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Lesson Plans (21) A detailed description of the instruction for teaching one or more concepts or skills. Podcasts (6) A program (audio or video) made available in digital format for playback or download over the Internet. Informational Materials (7) Textual information containing useful facts or information.
Interactives/Games (4) A learning object that requires a user's involvement. Learning Activities (3) Any activity that would enhance a lesson or unit in order to help the learner master an objective 
and/or acquire a skill.  Examples include, but are not limited to, online tutorials, experiments, 
demonstrations, and hands-on activities. Learning Assets (2)


ALEX Lesson Plans


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Subject: Social Studies (5)
Title: Labor Systems in Colonial America
Description: In this unit, the students will learn about the economic life and labor systems during colonial times in North America. The students will learn about the inequalities individuals faced during that time period, and the inequalities that we face today. The big idea is that the students will understand that discrimination is when people are treated differently based on some characteristic.


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Subject: Arts Education (K - 2), or Science (K - 3), or Social Studies (K - 5)
Title: The Medicine Leaf Man
Description: The teacher will briefly discuss Mississippian time period medicine men. The teacher will read Leaf Man by Louis Elhert and discuss leaves of various trees that grow in Russell Cave National Monument and the surrounding North Alabama area that were used for medicinal purposes. Students will then create a medicine man using the discussed medicinal leaves and tree parts. This lesson plan is made possible through the ALEX and the U.S. National Park Service Partnership.


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Subject: Social Studies (5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: My adventure with Lewis & Clark
Description: Over the course of five days, students will create a daily journal in the style of Lewis and Clark. At the end of the week, the students will create a video using their Flip cameras recreating their journals.


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Subject: Arts Education (5), or Social Studies (5)
Title: Plan the Adventure of a Lifetime with Lewis and Clark!
Description: This plan is the first lesson in my unit on Lewis and Clark. This is a project-based, hands-on unit in which students "become" part of the Corps of Discovery - the members traveling in the Lewis and Clark Expedition. In this lesson, the students will be introduced to Lewis and Clark and our daily routine for the unit. We will then create a three-dimensional raised-relief physical map of the United States on which to track our journey and plan what to take on the trip.


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Subject: Social Studies (5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Native Cultures in the Americas
Description: This lesson is part of a project-based, hands-on unit in which children discover the native cultures that existed in the Americas prior to the arrival of explorers. The students will "become" part of their assigned culture through research with a provided research guide to keep them on track. The students will be expected to present their culture to the class after completing research and will be graded by a rubric. The lesson includes the use of the trade book: The Discovery of the Americas by Betsy and Giulio Maestro. The unit has the overriding goal of representing the culture in a World Court Hearing against the explorers they encountered.


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Subject: English Language Arts (4 - 6), or Social Studies (3 - 5)
Title: Living in the Wild
Description: In this lesson, students will compare and contrast how the Prehistoric Americans lived off the land at Russell Cave and how Sam Gribley from "My Side of the Mountain" lived off the land. This lesson plan is made possible through the ALEX and the U.S. National Park Service Partnership.


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Subject: Social Studies (3 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Where Am I?
Description: During this lesson students explore the 50 states through the Internet. Students discover important facts and information by navigating the World Wide Web.


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Subject: Social Studies (5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Native American Acrostic Poems
Description: In this lesson, students will synthesize the knowledge they have acquired about early Native American tribes by creating and presenting an acrostic poem that incorporates pictures symbolizing important characteristics of the tribes. In creating the acrostic poems students will utilize a variety of technology including digital cameras, scanners, image editing software and word processing software. The lesson will culminate in an oral presentation of the poems.


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Subject: Social Studies (5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Archeology: Can You Dig It?
Description: In this technology-based, interdisciplinary study, students will discover how archeology helps us learn about our past. They will navigate the Internet to discover different methods archeologists use and gain an appreciation of the relationship between the past and the present.


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Subject: Social Studies (3 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Native Americans
Description: During this lesson, students will recognize that Native Americans were the first inhabitants of our country. They will locate on a map where different tribes lived and compare and contrast different tribes' basic needs and customs.


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Subject: English Language Arts (4), or Social Studies (3 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: The Native Americans and Their Environment
Description: The students will research Native American groups and relate how the environment affected their lifestyles and cultures. The students will create a slideshow presentation depicting this relationship. The students will compare Native American groups in order to observe the differences in their lifestyles and cultures.


Thinkfinity Lesson Plans


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Subject: Social Studies,Language Arts,Science
Title: Constellation Maker     
Description: Make your own constellation commemorating an American woman, like Maria Mitchell. Many cultures have used constellations to remember the stories of heroes, like the Greeks and some American Indians. Included in an OurStory module from Smithsonian's National Museum of American History entitled "Exploring the Sky'' , this activity is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Science - Biological and Life Sciences - Social Studies - Current Events/Issues - Social Studies - Geography
Title: People and Endangered Species     
Description: In this lesson, from Xpeditions, students examine some endangered species and the ways that human activities contribute to species endangerment. Students are asked to devise their own species protection plans.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Social Studies - Geography - Social Studies - United States History
Title: Lewis and Clark: Facing Challenges--Real and Imagined     
Description: In this lesson, from Xpeditions, students consider how they perceive geographic features and obstacles and how the Lewis and Clark expedition members might have done so. If possible, begin the lesson before your students see the large-format film Lewis and Clark: Great Journey West, and finish it after they have seen the movie.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Arts, Social Studies
Title: Native American Cultures     
Description:
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies - Geography
Title: Design Your Own Suburb     
Description: This lesson, from Xpeditions, asks students to think about their own perceptions of cities and suburbs and to consider the features that exist in a typical urban and suburban area. They also learn about sprawl and some of the problems associated with rapid suburban growth. They conclude by designing their own suburbs.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Social Studies - Anthropology - Social Studies - Geography
Title: Nomads: Where Boundaries Move     
Description: In this Xpeditions lesson, students explore nomadic pastoralism. Focusing on Central Asia, students investigate the way humans have adapted to regions that do not sustain communities through agriculture and the influence this has both on how they live and on how they view the boundaries of their homes.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Traces: Historic Archaeology     
Description: In this unit of five lessons, from EDSITEment, students recover and analyze artifacts from sites in use from the settlement period to the second half of the 19th century. They look for similarities and differences among the artifacts and the lives they reveal. In conclusion, students look at today's eventual artifacts of the future and consider how we may be viewed.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Not ''Indians,'' Many Tribes: Native American Diversity     
Description: In this unit of five lessons, from EDSITEment, students heighten their awareness of Native American diversity as they learn about three vastly different Native groups in a game-like activity using archival documents such as vintage photographs, traditional stories, photos of artifacts, and recipes. This unit helps students study the interaction between environment and culture.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Jamestown Changes     
Description: In this lesson from EDSITEment, students study census data showing the names and occupations of early settlers of the English settlement at Jamestown, Virginia, to discern how life changed in the Jamestown settlement in the first few years after it was founded. The goals of this lesson plan are to gain experience gathering information from primary sources, to examine changes over time in conditions at Jamestown as revealed in primary documents from early years in the colony, and to organize a statement of findings.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5



ALEX Learning Assets


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Title: Native Americans, Europeans, and Students Quizzing Students
Digital Tool: gFlash+
Digital Tool Description: The tool gFlash+ allows the creation of electronic flashcards as well as the ability to access quizzes and tests from the created flashcards. These flascards can be shared among users so students will have the ability to view fellow classmates' notecards. A great way for students to learn is by aiding others, this application grants the way for this to be possible. Students can quiz one another with the flashcards they have created or the quizzes within the apllication itself. There is an old saying that states that "Practice makes perfect" and the use of gFlash+ supports this saying. Not only do students practice new content by reviewing the note cards but by creating them.


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Title: Trail of Tears in American History
Digital Tool: National Park Service DVD of Trail of Tears
Digital Tool Description: This video can be used as an introduction into the study of the Trail of Tears. It will provide students with a connection to how the Native Americans must have felt during the Cherokee Indian removal when the Native Americans were forced to move westward from Southeastern United States.


ALEX Podcasts


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The Cherokee Indians
Overview:
A brief story of the Cherokee Indians in Alabama.


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Southeastern Indian Textiles from the Prehistoric Period to Removal
Overview:
ArchiTreats: Food for Thought continues another year of informative talks on Alabama history at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Join us as Mary Spanos presents Southeastern Indian Textiles from the Prehistoric Period to Removal. The textile history of the Southeast offers a complex and fascinating story that is unique among prehistoric cultures. Eight thousand years ago, Paleo-Indians left impressions of woven materials in clay-floor surfaces in Dust Cave in north Alabama. Southeast Indians in the Archaic era wrapped their dead in cloth before burying them in a bog in Florida. Two thousand years ago Woodland-era Indians, near present-day Fort Payne, covered their pottery with designs made by rolling cord-wrapped sticks in the soft clay or pre-fired pots. Five hundred years ago, Mississippian Indians left behind textile artifacts that included garments, bags, footwear, and images of textiles on pottery and copper ceremonial objects. The arrival of European settlers had a tremendous effect on the textile traditions of the Southeast Indians as cloth and clothing were very popular trade items between the indigenous population and the early settlers. By the 1830s, just prior to their removal from the Southeast, Indians were wearing traditional handmade textile accessories with their newly traded European clothing and were assembling cotton cloth factories to gin, spin, and weave the cotton they had begun to raise. An important textile artifact of that era, Osceola’s Garter, is part of the permanent collection at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Mary Spanos received an M.A. in Anthropology from the University of Alabama. Her research focuses on the prehistoric and early historic textiles of the Southeastern region of North America and includes the technology and traditions of native societies and European settlers. She is currently responsible for the research, design, and production of the prehistoric and early historic costumes for the new archaeology museum under construction on the campus of the University of South Alabama. Prior to her research on prehistoric textiles, she was the associate editor and a frequent contributor to Spin-Off, a national magazine for hand-spinners. ArchiTreats: Food for Thought lecture series is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives. The public is invited to bring a sack lunch and enjoy a bit of Alabama history. Coffee and tea will be prolabama Archives. For more information, call (334) 353‐4726.


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The First Alabamians
Overview:
ArchiTreats: Food for Thought will celebrate the Year of Alabama History through a series of sequential lectures in Alabama history by leading experts in the field. Join us for the second presentation in the series at noon on Thursday, February 19 as Craig Sheldon presents The First Alabamians. This presentation will be held at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. For the past 12,000 years, the land now known as Alabama has been occupied by a series of Indian cultures. Beginning in the Pliestocene, or Late Ice Age, these groups evolved from small hunting and gathering societies in numerous small tribes to powerful agricultural chiefdoms supporting the mostly highly developed American Indian cultures north of Mexico. Severely devastated by early 16th century Spanish expeditions, Indian cultures reconstructed themselves to become the historic Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Cherokee Indians. This presentation briefly outlines the six major archaeological periods of Alabama prehistory and early history with emphasis upon some of the pivotal cultural innovations such as pottery, architecture, trade, agriculture, and ceremonialism. Born in Fairhope, Alabama, Craig Sheldon was educated at the University of Alabama and the University of Oregon where he received a Ph.D. in Anthropology. His fields of interest include archaeology, ethnohistory and architecture of the southeastern United States and Mesoamerica, and subsistence technology. He has concentrated upon the culture, history, archaeology, and architecture of the historic Creeks of Alabama and Georgia. He has presented over 30 papers and written over 20 articles, reports, and books. He is a member of the Alabama Historical Commission and the Council for Alabama Archaeology. This ArchiTreats presentation is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives and a grant from the Alabama Humanities Foundation, a state program of the National Endowment for the Humanities. View a chronology View a resource list View an annotated bibliography


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The Creek Indians in Alabama
Overview:
ArchiTreats: Food for Thought celebrates the Year of Alabama History through a series of sequential lectures in Alabama history by leading experts in the field. Join us for the third presentation in the series as Kathryn Braund presents The Creek Indians in Alabama. Once the newly established state of Alabama extended sovereignty over the tribe, it effectively ended the existence of the Creek Nation in their traditional homeland. In her talk, Dr. Braund will explore the main themes in Creek Indian history, including trade and land, diversity and division, and change and continuity. Drawing on both the written record and historical artifacts, Dr. Braund will explore the complex story of Alabama when it was owned and ruled by the Creek Indians. Dr. Kathryn Braund is Professor of History at Auburn University and has authored or edited four books relating to the southeastern Indians. Her first book, Deerskins and Duffels: The Creek Indian Trade with Anglo-America, 1685–1815, was the first to extensively examine the Creek deerskin trade, especially the impact of commercial hunting on all aspects of Indian society. She has also written on William Bartram, an eighteenth-century botanist whose published account of his southern Travels is an American literary classic, and on James Adair, a deerskin trader whose account of his life among the southeastern Indians was published in London in 1775. Dr. Braund has also published scholarly articles on the southeastern Indians during the American Revolution, Creek gender and work roles, and race relations and slavery among the Indians. She also has contributed to several encyclopedias and reference works. Currently, she is researching the Creek War of 1813-1814. This ArchiTreats presentation is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives and a grant from the Alabama Humanities Foundation, a state program of the National Endowment for the Humanities.


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Prehistoric Indians The Archaic Indians in Alabama
Overview:
Information podcast of the Native people in Alabama during the Archaic period.  It features Russell Cave,  which digs have revealed that native peoples used this area as a winter shelter as well as a permanent shelter for years.  It shows artifacts that were uncovered during the digs that were left behind by the native people which give us a glimpse into their lives.


Thinkfinity Podcasts


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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Social Studies - Anthropology , Social Studies - Comparative Political Systems , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Human Relations , Social Studies - World History
Title: What Is a Cornucopia?     
Description: While a cornucopia snack is an excellent way to honor the fall season, the traditional cornucopia isn't completely edible. Filled with pumpkins and gourds, nuts and berries, the cornucopia makes a beautiful centerpiece., But have you ever wondered what it represents? Get ready for a history lesson in harvest as we toot the horn of plenty.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



Web Resources


Lesson Plans


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Paleo-Indians in Alabama
http://www.archives....
This concise unit teaches students about the Paleo-Indians of Alabama. A culminating requirement of students is to create a first-person narrative of a Paleo-Indian. Guided note-taking sheets, narrative assignment, rubric, and informal quiz are included.

Podcasts


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Plimoth Plantation Video Tour
http://www.scholasti...
Virtual field trips videos about Plimoth (Plymouth) Plantation and Thanksgiving.

Informational Materials


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Plimoth Plantation Video Tour
http://www.scholasti...
Virtual field trips videos about Plimoth (Plymouth) Plantation and Thanksgiving.

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Cherokee Indian Fun Facts
http://www.bigorrin....
This website provides great information about the Cherokee Indian Nation.

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Creek Nation Fun Facts
http://www.bigorrin....
This site provides great information about the Creek Nation.

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Chickasaw Nation Fun Facts
http://www.bigorrin....
This website provides information about the ways of life of the Chickasaw Nation.

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Choctaw Nation Fun Facts
http://www.bigorrin....
This website provides information about the Choctaw Nation.

Learning Activities


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Plimoth Plantation Video Tour
http://www.scholasti...
Virtual field trips videos about Plimoth (Plymouth) Plantation and Thanksgiving.

Thinkfinity Informational Materials


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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Pueblo Pots     
Description: In this "OurStory'' module entitled "Pueblo Pots'' , students will investigate the roles that pottery and water played in the lives of the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico. Students will learn about Native American culture by reading the book entitled "When Clay Sings'' and discover the symbolism of two modern pots in a hands-on "Explore Pueblo Pots'' activity. The module includes links to the activities and a list of other recommended readings about Native American culture. "OurStory'' is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, "OurStory'' resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Trade Tomahawk     
Description: Trade tomahawks were generally made in Europe and used by settlers to trade with the Indians.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Thinkfinity Interactive Games


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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Reading When Clay Sings     
Description: In this activity, students will learn how to answer questions by examining objects as well as learn about a book about Native American culture named When Clay Sings . This worksheet can help guide students while visiting a museum, library, website, or any location where objects are used to interpret the past. It is included in an OurStory module entitled Pueblo Pots. OurStory is a series of modules designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Arts, Social Studies
Title: Joseph Bruchac: The Flute and the Drum     
Description: Author and storyteller Joseph Bruchac explains the origin and significance of the flute and the drum to Native American culture.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Eastern Indian Wars     
Description: Coveting what remained of the Indian lands in the Southeast and lower South, the United States forced tribes to cede their "rights of occupancy" and give up their ancestral homelands. Students will learn about the Creek Indian War and the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, and the policies that led to the Trail of Tears, one of the most tragic episodes in American history in this section of the online exhibition, Price of Freedom: Americans at War . A non-flash version of this page is available: http://americanhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/printable/section.asp?id=3" Eastern Indian Wars .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts, Social Studies
Title: Larry and Jessup Yazzie: Fancy Dancers     
Description: Meskwaki Tribe member Larry Yazzie and his son, Jessup, discuss and perform traditional Native American dances.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Thinkfinity Learning Activities


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Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Social Studies - Anthropology , Social Studies - Comparative Political Systems , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Human Relations , Social Studies - World History
Title: What Is a Cornucopia?     
Description: While a cornucopia snack is an excellent way to honor the fall season, the traditional cornucopia isn't completely edible. Filled with pumpkins and gourds, nuts and berries, the cornucopia makes a beautiful centerpiece., But have you ever wondered what it represents? Get ready for a history lesson in harvest as we toot the horn of plenty.
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



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Subject: Geography,Social Studies
Title: Major Languages of the Americas     
Description: Activity. Students identify major languages spoken in the Americas, map them, and discuss the relationship between the distribution of languages and the colonial history of the countries.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: 3,4,5



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