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Title: Determining Percent of Seed GerminationEnhancing mathematics in the career/technical classroom and providing relevance in the mathematics classroom
Description:
In this project, students will conduct an experiment to determine the percentage of seed that will germinate in a given time frame. Students will produce charts and graphs to represent the results algebraically. Mathematics and career/technical students can participate in this lab experiment together, or the activity can be conducted separately in either classroom. The mathematics teacher will want to adapt the student handouts to provide additional emphasis on mathematics and to remove emphasis on the career/technical.
This integrated lesson is the result of collaboration between Chip Blanton, an agriculture teacher, and Greg Pendergrass, a math teacher (Fort Payne HS). For information about using the eight step model for developing integrated projects developed by the Southern Regional Education Board, contact Leslie Carson at leslie.carson@sreb.org. For information about the project implementation, contact Chip Blanton (cblanton@ftpayk12.org) or Greg Pendergrass (gpendergrass@ftpayk12.org).
Standard(s): [AFN] J01 (912) 10: Determine characteristics and functions of plants. [AFN] J01 (912) 10: Determine characteristics and functions of plants. [AFN] J01 (912) 10: Determine characteristics and functions of plants. [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (9  12), or Mathematics (9  12)
Title: Determining Percent of Seed GerminationEnhancing mathematics in the career/technical classroom and providing relevance in the mathematics classroom
Description: In this project, students will conduct an experiment to determine the percentage of seed that will germinate in a given time frame. Students will produce charts and graphs to represent the results algebraically. Mathematics and career/technical students can participate in this lab experiment together, or the activity can be conducted separately in either classroom. The mathematics teacher will want to adapt the student handouts to provide additional emphasis on mathematics and to remove emphasis on the career/technical.
This integrated lesson is the result of collaboration between Chip Blanton, an agriculture teacher, and Greg Pendergrass, a math teacher (Fort Payne HS). For information about using the eight step model for developing integrated projects developed by the Southern Regional Education Board, contact Leslie Carson at leslie.carson@sreb.org. For information about the project implementation, contact Chip Blanton (cblanton@ftpayk12.org) or Greg Pendergrass (gpendergrass@ftpayk12.org).
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Title: Graphing is Great!
Description:
Students will explore graphing individually and in groups. They will also use an interactive activity to discuss slope and intercepts. To assess the lesson, students will use the floor tiles in the classroom as a large sheet of graph paper to graph with slopes and intercepts.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics (9  12)
Title: Graphing is Great!
Description: Students will explore graphing individually and in groups. They will also use an interactive activity to discuss slope and intercepts. To assess the lesson, students will use the floor tiles in the classroom as a large sheet of graph paper to graph with slopes and intercepts.
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Title: Exploring Slope
Description:
The purpose of this lesson is to help students see the real world application of slope. The students will view a movie clip of slope, calculate the slope of stairs in the school building, and analyze results.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4]
Subject: Mathematics (8  12)
Title: Exploring Slope
Description: The purpose of this lesson is to help students see the real world application of slope. The students will view a movie clip of slope, calculate the slope of stairs in the school building, and analyze results.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMSU Project.
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Title: Show Me The Money  Saving and Investing
Description:
Students will learn how to analyze several savings products from various financial institutions. They will also demonstrate the ability to discuss the role of saving and investment products. This a Commerce and Information Technology lesson plan.
Standard(s): [IL] (012) 1: The student who is information literate accesses information efficiently and effectively. [IL] (012) 2: The student who is information literate evaluates information critically and competently. [MA2013] AL1 (912) 10: Understand that polynomials form a system analogous to the integers; namely, they are closed under the operations of addition, subtraction, and multiplication; add, subtract, and multiply polynomials. [AAPR1] [MA2013] (7) 22: Approximate the probability of a chance event by collecting data on the chance process that produces it and observing its longrun relative frequency, and predict the approximate relative frequency given the probability. [7SP6] [MA2013] (7) 23: Develop a probability model and use it to find probabilities of events. Compare probabilities from a model to observed frequencies; if the agreement is not good, explain possible sources of the discrepancy. [7SP7] [MA2013] (7) 22: Approximate the probability of a chance event by collecting data on the chance process that produces it and observing its longrun relative frequency, and predict the approximate relative frequency given the probability. [7SP6] [MA2013] (7) 23: Develop a probability model and use it to find probabilities of events. Compare probabilities from a model to observed frequencies; if the agreement is not good, explain possible sources of the discrepancy. [7SP7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 10: Understand that polynomials form a system analogous to the integers; namely, they are closed under the operations of addition, subtraction, and multiplication; add, subtract, and multiply polynomials. [AAPR1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] ALC (912) 7: Use analytical, numerical, and graphical methods to make financial and economic decisions, including those involving banking and investments, insurance, personal budgets, credit purchases, recreation, and deceptive and fraudulent pricing and advertising. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 7: Use analytical, numerical, and graphical methods to make financial and economic decisions, including those involving banking and investments, insurance, personal budgets, credit purchases, recreation, and deceptive and fraudulent pricing and advertising. (Alabama)
Subject: Information Literacy (K  12), or Mathematics (7  12)
Title: Show Me The Money  Saving and Investing
Description: Students will learn how to analyze several savings products from various financial institutions. They will also demonstrate the ability to discuss the role of saving and investment products. This a Commerce and Information Technology lesson plan.
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Title: Explore the Transformations of Linear and Absolute Value Functions Using Graphing Utilities.
Description:
This inquiry lessons allows students to explore the rigid and nonrigid transformations of linear and absolute value functions using a graphing utility. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation..
Standard(s): [TC2] CA2 (912) 9: Practice ethical and legal use of technology systems and digital content. [TC2] CA2 (912) 11: Critique digital content for validity, accuracy, bias, currency, and relevance. [MA2013] AL2 (912) 13: Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it. [ASSE2] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 34: Identify the effect on the graph of replacing f(x) by f(x) + k, k f(x), f(kx), and f(x + k) for specific values of k (both positive and negative); find the value of k given the graphs. Experiment with cases and illustrate an explanation of the effects on the graph using technology. Include recognizing even and odd functions from their graphs and algebraic expressions for them.
[FBF3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 22: Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane, often forming a curve (which could be a line). [AREI10] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics (9  12), or Technology Education (9  12)
Title: Explore the Transformations of Linear and Absolute Value Functions Using Graphing Utilities.
Description: This inquiry lessons allows students to explore the rigid and nonrigid transformations of linear and absolute value functions using a graphing utility. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation..
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Title: My Peanut Butter is Better Than Yours!
Description:
The students will engage in the process of statistical data comparing data using tables and scatterplots. The students will compare data using measures of center (mean and median) and measures of spread (range). This lesson can be done with the worksheet or adapted to let the students use a graphing calculator to create their own scatter plot from the data table. This lesson is modified and adapted from Samples and Populations, Connected Math, Prentice Hall Publisher.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 28: Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms, and box plots. [6SP4] [MA2013] (7) 4: Apply and extend previous understandings of addition and subtraction to add and subtract rational numbers; represent addition and subtraction on a horizontal or vertical number line diagram. [7NS1] [MA2013] (7) 8: Understand that rewriting an expression in different forms in a problem context can shed light on the problem, and how the quantities in it are related. [7EE2] [MA2013] (7) 20: Use measures of center and measures of variability for numerical data from random samples to draw informal comparative inferences about two populations. [7SP4] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 42: Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. [SID8]
Subject: Mathematics (6  12)
Title: My Peanut Butter is Better Than Yours!
Description: The students will engage in the process of statistical data comparing data using tables and scatterplots. The students will compare data using measures of center (mean and median) and measures of spread (range). This lesson can be done with the worksheet or adapted to let the students use a graphing calculator to create their own scatter plot from the data table. This lesson is modified and adapted from Samples and Populations, Connected Math, Prentice Hall Publisher.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Investigating School Safety and Slope
Description:
Using a 'news report' approach, students investigate the slope of various stairways on the school campus and report on wheelchair accessibility and adherence to the Americans with Disabilities Act. (PowerPoint Included) An extension of this lesson includes the critique/design of existing/nonexistent ramps.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] ALC (912) 1: Create algebraic models for applicationbased problems by developing and solving equations and inequalities, including those involving direct, inverse, and joint variation. (Alabama) [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4]
Subject: Mathematics (8  12)
Title: Investigating School Safety and Slope
Description: Using a 'news report' approach, students investigate the slope of various stairways on the school campus and report on wheelchair accessibility and adherence to the Americans with Disabilities Act. (PowerPoint Included) An extension of this lesson includes the critique/design of existing/nonexistent ramps.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: What is the slope of the stairs in front of the school?
Description:
The purpose of this lesson is to help students apply the mathematical definition of slope to a concrete example. The students will learn to make the appropriate measurements and apply the formula to calculate the slope of the stairs experimentally.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 8: Use similar triangles to explain why the slope m is the same between any two distinct points on a nonvertical line in the coordinate plane; derive the equation y = mx for a line through the origin and the equation y = mx + b for a line intercepting the vertical axis at b. [8EE6] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 15: Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally. [8F5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] ALC (912) 1: Create algebraic models for applicationbased problems by developing and solving equations and inequalities, including those involving direct, inverse, and joint variation. (Alabama) [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] GEO (912) 31: Prove the slope criteria for parallel and perpendicular lines, and use them to solve geometric problems (e.g., find the equation of a line parallel or perpendicular to a given line that passes through a given point). [GGPE5]
Subject: Mathematics (8  12)
Title: What is the slope of the stairs in front of the school?
Description: The purpose of this lesson is to help students apply the mathematical definition of slope to a concrete example. The students will learn to make the appropriate measurements and apply the formula to calculate the slope of the stairs experimentally.
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Title: Finding the Slope of a Line
Description:
This lesson will use a slide presentation to facilitate teaching students how to find the slope of a line when given the graph of the line or two points. Students will interact with the presentation in two ways: first, by taking notes and practicing examples, and second, by linking to a slope activity on the Internet. This lesson may be done in one ninetyminute block or broken up over two fiftyminute periods. This lesson would be incorporated in a unit on graphing linear equations.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5]
Subject: Mathematics (8  12)
Title: Finding the Slope of a Line
Description: This lesson will use a slide presentation to facilitate teaching students how to find the slope of a line when given the graph of the line or two points. Students will interact with the presentation in two ways: first, by taking notes and practicing examples, and second, by linking to a slope activity on the Internet. This lesson may be done in one ninetyminute block or broken up over two fiftyminute periods. This lesson would be incorporated in a unit on graphing linear equations.
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Title: Math is Functional
Description:
This lesson is a technologybased activity in which students extend graphing of linear functions to the use of spreadsheet software. After students have become proficient in constructing a table of values, students are able to efficiently graph equations with more extensive computational requirements. Furthermore, inquiry and discovery about slope and yintercept will help students conceptualize material normally presented in Algebra I textbooks.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL2 (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 22: Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane, often forming a curve (which could be a line). [AREI10] [TC2] CA2 (912) 5: Utilize advanced features of spreadsheet software, including creating charts and graphs,
sorting and filtering data, creating formulas, and applying functions. [TC2] CA2 (912) 14: Use digital tools to defend solutions to authentic problems. [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2]
Subject: Mathematics (9  12), or Technology Education (9  12)
Title: Math is Functional
Description: This lesson is a technologybased activity in which students extend graphing of linear functions to the use of spreadsheet software. After students have become proficient in constructing a table of values, students are able to efficiently graph equations with more extensive computational requirements. Furthermore, inquiry and discovery about slope and yintercept will help students conceptualize material normally presented in Algebra I textbooks.
Thinkfinity Lesson Plans
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Title: Analyze the Data
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They calculate concentrations and flow rates and use an interactive Java applet to graph their data.
Standard(s): [S1] PHS (912) 5: Describe physical and chemical changes in terms of endothermic and exothermic processes. [S1] PHY (912) 5: Explain the concept of entropy as it relates to heating and cooling, using the laws of thermodynamics. [S1] A&P (912) 9: Identify structures and functions of the cardiovascular system. [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Analyze the Data
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They calculate concentrations and flow rates and use an interactive Java applet to graph their data. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Automobile Mileage: Year vs. Mileage
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students plot data about automobile mileage and interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept in the resulting equation for the least squares regression line. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students analyze the meaning of the slope and yintercept of the line and interpret them in the context of the reallife application. Students also make decisions about the age and mileage of automobiles based on the equation of the least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Automobile Mileage: Year vs. Mileage
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students plot data about automobile mileage and interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept in the resulting equation for the least squares regression line. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students analyze the meaning of the slope and yintercept of the line and interpret them in the context of the reallife application. Students also make decisions about the age and mileage of automobiles based on the equation of the least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Linear Alignment
Description:
In this Illuminations lesson, students explore linear equations and the effects of changing the slope and yintercept on a line. It gives students exposure to y = mx + b, and can be used as an introduction to the topic. Using graphing calculators, students are challenged to overlap lines onto the sides of polygons. To achieve this goal, students change slopes and yintercepts of lines, noting observations about behavior as they work. As students change the yintercept of a line, they see it raise or lower the line. As students change the slope, they see it affect the steepness of the line.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 36: Identify the effect on the graph of replacing f(x) by f(x) + k, k f(x), f(kx), and f(x + k) for specific values of k (both positive and negative); find the value of k given the graphs. Experiment with cases and illustrate an explanation of the effects on the graph using technology. Include recognizing even and odd functions from their graphs and algebraic expressions for them. [FBF3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Linear Alignment
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students explore linear equations and the effects of changing the slope and yintercept on a line. It gives students exposure to y = mx + b, and can be used as an introduction to the topic. Using graphing calculators, students are challenged to overlap lines onto the sides of polygons. To achieve this goal, students change slopes and yintercepts of lines, noting observations about behavior as they work. As students change the yintercept of a line, they see it raise or lower the line. As students change the slope, they see it affect the steepness of the line. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: Percent Slope Tool
Description:
This reproducible activity, from an Illuminations lesson, provides a template by which students can create a tool for calculating the slope of realworld inclines.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1] [MA2013] ALC (912) 1: Create algebraic models for applicationbased problems by developing and solving equations and inequalities, including those involving direct, inverse, and joint variation. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 2: Solve applicationbased problems by developing and solving systems of linear equations and inequalities. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Percent Slope Tool
Description: This reproducible activity, from an Illuminations lesson, provides a template by which students can create a tool for calculating the slope of realworld inclines. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Think of a Graph
Description:
This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, asks students to sketch a graph in which the side length of a square is graphed on the horizontal axis and the perimeter of the square is graphed on the vertical axis.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 14: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. [ACED3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 22: Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane, often forming a curve (which could be a line). [AREI10] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] ALC (912) 1: Create algebraic models for applicationbased problems by developing and solving equations and inequalities, including those involving direct, inverse, and joint variation. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Think of a Graph
Description: This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, asks students to sketch a graph in which the side length of a square is graphed on the horizontal axis and the perimeter of the square is graphed on the vertical axis. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Inclined Plane
Description:
In this multipleday activity, from Illuminations, students time balls rolling down inclines of varying lengths and heights. They then try to make inferences about the relationships among the variables involved.
Standard(s): [S1] (8) 8: Identify Newton's three laws of motion. [S1] (8) 10: Differentiate between potential and kinetic energy. [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (6) 2: Understand the concept of a unit rate ^{a}/_{b} associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship. [6RP2] [MA2013] (6) 3: Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical problems, e.g., by reasoning about tables of equivalent ratios, tape diagrams, double number line diagrams, or equations. [6RP3] [MA2013] (6) 29: Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by: [6SP5] [MA2013] (7) 1: Compute unit rates associated with ratios of fractions, including ratios of lengths, areas, and other quantities measured in like or different units. [7RP1] [MA2013] (7) 2: Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities. [7RP2] [MA2013] (7) 3: Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. [7RP3] [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Inclined Plane
Description: In this multipleday activity, from Illuminations, students time balls rolling down inclines of varying lengths and heights. They then try to make inferences about the relationships among the variables involved. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Finding Our Top Speed
Description:
This Illuminations lesson sets the stage for a discussion of travel in the solar system. By considering a realworld, handson activity, students develop their understanding of time and distance. The mathematics necessary for the lesson relate to measuring time and distance as well as graphing to portray the data collected.
Standard(s): [S1] (6) 11: Describe units used to measure distance in space, including astronomical units and light years. [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 13: Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear. [8F3] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 15: Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally. [8F5] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 4: Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [NQ1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 5: Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. [NQ2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Finding Our Top Speed
Description: This Illuminations lesson sets the stage for a discussion of travel in the solar system. By considering a realworld, handson activity, students develop their understanding of time and distance. The mathematics necessary for the lesson relate to measuring time and distance as well as graphing to portray the data collected. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Apple Pie Recording Chart
Description:
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to use strings and rulers to measure and record the distance around several round objects, as well as the distance across the middle of those objects.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 1: Understand the concept of a ratio, and use ratio language to describe a ratio relationship between two quantities. [6RP1] [MA2013] (7) 14: Know the formulas for the area and circumference of a circle, and use them to solve problems; give an informal derivation of the relationship between the circumference and area of a circle. [7G4] [MA2013] (7) 17: Understand that statistics can be used to gain information about a population by examining a sample of the population; generalizations about a population from a sample are valid only if the sample is representative of that population. Understand that random sampling tends to produce representative samples and support valid inferences. [7SP1] [MA2013] (7) 20: Use measures of center and measures of variability for numerical data from random samples to draw informal comparative inferences about two populations. [7SP4] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 22: Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane, often forming a curve (which could be a line). [AREI10] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Apple Pie Recording Chart
Description: This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to use strings and rulers to measure and record the distance around several round objects, as well as the distance across the middle of those objects. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Automobile Mileage: Age vs. Mileage
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students plot data about automobile mileage and interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students analyze the meaning of the slope and yintercept of the line and put those meanings in the context of the reallife application. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 12: Compare properties of two functions, each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). [8F2] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 32: Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. [FIF8] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 41: Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots). [SID1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 42: Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. [SID8]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Automobile Mileage: Age vs. Mileage
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students plot data about automobile mileage and interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students analyze the meaning of the slope and yintercept of the line and put those meanings in the context of the reallife application. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Automobile Mileage: Comparing and Contrasting
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students compare and contrast their findings from previous lessons of the unit. This lesson allows students the time they need to think about and discuss what they have done in the previous lessons. This lesson provides the teacher with another opportunity to listen to student discourse and assess student understanding.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 22: Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane, often forming a curve (which could be a line). [AREI10] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 42: Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. [SID8] [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL2 (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] ALT (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] PRE (912) 16: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. (Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. Determine odd, even, neither.)* [FIF4] (Alabama) [MA2013] ALT (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Automobile Mileage: Comparing and Contrasting
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students compare and contrast their findings from previous lessons of the unit. This lesson allows students the time they need to think about and discuss what they have done in the previous lessons. This lesson provides the teacher with another opportunity to listen to student discourse and assess student understanding. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Bathtub Water Levels
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students examine reallife data that illustrates a negative slope. Students interpret the meaning of the negative slope and yintercept of the graph of the reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 22: Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane, often forming a curve (which could be a line). [AREI10] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 42: Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. [SID8] [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL2 (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] ALT (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] PRE (912) 16: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. (Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. Determine odd, even, neither.)* [FIF4] (Alabama) [MA2013] ALT (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Bathtub Water Levels
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students examine reallife data that illustrates a negative slope. Students interpret the meaning of the negative slope and yintercept of the graph of the reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Exploring Linear Data
Description:
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students model linear data in a variety of settings. Students can work alone or in small groups to construct scatterplots, interpret data points and trends, and investigate the notion of line of best fit.
Standard(s): [S1] (8) 1: Identify steps within the scientific process. [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 12: Compare properties of two functions, each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). [8F2] [MA2013] (8) 13: Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear. [8F3] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 15: Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally. [8F5] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] (8) 28: Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate categorical data by displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a twoway table. Construct and interpret a twoway table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects. Use relative frequencies calculated for rows or columns to describe possible association between the two variables. [8SP4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 14: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. [ACED3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 42: Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. [SID8] [MA2013] ALC (912) 1: Create algebraic models for applicationbased problems by developing and solving equations and inequalities, including those involving direct, inverse, and joint variation. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 7: Use analytical, numerical, and graphical methods to make financial and economic decisions, including those involving banking and investments, insurance, personal budgets, credit purchases, recreation, and deceptive and fraudulent pricing and advertising. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL2 (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] ALT (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] PRE (912) 16: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. (Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. Determine odd, even, neither.)* [FIF4] (Alabama) [MA2013] ALT (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Exploring Linear Data
Description: In this lesson, from Illuminations, students model linear data in a variety of settings. Students can work alone or in small groups to construct scatterplots, interpret data points and trends, and investigate the notion of line of best fit. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: Gallery Walk
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students view the work of other students in the class and explain their own work. Students move from graph to graph during this time and, without any talking, view the work of their classmates. While on their Gallery Walk, the students think about the data their classmates plotted and whether or not the information accompanying each graph seems appropriate. Each pair of students then stands next to their own work and explains one of the graphs.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 11: Understand that a function is a rule that assigns to each input exactly one output. The graph of a function is the set of ordered pairs consisting of an input and the corresponding output. (Function notation is not required in Grade 8.) [8F1] [MA2013] (8) 12: Compare properties of two functions, each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). [8F2] [MA2013] (8) 13: Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear. [8F3] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 15: Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally. [8F5] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 22: Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane, often forming a curve (which could be a line). [AREI10] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 25: Understand that a function from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range. If f is a function and x is an element of its domain, then f(x) denotes the output of f corresponding to the input x. The graph of f is the graph of the equation y = f(x). [FIF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 26: Use function notation, evaluate functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. [FIF2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 31: Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.* [FIF7] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL2 (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] ALT (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] PRE (912) 16: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. (Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. Determine odd, even, neither.)* [FIF4] (Alabama) [MA2013] ALT (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Gallery Walk
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students view the work of other students in the class and explain their own work. Students move from graph to graph during this time and, without any talking, view the work of their classmates. While on their Gallery Walk, the students think about the data their classmates plotted and whether or not the information accompanying each graph seems appropriate. Each pair of students then stands next to their own work and explains one of the graphs. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Cardiac Output, Rates of Change, and Accumulation
Description:
In this unit of four lessons, from Illuminations, students explore the measurement of the amount of blood being pumped by a heart. The measurement is based upon two common problems: (1) a flow rate and accumulation problem and (2) a concentration problem.
Standard(s): [S1] A&P (912) 9: Identify structures and functions of the cardiovascular system. [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 32: Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. [FIF8] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6]
Subject: Health,Mathematics,Science Title: Cardiac Output, Rates of Change, and Accumulation
Description: In this unit of four lessons, from Illuminations, students explore the measurement of the amount of blood being pumped by a heart. The measurement is based upon two common problems: (1) a flow rate and accumulation problem and (2) a concentration problem. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Least Squares Regression
Description:
In this ninelesson unit, from Illuminations, students interpret the slope and yintercept of least squares regression lines in the context of reallife data. Students use an interactive applet to plot the data and calculate the correlation coefficient and equation of the least squares regression line. These lessons develop skills in connecting, communicating, reasoning, and problem solving as well as representing fundamental ideas about data.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] (8) 28: Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate categorical data by displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a twoway table. Construct and interpret a twoway table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects. Use relative frequencies calculated for rows or columns to describe possible association between the two variables. [8SP4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 42: Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. [SID8] [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL2 (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] ALT (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] ALT (912) 22: Represent constraints by equations or inequalities, and by systems of equations and/or inequalities, and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. [ACED3] [MA2013] PRE (912) 16: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. (Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. Determine odd, even, neither.)* [FIF4] (Alabama) [MA2013] ALT (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Least Squares Regression
Description: In this ninelesson unit, from Illuminations, students interpret the slope and yintercept of least squares regression lines in the context of reallife data. Students use an interactive applet to plot the data and calculate the correlation coefficient and equation of the least squares regression line. These lessons develop skills in connecting, communicating, reasoning, and problem solving as well as representing fundamental ideas about data. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Supply and Demand
Description:
This Illuminations lesson focuses on having students create and solve a system of linear equations in a realworld setting. By solving the system, students find the equilibrium point for supply and demand. Students should be familiar with finding linear equations from two points or slope and yintercept.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 19: Prove that, given a system of two equations in two variables, replacing one equation by the sum of that equation and a multiple of the other produces a system with the same solutions. [AREI5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 24: Graph the solutions to a linear inequality in two variables as a halfplane (excluding the boundary in the case of a strict inequality), and graph the solution set to a system of linear inequalities in two variables as the intersection of the corresponding halfplanes. [AREI12] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Supply and Demand
Description: This Illuminations lesson focuses on having students create and solve a system of linear equations in a realworld setting. By solving the system, students find the equilibrium point for supply and demand. Students should be familiar with finding linear equations from two points or slope and yintercept. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Smokey Bear Takes Algebra
Description:
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students learn about the many factors that play a role in creating a forestfire danger rating index. They work with the Angstrom and Nesterov Indexes, explain the relationship between relative humidity and fire danger, and use graphing calculators to model the relationship between the slope of the land versus the rate of fire spread.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [FBF2]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Smokey Bear Takes Algebra
Description: In this lesson, from Illuminations, students learn about the many factors that play a role in creating a forestfire danger rating index. They work with the Angstrom and Nesterov Indexes, explain the relationship between relative humidity and fire danger, and use graphing calculators to model the relationship between the slope of the land versus the rate of fire spread. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Pedal Power
Description:
In this Illuminations lesson, students compare, contrast, and make conjectures based on distancetime graphs for three bicyclists climbing to the top of a mountain. They determine the slopes of the graphs and interpret them as rates of change.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Pedal Power
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students compare, contrast, and make conjectures based on distancetime graphs for three bicyclists climbing to the top of a mountain. They determine the slopes of the graphs and interpret them as rates of change. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Movie Lines
Description:
This Illuminations lesson allows students to apply their knowledge of linear equations and graphs in an authentic situation. Students plot data points corresponding to the cost of DVD rentals and interpret the results.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Movie Lines
Description: This Illuminations lesson allows students to apply their knowledge of linear equations and graphs in an authentic situation. Students plot data points corresponding to the cost of DVD rentals and interpret the results. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: The Centroid and the Regression Line
Description:
This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, provides students with the opportunity to investigate the relationship between a set of data points and a curve used to fit the data points, using a computerbased interactive tool. Using the Regression Line Applet, students investigate the centroid of a data set and its significance for the line fitted to the data.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 44: Summarize categorical data for two categories in twoway frequency tables. Interpret relative frequencies in the context of the data (including joint, marginal, and conditional relative frequencies). Recognize possible associations and trends in the data. [SID5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 42: Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. [SID8] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5]
Subject: Mathematics Title: The Centroid and the Regression Line
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, provides students with the opportunity to investigate the relationship between a set of data points and a curve used to fit the data points, using a computerbased interactive tool. Using the Regression Line Applet, students investigate the centroid of a data set and its significance for the line fitted to the data. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: The Effects of Outliers
Description:
This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, provides students with the opportunity to investigate the relationship between a set of data points and a curve used to fit the data points, using a computerbased interactive tool. Using the Regression Line Applet, students investigate the effect of outliers on a regression line and easily see their significance.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] (8) 28: Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate categorical data by displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a twoway table. Construct and interpret a twoway table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects. Use relative frequencies calculated for rows or columns to describe possible association between the two variables. [8SP4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 40: Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. [FLE5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 43: Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). [SID3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 42: Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. [SID8] [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL2 (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] ALT (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] PRE (912) 16: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. (Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. Determine odd, even, neither.)* [FIF4] (Alabama) [MA2013] ALT (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] PRE (912) 44: Understand statistics as a process for making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population. [SIC1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: The Effects of Outliers
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, provides students with the opportunity to investigate the relationship between a set of data points and a curve used to fit the data points, using a computerbased interactive tool. Using the Regression Line Applet, students investigate the effect of outliers on a regression line and easily see their significance. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Traveling Distances
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept of a graph of reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the resulting least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 25: Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. [8SP1] [MA2013] (8) 26: Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. [8SP2] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] (8) 28: Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate categorical data by displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a twoway table. Construct and interpret a twoway table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects. Use relative frequencies calculated for rows or columns to describe possible association between the two variables. [8SP4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 37: Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. [FLE1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 38: Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two inputoutput pairs (include reading these from a table). [FLE2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 45: Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. [SID6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 42: Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. [SID8] [MA2013] ALC (912) 12: Create a model of a set of data by estimating the equation of a curve of best fit from tables of values or scatter plots. (Alabama) [MA2013] AL2 (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] ALT (912) 21: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] PRE (912) 16: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. (Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. Determine odd, even, neither.)* [FIF4] (Alabama) [MA2013] ALT (912) 29: Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes.* [FIF5] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Traveling Distances
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept of a graph of reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the resulting least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Movement with Functions
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In this unit of 3 lessons from Illuminations, students use movement to reinforce the concepts of linear functions and systems of equations. Multiple representations are used throughout, along with tools such as motion detectors and remotecontrolled cars. Students explore how position, speed, and varying motion are reflected in graphs, tables, and algebraic equations.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 13: Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear. [8F3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Movement with Functions
Description: In this unit of 3 lessons from Illuminations, students use movement to reinforce the concepts of linear functions and systems of equations. Multiple representations are used throughout, along with tools such as motion detectors and remotecontrolled cars. Students explore how position, speed, and varying motion are reflected in graphs, tables, and algebraic equations. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: How Did I Move?
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In this Illuminations lesson, students are provided with a method for understanding that for y = mx + b, m is a rate of change and b is the value when x = 0. This kinesthetic activity allows students to form a physical interpretation of slope and yintercept by running across a football field. Students will be able to verbalize the meaning of the equation to reinforce understanding and discover that slope (or rate of movement) is the same for all sets of points given a set of data with a linear relationship.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 8: Use similar triangles to explain why the slope m is the same between any two distinct points on a nonvertical line in the coordinate plane; derive the equation y = mx for a line through the origin and the equation y = mx + b for a line intercepting the vertical axis at b. [8EE6] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics Title: How Did I Move?
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students are provided with a method for understanding that for y = mx + b, m is a rate of change and b is the value when x = 0. This kinesthetic activity allows students to form a physical interpretation of slope and yintercept by running across a football field. Students will be able to verbalize the meaning of the equation to reinforce understanding and discover that slope (or rate of movement) is the same for all sets of points given a set of data with a linear relationship. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: Investigating Pick's Theorem
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In this unit of three lessons, from Illuminations, students rediscover Pick's Theorem, which they were likely introduced to in middle school, and use algebra to determine the coefficients of the equation. They explore the concept of change as a mechanism for finding the coefficients of Pick's Theorem.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 12: Create equations and inequalities in one variable, and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions. [ACED1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 13: Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. [ACED2] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 19: Prove that, given a system of two equations in two variables, replacing one equation by the sum of that equation and a multiple of the other produces a system with the same solutions. [AREI5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 24: Graph the solutions to a linear inequality in two variables as a halfplane (excluding the boundary in the case of a strict inequality), and graph the solution set to a system of linear inequalities in two variables as the intersection of the corresponding halfplanes. [AREI12] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Investigating Pick's Theorem
Description: In this unit of three lessons, from Illuminations, students rediscover Pick's Theorem, which they were likely introduced to in middle school, and use algebra to determine the coefficients of the equation. They explore the concept of change as a mechanism for finding the coefficients of Pick's Theorem. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Rates of Change in Pick's Theorem
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use a spreadsheet to investigate rates of change among various figures created on a geoboard. The coefficients of Pick s Theorem are easily determined from these rates of change.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 30: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 32: Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. [FIF8] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] PRE (912) 17: Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.* [FIF6]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Rates of Change in Pick's Theorem
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use a spreadsheet to investigate rates of change among various figures created on a geoboard. The coefficients of Pick s Theorem are easily determined from these rates of change. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Growth Rate (Slope)
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Given growth charts for the heights of girls and boys, students will use slope to approximate rates of change in the height of boys and girls at different ages. Students will use these approximations to plot graphs of the rate of change of height vs. age for boys and girls.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 8: Use similar triangles to explain why the slope m is the same between any two distinct points on a nonvertical line in the coordinate plane; derive the equation y = mx for a line through the origin and the equation y = mx + b for a line intercepting the vertical axis at b. [8EE6] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Growth Rate (Slope)
http://illuminations...
Given growth charts for the heights of girls and boys, students will use slope to approximate rates of change in the height of boys and girls at different ages. Students will use these approximations to plot graphs of the rate of change of height vs. age for boys and girls.
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Title: Pedal Power
Description:
In this lesson, students investigate slope as a rate of change. Students compare, contrast, and make conjectures based on distancetime graphs for three bicyclists climbing to the top of a mountain.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 14: Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x,y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of linear function in terms of the situation it models and in terms of its graph or a table of values. [8F4] [MA2013] (8) 15: Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally. [8F5] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Pedal Power
http://illuminations...
In this lesson, students investigate slope as a rate of change. Students compare, contrast, and make conjectures based on distancetime graphs for three bicyclists climbing to the top of a mountain.
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Title: Math in Video Games
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The teams use algebra to save their spaceship in the Asteroids game.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 7: Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. [8EE5] [MA2013] (8) 8: Use similar triangles to explain why the slope m is the same between any two distinct points on a nonvertical line in the coordinate plane; derive the equation y = mx for a line through the origin and the equation y = mx + b for a line intercepting the vertical axis at b. [8EE6] [MA2013] (8) 27: Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. [8SP3] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 31: Prove the slope criteria for parallel and perpendicular lines, and use them to solve geometric problems (e.g., find the equation of a line parallel or perpendicular to a given line that passes through a given point). [GGPE5]
Math in Video Games
http://www.thirteen....
The teams use algebra to save their spaceship in the Asteroids game.
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Title: Using Graphs, Equations, and Tables to Investigate the Elimination of Medicine from the Body: Modeling the Situation
Description:
This threepart eexample from Illuminations illustrates the use of iteration, recursion, and algebra to model and analyze the changing amount of medicine in an athlete's body. This example includes: (1) an interactive environment used to become familiar with the parameters involved and the range of results that can be obtained, (2) an interactive environment used to investigate how changing parameter values affects the stabilization level of medicine in the body, and (3) an interactive graphical analysis that provides a visual interpretation of the results. eMath Investigations are selected eexamples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The eexamples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the eexamples are natural companions to the iMath investigations.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 28: For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity.* [FIF4] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 34: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 46: Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. [SID7]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Using Graphs, Equations, and Tables to Investigate the Elimination of Medicine from the Body: Modeling the Situation
Description: This threepart eexample from Illuminations illustrates the use of iteration, recursion, and algebra to model and analyze the changing amount of medicine in an athlete's body. This example includes: (1) an interactive environment used to become familiar with the parameters involved and the range of results that can be obtained, (2) an interactive environment used to investigate how changing parameter values affects the stabilization level of medicine in the body, and (3) an interactive graphical analysis that provides a visual interpretation of the results. eMath Investigations are selected eexamples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards of School Mathematics (PSSM). The eexamples are part of the electronic version of the PSSM document. Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the eexamples are natural companions to the iMath investigations. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12

