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Lesson Plans (14) A detailed description of the instruction for teaching one or more concepts or skills. Podcasts (8) A program (audio or video) made available in digital format for playback or download over the Internet. Informational Materials (75) Textual information containing useful facts or information.
Interactives/Games (11) A learning object that requires a user's involvement. Learning Activities (10) Any activity that would enhance a lesson or unit in order to help the learner master an objective 
and/or acquire a skill.  Examples include, but are not limited to, online tutorials, experiments, 
demonstrations, and hands-on activities. Learning Assets (1)


ALEX Lesson Plans


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Subject: Social Studies (K - 2), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Everyone Needs to be Counted!
Description: Through a mixture of lecture and hands-on interaction, students will gain knowledge of the history of the Census Bureau, the Census in the United States and the significance of the Census in modern society. The students will view a sample of the Census questions on the interactive board and answer the questions using the Student Response Systems (student clicker). The students will then create their Census questions based on their understanding of the Census.


Thinkfinity Lesson Plans


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Subject: Arts, Social Studies
Title: Harriet Tubman: An Informative and Impressionistic Look     
Description: Students take a hands-on approach to examining the life of Harriet Tubman through a comparison of informative resources and impressionistic art.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Marco Polo Takes a Trip     
Description: In this lesson, from EDSITEment, students learn about the travels of Venetian adventurer Marco Polo. They consult maps to locate Venice and follow the routes Marco Polo took to Beijing and back. They learn about the challenges of traveling along the Silk Road, discover some interesting facts about China under Mongol rule, and find out how Marco Polo came to produce his famous book. Finally, they work in groups to create a large mural/timeline of the life and adventures of this famous traveler.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Then and Now: Life in Early America, 1740-1840     
Description: In this unit of 12 lessons, from EDSITEment, students use archival materials, re-creations, and classroom activities in order to consider which aspects of everyday life have changed and which have stayed the same in the last 200 years. The lessons include many hands-on and interactive activities and games including dressing an eighteenth-century paper doll, creating an early American toy, and guessing the function of historical mystery objects.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2



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Subject: Arts,Foreign Languages,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: The Alphabet Is Historic: Curriculum Overview     
Description: This web page, created by EDSITEment, provides an overview for the curriculum unit titled The Alphabet is Historic. The four lessons that make up this curriculum unit introduce young students to the history of our alphabet and to the ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean region. The unit incorporates primary source material from EDSITEment-reviewed Web sites as well as EDSITEment student interactives.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: What Is History? Timelines and Oral Histories     
Description: This lesson, from EDSITEment, aims to help students understand history and recognize that the past is different depending on who is remembering and retelling it. There are four activities, in which students construct a timeline based on events from their own lives and family histories, construct a class timeline through comparison with each other's histories, research oral history by interviewing family members, and study primary sources to write their own history of the Great Chicago Fire.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2



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Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Egyptian Symbols and Figures: Scroll Painting     
Description: This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from EDSITEment introduces students to the writing, art, and religious beliefs of ancient Egypt through hieroglyphs, one of the oldest writing systems in the world, and through tomb paintings. Students identify and represent in their own drawings figures from the Book of the Dead, a funereal text written on papyrus and carved on the walls of tombs to help guide the deceased through the afterlife.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2



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Subject: Social Studies - Geography
Title: 'Adopt'' a Geographic News Story     
Description: In this lesson, from Xpeditions, students are introduced to some stories from National Geographic News and then invited to discuss the reasons why it is a good idea to follow the news. The class adopts a geographic news story, designs posters to illustrate it, and researches related topics.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: K,1,2



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Subject: Science - Earth science - Social Studies - Geography
Title: Where in the U.S. Would You Want to Live?     
Description: This Xpeditions lesson challenges students to think about why objects, in the classroom and in their community, are placed where they are, and how their placement affects our daily lives. In the process, they come to understand the benefits one geographic location might have over another.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: K,1,2



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Subject: Science,Social Studies
Title: NOVA: Pyramids     
Description: Jointly designed by NOVA and PBS, this site gives elementary and middle school students an overview of Egyptology and the continuing archaeological excavation of the Pyramids at Giza. It contains textual information, diagrams, and images.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8



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Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: May Calendar     
Description: This EDSITEment calendar is a collection of peer-reviewed Web sites and EDSITEment lesson plans covering May holidays and special events. May is Asian-Pacific Heritage Month and this calendar includes links to many EDSITEment lesson plans, Web site features and additional learning activities related to this theme.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,C1,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary,Educational Technology,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Voices of Democracy     
Description: The Voices of Democracy project is designed to promote the study of great American speeches and public debates. The emphasis of the project is on the actual words of those who, throughout American history, have defined the country's guiding principles, debated the great social and political controversies of the nation's history, and shaped the identity and character of the American people. In the process of reinvigorating the humanistic study of U.S. oratory, the Voices of Democracy project aims to foster understanding of the nation's principles and history and to promote civic engagement among humanities students, teachers, and scholars.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Museum of the Moving Image     
Description: The Living Room Candidate, funded through a grant from the Verizon Foundation, contains a comprehensive online collection of political television advertisements from every Presidential election since 1952. It is a signature program of the Museum of the Moving Image, the only museum dedicated to the art and industry of all of screen culture, from the earliest silent films to today's video games.
Thinkfinity Partner: Verizon Thinkfinity
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts, Social Studies, Science
Title: Myths and Heroes     
Description: Greek and Egyptian mythology, the story of the Lion King, and the legend of King Arthurs are just some of the ways these resources explore the different cultural interpretations of heroes.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



ALEX Learning Assets


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Title: Aboard the Mayflower
Digital Tool: Scholastic
Digital Tool Description: This interactive website allows students to relive part of the journey to America on board of the Mayflower. The website provides pictures and details concerning hardships that were faced in and outside the vessel. Students can also tour the ship and locate up to 7 rooms the Mayflower offered.


Thinkfinity Podcasts


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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - Careers , Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Cross-Disciplinary - Popular Culture , Arts - Photography , Science - General Science , Social Studies - Current Events/Issues , Social Studies - United States History , Vocational Education - Technical , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment , Informal Education - Photography/Digital Arts
Title: Do Photographers Still Use Darkrooms?     
Description: Is a picture worth a thousand words? Let's explore photography today in Wonderopolis!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Physical Education - Adventure and Risk Challenge Activities , Physical Education - Outdoor Education , Physical Education - Skill-Related Fitness , Science - Engineering , Science - General Science , Science - Physical Sciences , Science - Physics , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: Do Boomerangs Always Come Back?     
Description: What do you call a boomerang that doesn't come back? Find out today in Wonderopolis!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Troy     
Description: This educational website about ancient Troy consists of archaeological information, animations, geography, history, time lines, legends, myths and teaching and learning resources. The project is the result of a collaboration between the University of Cincinnati's CERHAS (Center for the Electronic Reconstruction of Historical and Archaeological Sites) and the Troia Projekt of the University of Tubingen, Germany. Major funding for this project has been provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 2,3,4



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Cross-Disciplinary - Popular Culture , Religion - Judaism , Social Studies - Current Events/Issues , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Human Relations , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: Are All Collections Valuable?     
Description: From antique furniture to movie posters, people collect all sorts of things. But are they worth anything in the long run? Find out today in Wonderopolis.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Health - Nutrition , Social Studies - Anthropology , Social Studies - Civics , Social Studies - Current Events/Issues , Social Studies - Economics , Social Studies - State History , Social Studies - United States History , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: Are All Diaries Secret?     
Description: Dear Diary, you won't believe the secrets we share in today's Wonder of the Day!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Language Arts - Vocabulary , Social Studies - Anthropology , Social Studies - Civics , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Human Relations , Social Studies - World History , Adult & Family Literacy - Lifeskills , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: Why Do You Pick a Banjo?     
Description: Are you ready for some fancy finger work? Grab the nearest banjo and let your fingers do the talking… or singing, as the case may be., No banjo? No problem! Check out today's Wonder of the Day instead. It's music for your mind.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Arts - Architecture , Foreign Languages - Bilingualism , Foreign Languages - Cultural Awareness , Social Studies - Technology and Civilization , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: How Tall Is the Eiffel Tower?     
Description: On March 31, 1889, engineer Gustave Eiffel and the French prime minister attended a ceremony to dedicate what would become the most iconic symbol of Paris and France. Oui, we're talking about the Eiffel Tower!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Physical Education - Outdoor Education , Science - Meteorology , Social Studies - Anthropology , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Psychology , Social Studies - State History , Social Studies - United States History , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Zoo/Aquarium/Nature Center Education
Title: Why Do We Have Different Time Zones?     
Description: When the sun is shining on one half of the Earth, it's nighttime on the other half. If you have ever wondered why clocks are set to different times in different places, check out today's video to see the difference between night and day. After you're finished, visit the Wonder of the Day to get in the zone and read up on the science behind time zones.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



Web Resources


Podcasts


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Plimoth Plantation Video Tour
http://www.scholasti...
Virtual field trips videos about Plimoth (Plymouth) Plantation and Thanksgiving.

Informational Materials


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Plimoth Plantation Video Tour
http://www.scholasti...
Virtual field trips videos about Plimoth (Plymouth) Plantation and Thanksgiving.

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Journey on the Mayflower
http://www.scholasti...
An interactive site for students to take the journey on the Mayflower. Provides text information regarding points on the journey.

Interactives/Games


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Journey on the Mayflower
http://www.scholasti...
An interactive site for students to take the journey on the Mayflower. Provides text information regarding points on the journey.

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Calendar Fun
http://www.softschoo...
Students will answer questions about a calendar. This game helps students practice calendar skills.

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When In Time
http://whenintime.co...
WheninTime is a web application that enables users to create, view, explore and contribute to interactive digital timelines on the topic of their choice. (Website's description)

Learning Activities


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Plimoth Plantation Video Tour
http://www.scholasti...
Virtual field trips videos about Plimoth (Plymouth) Plantation and Thanksgiving.

Save to ALEX | Share Share | Show Details
When In Time
http://whenintime.co...
WheninTime is a web application that enables users to create, view, explore and contribute to interactive digital timelines on the topic of their choice. (Website's description)

Thinkfinity Informational Materials


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Subject: Social Studies
Title: An American Story in Dance and Music Homepage     
Description: In 1943, Martha Graham, Aaron Copland, and Isamu Noguchi created Appalachian Spring , a ballet that told the story of an American pioneer community. By using this OurStory module, children and adults can enjoy exploring this history through children's literature, museum objects, and hands-on activities. Focused around Ballet for Martha an award-winning work of children's literature about the collaboration of three artists to create an American masterpiece, the module includes links to hands-on activities and a list of recommended readings for further exploration.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Duke Ellington and Jazz Homepage     
Description: Children and adults can enjoy exploring the story behind one of America's pioneers of jazz music, Duke Ellington, through children's literature, museum collections, and hands-on activities. Focused around Duke Ellington: The Piano Prince and His Orchestra, a picture book biography of the Washington, DC native, the module includes links to hands-on activities and a list of recommended readings for further exploration.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin Model     
Description: In 1794, Eli Whitney patented a new kind of cotton gin. His invention, using rotating brushes and teeth to remove the seeds from cotton, was quickly pirated by others. Southern plantation owners depended on slaves for labor-intensive crops such as rice, sugar, tobacco, and especially cotton. As the market demand for cotton increased in the early 1800s, the Southern cotton industry expanded dramatically, as did the system of slave labor it relied on.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Slave Life and the Underground Railroad Homepage     
Description: Students will learn about slavery, slave life and the Underground Railroad in this OurStory module. OurStory is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: 1876 Ellen Harding Baker's "Solar System" Quilt     
Description: This "Solar System" quilt was made by Ellen Harding Baker of Cedar County, Iowa, in 1876. The wool top of this applique quilt is embellished with wool-fabric applique, wool braid, and wool and silk embroidery. Included in the design is the appliqued inscription, "Solar System," and the embroidered inscriptions, "E. H. Baker" and "A. D. 1876." The lining is a red cotton-and-wool fabric and the filling is of cotton fiber.The maker, Sarah Ellen Harding, was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1847, and married Marion Baker of Cedar County, Iowa, on October 10, 1867. They lived in Cedar County until 1878, and then moved to Johnson County, where Marion had a general merchandise business in Lone Tree. Ellen had seven children before she died of tuberculosis in the spring of 1886.The design of Ellen's striking and unusual quilt resembles illustrations in astronomy books of the period. Ellen used the quilt as a visual aid for lectures she gave on astronomy in the towns of West Branch, Moscow, and Lone Tree, Iowa. Astronomy was an acceptable interest for women in the nineteenthth century and was sometimes even fostered in their education.Measurements: overall: 89 in x 106 in; 225 cm x 269 cmMaker(s): quilter: Baker, Ellen HardingDate Made: 1876Place Made: United States: IowaCredit Line: Gift of Patricia Hill McCloy and Kathryn Hill MeardonObject ID: 1983.0618.01Division: Division of Home and Community Life
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Acoustical Dropping Sticks     
Description: This is a set of eight "dropping sticks" used to teach acoustics. It was made in Paris by the famous scientific instrument maker Rudolph Koenig, sometime between 1858 and 1902. This particular set was used in the introductory physics class of the Worcester Polytechnic Institute.These sticks are wood (probably cedar), and although they are all the same length and width, they each have a slight difference in thickness. The different thicknesses make them resonate at a slightly different frequency when tapped or dropped on their ends. They are numbered 1 through 8 and together produce the 8 notes of a musical octave.Koenig's 1889 Catalogue des Appareils D'Acoustique describes this set as "Eight wooden bars giving the musical scale when thrown in succession upon the floor." They originally sold for 6 francs.Acoustics, in addition to lending an understanding of the physics of music, was important in the 19th-century science classroom because it demonstrated the property of waves. Waves were an important subject during this time, as they were considered to explain not only sound but heat and light.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Sound Recording, "When the Saints Go Marching In"     
Description: Born in New Orleans in 1901, jazz musician Louis Armstrong (d. 1971)was known for his distinctive trumpet-playing and vocal style. He often improvised jazz riffs using his voice rather than his instrument, scatting notes and melodies rather than singing actual words. Armstrong transformed traditional church songs like When the Saints Go Marching In into jazz melodies fit for brass bands. Nicknamed Satchmo, short for satchel-mouth, he helped popularize the solo performance in jazz music. His musical style influenced singers Billie Holiday and Frank Sinatra.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Apple II Personal Computer     
Description: In 1976, computer pioneers Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs began selling their Apple I computer in kit form to computer stores. A month later, Wozniak was working on a design for an improved version, the Apple II. They demonstrated a prototype in December, and then introduced it to the public in April 1977. The Apple II started the boom in personal computer sales in the late 1970s, and pushed Apple into the lead among personal computer makers. The Apple II used a MOS 6502 chip for its central processing unit. It came with 4 KB RAM, but could be extended up to 48 KB RAM. It included a BASIC interpreter and could support graphics and a color monitor. External storage was originally on cassette tape, but later Apple introduced an external floppy disk drive. Among the Apple II's most important features were its 8 expansion slots on the motherboard. These allowed hobbyists to add additional cards made by Apple and many other vendors who quickly sprung up. The boards included floppy disk controllers, SCSI cards, video cards, and CP/M or PASCAL emulator cards. In 1979 Software Arts introduced the first computer spreadsheet, Visicalc for the Apple II. This "killer application" was extremely popular and fostered extensive sales of the Apple II. The Apple II went through several improvements and upgrades. By 1984, when the Macintosh appeared, over 2 million Apple II computers had been sold.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Edison's "New Year's Eve" Lamp     
Description: Thomas Edison used this carbon-filament bulb in the first public demonstration of his most famous invention, the first practical electric incandescent lamp, which took place at his Menlo Park, New Jersey, laboratory on New Year's Eve, 1879.As the quintessential American inventor-hero, Edison personified the ideal of the hardworking self-made man. He received a record 1,093 patents and became a skilled entrepreneur. Though occasionally unsuccessful, Edison and his team developed many practical devices in his "invention factory," and fostered faith in technological progress. strong Measurements: strong light bulb: 6 1/2 x 2 3/4 in.; 16.51 x 6.985 cmMaker: Thomas Alva Edison strong Date Made: strong 1879 strong Place Made: strong United States: New Jersey, Menlo Park strong Credit Line: strong from General Electric Co. strong Object ID: strong EM*181797
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Students Sit for Civil Rights Homepage     
Description: Students Sit for Civil Rights is an OurStory module that includes activities based on reading Freedom on the Menu, a work of children's literature about the Greensboro sit-ins that played an important role during the civil rights movement. OurStory is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Transposing Upright Piano     
Description: This upright transposing piano was made in 1940 by Weser Brothers, New York, for Irving Berlin (1888 1989). Like many Tin Pan Alley pianists, Berlin was self-taught, preferring to play on the black keys. The key of C, he once said, is for people who study music . The transposing mechanism shifted the keyboard to allow him to stay on the black keys but produce music in other keys.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Dorothy's Ruby Slippers     
Description: Sixteen-year-old Judy Garland wore these sequined shoes as Dorothy Gale in the 1939 film classic The Wizard of Oz . In the original book by L. Frank Baum, Dorothy's magic slippers are silver; for the Technicolor movie, they were changed to ruby red to show up more vividly against the yellow-brick road. One of several pairs used during filming, these size-five shoes are well-worn, suggesting they were Garland's primary pair for dance sequences.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Homemade Filipino Gun     
Description: Filipinos fighting the United State Army resorted to making their own firearms. This handmade gun harkens back to the earliest of firearms, the hand cannon. The gun was muzzle-loaded and the charge was set off by applying fire to a touchhole in the side of the barrel.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: First Aid Pouch     
Description: Model 1910 first-aid pouch designed to be worn on the soldier's utility belt.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Doughboy Uniform     
Description: Enlisted soldier's uniform. The brown, doughy color of the uniform led to these soldiers being referred to as "doughboys," though the exact derivation of the nickname has been debated.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Distinguished Service Cross Medal     
Description: The Distinguished Service Cross, the DSC, is the second highest award for valor bestowed on a solider. President Woodrow Wilson established the award on January 2, 1918. The DSC is awarded to a person who, while serving in any capacity with the army, distinguished himself or herself by extraordinary heroism not justifying the award of a Medal of Honor: while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States; while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing or foreign force; or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent party. The act or acts of heroism must have been so notable and have involved risk of life so extraordinary as to set the individual apart from his or her comrades.This Distinguished Service Cross was awarded to General John J. Pershing.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Coming to America     
Description: Almost all Americans have family histories that trace back to other countries. By using this OurStory module, children and adults can enjoy exploring the experiences of immigrants who came to America and the ways that immigration has changed life in America through children's literature, museum objects, and hands-on activities. Focused around Feivel's Flying Horses, a historical fiction picture book about an immigrant who comes to America in the 1800's, the module includes links to hands-on activities and a list of recommended readings for further exploration.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Bread Tin, Canteen and Belt     
Description: The bread tin was designed to keep the doughboy's ration of hard bread dry; earlier bread rations were packaged in cardboard containers which became soggy and ruined the contents.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: "What Hath God Wrought" Telegraph Message     
Description: Printed in Morse code and transcribed by Samuel Morse himself, this message was transmitted from Baltimore to Washington, D.C., over the nation's first long-distance telegraph line.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Cher Ami     
Description: Cher Ami was a registered Black Check cock carrier pigeon, one of 600 birds owned and flown by the U.S. Army Signal Corps in France during World War I. He delivered twelve important messages within the American sector at Verdun; on his last mission, October 4, 1918, he was shot through the breast and leg by enemy fire but still managed to return to his loft with a message capsule dangling from the wounded leg. The message Cher Ami carried was from Major Charles S. Whittlesey's "Lost Battalion" of the Seventy-seventy Infantry Division that had been isolated from other American forces. The message brought about the relief of the 194 battalion survivors, and they were safe behind American lines shortly after the message was received. For his heroic service, Cher Ami was awarded the French Croix de Guerre with palm. He was returned to the United States and died at Fort Monmouth, N.J. on June 13, 1919, as a result of his wounds. Cher Ami was later inducted into the Racing Pigeon Hall of Fame in 1931, and received a gold medal from the Organized Bodies of American Pigeon Fanciers in recognition of his extraordinary service during World War I.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Spanish Flag     
Description: Physical Description Large yellow stripe with anchor and coat of arms. Red stripes on either side of yellow. Specific History Spanish admiral's flag captured by United States gunboat Petrel from the cruiser Isla de Luzon during the Battle of Manila Bay. General History The Battle of Manila Bay was one of two major American naval victories in the Spanish-American War. On May 1, 1898, only days after war had been declared between Spain and the United States, the Asiatic Squadron of the United States Navy under Commodore George Dewey engaged the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, Philippines. It was a complete and final victory, ending any threat from the Spanish naval forces involved. All major Spanish ships were destroyed or captured, without any significant damage to American forces.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Mathematics,Physical Education,Science,Social Studies,Geography
Title: Great Websites for Kids     
Description: Created by the American Library Association, this portal website helps parents and children find age appropriate educational materials on the Internet.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Yo-yo Maraca     
Description: The yo-yo maraca is a Puerto Rican novelty that unites both a spinning top and a musical instrument of native origin called a maraca. The name "yo-yo" is a misnomer...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Saddle     
Description: The Spaniards who invaded Mexico brought to North America a well-developed equestrian tradition. Over the centuries, horses, saddles, and other riding paraphernalia were altered by the landscape and the lifestyles of both Spanish and indigenous riders. Accompanied by mariachi music, la charrera is the elaborate and spectacle-driven tradition of horsemanship in Mexico. As a national sport rooted in the everyday demands of ranching, the crafts and techniques of charrera were adopted and modified by American settlers in the 19th century...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Andrew Jackson's Uniform Coat     
Description: Andrew Jackson wore this uniform coat at the Battle of New Orleans, January 8, 1815; it was also worn by Jackson when he sat for his portrait by artist Ralph E. W. Early, about 1815
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Tile from La Fortaleza     
Description: This tile is from La Fortaleza, a military and government complex in San Juan built to defend the city from naval attacks. Construction began in 1533 and was finished in 1540...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Toy Fire Engine     
Description: Cast-iron toys are essentially American. Small foundries and factories were mass-producing them towards the close of the 19th century. These toys were sold in novelty stores, department stores, or mail order catalogs. One can follow along with shifts in technology by recognizing the changes in the different models of Sears toys...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Xerox 914 Plain Paper Copier     
Description: Introduced in 1959, the Xerox 914 plain paper copier revolutionized the document-copying industry. The culmination of inventor Chester Carlson's work on the xerographic process, the 914 was fast and economical. One of the most successful Xerox products ever, a 914 model could make 100,000 copies per month...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Buffalo Coat     
Description: According to legend, this coat was made from the skin of a buffalo killed by Buffalo Bill, and presented by him to Captain J. B. Irvine, Twenty-second U.S. Infantry. Irvine then presented it to Second Lieutenant Albert C. Dalton, Company A, U.S. Infantry. In a life that was part legend and part fantasy, William F. Cody came to embody the spirit of the West. During the Civil War, Cody served first as a Union scout in campaigns against the Kiowa and Comanche; then in 1863 he enlisted with the Seventh Kansas Cavalry, which saw action in Missouri and Tennessee. In 1867, Cody took up the trade that gave him his nickname, hunting buffalo to feed the construction crews of the Kansas Pacific Railroad. According to Buffalo Bill, he killed 4,280 head of buffalo in seventeen months. He is perhaps best known for Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, a theatrical extravaganza. His show dramatized some of the most picturesque elements of frontier life. It contained a buffalo hunt with real buffalos, an Indian attack with real Indians, and a grand finale that reenacted Custer's Last Stand, with some Lakota who actually fought in the battle playing a part. The show was enormously successful and traveled the world for three decades.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Richard Petty's 200th Victory Car     
Description: The Richard Petty Number 43 Pontiac is a NASCAR racing car, built to resemble a 1984 Pontiac Grand Prix passenger car. It ran in the Winston Cup division, the highest level of NASCAR competition, and it won the Firecracker 400 auto race at Daytona International Speedway on July 4th, 1984. It was Petty's 200th and final NASCAR Winston Cup victory. Among the spectators that day was President Ronald Reagan. The car was last driven in competition at the Talladega (Ala.) Speedway on July 29, 1984...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Massachusetts, 20 Shillings, 1690     
Description: Called upon by the British government to help fight the French in Canada in 1689, Massachusetts authorities were hard-put to comply, because official money was unavailable. The Hull/Sanderson mint, which had created Pine Tree Shillings and other coins, had been closed on Crown orders years before, and all coinage was now in extremely short supply. Then someone had an idea: Why not issue paper certificates to pay for the supplies and troops that Massachusetts was expected to contribute?...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Massachusetts, Pine Tree Shilling, "1652" (struck 1667-1674)     
Description: As early as 1650, the colony of Massachusetts Bay was a commercial success. But an inadequate supply of money put its future development in jeopardy. England was not inclined to send gold and silver coins to the colonies, for they were in short supply in the mother country. Taking matters into their own hands, Boston authorities allowed two settlers, John Hull and Robert Sanderson, to set up a mint in the capital in 1652. The two were soon striking silver coinage-shillings, sixpences, and threepences. Nearly all of the new coins bore the same date: 1652. This was the origin of America's most famous colonial coin, the pine tree shilling...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Sheet Music-"The Battle of the Sewing Machines"     
Description: The Battle of the Sewing Machines" was composed and arranged by F. Hyde for the piano, and was published in 1874 by Wm. A. Pond Co. of 547 Broadway, N.Y., N.Y. The lithograph by R. Teller of 120 Wooster St., N.Y., N.Y., illustrates a "battle" of sewing machines. The Remington "army" is marching towards the fleeing Singer, Howe, Succor, Weed, and Willcox Gibbs sewing machines. The soldiers are riding the Remington treadle machines like horses and are carrying Remington rifles. The Remington No. 2 sewing machine had just come out to market in June 1874. The family treadle machine with a drop-leaf table and two drawers would have cost $75.00.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Silk Satin Dress     
Description: Virginia Lee Mead wore this salmon-pink silk satin dress when she was a young woman living in New York City's Chinatown, where her father, Lee B. Lok, a first-generation immigrant, ran a general store. The full-length dress is a traditional style that younger second-generation Chinese women wore to formal celebrations during the 1930s. "When I was a child, I really didn't know I was American," recalls Lee. "I had no idea. I mean, we lived in a Chinese community and everybody was Chinese, so we [were] Chinese."
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Mercury fuming box for daguerreotypes used by Samuel F. B. Morse     
Description: This Mercury fuming box for developing daguerreotypes is certainly among the earliest photographic equipment used in America, dating 1839-1840. Working closely with Dr. J.W. Draper in New York, Morse was instrumental in promoting photography in America, furthering experimentation, and producing early examples of the daguerreotypes...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Silver Teapot made for Abigail Robinson of Newport, RI     
Description: Teapots were among the fashionable items that fit many colonists' taste for stylish possessions in 18th-century British North America. Among the prosperous classes, growing numbers adopted the genteel practice of drinking afternoon tea in imitation of the English gentry. Some Americans imported ceramic tea services, while others patronized local silversmiths. Silver was intrinsically expensive, and it allowed engraved decoration and personalized initials, as on this teapot...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: NBC Fireside Chat Microphone     
Description: On March 12, 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered the first of about thirty informal "Fireside Chat" addresses over the radio. His ability to communicate over this new medium directly and personally, addressing each listener as a respected friend, gave FDR a powerful tool to shape public opinion.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: 1874 Remington Type Writer     
Description: Remington put its writing machines on the market in 1874 at a price of $125. The new Type Writer owed some of its identity to the sewing machines that Remington had recently added to its product line. The writing machine came mounted on a sewing machine stand, with a treadle to operate the carriage return and advance the paper on the platen. Even the Type Writer's shiny black case, elaborately decorated with floral designs and emblems, resembled the factory's sewing machines.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Spinning Wheel     
Description: Spinning wheels are believed to have originated in India between 500 and 1000 A.D. By the 13th century, they were seen in Europe, and were a standard piece of equipment for those making fiber into yarn. By the 17th century they were commonly found in homes in the colonies of North America.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Declaration of Independence Desk     
Description: strong class="cent_widget3" The Declaration of Independence Desk strong In 1776 Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence on this portable desk of his own design. It features a hinged writing board and a locking drawer for papers, pens, and inkwell.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Physical Education,Social Studies
Title: Muhammad Ali's Boxing Robe and Gloves     
Description: Muhammad Ali gained fame for his boxing skills, charisma and the controversy he generated outside the ring...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Slave Shackles     
Description: In the 15th century, decades before they sailed into the Caribbean, Spanish merchants, captains, and adventurers had already conquered and enslaved the people of the Canary Islands in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. On the western coast of continental Africa, the Portuguese had been cultivating a slavery-based economic policy. This legacy of conquest and slavery shaped the colonization of Puerto Rico and other islands in the Caribbean. Some of the first American encounters between Europeans, Indians, and Africans took place in Puerto Rico, and its early history of genocidal violence and physical exploitation was repeated throughout the Americas.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: WANN microphone     
Description: WANN represents a significant moment in American cultural history-the rise of black-oriented broadcasting. Although blacks constituted 10 percent of the population, black interest in broadcasting on any scale, didn't begin until 1948. That year WDIA in Memphis became the first station to go to a format with exclusively black on-air personnel. Shortly after, a handful of stations committed to black interests. WANN was one of the first half-dozen. The station went on the air in 1948, and by 1950 owner and manager Morris Blum had directed his station to the black community in Annapolis and the surrounding area.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Roosevelt Inaugural Medal, 1905     
Description: When Theodore Roosevelt was elected President in 1904 and needed an inaugural medal, he gave the commission to scupltor Augustus Saint-Gaudens after rejecting the standard, unmemorable medal typically produced for this occasion by the United States Mint.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Manpack Global Positioning System (GPS) Receiver     
Description: The Global Positioning System (GPS) consists of NAVSTAR satellites in earth orbit that send signals to receivers on land, sea, or in the air. The system became operational in 1978. Its military usefulness was demonstrated during Operation Desert Storm (1991), when coalition troops with receivers were able to navigate quickly and with great precision in the relatively featureless desert, thus having a significant tactical advantage over Iraqi forces.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Thompson Model 1928 Submachine Gun     
Description: During World War I, machine guns were heavy, crew-served weapons. Their operation required several soldiers. Even so-called light machine guns could not easily be handled by single soldiers. To meet the need for an individual rapid-fire weapon, several inventors devised submachine guns. Light enough for one-man use, the new weapons were nicknamed "trench brooms" because they swept the trenches clear of enemy troops. The Thompson submachine gun was the handwork of John Taliaferro Thompson (West Point Class of 1882). It saw only limited wartime use, but the "Tommy gun" in the hands of police and gangsters achieved notoriety as "the gun that made the twenties roar."
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: No. 5 Field Case Surgical Set     
Description: Many of the surgical sets used during the American Civil War were made to the specifications of the Union Army. This Civil War surgical set was made by George Tiemann Company of New York City. Tiemann, who emigrated to America from Germany in 1826, was considered one of the finest surgical instrument makers of the 19th century.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Civil War Soldier     
Description: Photographs can be powerful connections to the past. Soldiers, for example often had their portraits made before going off to war so that loved ones would have a rememberance of them in the event they did not return. This decorative mat is unusual and suggests the pride the owner may have felt about his status as a fighting soldier.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Templeton Reid, 5 Dollars, 1830     
Description: Before the famous California gold rush, several important strikes were made in the East: in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The earliest took place in Mecklenburg County, N.C., in 1799, where a nugget weighing several pounds was discovered. Its finder used it as a doorstop until someone recognized it for what it was! Discoveries multiplied, and a federal branch Mint was eventually set up in Charlotte to process the metal into coinage.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Skinner Teaching Machine     
Description: From the 1920s, psychologists have explored ways to automate teaching. In the 1950s, the psychologist B. F. Skinner of Harvard University suggested that techniques he had developed for training rats and pigeons might be adopted for teaching humans.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Soldier's Pocket Bible     
Description: Religion has an essential role in military history, which is reflected in military material. Steel-covered New Testaments were popular keepsake gifts for soldiers going off to fight in World War II. Advertised in newspapers and magazines as protection from bullets, the small books were designed to be carried in the pocket over one's heart as both symbol and shield.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Sewing Machine Patent Model     
Description: This is a patent model of a sewing machine invented by John Bachelder of Boston, Mass., who was issued Patent No. 6439 on May 8, 1849. In his patent specification he claims "As my invention or improvement in the sewing machine is the combination, with the endless cloth-holder, of the curved bar or piece of metal v, for discharging the cloth from its points after being sewed, all as described."
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: John Deere Model D Tractor     
Description: The John Deere Model D tractor was introduced in 1923 and became the first tractor built, marketed, and named John Deere. It replaced the Waterloo Boy in the company's product line.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Spur     
Description: This spur, worn over a riding boot, was made in Mexico in the mid-1800s. Rubbed against the animal's side, spurs are one of the instruments that riders use to direct horses. The spikes on this spur are set on a small wheel called a rowel, making this a rowel spur. Horses and good riding equipment, such as spurs, saddles, stirrups, and leather coverings, played a fundamental role in the European conquest, exploration, and settlement of wide areas of North America. Much of the technique and craftsmanship of riding culture that was found in the American West among both Native Americans and later U.S. settlers was introduced by the Spanish in Mexico within the first century of colonization (1500s). During this period, huge herds of cattle and sheep (both newly introduced species, like horses) flooded the dry grasslands of northern Mexico and were tended by men who would later be called vaqueros —cowboys. The ranching culture that they developed, as well as the ecological destruction that grazing produced, stretched from Texas to California. This economy of raising livestock on the open range was embraced by settlers coming overland from the American East along routes like the Santa Fe, Old Spanish, and Gila trails. To this day, ranching remains a vital economic and cultural force in both the American West and northern Mexico.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Yankee Stadium Ticket Booth     
Description: This 1923 ticket booth is from Yankee Stadium, called "The House that Ruth Built" because the star slugger, Babe Ruth (1895 1948), revitalized the game, bringing in thousands of new fans.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: May Calendar     
Description: This EDSITEment calendar is a collection of peer-reviewed Web sites and EDSITEment lesson plans covering May holidays and special events. May is Asian-Pacific Heritage Month and this calendar includes links to many EDSITEment lesson plans, Web site features and additional learning activities related to this theme.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,C1,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Benjamin Lincoln's Sword     
Description: Sword and scabbard carried by Major General Benjamin Lincoln throughout the Revolutionary War. General Lincoln played a major role in accepting the surrender at Yorktown. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Family Photo Album     
Description: Mary Taylor used her 35mm Bell and Howell camera to document her family's life in the black community of Los Angeles, California, during the mid-20th century. She turned a discarded wallpaper sample book into a treasured family heirloom. Taylor's family photographs including 19th-century tintypes, turn-of-the-century hand-colored portraits, and albums from the 1950s to the 1970s provide insight into the African American experience in the United States over the past century. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: U.S. Civil War Colored Troops Medal     
Description: During the American Civil War, General Benjamin Butler so appreciated the heroic actions of African American soldiers under his command at the 1864 battles of Fort Harrison and Fort Gilmer that he commissioned a special medal for them. Designed by Anthony C. Paquet and realized in silver by Tiffany, the U.S. Colored Troops medal had no official status. After General Butler was relieved of his command in 1865, the 300 U.S. Colored Troops who had received the medals were forbidden to wear them on their uniforms.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts,Social Studies
Title: Portrait of Dorothy Catherine Draper     
Description: Believed to be the first photographic portrait made in the United States, this portrait of Dorothy Catherine Draper was originally taken by her brother Dr. John W. Draper (1811-1882) in his Washington Square studio at the New York University in 1839 or 1840, within the first year of Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre's announcement in Paris of his invention of the daguerreotype process...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: George Washington's Epaulettes     
Description: These epaulettes were worn by George Washington and can be seen in life portraits painted by celebrated American artist Charles Willson Peale between 1779 and 1780. The British Army, which served as the model for the Continental army, adopted epaulettes as officers' rank insignia in 1768. Continental army regulations for the use of epaulettes were first published in the General Orders dated June 18, 1780. According to these orders, major generals were to wear an epaulette on each shoulder with two stars on each epaulette. A brigadier general wore an epaulette on each shoulder with one star on each epaulette. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Image of the Izumizaki Family, California, circa 1900     
Description: This webpage, part of the National Museum of American History's America on the Move exhibition, includes an image of the Izumizaki family in a strawberry field with an apple orchard in the background in Pajaro Valley, California and information on the work of Asian laborers in California agriculture in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: March on Washington Handbill     
Description: The March on Washington, August 28, 1963, was the largest civil rights demonstration the nation had ever witnessed.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Brown Bess Musket     
Description: The British Long Land pattern musket was the standard arm of the British infantry soldier during the American Revolution. The musket was known as a "Brown Bess,'' and there is much conjecture as to how it came by the nickname. The walnut stock may be an explanation for the brown. Another explanation is the browning of the barrel, a process used to prevent corrosion which also gave it a rich brown color. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Diner's Club Credit Card     
Description: Diner's Club was one of the earliest issuers of credit cards beginning in 1950. The convenience and security they came to represent transformed payment methods and later blossomed into one of the primary mechanisms for purchasing goods and services for customers. They also became a device for tracking spending patterns for consumers interested in managing their personal finances. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Chinese-American Shop Sign     
Description: This sign was purchased by a North Beach second-hand shop from a proprietor in the neighboring Chinatown district of San Francisco. It is said to date from between 1890 and 1910. It is likely that the language is Cantonese, the dialect used in Southern China, which was engaged in foreign trade long before military oppression and American labor recruitment in the mid-19th century brought immigrants to "Gun San'' or the "Land of the Golden Mountain,'' as the Cantonese referred to the West Coast of the United States. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Van Valen's Gold Rush Journey     
Description: Investigate the authentic journal of Alex Van Valen, a man who set sail in 1849 to stake his claim in the California gold fields, to discover what life was like during the gold rush. This dynamic project from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History includes student questions to help guide research, rich primary sources, images of artifacts and background information. The student materials can be completed on paper or using the interactive PDF format that allows students to create beautiful publications from their research. The teacher guide includes suggested discussion questions for the introduction and conclusion classes, answers to the student questions, a sheet of Frequently Asked Questions about the gold rush journal, and a summary of what Smithsonian curators learned about the journal's author. Although intended as a project, elements of the site could also be used independently to develop historical research skills. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts,Social Studies
Title: Photograph of Louis Jacques Mand Daguerre     
Description: A popular portrait method of photography from the 1839 announcement of its invention to about 1860, the Daguerreotype was a unique photograph with no negative—each photograph was exposed on a copper plate coated with silver-nitrate. This half-length Daguerreotype portrait of Louis Jacques Mand Daguerre, inventor of this photographic process (1839), was taken by American photographer Charles R. Meade when he visited Daguerre at his home in Bry-sur-Marne, France, in 1848...
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Towne of Boston'' Flintlock Musket     
Description: This gun was assembled in the Massachusetts colony before the French and Indian War to arm the militia of the city of Boston. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Field Gun Captured at Saratoga     
Description: Fought in 1777 in northern New York state, the Battle of Saratoga was a major battle of the Revolutionary War. Benedict Arnold, who had not yet turned traitor, was a leader of the American offensive, which forced the surrender of British troops under General John Burgoyne. When news of the American victory reached Europe, France entered the war on the side of the patriots. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Internet Public Library: Presidents of the United States     
Description: This Web site, from the Internet Public Library, provides background information, election results, cabinet members, notable events, and some points of interest on each of the presidents. Links to biographies, historical documents, audio and video files, and other presidential sites are also included.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Uniform Coat Worn by Andrew Jackson     
Description: Andrew Jackson wore this uniform coat at the Battle of New Orleans, January 8, 1815; it was also worn by Jackson when he sat for his portrait by artist Ralph E. W. Early, about 1815.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts, Social Studies
Title: Why Use Primary Sources?     
Description: When it comes to telling the true account of an event or an historical time period, there s nothing more real or more exciting than a primary source.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Thinkfinity Interactive Games


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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Conduct a Genealogical Study     
Description: Genealogy is the study of family ancestries and histories, and a great way to learn women's history. In this activity, students will learn about the methods and tools needed to conduct a genealogical interview. It is included in an OurStory module entitled Great Women of Our Pasts . OurStory is a series of modules designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Become a Collector     
Description: Students will learn how to start their own collection after reading about Teodoro Vidal, a man who collected objects from Puerto Rico in this OurStory activity. OurStory is a series of modules designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources will allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Autobiography Through Objects     
Description: In this lesson plan, from Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, students will analyze images and objects relating to Celia Cruz then create an autobiographical exhibition using personal objects.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies,Geography
Title: Neighborhood Navigator     
Description: Use or create maps to explore your local area, along with discussion tips for kids and families. Part of an OurStory module entitled Full Steam to Freedom, this activity includes strategies for using online maps or making your own map of a trip and tips for making the most of those experiences through discussion and cooperative discovery. OurStory is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Headlines of History     
Description: In this activity, students will examine an historical newspaper, a piece of historical fiction, and their social studies textbooks for accounts of the civil rights movement, and then define equality and discrimination. They will then use these definitions to look for instances of equality and discrimination in modern society. Part of an "OurStory'' module entitled "Students Sit for Civil Rights'' , this activity will help students develop their research and analysis skills. OurStory is a program from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Brown v. Board of Education Annotated Bibliography     
Description: This downloadable, annotated bibliography accompanies the online exhibition, http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/index.html" Separate is Not Equal: Brown v. Board of Education . It includes links to online teacher materials and age appropriate works of fiction and nonfiction for students and adults.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts, Social Studies
Title: Sounds of China     
Description:
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts, Social Studies
Title: Music in the Military: Ceremonial Brass     
Description: Musicians have always played an important part in the military. This series explores not only the history of military music, but also the diverse ceremonial and entertainment roles of musicians in the military.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Thinkfinity Learning Activities


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Subject: Geography,Social Studies
Title: How Slaves Found Their Way North     
Description: Activity. Students learn about natural and human-made clues that helped slaves find their way north through the Underground Railroad. Then they create a quilt with clues about routes to freedom.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: 1,2



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - Careers , Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Cross-Disciplinary - Popular Culture , Arts - Photography , Science - General Science , Social Studies - Current Events/Issues , Social Studies - United States History , Vocational Education - Technical , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment , Informal Education - Photography/Digital Arts
Title: Do Photographers Still Use Darkrooms?     
Description: Is a picture worth a thousand words? Let's explore photography today in Wonderopolis!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Physical Education - Adventure and Risk Challenge Activities , Physical Education - Outdoor Education , Physical Education - Skill-Related Fitness , Science - Engineering , Science - General Science , Science - Physical Sciences , Science - Physics , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: Do Boomerangs Always Come Back?     
Description: What do you call a boomerang that doesn't come back? Find out today in Wonderopolis!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Cross-Disciplinary - Popular Culture , Religion - Judaism , Social Studies - Current Events/Issues , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Human Relations , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: Are All Collections Valuable?     
Description: From antique furniture to movie posters, people collect all sorts of things. But are they worth anything in the long run? Find out today in Wonderopolis.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Health - Nutrition , Social Studies - Anthropology , Social Studies - Civics , Social Studies - Current Events/Issues , Social Studies - Economics , Social Studies - State History , Social Studies - United States History , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: Are All Diaries Secret?     
Description: Dear Diary, you won't believe the secrets we share in today's Wonder of the Day!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Language Arts - Vocabulary , Social Studies - Anthropology , Social Studies - Civics , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Human Relations , Social Studies - World History , Adult & Family Literacy - Lifeskills , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: Why Do You Pick a Banjo?     
Description: Are you ready for some fancy finger work? Grab the nearest banjo and let your fingers do the talking… or singing, as the case may be., No banjo? No problem! Check out today's Wonder of the Day instead. It's music for your mind.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Arts - Architecture , Foreign Languages - Bilingualism , Foreign Languages - Cultural Awareness , Social Studies - Technology and Civilization , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: How Tall Is the Eiffel Tower?     
Description: On March 31, 1889, engineer Gustave Eiffel and the French prime minister attended a ceremony to dedicate what would become the most iconic symbol of Paris and France. Oui, we're talking about the Eiffel Tower!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Physical Education - Outdoor Education , Science - Meteorology , Social Studies - Anthropology , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Psychology , Social Studies - State History , Social Studies - United States History , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Zoo/Aquarium/Nature Center Education
Title: Why Do We Have Different Time Zones?     
Description: When the sun is shining on one half of the Earth, it's nighttime on the other half. If you have ever wondered why clocks are set to different times in different places, check out today's video to see the difference between night and day. After you're finished, visit the Wonder of the Day to get in the zone and read up on the science behind time zones.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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