ALEX Lesson Plans
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Title: Geometric Quilts
Description:
Students will use a square to investigate other polygonal shapes that can be formed. Students will work with these polygons to make designs that will later constitute cooperatively designed quilts. The quilts will be made by translating, rotating, or reflecting a thirtysix patch design. The completed quilts will then be used for a discussion of area and perimeter. Students will blog about what they have learned while doing the lesson and will include pictures of their finished product in our class blog.
Standard(s): [MA2013] (8) 18: Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on twodimensional figures using coordinates. [8G3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 5: Given a geometric figure and a rotation, reflection, or translation, draw the transformed figure using, e.g., graph paper, tracing paper, or geometry software. Specify a sequence of transformations that will carry a given figure onto another. [GCO5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics (8  12)
Title: Geometric Quilts
Description: Students will use a square to investigate other polygonal shapes that can be formed. Students will work with these polygons to make designs that will later constitute cooperatively designed quilts. The quilts will be made by translating, rotating, or reflecting a thirtysix patch design. The completed quilts will then be used for a discussion of area and perimeter. Students will blog about what they have learned while doing the lesson and will include pictures of their finished product in our class blog.
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Title: Pennies, Pennies and More Pennies
Description:
Students will work in cooperative groups to determine the number of pennies to line the baseboard, cover the floor and fill the room. Students will determine the geometric probability that the head of pin will land on the penny and not the floor space between pennies.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 36: Use volume formulas for cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres to solve problems.* [GGMD3] [MA2013] AL2 (912) 41: Construct and interpret twoway frequency tables of data when two categories are associated with each object being classified. Use the twoway table as a sample space to decide if events are independent and to approximate conditional probabilities. [SCP4]
Subject: Mathematics (9  12)
Title: Pennies, Pennies and More Pennies
Description: Students will work in cooperative groups to determine the number of pennies to line the baseboard, cover the floor and fill the room. Students will determine the geometric probability that the head of pin will land on the penny and not the floor space between pennies.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Quadrilaterals
Description:
This is an inquiry lesson used to review Algebra 1 objectives by applying them to geometry concepts. Students explore the properties of quadrilaterals and classify them by definition. This lesson can be use in geometry classes. Students in geometry classes can apply theorems and definitions of quadrilaterals rather than as an inquiry lesson.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 20: Solve systems of linear equations exactly and approximately (e.g., with graphs), focusing on pairs of linear equations in two variables. [AREI6] [MA2013] AL1 (912) 24: Graph the solutions to a linear inequality in two variables as a halfplane (excluding the boundary in the case of a strict inequality), and graph the solution set to a system of linear inequalities in two variables as the intersection of the corresponding halfplanes. [AREI12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 1: Know precise definitions of angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, and line segment based on the undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc. [GCO1] [MA2013] GEO (912) 9: Prove theorems about lines and angles. Theorems include vertical angles are congruent; when a transversal crosses parallel lines, alternate interior angles are congruent and corresponding angles are congruent; and points on a perpendicular bisector of a line segment are exactly those equidistant from the segment's endpoints. [GCO9] [MA2013] GEO (912) 11: Prove theorems about parallelograms. Theorems include opposite sides are congruent, opposite angles are congruent; the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other; and conversely, rectangles are parallelograms with congruent diagonals. [GCO11] [MA2013] GEO (912) 30: Use coordinates to prove simple geometric theorems algebraically. [GGPE4] [MA2013] GEO (912) 31: Prove the slope criteria for parallel and perpendicular lines, and use them to solve geometric problems (e.g., find the equation of a line parallel or perpendicular to a given line that passes through a given point). [GGPE5] [MA2013] GEO (912) 33: Use coordinates to compute perimeters of polygons and areas of triangles and rectangles, e.g., using the distance formula.* [GGPE7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama) [MA2013] (8) 23: Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to find the distance between two points in a coordinate system. [8G8] [MA2013] GEO (912) 1: Know precise definitions of angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, and line segment based on the undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc. [GCO1] [MA2013] (8) 23: Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to find the distance between two points in a coordinate system. [8G8] [MA2013] GEO (912) 1: Know precise definitions of angle, circle, perpendicular line, parallel line, and line segment based on the undefined notions of point, line, distance along a line, and distance around a circular arc. [GCO1]
Subject: Mathematics (8  12)
Title: Quadrilaterals
Description: This is an inquiry lesson used to review Algebra 1 objectives by applying them to geometry concepts. Students explore the properties of quadrilaterals and classify them by definition. This lesson can be use in geometry classes. Students in geometry classes can apply theorems and definitions of quadrilaterals rather than as an inquiry lesson.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Area and Perimeter of Various Polygons
Description:
In this lesson students will be engaged in an interactive online practice session using area and perimeter. Students will have to use critical thinking skills in order to unlock gates and learn more about the cups in the challenge.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALC (912) 11: Use ratios of perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar figures to solve applied problems. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics (9  12)
Title: Area and Perimeter of Various Polygons
Description: In this lesson students will be engaged in an interactive online practice session using area and perimeter. Students will have to use critical thinking skills in order to unlock gates and learn more about the cups in the challenge.
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Title: Let’s Tessellate
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This lesson is a handson, technologybased project that will take place in the classroom and computer lab. Students will discover which regular polygons tessellate the plane by constructing polygonal tessellations. Students will also use a spreadsheet to calculate the area and perimeter of the polygons.
Standard(s): [TC2] CA2 (912) 5: Utilize advanced features of spreadsheet software, including creating charts and graphs,
sorting and filtering data, creating formulas, and applying functions. [MA2013] (7) 16: Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, volume, and surface area of two and threedimensional objects composed of triangles, quadrilaterals, polygons, cubes, and right prisms. [7G6] [MA2013] (8) 17: Understand that a twodimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them. [8G2] [MA2013] ALC (912) 9: Analyze aesthetics of physical models for line symmetry, rotational symmetry, or the golden ratio. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 11: Use ratios of perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar figures to solve applied problems. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 9: Analyze aesthetics of physical models for line symmetry, rotational symmetry, or the golden ratio. (Alabama) [MA2013] ALC (912) 11: Use ratios of perimeters, areas, and volumes of similar figures to solve applied problems. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics (7  12), or Technology Education (9  12)
Title: Let’s Tessellate
Description: This lesson is a handson, technologybased project that will take place in the classroom and computer lab. Students will discover which regular polygons tessellate the plane by constructing polygonal tessellations. Students will also use a spreadsheet to calculate the area and perimeter of the polygons.
Thinkfinity Lesson Plans
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Title: Playing with Squares
Description:
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to investigate the meaning of square roots by considering the area of squares and the heights of various stacks of squares.
Standard(s): [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 41: Apply geometric methods to solve design problems (e.g., designing an object or structure to satisfy physical constraints or minimize cost, working with typographic grid systems based on ratios).* [GMG3]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Playing with Squares
Description: This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, prompts students to investigate the meaning of square roots by considering the area of squares and the heights of various stacks of squares. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Location, Location, Location
Description:
In this Illuminations lesson, students use a dynamic geometry applet to investigate the relationship between the distances from a point inside a regular polygon to each side. In addition, there are links to online activity sheets and other related resources.
Standard(s): [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 33: Use coordinates to compute perimeters of polygons and areas of triangles and rectangles, e.g., using the distance formula.* [GGPE7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama) [MA2013] GEO (912) 39: Use geometric shapes, their measures, and their properties to describe objects (e.g., modeling a tree trunk or a human torso as a cylinder).* [GMG1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Location, Location, Location
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students use a dynamic geometry applet to investigate the relationship between the distances from a point inside a regular polygon to each side. In addition, there are links to online activity sheets and other related resources. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Pinwheel
Description:
In this Illuminations lesson, students create parallelograms from square sheets of paper and connect them to form an octagon. During the construction, students consider angle measures, segment lengths, and areas in terms of the original square. At the end of the lesson, the octagon is transformed into a pinwheel, and students discover a surprising result. There is also a link to a related activity sheet.
Standard(s): [MA2013] GEO (912) 3: Given a rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, or regular polygon, describe the rotations and reflections that carry it onto itself. [GCO3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 11: Prove theorems about parallelograms. Theorems include opposite sides are congruent, opposite angles are congruent; the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other; and conversely, rectangles are parallelograms with congruent diagonals. [GCO11] [MA2013] GEO (912) 33: Use coordinates to compute perimeters of polygons and areas of triangles and rectangles, e.g., using the distance formula.* [GGPE7] [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Pinwheel
Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students create parallelograms from square sheets of paper and connect them to form an octagon. During the construction, students consider angle measures, segment lengths, and areas in terms of the original square. At the end of the lesson, the octagon is transformed into a pinwheel, and students discover a surprising result. There is also a link to a related activity sheet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12
ALEX Podcasts
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Title: Geometric Quilts
Overview:
This podcast is intended to accompany the lesson "Geometric Quilts." It is intended to be shown to the class between the design and creation segments of the project. Students will get tips to putting their quilt together properly and will get to see other students' completed quilts. Students will also see some quilts that were not properly constructed in hopes that they will not make the same mistakes. Standard(s):
[MA2013] (8) 16: Verify experimentally the properties of rotations, reflections, and translations: [8G1] [MA2013] (8) 17: Understand that a twodimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them. [8G2] [MA2013] (8) 18: Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on twodimensional figures using coordinates. [8G3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 3: Given a rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, or regular polygon, describe the rotations and reflections that carry it onto itself. [GCO3] [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama)
Geometric Quilts Overview: This podcast is intended to accompany the lesson "Geometric Quilts." It is intended to be shown to the class between the design and creation segments of the project. Students will get tips to putting their quilt together properly and will get to see other students' completed quilts. Students will also see some quilts that were not properly constructed in hopes that they will not make the same mistakes.
Thinkfinity Learning Activities
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Title: Octagon Island
Description:
This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to explore the distances from an interior point of a octagon to its sides and determine the sum of these distances.
Standard(s): [MA2013] GEO (912) 12: Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods such as compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, and dynamic geometric software. Constructions include copying a segment; copying an angle; bisecting a segment; bisecting an angle; constructing perpendicular lines, including the perpendicular bisector of a line segment; and constructing a line parallel to a given line through a point not on the line. [GCO12] [MA2013] GEO (912) 34: Determine areas and perimeters of regular polygons, including inscribed or circumscribed polygons, given the coordinates of vertices or other characteristics. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Octagon Island
Description: This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to explore the distances from an interior point of a octagon to its sides and determine the sum of these distances. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12

