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 Lesson Plans (27) Podcasts (1) Interactives/Games (1) Learning Activities (3)

## ALEX Lesson Plans

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Subject: Mathematics (7), or Science (5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Puzzling Pangaea
Description: In this lesson students will work collaboratively to research information in order to prove or disprove if a super continent ever existed. Students will create a model of Pangaea to show how their research findings ‘connect' in a puzzle format. Students will conduct a survey to find out their peers opinion of Pangaea and communicate the results in graphs.

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Subject: Mathematics (7)
Title: Flipping out over Probability!
Description: By flipping a coin, students will explore the relationship between experimental probability and theoretical probability. By working in cooperative groups or pairs, students will examine the probability of outcomes and use this knowledge to predict results in other games of chance and simulations.   A list of books that can be used to teach probability have been included for those teachers that engage students with text other than the mathematics book.

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Subject: Arts Education (2), or English Language Arts (2), or English Language Arts (K), or Mathematics (7)
Title: Who Do You Think You Are?
Description: Students will demonstrate an understanding of character through improvisation.  Students will imagine and clearly describe their characters through performance.  They will relate a character's actions and emotions and create a setting.

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Subject: Mathematics (7)
Title: It’s in the Bag!
Description: It’s in the Bag will allow students to explore basic principles of probability. Students will investigation the likelihood of a certain color cube coming out of a bag.  Then proceed to write word problems involving the plausible outcomes. This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.

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Subject: Mathematics (7)
Title: Maybe… Maybe Not
Description: In Maybe…Maybe Not students will explore and investigate components of probability. This lesson will enable students to develop understanding of a likelihood line and apply events to the line.   This lesson plan was created by exemplary Alabama Math Teachers through the AMSTI project.

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Subject: English Language Arts (3), or English Language Arts (3), or Mathematics (7), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Description: This lesson will allow the student to experience  a series of informal comparisons,  The student will explore the chances of various outcomes of an event. The student will use vocabulary associated with probability.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.

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Subject: Mathematics (7)
Title: Don't Compound the Problem
Description: Students will be able to determine the probability of a compound event. Drawing on their knowledge of simple probability to find the probability of more complex outcomes. Students will create a poster, PowerPoint, booklet, or foldable to display the process of calculating a compound probability.

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Subject: Mathematics (7)
Title: Wheel of Fortune and Probability
Description: This activity will lead students to discover a real life application of probability.  This activity utilizes various skills, such as data organization, data analysis, and probability computations.  Students will work in cooperative groups to complete the lesson.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.

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Subject: English Language Arts (3), or English Language Arts (3), or Mathematics (7), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Maybe - Maybe Not  (Probability Introduction)
Description: This is a beginning lesson on the concept of probability. Through a series of informal comparisons, the student will explore the chances of various outcomes of an event. The student will use vocabulary associated with probability.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.

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Subject: Mathematics (7), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: What Are the Chances?
Description: Students will use technology to investigate probability from basic terms to the theoretical probability of events.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

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Subject: Arts Education (7 - 12), or Mathematics (6 - 7)
Title: The Name Game (incorporates measures of central tendency and probability).
Description: This Investigation is adapted from the Connected Math Unit "Data About Us". This investigation develops some introductory statistical and probability techniques. Students collect and organize data about the numbers of letters in their names. This open-ended problem will help you to assess the techniques your students have developed to organize, summarize and display data.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

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Subject: Mathematics (7), or Science (7)
Title: Can You Curl Your Tongue?
Description: This lesson is adapted from a Connected Mathematics Unit, How Likely is It? This investigation introduces biology as a source of applications for probability. In this lesson, Curling your Tongue, students determine how many students in the class can curl their tongues and use this data to make predictions about the probability of any one student being able to curl his or her tongue. Then they "Tracing Traits-the experimental method is compared with the way in which geneticists study a person’s traits: by examining the genetic makeup of the person’s parents, grandparents, and other relatives. Students then gain experience with determining whether people have the tongue-curling trait based on the genetic probabilities. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

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Subject: Mathematics (7)
Title: Probability
Description: The purpose of this lesson is to begin the process of helping students to learn the basic principles of probability. The students will also collect data, interpret data, and determine the fairness of the game rock, paper, scissors.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

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Subject: Mathematics (7), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Probability with Tree Diagrams
Description: Following an Illuminations lesson on tree diagrams and probability, students work independently using a PowerPoint tutorial. The PowerPoint tutorial attachment provides review and practice problems.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

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Subject: Mathematics (7)
Title: Making Compound Probability Simple
Description: Students will determine the probability of a compound event. Students will draw on their knowledge of simple probability to find the probability of more complex outcomes. Students will create a poster, PowerPoint, booklet, or foldable to display the process of calculating a compound probability.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

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Subject: English Language Arts (5 - 6), or English Language Arts (5 - 6), or Mathematics (6 - 7)
Title: I Scream for Ice Cream!
Description: In this lesson, students will figure out how many different combinations of ice cream flavors and cones they can make. Students will work cooperatively to make the different combinations. They will use various materials to actually make the combinations. The students will also need to include in writing how their group came up with these combinations, and if they noticed any kind of short cut to help them out.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

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Subject: Mathematics (7), or Science (8), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Probability- What Are The Odds?
Description: This lesson introduces the student to the concept of probability. Students will explore the meaning of theoretical and experimental probability by viewing interactive websites. A lab activity will be performed using cooperative learning groups to allow the students to determine experimental and theoretical probability.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

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Subject: Mathematics (7)
Title: Determining Fairness in Games of Chance
Description: This activity reviews and incorporates the laws of probability. Students will analyze various games of chance to determine their "fairness". Students will also view a United Streaming video on gaming and do a math journaling activity to show understanding of probability and fairness in games of chance.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

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Subject: Mathematics (7 - 12), or Technology Education (9 - 12)
Title: Dice Roll Project
Description: This project is a fun way for students to observe the integration of a probability lesson with spreadsheet software. Students will record 36 rolls of a pair of dice. After they record their data, students will manually calculate the mean, median, mode and range. Students will then observe how quickly a computer can do those same calculations and many more things with that same data. Students will also compare experimental outcomes to the theoretical outcome.

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Subject: English Language Arts (3), or English Language Arts (3 - 5), or Mathematics (7), or Science (3), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Investigating the Weather
Description: During this lesson, students will study, record, and predict weather. Students will work in groups to create a weather word wall, research and make a barometer, and create a video about weather. Students will also use the Internet to learn more about weather.

## Thinkfinity Lesson Plans

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Subject: Mathematics
Title: The Game of SKUNK
Description: In this lesson, from Illuminations, students practice decision-making skills while playing a dice game called Skunk. This allows them to develop a better understanding of mathematical probability and of the concept of choice versus chance.
Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations

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Subject: Mathematics
Title: Boxing Up
Description: In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the relationship between theoretical and experimental probabilities. They use an interactive box model that allows them to simulate standard probability experiments such as flipping a coin or rolling a die.
Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations

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Subject: Mathematics
Title: Sticks and Stones
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students play Sticks and Stones, a game based on the Apache game Throw Sticks, which was played at multi-nation celebrations. Students collect data, investigate the likelihood of various moves, and use basic ideas of expected value to determine the average number of turns needed to win a game.
Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations

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Subject: Mathematics
Title: Sticks and Stones Demo
Description: This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to generate random throws for the game '' Sticks and Stones.'' In the game, three sticks are tossed and a player moves his or her marker according to how the sticks land.
Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations

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Subject: Mathematics
Description: This Illuminations lesson demonstrates the birthday paradox, using it as a springboard into a unit on probability. Students use the TI-83 graphing calculator to run a Monte Carlo simulation with the birthday paradox and engage in a graphical analysis of the birthday-problem function.
Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations

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Subject: Mathematics
Title: Explorations with Chance
Description: In this lesson, from Illuminations, students analyze the fairness of certain games by examining the probabilities of the outcomes. The explorations provide opportunities for the learning phases of predicting results, playing the games, and calculating probability ratios.
Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations

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Subject: Mathematics
Title: Stick or Switch?
Description: This lesson, from Illuminations, presents a version of a classic game-show scenario. You pick one of three doors in hopes of winning the prize. The host opens one of the two remaining doors, which reveals no prize, and then asks if you wish to stick or switch. Which choice gives you the best chance to win? Students explore different approaches to this problem including guesses, experiments, computer simulations, and theoretical models.
Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations

## ALEX Podcasts

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Lip Balm Science
Overview:
This podcast is associated with the lesson plan, Lip Balm Science. The podcast shows the students creating lip balms, collecting data to test the lip balms and shows the results of the data collection.

## Web Resources

### Podcasts

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Introduction to Probability
This Khan Academy video provides a general overview and introduction to basic probability.

### Interactives/Games

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Probably a Star
http://www.xpmath.co...
This interactive games reenforces determining probability.

## Thinkfinity Learning Activities

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Subject: Mathematics
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, allows students to create their own spinners and examine the outcomes given a specified number of spins. Students learn that experimental probabilities differ according to the characteristics of the model.
Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations

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Subject: Mathematics
Title: Fire
Description: In this student interactive, from Illuminations, students can see the results of a fire if a forest is densely planted in a rectangular grid. Students are able to choose a starting place for the fire and enter the probability that a given tree will burn.
Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations