (6  8)
Title: Modeling and Adding Integers Using Numbers Lines and Counters
Description: The purpose of this lesson is to enable students to add integers and apply this lesson to real life situations. In this lesson students will model and add integers using number lines and counters through the use of technologybased resources. Handson activities and class discussions will enhance and reinforce the objectives.
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Title: Investigating Integers
Description:
Students will create a multimedia presentation to demonstrate their understanding of integers. Within this presentation they will include information on how to compare and order integers and how to add and subtract integers by writing about situations where they may encounter integers. Additionally, they will create a word problem with a solution that reflects their understanding of adding or subtracting negative and positive integers.
Standard(s): [TC2] (68) 5: Use basic features of word processing, spreadsheets, databases, and presentation software. [TC2] (68) 6: Select specific digital tools for completing curriculumrelated tasks. [TC2] (68) 5: Use basic features of word processing, spreadsheets, databases, and presentation software. [TC2] (68) 6: Select specific digital tools for completing curriculumrelated tasks. [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2]
Subject: Mathematics (7), or Technology Education (6  8)
Title: Investigating Integers
Description: Students will create a multimedia presentation to demonstrate their understanding of integers. Within this presentation they will include information on how to compare and order integers and how to add and subtract integers by writing about situations where they may encounter integers. Additionally, they will create a word problem with a solution that reflects their understanding of adding or subtracting negative and positive integers.
Thinkfinity Lesson Plans
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Title: Too Big or Too Small?
Description:
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the following concepts: the magnitude of a million, fractions between 0 and 1, and the effect of decimal operations. The activities in this lesson help them develop number sense.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 4: Interpret and compute quotients of fractions, and solve word problems involving division of fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. [6NS1] [MA2013] (6) 6: Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multidigit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. [6NS3] [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Too Big or Too Small?
Description: In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the following concepts: the magnitude of a million, fractions between 0 and 1, and the effect of decimal operations. The activities in this lesson help them develop number sense. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Numbers and Language
Description:
In this fivelesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on the role of numbers and language in realworld situations. Students discuss, describe, read, and write about numbers they find in familiar realworld situations. An emphasis on using components of language helps students build a broader vocabulary of numbers than the traditional symbolic representation of numbers.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (4) 17: Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100. [4NF6] [MA2013] (5) 10: Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method, and explain the reasoning used. [5NBT7] [MA2013] (6) 4: Interpret and compute quotients of fractions, and solve word problems involving division of fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. [6NS1] [MA2013] (6) 6: Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multidigit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. [6NS3] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] [MA2013] (7) 9: Solve multistep reallife and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies. [7EE3] [MA2013] (8) 6: Perform operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation, including problems where both decimal and scientific notation are used. Use scientific notation and choose units of appropriate size for measurements of very large or very small quantities (e.g., use millimeters per year for seafloor spreading). Interpret scientific notation that has been generated by technology. [8EE4] [ELA2013] (3) 28: Conduct short research projects that build knowledge about a topic. [W.3.7] [ELA2013] (4) 28: Conduct short research projects that build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. [W.4.7] [ELA2013] (5) 28: Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic. [W.5.7] [ELA2013] (6) 14: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings. [RI.6.4] [ELA2013] (6) 17: Integrate information presented in different media or formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively) as well as in words to develop a coherent understanding of a topic or issue. [RI.6.7] [ELA2013] (6) 18: Trace and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not. [RI.6.8] [ELA2013] (6) 20: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the Grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RI.6.10] [ELA2013] (7) 13: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone. [RI.7.4] [ELA2013] (7) 19: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the Grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RI.7.10] [ELA2013] (8) 10: Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text. [RI.8.1] [ELA2013] (8) 19: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the
Grades 68 text complexity band independently and proficiently. [RI.8.10]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: Numbers and Language
Description: In this fivelesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on the role of numbers and language in realworld situations. Students discuss, describe, read, and write about numbers they find in familiar realworld situations. An emphasis on using components of language helps students build a broader vocabulary of numbers than the traditional symbolic representation of numbers. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: Multiplying Integers Using Videotape
Description:
In this Illuminations lesson, students experience beginning algebra concepts through discussion, exploration, and videotaping. The concept of multiplication of integers is presented in a format that encourages understanding, rather than simply rote memorization of facts.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 9: Understand a rational number as a point on the number line. Extend number line diagrams and coordinate axes familiar from previous grades to represent points on the line and in the plane with negative number coordinates. [6NS6] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] [MA2013] (7) 6: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers. (Computations with rational numbers extend the rules for manipulating fractions to complex fractions.) [7NS3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Multiplying Integers Using Videotape
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students experience beginning algebra concepts through discussion, exploration, and videotaping. The concept of multiplication of integers is presented in a format that encourages understanding, rather than simply rote memorization of facts. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Magic Squares
Description:
This lesson, from Illuminations, explores magic squares from both a historical and mathematical perspective. Students explore symbolic algebraic representation of patterns, complete a magic squares activity sheet, use operations and integers to solve problems, and analyze and represent patterns with symbolic rules. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Magic Squares
Description: This lesson, from Illuminations, explores magic squares from both a historical and mathematical perspective. Students explore symbolic algebraic representation of patterns, complete a magic squares activity sheet, use operations and integers to solve problems, and analyze and represent patterns with symbolic rules. Several pieces of literature appropriate for use with this lesson are suggested. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
ALEX Learning Assets Save to ALEX 
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Title: ALGEBURST BEJEWELED
Digital Tool:
ALGEBURST iPad App Web Address URL:
https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/algeburstlite/id567739842?mt=8 Standard(s):
[MA2013] (6) 9: Understand a rational number as a point on the number line. Extend number line diagrams and coordinate axes familiar from previous grades to represent points on the line and in the plane with negative number coordinates. [6NS6] [MA2013] (6) 10: Understand ordering and absolute value of rational numbers. [6NS7] [MA2013] (6) 16: Understand solving an equation or inequality as a process of answering a question: which values from a specified set, if any, make the equation or inequality true? Use substitution to determine whether a given number in a specified set makes an equation or inequality true. [6EE5] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] Digital Tool Description: ALGEBURST Lite is a free game that improves mental math skills. It helps to simplify numeric and algebraic expressions. Play against the clock or at one's own pace to match tiles, explode bombs, and use Starburst and hypercubes to achieve a 3star rating. Take on periodic challenges to improve accuracy and overall rating.
Title: ALGEBURST BEJEWELED Digital Tool: ALGEBURST iPad App Digital Tool Description: ALGEBURST Lite is a free game that improves mental math skills. It helps to simplify numeric and algebraic expressions. Play against the clock or at one's own pace to match tiles, explode bombs, and use Starburst and hypercubes to achieve a 3star rating. Take on periodic challenges to improve accuracy and overall rating.
ALEX Podcasts
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Title: Percents 4: Percent Word Problems
Overview:
This podcast is part of a series on operations with percents. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of solving word problems using percent. The lesson uses the bar method of solving (Singapore Math). The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] [MA2013] (7) 6: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers. (Computations with rational numbers extend the rules for manipulating fractions to complex fractions.) [7NS3]
Percents 4: Percent Word Problems Overview: This podcast is part of a series on operations with percents. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of solving word problems using percent. The lesson uses the bar method of solving (Singapore Math). The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves.
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Title: Friendly Fractions part 3
Overview:
This podcast is part of a series on operations with fractions. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of fractions. The lesson also covers adding and subtracting unlike fractions (unlike denominators). The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (5) 11: Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. [5NF1] [MA2013] (5) 12: Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally, and assess the reasonableness of answers. [5NF2] [MA2013] (5) 13: Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (^{a}/_{b} = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF3] [MA2013] (5) 14: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction. [5NF4] [MA2013] (5) 16: Solve realworld problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF6] [MA2013] (5) 17: Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at this grade.)
[5NF7] [MA2013] (6) 4: Interpret and compute quotients of fractions, and solve word problems involving division of fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. [6NS1] [MA2013] (6) 22: Find the volume of a right rectangular prism with fractional edge lengths by packing it with unit cubes of the appropriate unit fraction edge lengths, and show that the volume is the same as would be found by multiplying the edge lengths of the prism. Apply the formulas V = lwh and V = Bh to find volumes of right rectangular prisms with fractional edge lengths in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G2] [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] [MA2013] (7) 6: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers. (Computations with rational numbers extend the rules for manipulating fractions to complex fractions.) [7NS3] [MA2013] (7) 9: Solve multistep reallife and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies. [7EE3]
Friendly Fractions part 3 Overview: This podcast is part of a series on operations with fractions. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of fractions. The lesson also covers adding and subtracting unlike fractions (unlike denominators). The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves.
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Title: Friendly Fractions Part 6
Overview:
This podcast is part of a series on operations with fractions. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of fractions. The lesson proportions, equivalent proportions, and solving proportions. The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (6) 4: Interpret and compute quotients of fractions, and solve word problems involving division of fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. [6NS1] [MA2013] (6) 18: Solve realworld and mathematical problems by writing and solving equations of the form
x + p = q and px = q for cases in which p, q, and x are all nonnegative rational numbers. [6EE7] [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] [MA2013] (7) 6: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers. (Computations with rational numbers extend the rules for manipulating fractions to complex fractions.) [7NS3] [MA2013] (7) 7: Apply properties of operations as strategies to add, subtract, factor, and expand linear expressions with rational coefficients. [7EE1] [MA2013] (7) 9: Solve multistep reallife and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies. [7EE3]
Friendly Fractions Part 6 Overview: This podcast is part of a series on operations with fractions. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of fractions. The lesson proportions, equivalent proportions, and solving proportions. The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves.
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Title: Percents 2: Percents and Decimals
Overview:
This podcast is part of a series on operations with percents. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of changing a percent to a decimal and vice versa. The lesson also covers percents from large whole numbers to decimal percents. The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] [MA2013] (7) 6: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers. (Computations with rational numbers extend the rules for manipulating fractions to complex fractions.) [7NS3]
Percents 2: Percents and Decimals Overview: This podcast is part of a series on operations with percents. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of changing a percent to a decimal and vice versa. The lesson also covers percents from large whole numbers to decimal percents. The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves.
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Title: Percents 3: Percent Equations
Overview:
This podcast is part of a series on operations with percents. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of solving percent equations. The lesson also covers amount, base, and percent using the translation method. The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (6) 6: Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multidigit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. [6NS3] [MA2013] (6) 9: Understand a rational number as a point on the number line. Extend number line diagrams and coordinate axes familiar from previous grades to represent points on the line and in the plane with negative number coordinates. [6NS6] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] [MA2013] (7) 9: Solve multistep reallife and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies. [7EE3]
Percents 3: Percent Equations Overview: This podcast is part of a series on operations with percents. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of solving percent equations. The lesson also covers amount, base, and percent using the translation method. The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves.
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Title: Friendly Fractions part 2
Overview:
This podcast is part of a series on operations with fractions. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of fractions. The lesson also covers adding and subtracting like fractions (same denominator). The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (5) 11: Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. [5NF1] [MA2013] (5) 12: Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally, and assess the reasonableness of answers. [5NF2] [MA2013] (5) 13: Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (^{a}/_{b} = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF3] [MA2013] (5) 14: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction. [5NF4] [MA2013] (5) 16: Solve realworld problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF6] [MA2013] (6) 4: Interpret and compute quotients of fractions, and solve word problems involving division of fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. [6NS1] [MA2013] (6) 6: Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multidigit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. [6NS3] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] [MA2013] (7) 6: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers. (Computations with rational numbers extend the rules for manipulating fractions to complex fractions.) [7NS3] [MA2013] (7) 9: Solve multistep reallife and mathematical problems posed with positive and negative rational numbers in any form (whole numbers, fractions, and decimals), using tools strategically. Apply properties of operations to calculate with numbers in any form, convert between forms as appropriate, and assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies. [7EE3]
Friendly Fractions part 2 Overview: This podcast is part of a series on operations with fractions. Designed with the middle school student in mind, it is a refresher on the basics of fractions. The lesson also covers adding and subtracting like fractions (same denominator). The podcast can be used as a lesson or as a supplement to a lesson. A suggestion would be to stop the lesson as it goes along and allow the students to work problems out themselves.
Web Resources
Interactives/Games
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Title: Divisibility Rules
Description:
This is an interactive game requiring students to choose which integers are evenly divisible.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 4: Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers. [3OA4] [MA2013] (3) 5: Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide. (Students need not use formal terms for these properties.) [3OA5] [MA2013] (3) 6: Understand division as an unknownfactor problem. [3OA6] [MA2013] (3) 7: Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 x 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two onedigit numbers. [3OA7] [MA2013] (4) 11: Find wholenumber quotients and remainders with up to fourdigit dividends and onedigit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models. [4NBT6] [MA2013] (5) 9: Find wholenumber quotients of whole numbers with up to fourdigit dividends and twodigit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models. [5NBT6] [MA2013] (5) 10: Add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals to hundredths, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method, and explain the reasoning used. [5NBT7] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2]
Divisibility Rules
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This is an interactive game requiring students to choose which integers are evenly divisible.
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Title: Fraction Models
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, explores several representations for fractions using adjustable numerators and denominators. Students can see decimal and percent equivalents, as well as a model that represents each fraction.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 13: Understand a fraction ^{1}/_{b} as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} as the quantity formed by a parts and size ^{1}/_{b}. [3NF1] [MA2013] (3) 14: Understand a fraction as a number on the number line; represent fractions on a number line diagram. [3NF2] [MA2013] (3) 15: Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size. [3NF3] [MA2013] (4) 12: Explain why a fraction ^{a}/_{b} is equivalent to a fraction ^{nxa}/_{nxb} by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions. [4NF1] [MA2013] (4) 13: Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators, e.g., by creating common denominators or numerators or by comparing to a benchmark fraction such as ^{1}/_{2}. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model. [4NF2] [MA2013] (4) 14: Understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} with a > 1 as a sum of fractions ^{1}/_{b}. [4NF3] [MA2013] (4) 16: Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100, and use this technique to add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100. (Students who can generate equivalent fractions can develop strategies for adding fractions with unlike denominators in general. But addition and subtraction with unlike denominators in general is not a requirement at this grade.) [4NF5] [MA2013] (4) 17: Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100. [4NF6] [MA2013] (4) 20: Use the four operations to solve word problems involving distances, intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects, and money, including problems involving simple fractions or decimals, and problems that require expressing measurements given in a larger unit in terms of a smaller unit. Represent measurement quantities using diagrams such as number line diagrams that feature a measurement scale. [4MD2] [MA2013] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4MD4] [MA2013] (5) 11: Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators. [5NF1] [MA2013] (5) 12: Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally, and assess the reasonableness of answers. [5NF2] [MA2013] (5) 13: Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (^{a}/_{b} = a ÷ b). Solve word problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF3] [MA2013] (5) 16: Solve realworld problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. [5NF6] [MA2013] (5) 17: Apply and extend previous understandings of division to divide unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions. (Students able to multiply fractions in general can develop strategies to divide fractions in general by reasoning about the relationship between multiplication and division. However, division of a fraction by a fraction is not a requirement at this grade.)
[5NF7] [MA2013] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5MD2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Fraction Models
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, explores several representations for fractions using adjustable numerators and denominators. Students can see decimal and percent equivalents, as well as a model that represents each fraction. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: Calculation Nation
Description:
Become a citizen of Calculation Nation! Play online math strategy games to learn about fractions, factors, multiples, symmetry and more, as well as practice important skills like basic multiplication and calculating area! Calculation Nation uses the power of the Web to let students challenge themselves and opponents from anywhere in the world. The element of competition adds an extra layer of excitement.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 1: Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 x 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. [3OA1] [MA2013] (3) 2: Interpret wholenumber quotients of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 56 ÷ 8 as the number of objects in each share when 56 objects are partitioned equally into 8 shares, or as a number of shares when 56 objects are partitioned into equal shares of 8 objects each. [3OA2] [MA2013] (3) 13: Understand a fraction ^{1}/_{b} as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction ^{a}/_{b} as the quantity formed by a parts and size ^{1}/_{b}. [3NF1] [MA2013] (3) 15: Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size. [3NF3] [MA2013] (4) 12: Explain why a fraction ^{a}/_{b} is equivalent to a fraction ^{nxa}/_{nxb} by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size. Use this principle to recognize and generate equivalent fractions. [4NF1] [MA2013] (4) 13: Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators, e.g., by creating common denominators or numerators or by comparing to a benchmark fraction such as ^{1}/_{2}. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions, e.g., by using a visual fraction model. [4NF2] [MA2013] (4) 28: Recognize a line of symmetry for a twodimensional figure as a line across the figure such that the figure can be folded along the line into matching parts. Identify linesymmetric figures and draw lines of symmetry. [4G3] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 4: Interpret and compute quotients of fractions, and solve word problems involving division of fractions, e.g., by using visual fraction models and equations to represent the problem. [6NS1] [MA2013] (6) 21: Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G1] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2] [MA2013] (7) 6: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving the four operations with rational numbers. (Computations with rational numbers extend the rules for manipulating fractions to complex fractions.) [7NS3] [MA2013] (7) 10: Use variables to represent quantities in a realworld or mathematical problem, and construct simple equations and inequalities to solve problems by reasoning about the quantities. [7EE4] [MA2013] (8) 17: Understand that a twodimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them. [8G2] [MA2013] (8) 18: Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on twodimensional figures using coordinates. [8G3] [MA2013] DM1 (912) 1: Analyze topics from elementary number theory, including perfect numbers and prime numbers, to determine properties of integers. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Calculation Nation
Description: Become a citizen of Calculation Nation! Play online math strategy games to learn about fractions, factors, multiples, symmetry and more, as well as practice important skills like basic multiplication and calculating area! Calculation Nation uses the power of the Web to let students challenge themselves and opponents from anywhere in the world. The element of competition adds an extra layer of excitement. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9
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Title: Volt Meter
Description:
This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to learn about positive and negative numbers by exploring the voltage of batteries.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 9: Understand a rational number as a point on the number line. Extend number line diagrams and coordinate axes familiar from previous grades to represent points on the line and in the plane with negative number coordinates. [6NS6] [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 5: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division and of fractions to multiply and divide rational numbers. [7NS2]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Volt Meter
Description: This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to learn about positive and negative numbers by exploring the voltage of batteries. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12

