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Title: Density
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Density is the ratio of mass to volume. Density will be introduced to students by a demonstration of coke verses diet coke. The teacher will then solve density problems for the students on the board. The class will then complete a lab on the density of plastics. After lab the students will compare results. Each group will present a Powerpoint presentation of their results.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [S1] (8) 1: Identify steps within the scientific process. [S1] CHE (912) 1: Differentiate among pure substances, mixtures, elements, and compounds. [S1] ENV (912) 1: Identify the influence of human population, technology, and cultural and industrial changes on the environment. [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 6: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. [NQ3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 15: Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest, using the same reasoning as in solving equations. [ACED4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 17: Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable, including equations with coefficients represented by letters. [AREI3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] ALC (912) 1: Create algebraic models for applicationbased problems by developing and solving equations and inequalities, including those involving direct, inverse, and joint variation. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 40: Apply concepts of density based on area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, British Thermal Units (BTUs) per cubic foot).* [GMG2]
Subject: Mathematics (9  12), or Science (8  12)
Title: Density
Description: Density is the ratio of mass to volume. Density will be introduced to students by a demonstration of coke verses diet coke. The teacher will then solve density problems for the students on the board. The class will then complete a lab on the density of plastics. After lab the students will compare results. Each group will present a Powerpoint presentation of their results.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Cosmic Measurements
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In this lesson, students will use hands on inquiry in cooperative learning groups to understand, develop and analyze common measurements used by astronomers. Students will use common objects such as straws, twizzlers, or toothpicks to measure the distance from a fixed object or central location to other objects. The students will then use this information to develop a unit of measurement like the astronomical unit. The students will measure the speed of an object such as a remote control car and use this to develop a unit similar to the lightyear. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [S1] E&S (912) 8: Explain the terms astronomical unit and light year. [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 6: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. [NQ3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 12: Create equations and inequalities in one variable, and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [ACED1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 15: Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest, using the same reasoning as in solving equations. [ACED4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] ALC (912) 1: Create algebraic models for applicationbased problems by developing and solving equations and inequalities, including those involving direct, inverse, and joint variation. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 10: Critique measurements in terms of precision, accuracy, and approximate error. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics (9  12), or Science (9  12)
Title: Cosmic Measurements
Description: In this lesson, students will use hands on inquiry in cooperative learning groups to understand, develop and analyze common measurements used by astronomers. Students will use common objects such as straws, twizzlers, or toothpicks to measure the distance from a fixed object or central location to other objects. The students will then use this information to develop a unit of measurement like the astronomical unit. The students will measure the speed of an object such as a remote control car and use this to develop a unit similar to the lightyear. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: I Can Determine The Height Of A Rocket!
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The lesson is intended to give students a fun realworld experience in applying their math skills. They will use trigonometric ratios to calculate heights of tall structures. They will also use the Internet to convert their calculations from standard to metric units and visa versa.
Standard(s): [TC2] CA2 (912) 11: Critique digital content for validity, accuracy, bias, currency, and relevance. [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 6: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. [NQ3] [MA2013] ALC (912) 8: Determine missing information in an applicationbased situation using properties of right triangles, including trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean Theorem. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALT (912) 39: Define the six trigonometric functions using ratios of the sides of a right triangle, coordinates on the unit circle, and the reciprocal of other functions. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 15: Given two figures, use the definition of similarity in terms of similarity transformations to decide if they are similar; explain using similarity transformations the meaning of similarity for triangles as the equality of all corresponding pairs of angles and the proportionality of all corresponding pairs of sides. [GSRT2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 18: Use congruence and similarity criteria for triangles to solve problems and to prove relationships in geometric figures. [GSRT5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 19: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles in the triangle leading to definitions of trigonometric ratios for acute angles. [GSRT6] [MA2013] GEO (912) 21: Use trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve right triangles in applied problems.* [GSRT8] [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1]
Subject: Mathematics (9  12), or Technology Education (9  12)
Title: I Can Determine The Height Of A Rocket!
Description: The lesson is intended to give students a fun realworld experience in applying their math skills. They will use trigonometric ratios to calculate heights of tall structures. They will also use the Internet to convert their calculations from standard to metric units and visa versa.
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Title: Water Tank Creations Part I
Description:
In this lesson students will study the surface area and volume of threedimensional shapes by creating a water tank comprised of these shapes. Students will work in groups of 45 to research water tanks, develop scale drawings and build a scale model. Teacher will evaluate the project using a rubric and students will assess one anothers cooperative skills using a rubric.
Standard(s): [TC2] CA2 (912) 5: Utilize advanced features of spreadsheet software, including creating charts and graphs,
sorting and filtering data, creating formulas, and applying functions. [TC2] CA2 (912) 4: Utilize advanced features of word processing software, including outlining, tracking changes,
hyperlinking, and mail merging. [MA2013] (7) 11: Solve problems involving scale drawings of geometric figures, including computing actual lengths and areas from a scale drawing and reproducing a scale drawing at a different scale. [7G1] [MA2013] (7) 12: Draw (freehand, with ruler and protractor, and with technology) geometric shapes with given conditions. Focus on constructing triangles from three measures of angles or sides, noticing when the conditions determine a unique triangle, more than one triangle, or no triangle. [7G2] [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6] [MA2013] (8) 24: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres, and use them to solve realworld and mathematical problems. [8G9] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 6: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. [NQ3] [MA2013] ALC (912) 11: Use ratios of perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar figures to solve applied problems. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 36: Use volume formulas for cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.* [GGMD3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 37: Determine the relationship between surface areas of similar figures and volumes of similar figures. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 40: Apply concepts of density based on area and volume in modeling situations (e.g., persons per square mile, British Thermal Units (BTUs) per cubic foot).* [GMG2]
Subject: Mathematics (7  12), or Technology Education (9  12)
Title: Water Tank Creations Part I
Description: In this lesson students will study the surface area and volume of threedimensional shapes by creating a water tank comprised of these shapes. Students will work in groups of 45 to research water tanks, develop scale drawings and build a scale model. Teacher will evaluate the project using a rubric and students will assess one anothers cooperative skills using a rubric.
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Title: Swimming Pool Math
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Students will use a swimming pool example to practice finding perimeter and area of different rectangles.
Standard(s): [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1] [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 1: Create algebraic models for applicationbased problems by developing and solving equations and inequalities, including those involving direct, inverse, and joint variation. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 14: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. [ACED3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 12: Create equations and inequalities in one variable, and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [ACED1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] ALC (912) 11: Use ratios of perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar figures to solve applied problems. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 41: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost, working with typographic grid systems based on ratios).* [GMG3] [MA2013] (6) 21: Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G1] [MA2013] (8) 24: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres, and use them to solve realworld and mathematical problems. [8G9]
Subject: Mathematics (6  12)
Title: Swimming Pool Math
Description: Students will use a swimming pool example to practice finding perimeter and area of different rectangles.
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Title: Make a Conjecture
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They are asked to think about the mathematics involved in determining the amount of blood being pumped by a heart.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 6: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. [NQ3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 12: Create equations and inequalities in one variable, and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [ACED1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 14: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. [ACED3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 32: Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. [FIF8] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 39: Observe, using graphs and tables, that a quantity increasing exponentially eventually exceeds a quantity increasing linearly, quadratically, or (more generally) as a polynomial function. [FLE3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 41: Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots). [SID1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 42: Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets. [SID2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] ALC (912) 3: Use formulas or equations of functions to calculate outcomes of exponential growth or decay. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 5: Determine approximate rates of change of nonlinear relationships from graphical and numerical data. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL2 (912) 12: Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context.* [ASSE1] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 20: Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [ACED1] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 22: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities, and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. [ACED3] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 30: Graph functions expressed symbolically, and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 37: (+) Use probabilities to make fair decisions (e.g., drawing by lots, using a random number generator). [SMD6] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 38: (+) Analyze decisions and strategies using probability concepts (e.g., product testing, medical testing, pulling a hockey goalie at the end of a game). [SMD7] [MA2013] ALT (912) 12: Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context.* [ASSE1] [MA2013] ALT (912) 20: Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [ACED1] [MA2013] ALT (912) 22: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities, and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. [ACED3] [MA2013] PRE (912) 16: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. (Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. Determine odd, even, neither.)* [FIF4] (Alabama) [MA2013] ALT (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] ALT (912) 30: Graph functions expressed symbolically, and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] ALT (912) 37: Use the mean and standard deviation of a data set to fit it to a normal distribution and to estimate population percentages. Recognize that there are data sets for which such a procedure is not appropriate. Use calculators, spreadsheets, and tables to estimate areas under the normal curve. [SID4] [MA2013] PRE (912) 44: Understand statistics as a process for making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population. [SIC1] [MA2013] PRE (912) 45: Decide if a specified model is consistent with results from a given datagenerating process, e.g., using simulation. [SIC2] [MA2013] PRE (912) 46: Recognize the purposes of and differences among sample surveys, experiments, and observational studies; explain how randomization relates to each. [SIC3] [MA2013] PRE (912) 49: Evaluate reports based on data. [SIC6] [MA2013] ALT (912) 41: (+) Use probabilities to make fair decisions (e.g., drawing by lots, using a random number generator). [SMD6] [MA2013] ALT (912) 42: (+) Analyze decisions and strategies using probability concepts (e.g., product testing, medical testing, pulling a hockey goalie at the end of a game). [SMD7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [FBF2]
Subject: Health,Mathematics Title: Make a Conjecture
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They are asked to think about the mathematics involved in determining the amount of blood being pumped by a heart. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Count on Math
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In this unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, students develop number sense through activities involving collection, representation, and analysis of data. In addition, students practice reading and writing large numbers and use estimation to arrive at appropriate answers.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (3) 19: Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units — whole numbers, halves, or quarters. [3MD4] [MA2013] (4) 22: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}). Solve problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions by using information presented in line plots. [4MD4] [MA2013] (5) 19: Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (^{1}/_{2}, ^{1}/_{4}, ^{1}/_{8}).
Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. [5MD2] [MA2013] (6) 26: Understand that a set of data collected to answer a statistical question has a distribution which can be described by its center, spread, and overall shape. [6SP2] [MA2013] (6) 27: Recognize that a measure of center for a numerical data set summarizes all of its values with a single number, while a measure of variation describes how its values vary with a single number. [6SP3] [MA2013] (6) 28: Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms, and box plots. [6SP4] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 17: Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population; generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population. Understand that random sampling tends to produce representative samples and support valid inferences. [7SP1] [MA2013] (7) 18: Use data from a random sample to draw inferences about a population with an unknown characteristic of interest. Generate multiple samples (or simulated samples) of the same size to gauge the variation in estimates or predictions. [7SP2] [MA2013] (8) 5: Use numbers expressed in the form of a single digit times an integer power of 10 to estimate very large or very small quantities, and to express how many times as much one is than the other. [8EE3] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 6: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. [NQ3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 41: Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots). [SID1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 42: Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets. [SID2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [SID3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Count on Math
Description: In this unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, students develop number sense through activities involving collection, representation, and analysis of data. In addition, students practice reading and writing large numbers and use estimation to arrive at appropriate answers. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8
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Title: Getting into the Electoral College
Description:
In this unit of 3 lessons from Illuminations, students are engaged in activities involving percentages, ratios, and area, with a focus throughout on building problemsolving and reasoning skills. They are designed to be used individually to fit within curriculum being covered at the time of an election. Additionally, the lesson extensions include many ideas for interdisciplinary activities and some possible schoolwide activities.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 21: Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G1] [MA2013] (6) 25: Recognize a statistical question as one that anticipates variability in the data related to the question and accounts for it in the answers. [6SP1] [MA2013] (6) 27: Recognize that a measure of center for a numerical data set summarizes all of its values with a single number, while a measure of variation describes how its values vary with a single number. [6SP3] [MA2013] (6) 28: Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms, and box plots. [6SP4] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (7) 17: Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population; generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population. Understand that random sampling tends to produce representative samples and support valid inferences. [7SP1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 6: Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. [NQ3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 42: Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets. [SID2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [SID3] [MA2013] ALC (912) 11: Use ratios of perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar figures to solve applied problems. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Getting into the Electoral College
Description: In this unit of 3 lessons from Illuminations, students are engaged in activities involving percentages, ratios, and area, with a focus throughout on building problemsolving and reasoning skills. They are designed to be used individually to fit within curriculum being covered at the time of an election. Additionally, the lesson extensions include many ideas for interdisciplinary activities and some possible schoolwide activities. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Finding Our Top Speed
Description:
This Illuminations lesson sets the stage for a discussion of travel in the solar system. By considering a realworld, handson activity, students develop their understanding of time and distance. The mathematics necessary for the lesson relate to measuring time and distance as well as graphing to portray the data collected.
Standard(s): [S1] (6) 11: Describe units used to measure distance in space, including astronomical units and light years. [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 13: Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear. [8F3] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 15: Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally. [8F5] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Finding Our Top Speed
Description: This Illuminations lesson sets the stage for a discussion of travel in the solar system. By considering a realworld, handson activity, students develop their understanding of time and distance. The mathematics necessary for the lesson relate to measuring time and distance as well as graphing to portray the data collected. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8

