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Lesson Plans (20) A detailed description of the instruction for teaching one or more concepts or skills. Podcasts (31) A program (audio or video) made available in digital format for playback or download over the Internet. Informational Materials (18) Textual information containing useful facts or information.
Interactives/Games (14) A learning object that requires a user's involvement. Learning Activities (4) Any activity that would enhance a lesson or unit in order to help the learner master an objective 
and/or acquire a skill.  Examples include, but are not limited to, online tutorials, experiments, 
demonstrations, and hands-on activities. Learning Assets (5)


ALEX Lesson Plans


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Subject: Social Studies (4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: What if you were Rosa Parks?
Description: This is a Social Studies lesson plan used to teach about the Modern Civil Rights Movement in Alabama. This lesson plan focuses on Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycotts. Technology is integrated in the lesson plan by using capzles to create a digital story book. 


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Subject: English Language Arts (4), or Social Studies (4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Book Boxes: Analyzing Elements of a Story
Description: In this lesson, students will listen to a read aloud and view a model of the project expected related to the first read aloud.  Students will then complete a group project based on a story read as a class. (This can be done as a read aloud or in literature circle groups.)  The books used in this particular activity are Bud, Not Buddy and The Watsons go to Birmingham.


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Subject: Social Studies (4)
Title: Living Museum
Description: The students will research famous Alabamians, write an informative paragraph about their historical figure, and prepare a presentation for a school-wide living museum. This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.


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Subject: Information Literacy (K - 12), or Social Studies (4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Famous Alabamians
Description: In this lesson, students will use print and non-print reference sources to examine the lives of famous Alabamians and their contributions to our society.


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Subject: English Language Arts (3 - 4), or Social Studies (4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Montgomery Field Trip Tour Book
Description: During this lesson, students explore the functions of our government through the Internet, slideshow presentations, and by visiting Alabama's capital city of Montgomery. Students will use their field trip as a guide to create a tour book of the government in Montgomery.


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Subject: English Language Arts (4), or Social Studies (4), or Technology Education (K - 2)
Title: A Tour of Birmingham: WebQuest
Description: This inquiry-based project will provide opportunities for students to learn about the history of Birmingham. Students will discover the variety tourist attractions in Birmingham, Alabama.


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Subject: English Language Arts (3 - 4), or Social Studies (4 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Famous African-Americans
Description: During this unit students will study the lives of famous African-Americans who have had an impact upon history or present day society. This interdisciplinary hands-on unit will incorporate the subjects of social studies, reading, language arts, and technology. After studying African-Americans and viewing a presentation, students will select (or be assigned) a person to research, write a biographical sketch about, and then create a newsletter depicting facts from that person's life. The entire unit will cover a two- to three-week period.


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Subject: English Language Arts (4), or Social Studies (4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Famous Alabamians: Helping Me Learn How I, Too, Can Make a Difference!
Description: In this unit, students will work to create their choice of a presentation on an Alabama citizen who has made a difference in the state, as well as the nation.


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Subject: English Language Arts (4), or Social Studies (4), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Alabama Biographies of the 20th Century
Description: In this lesson, students will recognize and examine the lives of Alabamians who have impacted the lives of others and the history of the state with their notable contributions during the first half and last half of the twentieth century. This interdisciplinary lesson relates social studies, language arts and reading. Through this inquiry study, students will choose one of the famous Alabamians, research the person's contributions, write a short biographical summary, and as an extension, create a 3-D scan picture relating to the life and times of the individual.


Thinkfinity Lesson Plans


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Subject: Social Studies,Language Arts
Title: Read Martin's Big Words     
Description: Martin's Big Words is an illustrated biography of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Included in an OurStory module entitled "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Nonviolence'' , this activity includes strategies that will help adults and children actively read "Martin's Big Words'' together. OurStory is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Arts, Social Studies
Title: Harriet Tubman: Dancing on the Freedom Trail     
Description: In this lesson, students are introduced to the emotional struggles Tubman faced as she helped slaves escape and travel north along the Underground Railroad.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: What Makes a Hero?     
Description: In this unit of eight lessons, from EDSITEment, students explore heroes and the traits that make them heroic. Students begin by thinking about their own heroes and list the character traits their heroes possess. Students then explore kid heroes, adults heroes, local heroes, and heroes from history, before completing one of several suggested culminating activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Social Studies - Geography
Title: Design Your Own Suburb     
Description: This lesson, from Xpeditions, asks students to think about their own perceptions of cities and suburbs and to consider the features that exist in a typical urban and suburban area. They also learn about sprawl and some of the problems associated with rapid suburban growth. They conclude by designing their own suburbs.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Where I Come From     
Description: In this lesson, from EDSITEment, students take research into their heritage a step beyond the construction of a family tree, traveling through cyberspace to find out what's happening in their ancestral homelands today and explore their sense of connection to these places in their past.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Let Freedom Ring: The Life and Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.     
Description: In this lesson, from EDSITEment, students listen to a biography of Martin Luther King, Jr., view photographs of the March on Washington, and study King's use of imagery and allusion in his I Have a Dream speech. After studying King's use of imagery and allusion, they create original poetic phrases about freedom and illustrate them with symbols representing the forms of freedom that have yet to be realized in the United States.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: January - 2010 - I Have a Dream: Celebrating the Vision of Martin Luther King, Jr     
Description: On the third Monday of January, Americans celebrate the life and achievement of one of our most respected citizens Martin Luther King, Jr. Dr. King was a leading force in the drive for civil rights in the United States, and he showed through words and actions that non-violent, persistent activism can achieve tremendous results by appealing to the moral conscience of Americans.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



ALEX Learning Assets


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Title: That's Who I Am
Digital Tool: Babblizer app
Digital Tool Description: A fun app that allows you to select a picture and make it seem to speak! It is FREE!


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Title: I Have a Dream
Digital Tool: Civil Rights Movement Video
Digital Tool Description: The tool used is a video from schooltube.com. The video shows students taking on the roles of influential African Americans in the United States. At the end, the students are reciting the "I Have a Dream" speech by Martin Luther King Jr.  


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Title: I Have a Dream, Martin Luther King Jr.
Digital Tool: Blabberize--Create a video of your own
Digital Tool Description: Blabberize will allow students to take their own voice and add it to a picture that talks. In this lesson, students will create their own "I Have a Dream" speeches and put them with a picture of how they may see themselves in the future (example: a picture of a pilot, nurse, teacher....) The picture will talk with the words of the student's own speech.  


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Title: Birmingham was Bombed
Digital Tool: Wonderopolis- Write a TV Script
Digital Tool Description: Wonderopolis is a tool for engaging students using wonder about the world around them. Daily "wonders" create exploratory learning. The "How Do You Write a TV Script" wonder will be used to help students as they prepare to write their own mock newscast based on the event of the Birmingham Sixteenth Street Church bombing in 1963, as read about in the novel by Christopher Paul Curtis, The Watsons go to Birmingham, 1963. After reading the novel and exploring information about life in the 1960s, students will imagine what a news report from that day would have looked like. They will view this resource to understand the important components of a script before getting into small groups to write their own newscasts. The teacher will combine the scripts and students will create a short film either independently or with teacher assistance and present their newscast during Black History Month. 


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Title: Who's who in Alabama history?
Digital Tool: BioCube graphic organizer
Digital Tool Description: The BioCube graphic organizer contains questions that can be used to guide students as they research information about influential Alabamians.


ALEX Podcasts


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Rosa Parks
Overview:
The story of Rosa Parks and her stand against segregation.


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The Civil Rights Movement in Alabama
Overview:
ArchiTreats: Food for Thought celebrates the Year of Alabama History through a series of sequential lectures in Alabama history by leading experts in the field. Join us as Odessa Woolfolk presents The Civil Rights Movement in Alabama. This presentation was held at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Alabama, the ‘Cradle of the Confederacy,’ was the setting for many of the most nationally significant battles of the Civil Rights Movement. The events of that era were initiated by ordinary people with uncommon courage. This presentation will highlight the mass activism which occurred in local communities around the state, and the importance of leaders and footsoldiers. Odessa Woolfolk grew up in Birmingham, Alabama. She received a BA in history from Talladega College and a MA in Urban Studies from Occidental College in California and she was a National Urban Fellow at Yale University. Her professional career includes high school and college teaching, as well as public administration in New York and Washington, D.C. She served in various capacities at the University of Alabama for over 20 years. She is the Founding President and Chairman Emeritus of the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute. This ArchiTreats presentation is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives and a grant from the Alabama Humanities Foundation, a state program of the National Endowment for the Humanities. The public is invited to bring a sack lunch and enjoy a bit of Alabama history. Coffee and tea will be provided by the Friends of the Alabama Archives. For more information, call (334) 353-4712.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Emma Young
Overview:
Emma Young was born in Camden, Wilcox County, Alabama in 1902.  She moved to Birmingham as a young married woman.  While in Birmingham, she worked as a housewife in her own home, and as a domestic in the homes of White families.  In addition, she worked as a cook and maid at downtown hotels.   When Martin Luther King, Jr. came to Birmingham to assist the local Civil Rights Movement, Young was active in the movement with her children and grandchildren.  She attended mass meetings and demonstrations, and her son, grandson, and granddaughter were jailed. Mrs. Young passed away at the age of 102.    Listen to Emma Young relay the story of an encounter between Birmingham police commissioner, Bull Conner, and a group of rabbis who had traveled to Birmingham in 1963 to observe the movement and support the efforts of local Blacks working to end segregation's grip on the city. 


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Calvin Woods
Overview:
A second-generation pastor, Reverend Calvin Woods was born in Birmingham, Alabama in 1933 and educated at Parker High School and Birmingham Baptist Bible College.  He also graduated from Miles College and engaged in studies at other institutions.   When the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights was founded in 1956, Woods was already known for his beliefs.  He spoke out from the pulpit on the unconstitutional ity of segregation laws.   His outspokenness eventually led to an incident that marked his early involvement in the organized movement for change in Birmingham and the South.   Listen to Reverend Woods discuss that incident and his general role in the Birmingham Movement.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Lamar Weaver
Overview:
Born in Cassville, Georgia in 1928, Lamar Weaver moved with his mother, a nurse, to Birmingham when he was in elementary school.  The family lived in a downtown neighborhood where he played with Italian, Jewish and Black children, often getting into trouble.  By the time he graduated from high school, Weaver had become a Christian.  He decided to enter the ministry and the Civil Rights Movement, which was getting underway in Birmingham.  In addition, Weaver ran for public office against Bull Conner in the City of Birmingham.  In order to pay the bills while he was in Bible College, he worked as an ambulance driver and metallurgist for Tennessee Coal & Iron (TCI).  Weaver's employment came to an end in early March of 1957 after he accompanied Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth and his wife, Ruby Shuttlesworth, to the Union Terminal Station in downtown Birmingham where the three shared a bench in the "Whites only" waiting room.   Listen to Lamar Weaver describe the scene at Terminal Station and the reaction of an angry White mob to his involvement in the Shuttlesworth's attempt to desegregate that public facility.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Rosa Washington
Overview:
Rosa Powell Washington was born in Davenport, Montgomery County, Alabama in 1912.  When she was eight years old, her father decided to leave the farm to find work in the city.  Married at 22 years old, Washington moved to Pittsburgh with her husband, who died five years later of tuberculosis.  By the time she was 27 years old, her mother and father had also died and she was left to raise a deceased brother's five children.  Eventually, she was hired to work at the Greyhound Bus Station in downtown Birmingham.  She retired as an Information Clerk for Greyhound after 37 years and 4 months.     Listen to Rosa Washington remember that fateful Sunday when the Freedom Riders arrived at the Birmingham Greyhound Bus Station in 1961.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Eileen Walbert
Overview:
Eileen Kelly Walbert was born and reared in Virginia.  She and her husband, a musician, moved to Birmingham in 1946 from New York City, where they had lived during their first years of marriage.  Walbert describes the move to Birmingham as, "…like moving to Nazi Germany…although there were no swastikas…[for] half of the population, their skin color served the same purpose for discrimination and oppression…"    During the late 1950s, Walbert joined the inter-racial Alabama Council on Human Relations, through which she and other Whites came to know Blacks as friends and supported efforts to desegregate public facilities in Birmingham and the state of Alabama.   Listen to Eileen Walbert discuss the reaction of some White communities to the demonstrations that took place in Birmingham in April and May of 1963.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Virginia Volker
Overview:
Virginia Sparks Volker was born in Jasper, Alabama in 1940.  An instructor of Biology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) since 1967, Volker has degrees from the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa and Harvard University.  Actively involved in the Unitarian church and in many community organizations, Volker also directs an annual summer intensive course on the Civil Rights Movement.   As a college student in the early 1960s, Volker participated in inter-racial discussion and social groups with students from Stillman College.  Because such activities were illegal, Volker and her friends were strongly encouraged by university administrators to cease participation.  However, even after she enrolled in graduate school at UAB, she continued to cross boundaries and participate in groups such as the Alabama Council on Human Relations and Friendship in Action.    Listen to Virginia Volker explain how she and other White students came to socialize with Black college students in Tuscaloosa, Alabama in 1960 and '61.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with David Vann
Overview:
David Vann was born in Roanoke, the largest town in Randolph County, Alabama.  He served in World War II, received a law degree, and, later, clerked for Alabama native and U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Hugo Black.  Vann served as Justice Black's clerk when the court handed down its landmark 1954 decision in the case of Brown v Board of Education.  Shortly after that decision, Vann arrived in Birmingham to practice law with a downtown firm known for its relatively progressive views and representation of labor.    One of Vann's chief accomplishments was successfully campaigning for a public referendum in 1962 that changed Birmingham's form of municipal government from the city commission system to a mayoral/council system.  Later, from 1975 to 1979, Vann himself served as Mayor of the City of Birmingham. Vann passed away in 1999.   Listen to former Mayor Vann discuss critical events that he believed led to the gradual willingness of Birmingham's White leadership to negotiate with local Black leaders and bring about an end to segregation in Birmingham.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Fred L. Shuttlesworth
Overview:
Reverend Fred L. Shuttlesworth was born near Birmingham in 1922.  After college at Alabama State University and studies at Selma University, Shuttlesworth entered the ministry in Selma, Alabama.  Shortly after he was called into the ministry, he accepted a pastorate at Bethel Baptist Church in Birmingham where he remained until 1961.    In 1956, the state of Alabama outlawed the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) from operating in the state.  In response to that action, Shuttlesworth and others organized to form the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR).  Led by Shuttlesworth, the ACMHR filed lawsuits, coordinated demonstrations and protests, and otherwise challenged the segregation laws of Birmingham.  In retaliation, his home was bombed repeatedly.  Though he accepted a pastorate at a church in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1961, Shuttlesworth retained his leadership role in the Birmingham movement and the ACMHR, inviting Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and members of the SCLC to come to Birmingham in 1963.   Listen to Fred Shuttlesworth describe the intensity of a mass meeting held on June 5, 1956—the date on which the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights was formally organized.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with James Montgomery
Overview:
Dr. James T. Montgomery was born in the South Alabama town of Atmore in 1926.  When he was 10 years old, his family moved to Birmingham where they made a living in the grocery business.    After graduating from Rosedale High School, Dr. Montgomery went to Atlanta to study at Morehouse College, from which he graduated in 1947.  In order to save money for medical school, Montgomery and his wife lived with his grandparents in Birmingham while he taught Biology and Chemistry for two years at Parker High School.   In 1950, the Montgomerys moved to Washington, D.C. where James attended Howard University Medical School.  Following residencies in St. Louis and Boston, Dr. Montgomery and his wife returned to Birmingham, where he set out to practice cardiology.    Listen as James Montgomery discusses his return to Birmingham in the late-1950s and his reception by local White physicians, many of whom privately encouraged his practice, while publicly refusing to support his induction into medical societies or his ability to see patients in all the city's hospitals


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Merrian McClendon
Overview:
Born in Birmingham in 1948, Merriam McLendon skipped a grade in elementary school.   During movement events in Birmingham in 1963, she was a sophomore at Wenonah High School.  For months prior to the downtown demonstrations, she and her mother had attended and been inspired by mass meetings.  At the height of the Birmingham movement, she spent several days in the county jail.   When she was sixteen years old, McClendon enrolled in Miles College.   After graduation, she moved to Chicago and continued to be politically active while raising a family and experiencing success in the corporate world.   In 1986, after living in and traveling to many places, McLendon returned to Birmingham.   Listen to Merriam McLendon describe how she came to be involved in the Civil Rights Movement.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Carrie Hamilton Lock
Overview:
Carrie Hamilton Lock, the daughter of Florida and William Hamilton, was born in Birmingham in 1949.  Both of her parents were actively involved in many aspects of the Movement, as were most of her neighbors in the Rising community.   During the 1963 demonstrations in downtown Birmingham, Lock was a student at Parker High School.  She marched and attended mass meetings with friends and family.   One year later, at the beginning of the 1964-'65 school year, Lock walked into Birmingham's West End High School amid jeers from a mob of White protestors who did not wish to see public schools integrated.  She was the only Black student to attend the school that year.    Listen to Lock recall that first day of school at West End High.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Colonel Stone Johnson
Overview:
Born in the Black Belt town of Hayneville in Lowndes County, Alabama, Colonel Stone Johnson moved to Birmingham at the age of four with his parents, a homemaker and a college-educated cement finisher.   After graduating from Parker High School, Johnson became a truck driver for Hormel Packing Company.  It was then, in the 1940s, that Johnson became actively involved in union organizing.  This period also marked the beginning of his civil rights movement activism, for Johnson saw much discrepancy between the treatment and pay of Black workers and that of Whites.    Listen to Colonel Johnson explain his reasons for getting involved in the Civil Rights Movement.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Lola Hendricks
Overview:
Lola Hendricks was born in Birmingham in 1932 and has lived in the city all her life.   After high school, Hendricks attended Booker T. Washington Business College.  Later, as a clerk typist and insurance writer at a local firm, she began attending mass meetings at local churches—events that educated and inspired Blacks in Birmingham to work for change.    Hendricks was an officer with Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth in the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights in 1956.  She went on to work for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and to assist Rev. Wyatt T. Walker, Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. and others as they organized "Project C" in Birmingham in 1963.  After long stints with both the Social Security Administration and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Hendricks retired from the federal government in the early 1990s.     Listen to Lola Hendricks describe early mass meetings in Birmingham.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Florida Hamilton
Overview:
Florida Hamilton was born in Bessemer, Alabama in 1925 and reared in Birmingham.  After graduating from Parker High School, she married a minister.  Hamilton cared for her family while working for local physicians and with the Children's Aid Society.  Encouraged by her best friend from church, Hamilton began attending mass meetings in the early 1960s.  She took her children along.  The entire Hamilton family was involved in meetings, marches, and demonstrations.      In Fall 1964, one year after two Black students had integrated and graduated from Birmingham's West End High School, Reverend and Mrs. Hamilton enrolled their daughter, Carrie, in the school.  Carrie was the only Black student in the school, for other Black families who had planned to send their children opted out before the first day of school.    Listen to Florida Hamilton remember the day that Carrie faced a crowd of angry Whites and proudly entered West End High School.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Nims Gay
Overview:
Nims Gay moved to Birmingham with his parents, a homemaker and a railroad worker, soon after he was born in Calhoun County, Alabama in 1923.  A member of the Parker High School Choir and, later, founder of a group called the Gay Harmoniers, Gay was a natural musician.  He was also the first Black radio announcer for Birmingham station WJLD.    When Fred Shuttlesworth and others formed the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR) in 1956, Gay served as one of its founding choir directors.  Professional choir musicians eventually took over directorship of the ACMHR Choir, but Gay remained active in the Civil Rights Movement.  He retired from management at Blue Cross Blue Shield, the insurance company.   Listen to Nims Gay tell about driving to Anniston in 1961 to transport Black and White "Freedom Riders" to Birmingham where they stayed in the homes of movement activists after their bus was burned by a mob of angry Whites.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Elizabeth Fitts
Overview:
Dr. Elizabeth Hayes Fitts was born in Montgomery, Alabama in 1943, but grew up in Birmingham.  After graduation from Ullman High School, Fitts entered Miles College in Birmingham, where she became involved in the Civil Rights Movement.  In fact, she became so involved that she left school for a time to join the staff of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), helping to organize voter registration in Southeastern states.   Fitts returned to college at Tuskegee, where she remained actively involved in the movement.  Now a professor at Alabama State University in Montgomery, Dr. Fitts speaks publicly about her activism, particularly about being jailed as a college student in Birmingham in 1963.   Listen to Elizabeth Fitts explain how she and other Miles College students organized and carried out a local economic boycott known as the "Selective Buying Campaign" in Birmingham.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Hattie Felder
Overview:
Hattie M. Felder was born in Orrville in Dallas County, Alabama in 1928.  When she was 21 years old, Felder moved to Birmingham, where she could live with extended family while completing school and supporting a child.  She attended beauty school at night and worked in the kitchen at a nursing home during the day.  Even then, in the early 1950s, Felder was a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which the State of Alabama shut down in 1956.  When former members and leaders of the NAACP formed the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, Felder joined it as well.    Many adults in the Black community did not openly participate in Movement activities because they feared loss of their or their spouse's jobs.  Felder, however, was self-employed as a beautician, so she did not hesitate to go to jail on Easter Sunday 1963. Listen to Hattie Felder tell what it was like to be involved in the NAACP in Alabama in the 1950s.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Frank Dukes
Overview:
Reverend Frank Dukes was born in the Birmingham suburb of Fairfield in 1930, where he also attended public schools. After military service in the Korean War and time spent working in automobile plants in Detroit, Dukes returned to Birmingham and enrolled in Miles College. As student government president at Miles, Dukes encouraged other students to get involved in the local movement for change in segregation laws and customs. Listen to Frank Dukes discuss the Selective Buying Campaign, a tactic championed and organized by local college students and administrators in Birmingham in the early 1960s.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Joe Dickson
Overview:
Joe Dickson was born in Montgomery, Alabama in 1933. When he was five years old, his widowed mother brought her five children to Birmingham to live with family in Fairfield. After high school and military service, Dickson returned home and enrolled in Miles College in 1955. Later he received a law degree from Howard University, served as an advisor on Minority Affairs to Alabama Governor Guy Hunt, and bought the Birmingham World newspaper. Dickson served as student government president at Miles, which put him in a position of leadership during Movement activities in Birmingham, including the Miles College student-led Selective Buying Campaign. Listen to Joe Dickson discuss the effectiveness of the Selective Buying Campaign in Birmingham in 1962.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Reuben Davis
Overview:
Born in Birmingham in 1923, Reuben Davis is another labor union member whose activism as a railroad employee led to his involvement in the larger civil rights movement of the 1950s and '60s. Davis served time in the Navy during World War II, but returned directly to Birmingham as soon as he was discharged. After a brief stint as an auto mechanic at a car dealership, Davis was offered a job teaching auto mechanics to high school students in Bessemer. Though he had not attended college nor ever been an instructor, Davis took to the work quickly and retired from teaching after 30 years. Listen to Reuben Davis relay an incident from his union days that motivated him to seek equal rights for Blacks and Whites throughout the rest of his life.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Carolyn Cunningham
Overview:
Carolyn Cunningham was born and reared in Birmingham. After high school graduation, she left for New Orleans and Chicago, eventually graduating from Southern University in Louisiana with degrees in Speech and English. Upon returning to Birmingham in 1961, Cunningham was offered a teaching position at Ullman High School. Shortly after joining the faculty, she became involved in the civil rights movement both directly, as a participant, and indirectly, as a role model to her students. Listen to Carolyn Cunningham talk about the pressures local educators faced as they decided whether or not to participate in movement activities.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Jerome "Buddy" Cooper
Overview:
Attorney Buddy Cooper was born in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama in 1913, but moved to Birmingham when he was six years old. Later, after graduation from Phillips High School, Cooper went to Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he attended Harvard College and Harvard Law School. Cooper's career as a labor lawyer in Birmingham was interrupted by service in the Navy during World War II. Upon his return, Cooper again practiced law, receiving the first judgment under the National Labor Relations Board for Black railroad firemen in 1951. Cooper passed away in 2003. Listen to Mr. Cooper talk about Alabama native and U.S. Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black, whom he served as a clerk in Washington, D.C. in the late 1930s.


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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Jesse Champion
Overview:
Jesse Champion was born in the Dolomite community of Birmingham in 1927. While attending Parker High School, he worked under Fess Whatley, the well-known musician and music instructor, from whom he learned to play the clarinet and drums. After high school, he served in the Navy before entering Morehouse College in Atlanta. A scholarship to Alabama A&M enabled him to complete his undergraduate education in 1950. As a high school teacher in Gadsden, Alabama in the 1950s, Champion spent summers attending graduate school at Notre Dame. In 1960, he and his family returned to Birmingham. While teaching at Council Elementary School in the Ensley area of Birmingham, Champion had a run-in with the Birmingham Police Department. The incident, which occurred during the April 1963 demonstrations by local high school students, cost him his position with the school system. Listen to Jesse Champion talk about his experience as a high school teacher at the height of the Birmingham demonstrations.  


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Oral History Interview with James Armstrong
Overview:
James Armstrong was born in Orrville, Dallas County, Alabama in 1923.  After military service in Europe from 1943 to 1946, he returned to Alabama and worked in Selma and in Mobile, where he married.  Since 1953, Armstrong has been self-employed as a barber in Birmingham.    Armstrong was a founding member of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR).  Beginning in 1957, the entire Armstrong family took a lead in Birmingham's efforts to end desegregation when Armstrong registered his children to attend school at Graymont Elementary, an all-White public school.  When the children were denied entry, Armstrong filed a lawsuit and a team of lawyers, including Arthur Shores and Constance Baker Motley, handled the case.  Six years later, Armstrong's youngest children entered and desegregated Graymont Elementary School. Listen to Mr. Armstrong as he describes the day in September 1963 when his two youngest sons finally enrolled at Graymont Elementary. 


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Jim Crow and Me
Overview:
Listen to this interview of Solomon S. Seay and Judge Delores Boyd, authors of Jim Crow and Me: Stories from My Life as a Civil Rights Lawyer conducted at the 2009 Alabama Book Festival by students of Brewbaker Technology Magnet High School.


Thinkfinity Podcasts


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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Social Studies - Comparative Political Systems , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Human Relations , Social Studies - State History , Social Studies - United States Constitution , Social Studies - United States History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: What Was the Underground Railroad?     
Description: If you live in an area with mass transportation, you may think the Underground Railroad is the subway. But you won't find any engines or tracks in this wonder. Hop on board as we travel to the past to learn all about the path to freedom!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Health - Environmental Health , Physical Education - Outdoor Education , Science - Agriculture , Science - Biological and Life Sciences , Science - Biology , Science - Botany , Science - Earth science , Science - General Science , Science - Natural History , Science - Physical Sciences , Science - Zoology , Social Studies - Geography , Informal Education - Environmental Education , Informal Education - Zoo/Aquarium/Nature Center Education
Title: What Is a Civil Right?     
Description: Let's honor Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., by taking a closer look at civil rights!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Cross-Disciplinary - Process Skills , Mathematics - Applied Mathematics , Mathematics - Patterns , Philosophy - Logic , Social Studies - Comparative Political Systems , Social Studies - Current Events/Issues , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Human Relations , Social Studies - Psychology , Social Studies - Technology and Civilization , Geography - Human Geography , Vocational Education - Technical , Adult & Family Literacy - Leveraging Technology , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment , Informal Education - Arts and Crafts , Informal Education - Business/Entrepreneurship training , Informal Education - Community service/Leadership/Team-building , Informal Education - Drama and Puppets , Informal Education - Environmental Education , Informal Education - Health/Wellness/Nutrition/Cooking , Informal Education - Homework Help/Tutoring , Informal Education - Movement and Music , Informal Education - Photography/Digital Arts , Informal Education - School to Career Experience , Informal Education - Sports/Fitness/Recreation , Informal Education - Technology Training , Informal Education - Zoo/Aquarium/Nature Center Education
Title: What Is a Letter Writing Campaign?     
Description: Meet a group of students passionate about their school. By writing to their governor, they hope to make a change., What is your passion? Grab a pen and get ready for a wonder that uses the power of your heart and voice.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Health - Body Systems and Senses , Health - Consumer Health , Health - Nutrition , Social Studies - Civics , Social Studies - State History , Social Studies - United States History , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Health/Wellness/Nutrition/Cooking
Title: Who Was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.?     
Description: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. had a dream. Over the course of his life, he traveled the country speaking about equality for all people. Today we celebrate his birthday and take a look back to see how one life can change the world.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



Web Resources


Lesson Plans


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iCivics: Civil Rights
http://www.icivics.o...
Four lessons use primary documents, readings, activities and more to introduce key concepts and events. There are also interactive games and simulations available.

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We Would Rather Walk: the Bus Boycott in Montgomery
http://www.archives....
This concise unit explores the conditions the led to the bus boycott in Montgomery and the catalytic effect it had on the Civil Rights Movement. This plan is prepared for 6th grade students, but can be easily adapted to lower grades.

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Civil Rights
http://global.wisc.e...
This teaching guide helps teachers guide students through the civil rights movement.

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Discrimination
http://www.pbs.org/n...
This activity teaches the definition of discrimination in a way that is relatable for small children. Students will then talk about Civil Rights and how African Americans were discriminated. Teacher will check for understanding with a game from the lesson plan fair and unfair.

Podcasts


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Martin Luther King, Jr: Animated Video Biography
http://www.brainpop....
This animated BrainPOP video provides a clear, concise review of the life and works of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. There are also links to a related activity, quiz, and famous quotes. *This video is free and can be viewed with no account set-up.

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The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
http://www.teachertu...
This documentary demonstrates the mistreatment of African Americans between Reconstruction and the Civil Rights Movement.

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Eyes on the Prize
http://www.teachertu...
This is a video clip of the Montgomery Bus Boycott of the Civil Rights Movement.

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Lunch Counter and Freedom Riders
http://www.teachertu...
This is a Civil Rights Museum exhibit on the lunch counter and freedom riders.

Informational Materials


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iCivics: Civil Rights
http://www.icivics.o...
Four lessons use primary documents, readings, activities and more to introduce key concepts and events. There are also interactive games and simulations available.

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Alabama African American History Calendar Project
http://alafricanamer...
Events in history help complete the understanding of African American history. This website provides a month-by-month outline of historic dates relevant to Alabama African American history offers readers a perspective that compliments the biographical data on African American leaders. This timeline view helps complete the picture of the African American impact on Alabama and United States history. A free, downloadable calendar with historic events from African American history can also be found on this site.

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Encyclopedia of Alabama
http://www.encyclope...
The Encyclopedia of Alabama is a free, online reference resource on Alabama’s history, culture, geography, and natural environment. This site offers articles on Alabama's famous people, historic events, sports, art, literature, industry, government, plant and animal life, agriculture, recreation, and so much more.

Interactives/Games


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iCivics: Civil Rights
http://www.icivics.o...
Four lessons use primary documents, readings, activities and more to introduce key concepts and events. There are also interactive games and simulations available.

Thinkfinity Informational Materials


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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Students Sit for Civil Rights Homepage     
Description: Students Sit for Civil Rights is an OurStory module that includes activities based on reading Freedom on the Menu, a work of children's literature about the Greensboro sit-ins that played an important role during the civil rights movement. OurStory is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Arts,Social Studies
Title: For All the World to See: Visual Culture and the Struggle for Civil Rights     
Description: Through a host of media-including photographs, television and film, magazines, newspapers, posters, books, and pamphlets-the project explores the historic role of visual culture in shaping, influencing, and transforming the fight for racial equality and justice in the United States from the late-1940s to the mid-1970s.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9



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Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Religion,Science,Social Studies,Geography
Title: Encyclopedia of Alabama     
Description: A free, authoritative source information about the history, politics, geography, and culture of the state of Alabama; updated regularly to ensure that the content is accurate and accessible. The editors are continually adding new entries, photographs, and maps, so check back frequently to see what's new.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: C1,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Greensboro Lunch Counter     
Description: On February 1, 1960, four African American college students--Ezell A. Blair, Jr. (now Jibreel Khazan), Franklin E. McCain, Joseph A. McNeil, and David L. Richmond--sat down at this "whites only'' lunch counter at the Woolworth's store in Greensboro, North Carolina, and politely asked for service. Their request was refused, and when asked to leave, the students remained in their seats in protest. Their peaceful sit-down was a watershed event in the struggle for civil rights and helped ignite a youth-led movement to challenge racial inequality throughout the South. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary,Geography,Social Studies
Title: The Underground Railroad in Indiana     
Description: Article. Indiana: Crossroads of Freedom. Find out how Hoosiers played a role in the Underground Railroad in this article.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: C1,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts,Cross-Disciplinary,Geography,Social Studies
Title: The Past in the Present     
Description: Article. Five people, five very different life experiences, one goal: to bring the American Civil War to life. See how reenactors and living historians breathe life into history in this article from National Geographic Education.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: C1,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies,Language Arts
Title: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Nonviolence     
Description: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is one of America's celebrated heroes for his use of nonviolent protest strategies during the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 60s. By using this OurStory module from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, children and adults can enjoy exploring history together through children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities. Focused around "Martin's Big Words'' , an illustrated biography of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the module includes links to hands-on activities and a list of recommended readings for further exploration.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Geography,Social Studies
Title: The Selma-to-Montgomery Marches     
Description: Article. Article on how civil rights activists marched from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, and helped the Voting Rights Act of 1965 pass.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: C1,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Brown v. Board of Education Timeline     
Description: This timeline provides an overview of events related to the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court Case , from the 1849 case, Roberts v. the City of Boston , to the 2003 case, Grutter v. Bollinger . This resource is available as a downloadable PDF, and is included in the online exhibition entitled http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/index.html" Separate is Not Equal: Brown v. Board of Education .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: We Shall Overcome: Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement     
Description: This resource from the National Park Service offers a virtual tour of historic places related to the modern civil rights movement. The site provides textual information and a variety of images.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Treasures of American History: National Challenges     
Description: The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History provides a broad and complex view of the American experience. The valuable pieces of history displayed in this section of the online exhibition entitled "Treasures of American History'' document some of the struggles, conflicts, and controversies that have shaped the nation. Students will learn that by understanding the challenges of the past, they can draw lessons and inspiration for confronting new challenges in the present and future. The topics discussed in this section are: the American Revolution; slavery; westward expansion; the Civil War, women's suffrage, the Great Depression and World War II, the Civil Rights movement and AIDS. A Spanish version of the exhibition is available on the exhibition's homepage.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: WANN microphone     
Description: WANN represents a significant moment in American cultural history-the rise of black-oriented broadcasting. Although blacks constituted 10 percent of the population, black interest in broadcasting on any scale, didn't begin until 1948. That year WDIA in Memphis became the first station to go to a format with exclusively black on-air personnel. Shortly after, a handful of stations committed to black interests. WANN was one of the first half-dozen. The station went on the air in 1948, and by 1950 owner and manager Morris Blum had directed his station to the black community in Annapolis and the surrounding area.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: World War II Poster     
Description: This image, said to be the most popular poster design of World War II, appeared as a billboard in 1941.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Strong Vincent's Sword     
Description: At the Battle of Gettysburg, the Union saw the value of securing a rocky outcropping called Little Round Top. Strong Vincent seized the opportunity, taking the boulder and yelling to his men, Don't give an inch. As he uttered the words a bullet tore through his thigh and lodged in his body. The line held, but Vincent was mortally wounded.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Martin Luther King Day Teaching Resources     
Description: Martin Luther King, Jr., is one of the United States most celebrated civil rights activists. A minister, Dr. King championed causes related to race, class, and human rights. He worked tirelessly to help bring civil rights to minorities and spent the years before his assassination focusing on anti-war and anti-poverty issues. Modern memorials to Dr. King often include a public service component on the day set aside to mark his birth, the third Monday of January. Science NetLinks and AAAS have developed a number of resources from the social and behavioral sciences that will help you celebrate the work and legacy of Dr. King in your classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Science NetLinks
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Thinkfinity Interactive Games


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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Word Art with King's Words     
Description: Examine one or more of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s letters or speeches and turn powerful words and phrases into word art using the online Wordle tool. Included in an OurStory module from Smithsonian's National Museum of American History entitled "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Nonviolence'' , this activity is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: To March or Not to March     
Description: In this activity, children pretend to be an American during 1963 and decide whether or not to join the March on Washington. Children base their choice on information gathered through guided observation of a handbill from the march. Included in an OurStory module from Smithsonian's National Museum of American History entitled "Martin's Big Words'' , this activity is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: You Can, Too     
Description: Community service is an important part of being a good citizen. In this activity, students will discuss an episode from "Freedom on the Menu'' , a work of children's literature about an important episode during the Civil Rights Movement; identify a problem in their local community and then volunteer to help with a service project. Part of an "OurStory'' module entitled "Students Sit for Civil Rights'' , this activity will help students use problem-solving skills to take action to fill a need in their communities or take steps to solve a community problem. "OurStory'' is a program from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Reading Freedom on the Menu     
Description: Freedom on the Menu is a work of children's literature that tells the story of the Greensboro sit-ins from the perspective of a young girl. This activity includes four reading helpers that will help adults and children actively read Freedom on the Menu together. It is included in an OurStory module entitled Students Sit for Civil Rights. OurStory is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources allow children to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies,Language Arts
Title: Comic Book Hero     
Description: Do you have what it takes to be a comic book hero? Take a close look at a comic book from the 1950s and 60s about nonviolence in the civil rights movement and think about ways those tips could help you today. Included in an OurStory module from Smithsonian's National Museum of American History entitled "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Nonviolence'' , this activity is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Remembering King     
Description: Think of three symbols to represent Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and create a window decoration with those symbols. Included in an OurStory module from Smithsonian's National Museum of American History entitled "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Nonviolence'' , this activity is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Protest Signs     
Description: Protest signs are a powerful and important way for people to express their feelings. In this activity children will compare 2 protest signs from the civil rights movement and then create their own expressive chalk art or poster. It is included in an OurStory module entitled Students Sit for Civil Rights. OurStory is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources allow children to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Reading Follow the Drinking Gourd     
Description: In this activity, students will increase their knowledge of slavery, slave life and the Underground Railroad by answering questions about the book and song Follow the Drinking Gourd and then writing and illustrating a poem or letter playing the role of a conductor, agent or passenger on the Underground Railroad. It is included in an OurStory module entitled Slave Life and the Underground Railroad . OurStory is a series of modules designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Headlines of History     
Description: In this activity, students will examine an historical newspaper, a piece of historical fiction, and their social studies textbooks for accounts of the civil rights movement, and then define equality and discrimination. They will then use these definitions to look for instances of equality and discrimination in modern society. Part of an "OurStory'' module entitled "Students Sit for Civil Rights'' , this activity will help students develop their research and analysis skills. OurStory is a program from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Civil War     
Description: From 1861-1865, Americans battled over preserving their Union and ending slavery. The Civil War is the focus of this section of The Price of Freedom: Americans at War, an online exhibition. This pivotal and complicated period of American history is divided into sections that allow students to focus either on a specific aspect of the war, or the conflict as a whole. The sections included are: John Brown, Fort Sumter, the Battle of Bull Run, major turning points, the war at sea, Wilderness to Appomattox, political leaders, military leaders, soldiers in blue and gray; battles and casualties and Reconstruction and the legacies of the war. A non-flash version of this site is available: http://americanhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/printable/section.asp?id=5" The Civil War .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Visit Your Government     
Description: Find out about your local government through planning a short field trip, and then think about how you could make a difference in your community. The activity guide also includes tips for reviewing the experience once you're back at home or in the classroom. Included in an OurStory module from Smithsonian's National Museum of American History entitled "Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Nonviolence'' , this activity is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Brown v. Board of Education Annotated Bibliography     
Description: This downloadable, annotated bibliography accompanies the online exhibition, http://americanhistory.si.edu/brown/history/index.html" Separate is Not Equal: Brown v. Board of Education . It includes links to online teacher materials and age appropriate works of fiction and nonfiction for students and adults.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Reading Seven Miles to Freedom     
Description: Seven Miles to Freedom is a book about Robert Smalls, a man who was born a slave in South Carolina, but made a daring escape to freedom on the ship CSS Planter and joined the Union in fighting to end slavery in America. Part of an OurStory module entitled Full Steam to Freedom, this activity includes strategies that will help adults and children actively read Full Steam to Freedom together. OurStory is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Thinkfinity Learning Activities


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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Social Studies - Comparative Political Systems , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Human Relations , Social Studies - State History , Social Studies - United States Constitution , Social Studies - United States History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: What Was the Underground Railroad?     
Description: If you live in an area with mass transportation, you may think the Underground Railroad is the subway. But you won't find any engines or tracks in this wonder. Hop on board as we travel to the past to learn all about the path to freedom!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



Save to ALEX | Share Share | Show Details

Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Health - Environmental Health , Physical Education - Outdoor Education , Science - Agriculture , Science - Biological and Life Sciences , Science - Biology , Science - Botany , Science - Earth science , Science - General Science , Science - Natural History , Science - Physical Sciences , Science - Zoology , Social Studies - Geography , Informal Education - Environmental Education , Informal Education - Zoo/Aquarium/Nature Center Education
Title: What Is a Civil Right?     
Description: Let's honor Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., by taking a closer look at civil rights!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



Save to ALEX | Share Share | Show Details

Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Cross-Disciplinary - Process Skills , Mathematics - Applied Mathematics , Mathematics - Patterns , Philosophy - Logic , Social Studies - Comparative Political Systems , Social Studies - Current Events/Issues , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Human Relations , Social Studies - Psychology , Social Studies - Technology and Civilization , Geography - Human Geography , Vocational Education - Technical , Adult & Family Literacy - Leveraging Technology , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment , Informal Education - Arts and Crafts , Informal Education - Business/Entrepreneurship training , Informal Education - Community service/Leadership/Team-building , Informal Education - Drama and Puppets , Informal Education - Environmental Education , Informal Education - Health/Wellness/Nutrition/Cooking , Informal Education - Homework Help/Tutoring , Informal Education - Movement and Music , Informal Education - Photography/Digital Arts , Informal Education - School to Career Experience , Informal Education - Sports/Fitness/Recreation , Informal Education - Technology Training , Informal Education - Zoo/Aquarium/Nature Center Education
Title: What Is a Letter Writing Campaign?     
Description: Meet a group of students passionate about their school. By writing to their governor, they hope to make a change., What is your passion? Grab a pen and get ready for a wonder that uses the power of your heart and voice.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



Save to ALEX | Share Share | Show Details

Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Health - Body Systems and Senses , Health - Consumer Health , Health - Nutrition , Social Studies - Civics , Social Studies - State History , Social Studies - United States History , Social Studies - World History , Informal Education - Health/Wellness/Nutrition/Cooking
Title: Who Was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.?     
Description: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. had a dream. Over the course of his life, he traveled the country speaking about equality for all people. Today we celebrate his birthday and take a look back to see how one life can change the world.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Alabama Virtual Library

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