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Title: The Composition of Seawater
Description:
This lesson develops student understanding of ocean water as a true solution. It demonstrates the differences of salinity and "salt" water. This lesson prepares the student to be able to apply the concepts of temperature, density, and layering of the oceans before conducting a lab dealing with these variables.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics (9  12), or Science (9  12)
Title: The Composition of Seawater
Description: This lesson develops student understanding of ocean water as a true solution. It demonstrates the differences of salinity and "salt" water. This lesson prepares the student to be able to apply the concepts of temperature, density, and layering of the oceans before conducting a lab dealing with these variables.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.
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Title: Exact Ratio
Description:
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, features a series of questions pertaining to exact ratios and geometric sequences. In the lesson, students measure lengths on stringed musical instruments and discuss how the placement of frets on a fretted instrument is determined by a geometric sequence.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [FBF2]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Exact Ratio
Description: This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, features a series of questions pertaining to exact ratios and geometric sequences. In the lesson, students measure lengths on stringed musical instruments and discuss how the placement of frets on a fretted instrument is determined by a geometric sequence. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Make a Conjecture
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They are asked to think about the mathematics involved in determining the amount of blood being pumped by a heart.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AL1 (912) 35: Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms.* [FBF2]
Subject: Health,Mathematics Title: Make a Conjecture
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students explore rates of change and accumulation in context. They are asked to think about the mathematics involved in determining the amount of blood being pumped by a heart. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Graph Chart
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This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, contains the answers to the similarly named student activity in which students identify the independent and dependent variables, the function, symbolic function rule and rationale for a set of graphs.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Graph Chart
Description: This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, contains the answers to the similarly named student activity in which students identify the independent and dependent variables, the function, symbolic function rule and rationale for a set of graphs. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Graphing What
Description:
This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, is used by students to record independent and dependent variables as well as the function and symbolic function rule for a set of graphs.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Graphing What
Description: This reproducible activity sheet, from an Illuminations lesson, is used by students to record independent and dependent variables as well as the function and symbolic function rule for a set of graphs. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: WhelkCome to Mathematics
Description:
In this fourlesson unit, from Illuminations, students make a conjecture, conduct an experiment, analyze data and work to a conclusion using rational functions to investigate the behavior of Northwestern Crows. Sea gulls and crows feed on various types of mollusks by lifting them into the air and dropping them onto a rock to break open their shells. Biologists have observed that northwestern crows consistently drop a type of mollusk called a whelk from a mean height of about 5 meters. Students investigate the relationship between the height of the drop and the number of drops.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AM1 (912) 12: Calculate the limit of a sequence, of a function, and of an infinite series. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: WhelkCome to Mathematics
Description: In this fourlesson unit, from Illuminations, students make a conjecture, conduct an experiment, analyze data and work to a conclusion using rational functions to investigate the behavior of Northwestern Crows. Sea gulls and crows feed on various types of mollusks by lifting them into the air and dropping them onto a rock to break open their shells. Biologists have observed that northwestern crows consistently drop a type of mollusk called a whelk from a mean height of about 5 meters. Students investigate the relationship between the height of the drop and the number of drops. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Northwestern Crows
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use rational functions to investigate the feeding behavior of Northwestern Crows. Biologists have observed that northwestern crows consistently drop a type of mollusk called a whelk from a mean height of about 5 meters. Students investigate the relationship between the height of the drop and the number of drops by viewing a video clip; then, they plan a classroom experiment to model the dropping of whelks in order to collect and analyze data.
Standard(s): [MA2013] PRE (912) 50: (+) Define a random variable for a quantity of interest by assigning a numerical value to each event in a sample space; graph the corresponding probability distribution using the same graphical displays as for data distributions. [SMD1]
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Northwestern Crows
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use rational functions to investigate the feeding behavior of Northwestern Crows. Biologists have observed that northwestern crows consistently drop a type of mollusk called a whelk from a mean height of about 5 meters. Students investigate the relationship between the height of the drop and the number of drops by viewing a video clip; then, they plan a classroom experiment to model the dropping of whelks in order to collect and analyze data. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Conduct an Experiment
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use rational functions to investigate the feeding behavior of Northwestern Crows. Biologists have observed that northwestern crows consistently drop a type of mollusk called a whelk from a mean height of about 5 meters. Students investigate whether the crows minimize their work by dropping whelks as they do. The amount of work depends upon the height of the drop and the number of times the crow has to fly to this height. To answer the question, students explore the relationship between the height of the drop and the number of drops needed.
Standard(s): [MA2013] AM1 (912) 12: Calculate the limit of a sequence, of a function, and of an infinite series. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Conduct an Experiment
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students use rational functions to investigate the feeding behavior of Northwestern Crows. Biologists have observed that northwestern crows consistently drop a type of mollusk called a whelk from a mean height of about 5 meters. Students investigate whether the crows minimize their work by dropping whelks as they do. The amount of work depends upon the height of the drop and the number of times the crow has to fly to this height. To answer the question, students explore the relationship between the height of the drop and the number of drops needed. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Do You Hear What I Hear?
Description:
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the dynamics of a sound wave. Students use an interactive Java applet to view the effects of changing the initial string displacement and the initial tension.
Standard(s): [MA2013] PRE (912) 26: Determine the amplitude, period, phase shift, domain, and range of trigonometric functions and their inverses. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Do You Hear What I Hear?
Description: In this lesson, from Illuminations, students explore the dynamics of a sound wave. Students use an interactive Java applet to view the effects of changing the initial string displacement and the initial tension. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Shrinking Candles, Running Water, Folding Boxes
Description:
This lesson, from Illuminations, allows students to look for functions within a given set of data. After analyzing the data, the students should be able to determine the type of function that represents the data.
Standard(s): [MA2013] PRE (912) 25: Compare effects of parameter changes on graphs of transcendental functions. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics Title: Shrinking Candles, Running Water, Folding Boxes
Description: This lesson, from Illuminations, allows students to look for functions within a given set of data. After analyzing the data, the students should be able to determine the type of function that represents the data. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Automobile Mileage: Comparing and Contrasting
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In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students compare and contrast their findings from previous lessons of the unit. This lesson allows students the time they need to think about and discuss what they have done in the previous lessons. This lesson provides the teacher with another opportunity to listen to student discourse and assess student understanding.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Automobile Mileage: Comparing and Contrasting
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students compare and contrast their findings from previous lessons of the unit. This lesson allows students the time they need to think about and discuss what they have done in the previous lessons. This lesson provides the teacher with another opportunity to listen to student discourse and assess student understanding. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Bathtub Water Levels
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students examine reallife data that illustrates a negative slope. Students interpret the meaning of the negative slope and yintercept of the graph of the reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Bathtub Water Levels
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students examine reallife data that illustrates a negative slope. Students interpret the meaning of the negative slope and yintercept of the graph of the reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Exploring Linear Data
Description:
In this lesson, from Illuminations, students model linear data in a variety of settings. Students can work alone or in small groups to construct scatterplots, interpret data points and trends, and investigate the notion of line of best fit.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Exploring Linear Data
Description: In this lesson, from Illuminations, students model linear data in a variety of settings. Students can work alone or in small groups to construct scatterplots, interpret data points and trends, and investigate the notion of line of best fit. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12
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Title: Gallery Walk
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students view the work of other students in the class and explain their own work. Students move from graph to graph during this time and, without any talking, view the work of their classmates. While on their Gallery Walk, the students think about the data their classmates plotted and whether or not the information accompanying each graph seems appropriate. Each pair of students then stands next to their own work and explains one of the graphs.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Gallery Walk
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students view the work of other students in the class and explain their own work. Students move from graph to graph during this time and, without any talking, view the work of their classmates. While on their Gallery Walk, the students think about the data their classmates plotted and whether or not the information accompanying each graph seems appropriate. Each pair of students then stands next to their own work and explains one of the graphs. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Least Squares Regression
Description:
In this ninelesson unit, from Illuminations, students interpret the slope and yintercept of least squares regression lines in the context of reallife data. Students use an interactive applet to plot the data and calculate the correlation coefficient and equation of the least squares regression line. These lessons develop skills in connecting, communicating, reasoning, and problem solving as well as representing fundamental ideas about data.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Least Squares Regression
Description: In this ninelesson unit, from Illuminations, students interpret the slope and yintercept of least squares regression lines in the context of reallife data. Students use an interactive applet to plot the data and calculate the correlation coefficient and equation of the least squares regression line. These lessons develop skills in connecting, communicating, reasoning, and problem solving as well as representing fundamental ideas about data. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: The Effects of Outliers
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This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, provides students with the opportunity to investigate the relationship between a set of data points and a curve used to fit the data points, using a computerbased interactive tool. Using the Regression Line Applet, students investigate the effect of outliers on a regression line and easily see their significance.
Standard(s): [MA2013] PRE (912) 44: Understand statistics as a process for making inferences about population parameters based on a random sample from that population. [SIC1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: The Effects of Outliers
Description: This lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, provides students with the opportunity to investigate the relationship between a set of data points and a curve used to fit the data points, using a computerbased interactive tool. Using the Regression Line Applet, students investigate the effect of outliers on a regression line and easily see their significance. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Traveling Distances
Description:
In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept of a graph of reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the resulting least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Traveling Distances
Description: In this lesson, one of a multipart unit from Illuminations, students interpret the meaning of the slope and yintercept of a graph of reallife data. By examining the graphical representation of the data, students relate the slope and yintercept of the least squares regression line to the reallife data. They also interpret the correlation coefficient of the resulting least squares regression line. This lesson incorporates an interactive regression line applet. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Lesson Plans
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Title: Drug Filtering (Exponential Decay)
Description:
In this lesson, students observe a model of exponential decay, and how kidneys filter their blood. They will calculate the amount of a drug in the body over a period of time. Then, they will make and analyze the graphical representation of this exponential function.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Drug Filtering (Exponential Decay)
http://illuminations...
In this lesson, students observe a model of exponential decay, and how kidneys filter their blood. They will calculate the amount of a drug in the body over a period of time. Then, they will make and analyze the graphical representation of this exponential function.
Learning Activities
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Title: Relations and Functions Puzzle
Description:
An "AhBach" style worksheet/puzzle dealing with evaluating functions and matching equations and graphs. Question solutions yield the needed letters to decipher a message.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Relations and Functions Puzzle
http://mathbits.com/...
An "AhBach" style worksheet/puzzle dealing with evaluating functions and matching equations and graphs. Question solutions yield the needed letters to decipher a message.
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Title: Isosceles Triangle Investigation
Description:
This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to investigate the relationship between the area of the triangle and the length of its base.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Isosceles Triangle Investigation
Description: This student interactive, from an Illuminations lesson, allows students to investigate the relationship between the area of the triangle and the length of its base. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Sound Wave
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students understand the mathematical models used to represent sound. Students come to understand the origins of the terms pitch, tone, frequency, and intensity, as well as explore the dynamics of a sound wave.
Standard(s): [MA2013] PRE (912) 26: Determine the amplitude, period, phase shift, domain, and range of trigonometric functions and their inverses. (Alabama)
Subject: Mathematics,Science Title: Sound Wave
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, helps students understand the mathematical models used to represent sound. Students come to understand the origins of the terms pitch, tone, frequency, and intensity, as well as explore the dynamics of a sound wave. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12
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Title: Tube Viewer Simulation
Description:
This student interactive, from Illuminations, simulates the effect of viewing an image through a tube. As students move the location of the person or change the length of the tube, the image and measurements also change.
Standard(s): [MA2013] ALT (912) 33: Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities.* [FBF1]
Subject: Mathematics Title: Tube Viewer Simulation
Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, simulates the effect of viewing an image through a tube. As students move the location of the person or change the length of the tube, the image and measurements also change. Thinkfinity Partner: Illuminations Grade Span: 9,10,11,12

