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Title: Determining Percent of Seed GerminationEnhancing mathematics in the career/technical classroom and providing relevance in the mathematics classroom
Description:
In this project, students will conduct an experiment to determine the percentage of seed that will germinate in a given time frame. Students will produce charts and graphs to represent the results algebraically. Mathematics and career/technical students can participate in this lab experiment together, or the activity can be conducted separately in either classroom. The mathematics teacher will want to adapt the student handouts to provide additional emphasis on mathematics and to remove emphasis on the career/technical.
This integrated lesson is the result of collaboration between Chip Blanton, an agriculture teacher, and Greg Pendergrass, a math teacher (Fort Payne HS). For information about using the eight step model for developing integrated projects developed by the Southern Regional Education Board, contact Leslie Carson at leslie.carson@sreb.org. For information about the project implementation, contact Chip Blanton (cblanton@ftpayk12.org) or Greg Pendergrass (gpendergrass@ftpayk12.org).
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (9  12), or Mathematics (9  12)
Title: Determining Percent of Seed GerminationEnhancing mathematics in the career/technical classroom and providing relevance in the mathematics classroom
Description: In this project, students will conduct an experiment to determine the percentage of seed that will germinate in a given time frame. Students will produce charts and graphs to represent the results algebraically. Mathematics and career/technical students can participate in this lab experiment together, or the activity can be conducted separately in either classroom. The mathematics teacher will want to adapt the student handouts to provide additional emphasis on mathematics and to remove emphasis on the career/technical.
This integrated lesson is the result of collaboration between Chip Blanton, an agriculture teacher, and Greg Pendergrass, a math teacher (Fort Payne HS). For information about using the eight step model for developing integrated projects developed by the Southern Regional Education Board, contact Leslie Carson at leslie.carson@sreb.org. For information about the project implementation, contact Chip Blanton (cblanton@ftpayk12.org) or Greg Pendergrass (gpendergrass@ftpayk12.org).
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Title: Math is Functional
Description:
This lesson is a technologybased activity in which students extend graphing of linear functions to the use of spreadsheet software. After students have become proficient in constructing a table of values, students are able to efficiently graph equations with more extensive computational requirements. Furthermore, inquiry and discovery about slope and yintercept will help students conceptualize material normally presented in Algebra I textbooks.
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2]
Subject: Mathematics (9  12), or Technology Education (9  12)
Title: Math is Functional
Description: This lesson is a technologybased activity in which students extend graphing of linear functions to the use of spreadsheet software. After students have become proficient in constructing a table of values, students are able to efficiently graph equations with more extensive computational requirements. Furthermore, inquiry and discovery about slope and yintercept will help students conceptualize material normally presented in Algebra I textbooks.
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Title: You Mean ANYTHING To The Zero Power Is One?
Description:
This lesson is a technologybased project to reinforce concepts related to the Exponential Function. It can be used in conjunction with any textbook practice set. Construction of computer models of several Exponential Functions will promote meaningful learning rather than memorization.
Standard(s):
Subject: Mathematics (9  12), or Technology Education (9  12)
Title: You Mean ANYTHING To The Zero Power Is One?
Description: This lesson is a technologybased project to reinforce concepts related to the Exponential Function. It can be used in conjunction with any textbook practice set. Construction of computer models of several Exponential Functions will promote meaningful learning rather than memorization.
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Title: Swimming Pool Math
Description:
Students will use a swimming pool example to practice finding perimeter and area of different rectangles.
Standard(s): [MA2015] (8) 24: Know the formulas for the volumes of cones, cylinders, and spheres, and use them to solve realworld and mathematical problems. [8G9]
Subject: Mathematics (6  12)
Title: Swimming Pool Math
Description: Students will use a swimming pool example to practice finding perimeter and area of different rectangles.
Thinkfinity Lesson Plans
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Title: Make a Conjecture
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They are asked to think about the mathematics involved in determining the amount of blood being pumped by a heart.
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (912) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [FBF2]
Subject: Health,Mathematics Title: Make a Conjecture
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They are asked to think about the mathematics involved in determining the amount of blood being pumped by a heart. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Graph Chart
Description:
Using this reproducible chart, from an Illuminations lesson, students record the independent and dependent variables, the function, symbolic function rule and rationale for a set of graphs. This resource can also be used as an overhead transparency so students can share their results with their classmates.
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Graph Chart
Description: Using this reproducible chart, from an Illuminations lesson, students record the independent and dependent variables, the function, symbolic function rule and rationale for a set of graphs. This resource can also be used as an overhead transparency so students can share their results with their classmates. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Automobile Mileage: Years Since 1990 vs. Mileage
Description:
This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, is another representation of the automobile mileage data used in previous lessons of this unit. This lesson provides another opportunity for students to analyze how changing the independent variable in a set of data can result in a different least squares regression line. Students can then use the new equation to make some of the same predictions they made in Lessons Five and Six. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Automobile Mileage: Years Since 1990 vs. Mileage
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, is another representation of the automobile mileage data used in previous lessons of this unit. This lesson provides another opportunity for students to analyze how changing the independent variable in a set of data can result in a different least squares regression line. Students can then use the new equation to make some of the same predictions they made in Lessons Five and Six. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Counting Embedded Figures
Description:
In this Illuminations lesson, students look for patterns in an embeddedsquare problem. After looking at the patterns, students form generalizations for the pattern. This activity sharpens students algebraic thinking and visualization skills.
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (912) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [FBF2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Counting Embedded Figures
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students look for patterns in an embeddedsquare problem. After looking at the patterns, students form generalizations for the pattern. This activity sharpens students algebraic thinking and visualization skills. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Graph Chart
Description:
This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, contains the answers to the similarly named student activity in which students identify the independent and dependent variables, the function, symbolic function rule and rationale for a set of graphs.
Standard(s): [MA2015] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Graph Chart
Description: This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, contains the answers to the similarly named student activity in which students identify the independent and dependent variables, the function, symbolic function rule and rationale for a set of graphs. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Graphing What
Description:
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, is used by students to record independent and dependent variables as well as the function and symbolic function rule for a set of graphs.
Standard(s): [MA2015] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Graphing What
Description: This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, is used by students to record independent and dependent variables as well as the function and symbolic function rule for a set of graphs. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Think of a Graph
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This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, asks students to sketch a graph in which the side length of a square is graphed on the horizontal axis and the perimeter of the square is graphed on the vertical axis.
Standard(s): [MA2015] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Think of a Graph
Description: This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, asks students to sketch a graph in which the side length of a square is graphed on the horizontal axis and the perimeter of the square is graphed on the vertical axis. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Inclined Plane
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In this multipleday activity, from Illuminations, students time balls rolling down inclines of varying lengths and heights. They then try to make inferences about the relationships among the variables involved.
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Inclined Plane
Description: In this multipleday activity, from Illuminations, students time balls rolling down inclines of varying lengths and heights. They then try to make inferences about the relationships among the variables involved. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Finding Our Top Speed
Description:
This Illuminations lesson sets the stage for a discussion of travel in the solar system. By considering a realworld, handson activity, students develop their understanding of time and distance. The mathematics necessary for the lesson relate to measuring time and distance as well as graphing to portray the data collected.
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Finding Our Top Speed
Description: This Illuminations lesson sets the stage for a discussion of travel in the solar system. By considering a realworld, handson activity, students develop their understanding of time and distance. The mathematics necessary for the lesson relate to measuring time and distance as well as graphing to portray the data collected. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Apple Pie Recording Chart
Description:
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to use strings and rulers to measure and record the distance around several round objects, as well as the distance across the middle of those objects.
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Apple Pie Recording Chart
Description: This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to use strings and rulers to measure and record the distance around several round objects, as well as the distance across the middle of those objects. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Automobile Mileage: Age vs. Mileage
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students plot data about automobile mileage and interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students analyze the meaning of the slope and yintercept of the line and put those meanings in the context of the reallife application. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
Standard(s):
Subject: Mathematics Title: Automobile Mileage: Age vs. Mileage
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students plot data about automobile mileage and interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students analyze the meaning of the slope and yintercept of the line and put those meanings in the context of the reallife application. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Automobile Mileage: Comparing and Contrasting
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students compare and contrast their findings from previous lessons of the unit. This lesson allows students the time they need to think about and discuss what they have done in the previous lessons. This lesson provides the teacher with another opportunity to listen to student discourse and assess student understanding.
Standard(s): [MA2015] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Automobile Mileage: Comparing and Contrasting
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students compare and contrast their findings from previous lessons of the unit. This lesson allows students the time they need to think about and discuss what they have done in the previous lessons. This lesson provides the teacher with another opportunity to listen to student discourse and assess student understanding. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Bathtub Water Levels
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students examine reallife data that illustrates a negative slope. Students interpret the meaning of the negative slope and yintercept of the graph of the reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
Standard(s): [MA2015] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Bathtub Water Levels
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students examine reallife data that illustrates a negative slope. Students interpret the meaning of the negative slope and yintercept of the graph of the reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Exploring Linear Data
Description:
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students model linear data in a variety of settings. Students can work alone or in small groups to construct scatterplots, interpret data points and trends, and investigate the notion of line of best fit.
Standard(s): [MA2015] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Exploring Linear Data
Description: In this lesson, from Illuminations, students model linear data in a variety of settings. Students can work alone or in small groups to construct scatterplots, interpret data points and trends, and investigate the notion of line of best fit. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: Gallery Walk
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students view the work of other students in the class and explain their own work. Students move from graph to graph during this time and, without any talking, view the work of their classmates. While on their Gallery Walk, the students think about the data their classmates plotted and whether or not the information accompanying each graph seems appropriate. Each pair of students then stands next to their own work and explains one of the graphs.
Standard(s): [MA2015] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Gallery Walk
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students view the work of other students in the class and explain their own work. Students move from graph to graph during this time and, without any talking, view the work of their classmates. While on their Gallery Walk, the students think about the data their classmates plotted and whether or not the information accompanying each graph seems appropriate. Each pair of students then stands next to their own work and explains one of the graphs. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Least Squares Regression
Description:
In this ninelesson unit, from Illuminations, students interpret the slope and yintercept of least squares regression lines in the context of reallife data. Students use an interactive applet to plot the data and calculate the correlation coefficient and equation of the least squares regression line. These lessons develop skills in connecting, communicating, reasoning, and problem solving as well as representing fundamental ideas about data.
Standard(s): [MA2015] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Least Squares Regression
Description: In this ninelesson unit, from Illuminations, students interpret the slope and yintercept of least squares regression lines in the context of reallife data. Students use an interactive applet to plot the data and calculate the correlation coefficient and equation of the least squares regression line. These lessons develop skills in connecting, communicating, reasoning, and problem solving as well as representing fundamental ideas about data. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: The Effects of Outliers
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This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, provides students with the opportunity to investigate the relationship between a set of data points and a curve used to fit the data points, using a computerbased interactive tool. Using the Regression Line Applet, students investigate the effect of outliers on a regression line and easily see their significance.
Standard(s): [MA2015] PRE (912) 44: Understand statistics as a process for making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population. [SIC1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: The Effects of Outliers
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, provides students with the opportunity to investigate the relationship between a set of data points and a curve used to fit the data points, using a computerbased interactive tool. Using the Regression Line Applet, students investigate the effect of outliers on a regression line and easily see their significance. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Traveling Distances
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept of a graph of reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the resulting least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
Standard(s): [MA2015] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Traveling Distances
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept of a graph of reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the resulting least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Investigating Pick's Theorem
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In this unit of three lessons, from Illuminations, students rediscover Pick's Theorem, which they were likely introduced to in middle school, and use algebra to determine the coefficients of the equation. They explore the concept of change as a mechanism for finding the coefficients of Pick's Theorem.
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Investigating Pick's Theorem
Description: In this unit of three lessons, from Illuminations, students rediscover Pick's Theorem, which they were likely introduced to in middle school, and use algebra to determine the coefficients of the equation. They explore the concept of change as a mechanism for finding the coefficients of Pick's Theorem. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Escape from the Tomb Activity
Description:
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, includes instructions and questions for a mathematical adventure game. In the game, students are given a problem in which two bowls are suspended from the ceiling by springs, and one bowl is lower than the other. Students must work out how many items should be placed in each bowl so that the heights of the bowls are the same.
Standard(s): [MA2015] AL2 (912) 22: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities, and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. [ACED3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Escape from the Tomb Activity
Description: This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, includes instructions and questions for a mathematical adventure game. In the game, students are given a problem in which two bowls are suspended from the ceiling by springs, and one bowl is lower than the other. Students must work out how many items should be placed in each bowl so that the heights of the bowls are the same. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
Thinkfinity Learning Activities
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Title: Flowing Through Mathematics
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This student interactive, from Illuminations, simulates water flowing from a tube through a hole in the bottom. The diameter of the hole can be adjusted and data can be gathered for the height or volume of water in the tube at any time.
Standard(s): [MA2015] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Flowing Through Mathematics
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, simulates water flowing from a tube through a hole in the bottom. The diameter of the hole can be adjusted and data can be gathered for the height or volume of water in the tube at any time. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12

