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Title: 2020  Year of the Cool School!
Description:
Hey! Are you tired of your old lame school? Are the halls too narrow? Do you like walking outside to get to the cafeteria? Are the classrooms too small? Is the design too simple  just too wacky for a middle school? Well, now is the biggest break of your lives  You and your peers will design the school of the future and make history! Your biggest challenge is to create a section of a dream school that oozes and awes your peers. Each team will design a section (cafeteria, library, performing arts room, or recreational room) of the school, research different floor coverings for the section, research different loans to cover the cost of the floor coverings, and design a model of each section. Grab your math knowledge and as many construction tools as you can because you are about to construct a building for the world to remember. But wait, THE CATCH  your team will be competing against other groups. So put your thinking caps on and let the building begin!
Standard(s): [TC2] (68) 2: Publish digital products that communicate curriculum concepts. [TC2] (68) 11: Use digital tools and strategies to locate, collect, organize, evaluate, and synthesize
information. [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6]
Subject: Mathematics (7), or Technology Education (6  8)
Title: 2020  Year of the Cool School!
Description: Hey! Are you tired of your old lame school? Are the halls too narrow? Do you like walking outside to get to the cafeteria? Are the classrooms too small? Is the design too simple  just too wacky for a middle school? Well, now is the biggest break of your lives  You and your peers will design the school of the future and make history! Your biggest challenge is to create a section of a dream school that oozes and awes your peers. Each team will design a section (cafeteria, library, performing arts room, or recreational room) of the school, research different floor coverings for the section, research different loans to cover the cost of the floor coverings, and design a model of each section. Grab your math knowledge and as many construction tools as you can because you are about to construct a building for the world to remember. But wait, THE CATCH  your team will be competing against other groups. So put your thinking caps on and let the building begin!
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Title: Is it a Triangle?
Description:
The purpose of this lesson is to help students investigate the relationships of the lengths of the sides of a triangle in order to discover the three triangle inequality theorems. Students will learn how to draw valid conclusions from the information obtained from the activity and apply those conclusions to real world geometry problems. This serves as an introduction into more advanced geometric theorems. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project, funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 10: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180^{o}, base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent, the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length, and the medians of a triangle meet at a point. [GCO10]
Subject: Mathematics (7  12)
Title: Is it a Triangle?
Description: The purpose of this lesson is to help students investigate the relationships of the lengths of the sides of a triangle in order to discover the three triangle inequality theorems. Students will learn how to draw valid conclusions from the information obtained from the activity and apply those conclusions to real world geometry problems. This serves as an introduction into more advanced geometric theorems. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project, funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Trapezoids: What's Equal or Right About Them?
Description:
This lesson will examine the properties of two trapezoids  isosceles and right. The lesson will then use the properties to solve deeper analytical problems.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 1: Know precise definitions of angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, and line segment based on the undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc. [GCO1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 11: Prove theorems about parallelograms. Theorems include opposite sides are congruent, opposite angles are congruent; the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other; and conversely, rectangles are parallelograms with congruent diagonals. [GCO11]
Subject: Mathematics (7  12)
Title: Trapezoids: What's Equal or Right About Them?
Description: This lesson will examine the properties of two trapezoids  isosceles and right. The lesson will then use the properties to solve deeper analytical problems.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Water Tank Creations Part I
Description:
In this lesson students will study the surface area and volume of threedimensional shapes by creating a water tank comprised of these shapes. Students will work in groups of 45 to research water tanks, develop scale drawings and build a scale model. Teacher will evaluate the project using a rubric and students will assess one anothers cooperative skills using a rubric.
Standard(s): [TC2] CA2 (912) 5: Utilize advanced features of spreadsheet software, including creating charts and graphs,
sorting and filtering data, creating formulas, and applying functions. [TC2] CA2 (912) 4: Utilize advanced features of word processing software, including outlining, tracking changes,
hyperlinking, and mail merging. [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6] [MA2013] (8) 24: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres, and use them to solve realworld and mathematical problems. [8G9] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 6: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. [NQ3] [MA2013] ALC (912) 11: Use ratios of perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar figures to solve applied problems. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 36: Use volume formulas for cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.* [GGMD3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 37: Determine the relationship between surface areas of similar figures and volumes of similar figures. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 40: Apply concepts of density based on area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, British Thermal Units (BTUs) per cubic foot).* [GMG2]
Subject: Mathematics (7  12), or Technology Education (9  12)
Title: Water Tank Creations Part I
Description: In this lesson students will study the surface area and volume of threedimensional shapes by creating a water tank comprised of these shapes. Students will work in groups of 45 to research water tanks, develop scale drawings and build a scale model. Teacher will evaluate the project using a rubric and students will assess one anothers cooperative skills using a rubric.
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Title: Creating a Water Tank  Part II "Selling the Tank"
Description:
Working in groups of 45 students will take the information,pictures and 3D model of the water tank they assembled in Part I of Creating a Water Tank and develop a web page and a video presentation. The web page will be a tool to advertise their water tank construction company and must include hyperlinks and digital pictures. The video presentation will be a "sales pitch" to a city council. The web page and video will be scored using a rubric. The web page and video must include the surface area, volume and cost of construction.
Standard(s): [TC2] CA2 (912) 12: Use digital tools to publish curriculumrelated content. [TC2] CA2 (912) 9: Practice ethical and legal use of technology systems and digital content. [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 13: Describe the twodimensional figures that result from slicing threedimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids. [7G3] [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6] [MA2013] ALC (912) 7: Use analytical, numerical, and graphical methods to make financial and economic decisions, including those involving banking and investments, insurance, personal budgets, credit purchases, recreation, and deceptive and fraudulent pricing and advertising. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 10: Critique measurements in terms of precision, accuracy, and approximate error. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 11: Use ratios of perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar figures to solve applied problems. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 36: Use volume formulas for cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.* [GGMD3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 37: Determine the relationship between surface areas of similar figures and volumes of similar figures. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 41: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost, working with typographic grid systems based on ratios).* [GMG3]
Subject: Mathematics (7  12), or Technology Education (9  12)
Title: Creating a Water Tank  Part II "Selling the Tank"
Description: Working in groups of 45 students will take the information,pictures and 3D model of the water tank they assembled in Part I of Creating a Water Tank and develop a web page and a video presentation. The web page will be a tool to advertise their water tank construction company and must include hyperlinks and digital pictures. The video presentation will be a "sales pitch" to a city council. The web page and video will be scored using a rubric. The web page and video must include the surface area, volume and cost of construction.
Thinkfinity Lesson Plans
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Title: Cubes Everywhere
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In this Illuminations lesson, students use cubes to develop spatial thinking and review basic geometric principles through reallife applications. Students are given the opportunity to build and take apart structures based on cubes.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 24: Represent threedimensional figures using nets made up of rectangles and triangles, and use the nets to find the surface area of these figures. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G4] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 13: Describe the twodimensional figures that result from slicing threedimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids. [7G3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 38: Identify the shapes of twodimensional crosssections of threedimensional objects, and identify threedimensional objects generated by rotations of twodimensional objects. [GGMD4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 41: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost, working with typographic grid systems based on ratios).* [GMG3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Cubes Everywhere
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students use cubes to develop spatial thinking and review basic geometric principles through reallife applications. Students are given the opportunity to build and take apart structures based on cubes. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Exploring the Isometric Drawing Tool
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore using an isometric drawing tool and gain practice and experience in manipulating drawings. They explore polyhedra using different representations and perspectives.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 24: Represent threedimensional figures using nets made up of rectangles and triangles, and use the nets to find the surface area of these figures. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G4] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 13: Describe the twodimensional figures that result from slicing threedimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids. [7G3] [MA2013] (8) 16: Verify experimentally the properties of rotations, reflections, and translations: [8G1] [MA2013] (8) 17: Understand that a twodimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them. [8G2] [MA2013] (8) 19: Understand that a twodimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar twodimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them. [8G4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 2: Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch). [GCO2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [GCO5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 38: Identify the shapes of twodimensional crosssections of threedimensional objects, and identify threedimensional objects generated by rotations of twodimensional objects. [GGMD4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Exploring the Isometric Drawing Tool
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore using an isometric drawing tool and gain practice and experience in manipulating drawings. They explore polyhedra using different representations and perspectives. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Inequalities in Triangles
Description:
In this Illuminations lesson, students use pasta to create models of triangles and nontriangles in order to investigate the relationship between the longest side of the triangle and the sum of the other two sides of the triangle. In addition, students measure the sides and angles of a scalene triangle and investigate the relationship between the location of the largest angle and largest side in a triangle. There are also links to online activity sheets.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 10: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180^{o}, base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent, the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length, and the medians of a triangle meet at a point. [GCO10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 17: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include a line parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two proportionally, and conversely; and the Pythagorean Theorem proved using triangle similarity. [GSRT4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Inequalities in Triangles
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students use pasta to create models of triangles and nontriangles in order to investigate the relationship between the longest side of the triangle and the sum of the other two sides of the triangle. In addition, students measure the sides and angles of a scalene triangle and investigate the relationship between the location of the largest angle and largest side in a triangle. There are also links to online activity sheets. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Triangle Classification
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In this Illuminations lesson, based on the Triangle Classification problem, students attempt to classify triangles formed in a plane when a randomly selected point is connected to the endpoints of a given line segment. Students classify triangles according to sides and angles. In addition, there are links to online activity sheets and other related resources.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 23: Draw polygons in the coordinate plane given coordinates for the vertices; use coordinates to find the length of a side joining points with the same first coordinate or the same second coordinate. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G3] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Triangle Classification
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, based on the Triangle Classification problem, students attempt to classify triangles formed in a plane when a randomly selected point is connected to the endpoints of a given line segment. Students classify triangles according to sides and angles. In addition, there are links to online activity sheets and other related resources. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Triangle Classification
Description:
This transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, asks students to identify all points that create right, obtuse, isosceles, acute, scalene and equilateral triangles when given an AB segment.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 26: Construct the inscribed and circumscribed circles of a triangle, and prove properties of angles for a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle. [GC3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Triangle Classification
Description: This transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, asks students to identify all points that create right, obtuse, isosceles, acute, scalene and equilateral triangles when given an AB segment. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Mathematics and Children's Literature
Description:
In this fivelesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. Five pieces of literature are applied to teaching a wide range of topics in the mathematics curriculum, from sorting and classifying to the meaning of averages.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 17: Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l). (Excludes compound units such as cm^{3} and finding the geometric volume of a container.) Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve onestep word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. (Excludes multiplicative comparison problems (problems involving notions of "times as much").) (See Appendix A, Table 2.) [3MD2] [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 13: Write, read, and evaluate expressions in which letters stand for numbers. [6EE2] [MA2013] (6) 22: Find the volume of a right rectangular prism with fractional edge lengths by packing it with unit cubes of the appropriate unit fraction edge lengths, and show that the volume is the same as would be found by multiplying the edge lengths of the prism. Apply the formulas V = lwh and V = Bh to find volumes of right rectangular prisms with fractional edge lengths in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G2] [MA2013] (6) 23: Draw polygons in the coordinate plane given coordinates for the vertices; use coordinates to find the length of a side joining points with the same first coordinate or the same second coordinate. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G3] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6] [MA2013] (8) 24: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres, and use them to solve realworld and mathematical problems. [8G9] [ELA2013] (3) 29: Recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories. [W.3.8] [ELA2013] (5) 1: Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. [RL.5.1] [ELA2013] (5) 10: Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text. [RI.5.1] [ELA2013] (5) 13: Determine the meaning of general academic and domainspecific words and phrases in a text relevant to a Grade 5 topic or subject area. [RI.5.4] [ELA2013] (5) 18: Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably. [RI.5.9] [ELA2013] (6) 7: Compare and contrast the experience of reading a story, drama, or poem to listening to or viewing an audio, video, or live version of the text, including contrasting what they "see" and "hear" when reading the text to what they perceive when they listen or watch. [RL.6.7] [ELA2013] (6) 8: Differentiate among odes, ballads, epic poetry, and science fiction. (Alabama) [ELA2013] (6) 9: Compare and contrast texts in different forms or genres (e.g., stories and poems; historical novels and fantasy stories) in terms of their approaches to similar themes and topics. [RL.6.9] [ELA2013] (6) 10: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the Grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RL.6.10] [ELA2013] (7) 7: Compare and contrast a written story, drama, or poem to its audio, filmed, staged, or multimedia version, analyzing the effects of techniques unique to each medium (e.g., lighting, sound, color, or camera focus and angles in a film). [RL.7.7] [ELA2013] (7) 8: Compare and contrast a fictional portrayal of a time, place, or character and a historical account of the same period as a means of understanding how authors of fiction use or alter history. [RL.7.9] [ELA2013] (7) 9: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the Grades 68 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. [RL.7.10] [ELA2013] (8) 7: Analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors. [RL.8.7] [ELA2013] (8) 8: Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new. [RL.8.9] [ELA2013] (8) 9: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of Grades 68 text complexity band independently and proficiently. [RL.8.10]
Subject: Language Arts,Mathematics Title: Mathematics and Children's Literature
Description: In this fivelesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. Five pieces of literature are applied to teaching a wide range of topics in the mathematics curriculum, from sorting and classifying to the meaning of averages. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: Sorting Polygons
Description:
In this Illuminations lesson, students identify and classify polygons according to various attributes. Extensions to fundamental ideas about probability and statistics are also included.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Sorting Polygons
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students identify and classify polygons according to various attributes. Extensions to fundamental ideas about probability and statistics are also included. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
ALEX Podcasts
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Title: Angles
Overview:
This is a studentnarrated PowerPoint about angles. The student defines different types of angles such as right, acute, obtuse, straight, vertical, interior, and exterior. She also describes angle measurement and application of angle measurement. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (4) 23: Recognize angles as geometric shapes that are formed wherever two rays share a common endpoint, and understand concepts of angle measurement. [4MD5] [MA2013] (4) 24: Measure angles in wholenumber degrees using a protractor. Sketch angles of specified measure. [4MD6] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2] [MA2013] (5) 25: Understand that attributes belonging to a category of twodimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. [5G3] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2]
Angles Overview: This is a studentnarrated PowerPoint about angles. The student defines different types of angles such as right, acute, obtuse, straight, vertical, interior, and exterior. She also describes angle measurement and application of angle measurement.
Web Resources
Interactives/Games
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Title: Math Makes a Connection: Exploring Angle Sums
Description:
In this interactive game, students will explore the sum of the measures of the interior angles of triangles, quadrilaterals, and other polygons using rotations of 180 degrees about a midpoint of a side. This game is part of the Connected Math site.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 20: Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle sum and exterior angle of triangles, about the angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal, and the angleangle criterion for similarity of triangles. [8G5] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2]
Math Makes a Connection: Exploring Angle Sums
http://connectedmath...
In this interactive game, students will explore the sum of the measures of the interior angles of triangles, quadrilaterals, and other polygons using rotations of 180 degrees about a midpoint of a side. This game is part of the Connected Math site.
Thinkfinity Learning Activities
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Title: IGD: Angle Bisector
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students understand and investigate angle bisectors. Students read a definition and then construct an angle bisector using the interactive tool. Finally, students take a closer look at the properties of angle bisectors by answering a set of questions and then checking their answers.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 9: Prove theorems about lines and angles. Theorems include vertical angles are congruent; when a transversal crosses parallel lines, alternate interior angles are congruent and corresponding angles are congruent; and points on a perpendicular bisector of a line segment are exactly those equidistant from the segment's endpoints. [GCO9] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] MI1 (912) 11: Describe the development of mathematical tools and their applications. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: IGD: Angle Bisector
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students understand and investigate angle bisectors. Students read a definition and then construct an angle bisector using the interactive tool. Finally, students take a closer look at the properties of angle bisectors by answering a set of questions and then checking their answers. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: IGD: Euler Line
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students understand and investigate Euler lines. Students read a definition and then construct the Euler line of a triangle using the interactive tool. They learn that the Euler line involves three points associated with triangles: the circumcenter, orthocenter, and centroid.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 10: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180^{o}, base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent, the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length, and the medians of a triangle meet at a point. [GCO10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 18: Use congruence and similarity criteria for triangles to solve problems and to prove relationships in geometric figures. [GSRT5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 26: Construct the inscribed and circumscribed circles of a triangle, and prove properties of angles for a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle. [GC3] [MA2013] MI1 (912) 11: Describe the development of mathematical tools and their applications. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: IGD: Euler Line
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students understand and investigate Euler lines. Students read a definition and then construct the Euler line of a triangle using the interactive tool. They learn that the Euler line involves three points associated with triangles: the circumcenter, orthocenter, and centroid. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: IGD: Median
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students understand and investigate the median of a triangle. Students read a definition and then use the interactive tool to manipulate and explore the properties of triangle medians by changing the shape of a triangle.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 10: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180^{o}, base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent, the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length, and the medians of a triangle meet at a point. [GCO10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 17: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include a line parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two proportionally, and conversely; and the Pythagorean Theorem proved using triangle similarity. [GSRT4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 26: Construct the inscribed and circumscribed circles of a triangle, and prove properties of angles for a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle. [GC3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: IGD: Median
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students understand and investigate the median of a triangle. Students read a definition and then use the interactive tool to manipulate and explore the properties of triangle medians by changing the shape of a triangle. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: IGD: Perpendicular Bisector
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students understand and investigate perpendicular bisectors, which are lines perpendicular to a segment that divide it into two congruent segments. Students read a definition and then construct a perpendicular bisector of a segment using the interactive tool.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 1: Know precise definitions of angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, and line segment based on the undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc. [GCO1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 9: Prove theorems about lines and angles. Theorems include vertical angles are congruent; when a transversal crosses parallel lines, alternate interior angles are congruent and corresponding angles are congruent; and points on a perpendicular bisector of a line segment are exactly those equidistant from the segment's endpoints. [GCO9] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12]
Subject: Mathematics Title: IGD: Perpendicular Bisector
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students understand and investigate perpendicular bisectors, which are lines perpendicular to a segment that divide it into two congruent segments. Students read a definition and then construct a perpendicular bisector of a segment using the interactive tool. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Isometric Dot Paper
Description:
Print this isometric grid worksheet and use it to easily draw threedimensional figures, such as cubes.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 24: Represent threedimensional figures using nets made up of rectangles and triangles, and use the nets to find the surface area of these figures. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G4] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 13: Describe the twodimensional figures that result from slicing threedimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids. [7G3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Isometric Dot Paper
Description: Print this isometric grid worksheet and use it to easily draw threedimensional figures, such as cubes. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Isometric Drawing Tool
Description:
Create dynamic drawings on isometric dot paper with this interactive tool. Draw 2D and 3D figures using edges, faces, or cubes that you can shift, rotate, color, or decompose.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (3) 25: Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. [3G2] [MA2013] (4) 26: Draw points, lines, line segments, rays, angles (right, acute, obtuse), and perpendicular and parallel lines. Identify these in twodimensional figures. [4G1] [MA2013] (4) 27: Classify twodimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size. Recognize right triangles as a category, and identify right triangles. [4G2] [MA2013] (5) 25: Understand that attributes belonging to a category of twodimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. [5G3] [MA2013] (5) 26: Classify twodimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. [5G4] [MA2013] (6) 22: Find the volume of a right rectangular prism with fractional edge lengths by packing it with unit cubes of the appropriate unit fraction edge lengths, and show that the volume is the same as would be found by multiplying the edge lengths of the prism. Apply the formulas V = lwh and V = Bh to find volumes of right rectangular prisms with fractional edge lengths in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G2] [MA2013] (6) 24: Represent threedimensional figures using nets made up of rectangles and triangles, and use the nets to find the surface area of these figures. Apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G4] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 13: Describe the twodimensional figures that result from slicing threedimensional figures, as in plane sections of right rectangular prisms and right rectangular pyramids. [7G3] [MA2013] (8) 19: Understand that a twodimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar twodimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them. [8G4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 2: Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch). [GCO2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 38: Identify the shapes of twodimensional crosssections of threedimensional objects, and identify threedimensional objects generated by rotations of twodimensional objects. [GGMD4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Isometric Drawing Tool
Description: Create dynamic drawings on isometric dot paper with this interactive tool. Draw 2D and 3D figures using edges, faces, or cubes that you can shift, rotate, color, or decompose. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: Triangle Classification
Description:
This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to turn a segment into a right triangle, an isosceles triangle, and an obtuse triangle.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 10: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180^{o}, base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent, the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length, and the medians of a triangle meet at a point. [GCO10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 13: Construct an equilateral triangle, a square, and a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle. [GCO13] [MA2013] GEO (912) 17: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include a line parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two proportionally, and conversely; and the Pythagorean Theorem proved using triangle similarity. [GSRT4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Triangle Classification
Description: This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to turn a segment into a right triangle, an isosceles triangle, and an obtuse triangle. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Triangle Island
Description:
This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to explore the distances from an interior point of a polygon to its sides and determine the sum of these distances.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 10: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180^{o}, base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent, the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length, and the medians of a triangle meet at a point. [GCO10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 17: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include a line parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two proportionally, and conversely; and the Pythagorean Theorem proved using triangle similarity. [GSRT4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Triangle Island
Description: This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to explore the distances from an interior point of a polygon to its sides and determine the sum of these distances. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Fractal Tool
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, illustrates iteration graphically. Students can view preset iterations of various shapes and/or choose to create their own iterations.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 24: Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories. [3G1] [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6] [MA2013] (8) 19: Understand that a twodimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar twodimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them. [8G4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 27: Recognize that sequences are functions, sometimes defined recursively, whose domain is a subset of the integers. [FIF3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 15: Given two figures, use the definition of similarity in terms of similarity transformations to decide if they are similar; explain using similarity transformations the meaning of similarity for triangles as the equality of all corresponding pairs of angles and the proportionality of all corresponding pairs of sides. [GSRT2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 18: Use congruence and similarity criteria for triangles to solve problems and to prove relationships in geometric figures. [GSRT5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1] [MA2013] MI1 (912) 9: Analyze works of visual art and architecture for mathematical relationships. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL1 (912) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [FBF2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Fractal Tool
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, illustrates iteration graphically. Students can view preset iterations of various shapes and/or choose to create their own iterations. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

