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Title: Symmetries II
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In this unit of four lessons, from Illuminations, students use Java applets to investigate reflection, mirror, or bilateral symmetry. They learn about the mathematical properties of mirror symmetry and have a chance to create designs with mirror symmetry.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 16: Verify experimentally the properties of rotations, reflections, and translations: [8G1] [MA2013] (8) 17: Understand that a twodimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them. [8G2] [MA2013] (8) 18: Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on twodimensional figures using coordinates. [8G3] [MA2013] (8) 19: Understand that a twodimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar twodimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them. [8G4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 2: Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch). [GCO2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 3: Given a rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, or regular polygon, describe the rotations and reflections that carry it onto itself. [GCO3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 4: Develop definitions of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments. [GCO4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [GCO5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 6: Use geometric descriptions of rigid motions to transform figures and to predict the effect of a given rigid motion on a given figure; given two figures, use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to decide if they are congruent. [GCO6] [MA2013] GEO (912) 7: Use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to show that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent. [GCO7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 14: Verify experimentally the properties of dilations given by a center and a scale factor. [GSRT1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 15: Given two figures, use the definition of similarity in terms of similarity transformations to decide if they are similar; explain using similarity transformations the meaning of similarity for triangles as the equality of all corresponding pairs of angles and the proportionality of all corresponding pairs of sides. [GSRT2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 16: Use the properties of similarity transformations to establish the angleangle (AA) criterion for two triangles to be similar. [GSRT3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Symmetries II
Description: In this unit of four lessons, from Illuminations, students use Java applets to investigate reflection, mirror, or bilateral symmetry. They learn about the mathematical properties of mirror symmetry and have a chance to create designs with mirror symmetry. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Symmetries I
Description:
In this unit of four lessons, from Illuminations, investigate rotational symmetry. They learn about the mathematical properties of rotations and have an opportunity to make their own designs.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 16: Verify experimentally the properties of rotations, reflections, and translations: [8G1] [MA2013] (8) 17: Understand that a twodimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them. [8G2] [MA2013] (8) 18: Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on twodimensional figures using coordinates. [8G3] [MA2013] (8) 19: Understand that a twodimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar twodimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them. [8G4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 2: Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch). [GCO2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 3: Given a rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, or regular polygon, describe the rotations and reflections that carry it onto itself. [GCO3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 4: Develop definitions of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments. [GCO4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [GCO5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 6: Use geometric descriptions of rigid motions to transform figures and to predict the effect of a given rigid motion on a given figure; given two figures, use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to decide if they are congruent. [GCO6] [MA2013] GEO (912) 7: Use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to show that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent. [GCO7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 14: Verify experimentally the properties of dilations given by a center and a scale factor. [GSRT1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Symmetries I
Description: In this unit of four lessons, from Illuminations, investigate rotational symmetry. They learn about the mathematical properties of rotations and have an opportunity to make their own designs. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Geometry StepbyStep
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This site provides a mix of sound, science, and Incan history in order to raise students' interest in Euclidean geometry. Visitors will find geometry problems, proofs, quizzes, puzzles, quotations, visual displays, "scientific speculation", and more.
Standard(s): [MA2013] GEO (912) 1: Know precise definitions of angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, and line segment based on the undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc. [GCO1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [GCO5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 7: Use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to show that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent. [GCO7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 8: Explain how the criteria for triangle congruence, anglesideangle (ASA), sideangleside (SAS), and sidesideside (SSS), follow from the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions. [GCO8] [MA2013] GEO (912) 9: Prove theorems about lines and angles. Theorems include vertical angles are congruent; when a transversal crosses parallel lines, alternate interior angles are congruent and corresponding angles are congruent; and points on a perpendicular bisector of a line segment are exactly those equidistant from the segment's endpoints. [GCO9] [MA2013] GEO (912) 10: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180^{o}, base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent, the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length, and the medians of a triangle meet at a point. [GCO10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 11: Prove theorems about parallelograms. Theorems include opposite sides are congruent, opposite angles are congruent; the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other; and conversely, rectangles are parallelograms with congruent diagonals. [GCO11] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 13: Construct an equilateral triangle, a square, and a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle. [GCO13] [MA2013] GEO (912) 16: Use the properties of similarity transformations to establish the angleangle (AA) criterion for two triangles to be similar. [GSRT3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 17: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include a line parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two proportionally, and conversely; and the Pythagorean Theorem proved using triangle similarity. [GSRT4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 18: Use congruence and similarity criteria for triangles to solve problems and to prove relationships in geometric figures. [GSRT5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 19: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles in the triangle leading to definitions of trigonometric ratios for acute angles. [GSRT6] [MA2013] GEO (912) 20: Explain and use the relationship between the sine and cosine of complementary angles. [GSRT7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 21: Use trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve right triangles in applied problems.* [GSRT8] [MA2013] GEO (912) 22: (+) Prove the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines and use them to solve problems. [GSRT10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 23: (+) Understand and apply the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines to find unknown measurements in right and nonright triangles (e.g., surveying problems, resultant forces).
[GSRT11] [MA2013] GEO (912) 24: Prove that all circles are similar. [GC1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 25: Identify and describe relationships among inscribed angles, radii, and chords. Include the relationship between central, inscribed, and circumscribed angles; inscribed angles on a diameter are right angles; the radius of a circle is perpendicular to the tangent where the radius intersects the circle. [GC2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 26: Construct the inscribed and circumscribed circles of a triangle, and prove properties of angles for a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle. [GC3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 27: (+) Construct a tangent line from a point outside a given circle to the circle. [GC4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 28: Derive, using similarity, the fact that the length of the arc intercepted by an angle is proportional to the radius, and define the radian measure of the angle as the constant of proportionality; derive the formula for the area of a sector. [GC5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 29: Derive the equation of a circle of given center and radius using the Pythagorean Theorem; complete the square to find the center and radius of a circle given by an equation. [GGPE1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 35: Give an informal argument for the formulas for the circumference of a circle; area of a circle; and volume of a cylinder, pyramid, and cone. Use dissection arguments, Cavalieri's principle, and informal limit arguments. [GGMD1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 37: Determine the relationship between surface areas of similar figures and volumes of similar figures. (Alabama)
Geometry StepbyStep
http://agutie.homest...
This site provides a mix of sound, science, and Incan history in order to raise students' interest in Euclidean geometry. Visitors will find geometry problems, proofs, quizzes, puzzles, quotations, visual displays, "scientific speculation", and more.
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Title: Geometry MATHO
Description:
This is an interactive geometry bingo game. The students will match the title with the figure.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (6) 21: Find the area of right triangles, other triangles, special quadrilaterals, and polygons by composing into rectangles or decomposing into triangles and other shapes; apply these techniques in the context of solving realworld and mathematical problems. [6G1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 4: Develop definitions of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments. [GCO4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 7: Use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to show that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent. [GCO7]
Geometry MATHO
http://www.aplusmath...
This is an interactive geometry bingo game. The students will match the title with the figure.
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Title: Geometry StepbyStep
Description:
This site provides a mix of sound, science, and Incan history in order to raise students' interest in Euclidean geometry. Visitors will find geometry problems, proofs, quizzes, puzzles, quotations, visual displays, "scientific speculation", and more.
Standard(s): [MA2013] GEO (912) 1: Know precise definitions of angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, and line segment based on the undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc. [GCO1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [GCO5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 7: Use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to show that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent. [GCO7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 8: Explain how the criteria for triangle congruence, anglesideangle (ASA), sideangleside (SAS), and sidesideside (SSS), follow from the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions. [GCO8] [MA2013] GEO (912) 9: Prove theorems about lines and angles. Theorems include vertical angles are congruent; when a transversal crosses parallel lines, alternate interior angles are congruent and corresponding angles are congruent; and points on a perpendicular bisector of a line segment are exactly those equidistant from the segment's endpoints. [GCO9] [MA2013] GEO (912) 10: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180^{o}, base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent, the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length, and the medians of a triangle meet at a point. [GCO10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 11: Prove theorems about parallelograms. Theorems include opposite sides are congruent, opposite angles are congruent; the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other; and conversely, rectangles are parallelograms with congruent diagonals. [GCO11] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 13: Construct an equilateral triangle, a square, and a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle. [GCO13] [MA2013] GEO (912) 16: Use the properties of similarity transformations to establish the angleangle (AA) criterion for two triangles to be similar. [GSRT3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 17: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include a line parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two proportionally, and conversely; and the Pythagorean Theorem proved using triangle similarity. [GSRT4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 18: Use congruence and similarity criteria for triangles to solve problems and to prove relationships in geometric figures. [GSRT5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 19: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles in the triangle leading to definitions of trigonometric ratios for acute angles. [GSRT6] [MA2013] GEO (912) 20: Explain and use the relationship between the sine and cosine of complementary angles. [GSRT7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 21: Use trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve right triangles in applied problems.* [GSRT8] [MA2013] GEO (912) 22: (+) Prove the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines and use them to solve problems. [GSRT10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 23: (+) Understand and apply the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines to find unknown measurements in right and nonright triangles (e.g., surveying problems, resultant forces).
[GSRT11] [MA2013] GEO (912) 24: Prove that all circles are similar. [GC1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 25: Identify and describe relationships among inscribed angles, radii, and chords. Include the relationship between central, inscribed, and circumscribed angles; inscribed angles on a diameter are right angles; the radius of a circle is perpendicular to the tangent where the radius intersects the circle. [GC2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 26: Construct the inscribed and circumscribed circles of a triangle, and prove properties of angles for a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle. [GC3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 27: (+) Construct a tangent line from a point outside a given circle to the circle. [GC4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 28: Derive, using similarity, the fact that the length of the arc intercepted by an angle is proportional to the radius, and define the radian measure of the angle as the constant of proportionality; derive the formula for the area of a sector. [GC5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 29: Derive the equation of a circle of given center and radius using the Pythagorean Theorem; complete the square to find the center and radius of a circle given by an equation. [GGPE1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 35: Give an informal argument for the formulas for the circumference of a circle; area of a circle; and volume of a cylinder, pyramid, and cone. Use dissection arguments, Cavalieri's principle, and informal limit arguments. [GGMD1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 37: Determine the relationship between surface areas of similar figures and volumes of similar figures. (Alabama)
Geometry StepbyStep
http://agutie.homest...
This site provides a mix of sound, science, and Incan history in order to raise students' interest in Euclidean geometry. Visitors will find geometry problems, proofs, quizzes, puzzles, quotations, visual displays, "scientific speculation", and more.
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Title: Geometry StepbyStep
Description:
This site provides a mix of sound, science, and Incan history in order to raise students' interest in Euclidean geometry. Visitors will find geometry problems, proofs, quizzes, puzzles, quotations, visual displays, "scientific speculation", and more.
Standard(s): [MA2013] GEO (912) 1: Know precise definitions of angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, and line segment based on the undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc. [GCO1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [GCO5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 7: Use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to show that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent. [GCO7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 8: Explain how the criteria for triangle congruence, anglesideangle (ASA), sideangleside (SAS), and sidesideside (SSS), follow from the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions. [GCO8] [MA2013] GEO (912) 9: Prove theorems about lines and angles. Theorems include vertical angles are congruent; when a transversal crosses parallel lines, alternate interior angles are congruent and corresponding angles are congruent; and points on a perpendicular bisector of a line segment are exactly those equidistant from the segment's endpoints. [GCO9] [MA2013] GEO (912) 10: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include measures of interior angles of a triangle sum to 180^{o}, base angles of isosceles triangles are congruent, the segment joining midpoints of two sides of a triangle is parallel to the third side and half the length, and the medians of a triangle meet at a point. [GCO10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 11: Prove theorems about parallelograms. Theorems include opposite sides are congruent, opposite angles are congruent; the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other; and conversely, rectangles are parallelograms with congruent diagonals. [GCO11] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 13: Construct an equilateral triangle, a square, and a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle. [GCO13] [MA2013] GEO (912) 16: Use the properties of similarity transformations to establish the angleangle (AA) criterion for two triangles to be similar. [GSRT3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 17: Prove theorems about triangles. Theorems include a line parallel to one side of a triangle divides the other two proportionally, and conversely; and the Pythagorean Theorem proved using triangle similarity. [GSRT4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 18: Use congruence and similarity criteria for triangles to solve problems and to prove relationships in geometric figures. [GSRT5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 19: Understand that by similarity, side ratios in right triangles are properties of the angles in the triangle leading to definitions of trigonometric ratios for acute angles. [GSRT6] [MA2013] GEO (912) 20: Explain and use the relationship between the sine and cosine of complementary angles. [GSRT7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 21: Use trigonometric ratios and the Pythagorean Theorem to solve right triangles in applied problems.* [GSRT8] [MA2013] GEO (912) 22: (+) Prove the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines and use them to solve problems. [GSRT10] [MA2013] GEO (912) 23: (+) Understand and apply the Law of Sines and the Law of Cosines to find unknown measurements in right and nonright triangles (e.g., surveying problems, resultant forces).
[GSRT11] [MA2013] GEO (912) 24: Prove that all circles are similar. [GC1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 25: Identify and describe relationships among inscribed angles, radii, and chords. Include the relationship between central, inscribed, and circumscribed angles; inscribed angles on a diameter are right angles; the radius of a circle is perpendicular to the tangent where the radius intersects the circle. [GC2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 26: Construct the inscribed and circumscribed circles of a triangle, and prove properties of angles for a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle. [GC3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 27: (+) Construct a tangent line from a point outside a given circle to the circle. [GC4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 28: Derive, using similarity, the fact that the length of the arc intercepted by an angle is proportional to the radius, and define the radian measure of the angle as the constant of proportionality; derive the formula for the area of a sector. [GC5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 29: Derive the equation of a circle of given center and radius using the Pythagorean Theorem; complete the square to find the center and radius of a circle given by an equation. [GGPE1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 35: Give an informal argument for the formulas for the circumference of a circle; area of a circle; and volume of a cylinder, pyramid, and cone. Use dissection arguments, Cavalieri's principle, and informal limit arguments. [GGMD1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 37: Determine the relationship between surface areas of similar figures and volumes of similar figures. (Alabama)
Geometry StepbyStep
http://agutie.homest...
This site provides a mix of sound, science, and Incan history in order to raise students' interest in Euclidean geometry. Visitors will find geometry problems, proofs, quizzes, puzzles, quotations, visual displays, "scientific speculation", and more.
Thinkfinity Learning Activities
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Title: Understanding Congruence, Similarity, and Symmetry Using Transformations and Interactive Figures: Composing Transformations
Description:
This is part four of a fourpart eexample from Illuminations that features interactive figures that allow a user to manipulate a shape and observe its behavior under a particular transformation or composition of transformations. In this part, Composing Transformations, the users are challenged to compose equivalent transformations in two different ways. eMath Investigations are selected eexamples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (PSSM). Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the eexamples are natural companions to the iMath Investigations.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 16: Verify experimentally the properties of rotations, reflections, and translations: [8G1] [MA2013] (8) 17: Understand that a twodimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them. [8G2] [MA2013] (8) 18: Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on twodimensional figures using coordinates. [8G3] [MA2013] (8) 19: Understand that a twodimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar twodimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them. [8G4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 2: Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch). [GCO2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 3: Given a rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, or regular polygon, describe the rotations and reflections that carry it onto itself. [GCO3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 4: Develop definitions of rotations, reflections, and translations in terms of angles, circles, perpendicular lines, parallel lines, and line segments. [GCO4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [GCO5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 6: Use geometric descriptions of rigid motions to transform figures and to predict the effect of a given rigid motion on a given figure; given two figures, use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to decide if they are congruent. [GCO6] [MA2013] GEO (912) 7: Use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to show that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent. [GCO7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Understanding Congruence, Similarity, and Symmetry Using Transformations and Interactive Figures: Composing Transformations
Description: This is part four of a fourpart eexample from Illuminations that features interactive figures that allow a user to manipulate a shape and observe its behavior under a particular transformation or composition of transformations. In this part, Composing Transformations, the users are challenged to compose equivalent transformations in two different ways. eMath Investigations are selected eexamples from the electronic version of the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (PSSM). Given their interactive nature and focused discussion tied to the PSSM document, the eexamples are natural companions to the iMath Investigations. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8
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Title: Understanding Congruence, Similarity, and Symmetry Using Transformations and Interactive Figures: Identifying Unknown Transformations
Description:
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 17: Understand that a twodimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them. [8G2] [MA2013] (8) 18: Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on twodimensional figures using coordinates. [8G3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 2: Represent transformations in the plane using, e.g., transparencies and geometry software; describe transformations as functions that take points in the plane as inputs and give other points as outputs. Compare transformations that preserve distance and angle to those that do not (e.g., translation versus horizontal stretch). [GCO2] [MA2013] GEO (912) 3: Given a rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, or regular polygon, describe the rotations and reflections that carry it onto itself. [GCO3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [GCO5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 6: Use geometric descriptions of rigid motions to transform figures and to predict the effect of a given rigid motion on a given figure; given two figures, use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to decide if they are congruent. [GCO6] [MA2013] GEO (912) 7: Use the definition of congruence in terms of rigid motions to show that two triangles are congruent if and only if corresponding pairs of sides and corresponding pairs of angles are congruent. [GCO7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Understanding Congruence, Similarity, and Symmetry Using Transformations and Interactive Figures: Identifying Unknown Transformations
Description: Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8

