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Lesson Plans (15) A detailed description of the instruction for teaching one or more concepts or skills. Podcasts (4) A program (audio or video) made available in digital format for playback or download over the Internet. Informational Materials (29) Textual information containing useful facts or information.
Interactives/Games (10) A learning object that requires a user's involvement. Learning Activities (7) Any activity that would enhance a lesson or unit in order to help the learner master an objective 
and/or acquire a skill.  Examples include, but are not limited to, online tutorials, experiments, 
demonstrations, and hands-on activities.


ALEX Lesson Plans


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Subject: Social Studies (K - 11)
Title: African American Honorees in Alabama History
Description: Students will create a PowerPoint slide show presentation and brochure on a famous African American icon from the Alabama Calendar. Students may select famous African Americans from Alabama such as Rosa Parks, Vonetta Flowers, Dr. Mae Jemison, Joe Louis, Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth, Rosa Parks, Hank Aaron, Dr. Regina Benjamin, Dr. Ethel Hall, Judge Oscar Adams, Billie Jean Young, George Washington Carver, Booker T. Washington, or Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. This lesson was created to accompany the Alabama African American History Calendar Project.


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Subject: English Language Arts (7), or Social Studies (6 - 7), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Personal Heritage Project
Description: This research project requires students to connect with the past by researching both primary and secondary sources for family history. Their findings are presented in a keepsake portfolio and in a multimedia presentation comparing the historical time period of an ancestor to their own.


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Subject: English Language Arts (6 - 8), or Information Literacy (K - 12), or Social Studies (6 - 7), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Whose Voice Guides Your Choice?
Description: In this one-two week unit, students explore the role media has in influencing public opinion. Students analyze advertising in print, video, and online formats. An optional visit to the Museum of Television and Radio via distance learning videoconferencing helps students examine the extent to which they are influenced by propaganda.


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Subject: English Language Arts (6), or Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Christopher Paul Curtis and His Books: Bud, Not Buddy and The Watsons Go to Birmingham
Description: This interdisciplinary lesson on two books by C.P. Curtis features students in one classroom (or group) reading one of the books while the other class (or group) reads the other novel. Each class then divides into groups and researches the time period of its novel and develops presentations designed to encourage the reading of the second novel. These presentations are then presented to the other class.


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Subject: English Language Arts (6), or Information Literacy (K - 12), or Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Researching with the Alabama Virtual Library
Description: After an introduction to the Alabama Virtual Library, students use the available resources to research and present information about a United States president.


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Subject: English Language Arts (6), or Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Fighting for Gender and Racial Equality
Description: In this lesson students will examine the lives of key leaders and events in the fight for gender and racial equality at the turn of the 20th century. Through this inquiry study students will choose one of these leaders or events to research. The research content will be the basis of a written summary on an individual or event. The students will also create a visual aide or role-play relating the life and times of the individual or event.


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Subject: Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Description: This lesson introduces students to Rosa Parks and the beginning of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. After considering the impact of Ms. Parks' heroism, students will explore its relevance to the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement. Students will learn new vocabulary and will answer a questionnaire that will be published on the web. Students will then create a tribute to Rosa Parks' heroism that will be submitted to a classroom book.


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Subject: English Language Arts (6), or Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Our African American Heroes
Description: Students will create a short digital slideshow presentation and brochure on a famous black American.


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Subject: Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: World War II: The Home Front
Description: World War II opened a new chapter in the lives of Americans. It was a time of social change and a marked increase in patriotism. In this lesson, students will explore how World War II affected civilians at home.


Thinkfinity Lesson Plans


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Subject: Health,Social Studies
Title: Women Working, 1800-1930     
Description: Digitized texts and objects related to women working between 1800 and 1930, with a teacher resource page that provides five themed exhibits for incorporation in a lesson.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: United We Stand: Magazine Cover Analysis     
Description: During July 1942, seven months after the United States entered World War II, magazines nationwide featured the American flag on their covers. Adopting the slogan "United We Stand,'' some five hundred publications featured the stars and stripes to promote national unity, rally support for the war, and celebrate Independence Day. Using magazine covers from the Museum's "United We Stand'' online exhibition, students will analyze and interpret these magazine covers from the National Museum of American History. They will then create their own magazine covers for the July 1942 "United We Stand'' campaign.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: 'Fly Girls'': Women Aviators in World War II     
Description: In this lesson from EDSITEment, students explore the contributions of the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) during World War II. They examine portrayals of women in World War II posters (and newsreels) and compare and contrast them with personal recollections of the WASPs.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 6,7,8



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Subject: Arts,Foreign Languages,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: EDSITEment Websites     
Description: This page from EDSITEment provides links to top humanities sites on the Web. All sites linked to EDSITEment have been reviewed for content, design, and likely impact in the classroom. They cover a wide range of humanities subjects, from American history to literature, world history and culture, language, art, and archaeology, and have been judged by humanities specialists to be of high intellectual quality. EDSITEment is the product of a partnership forged among the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Council of the Great City Schools, WorldCom Foundation and the National Trust for the Humanities and is a member of the MarcoPolo consortium.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Four Freedoms for the Fourth     
Description: This page from EDSITEment features resources relating to freedom, and presents information and activities about Franklin Delano Roosevelt's concept of The Four Freedoms. Learn more about political speeches, freedom, and the U.S. government by visiting the EDSITEment lesson plans and EDSITEment-reviewed Web sites referenced on this page.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: July 1942: United We Stand Campaign     
Description: Through the use of authentic magazine covers, objects from the museum's collections, a timeline and brief video news clips, students will learn about the collaboration between the Magazine Publishers of America and the US Treasury Department to help generate support for the war effort during World War II, through the July 1942 "United We Stand'' magazine cover campaign, the awards given by the United States flag association, and the history of the motto "United We Stand.'' National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



ALEX Podcasts


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Southern Museum of Flight
Overview:
This podcast showcases how the Southern Museum of Flight can be used as an educational tool aligning the museum artifacts and dioramas to the Alabama Course of Study.


Thinkfinity Podcasts


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Subject: Language Arts, Social Studies
Title: Getting an Education     
Description: This video segment, adapted from NOVA , chronicles the education of leading chemist Percy Julian. Although Julian began his elementary school years in the DeepSouth under Jim Crow laws, he became one of the few African Americans of his time to earn a Ph.D.
Thinkfinity Partner: Teachers's Domain
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: World War II Overview: North Atlantic and North Africa     
Description: This video, an overview of the Allied efforts in the North Atlantic and North Africa, was compiled from original video footage as part of the Price of Freedom learning resources package for use with the The Soldiers Experience lesson plan. It was produced to accompany the exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War , by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: World War II Cartoons     
Description: Cartoons from World War II helped explain the war to children and encouraged families to do their part for the war cause.This video is part of the Price of Freedom learning resources package for use with the Mobilizing Children WWII lesson plan. It was produced to accompany the exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War , by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Web Resources


Informational Materials


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Alabama African American History Calendar Project
http://alafricanamer...
Events in history help complete the understanding of African American history. This website provides a month-by-month outline of historic dates relevant to Alabama African American history offers readers a perspective that compliments the biographical data on African American leaders. This timeline view helps complete the picture of the African American impact on Alabama and United States history. A free, downloadable calendar with historic events from African American history can also be found on this site.

Thinkfinity Informational Materials


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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Becoming Aware of the Japanese American Internment Camp Experience     
Description: What would it have felt like to be forced to move into an internment camp during World War II? This lesson, from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, will help students become aware of, and sensitive to, the Japanese American internment camp experience. By creating a list of things that are important and familiar to them and then choosing what they will take and leave behind, students will develop a sense of empathy by simulating situations which Japanese American children faced. This lesson is included in the online exhibition entitled A More Perfect Union, which focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 2,3,4,5,6



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Subject: Health,Social Studies
Title: Women Working, 1800-1930     
Description: Digitized texts and objects related to women working between 1800 and 1930, with a teacher resource page that provides five themed exhibits for incorporation in a lesson.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Blog Post: Memories of a Wartime Poster Model     
Description: In this post, students will learn the story of Ms. Weslee W. D'Audney, a woman who modeled for a government poster during World War II. Students will also discover the challenges of managing the Smithsonian's large collection of war-related posters. Written by David Haberstich, Associate Curator in the Museum's Archives Center, this post is published on the Museum's "O Say Can You See?" blog.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Life in a WWII Japanese American Internment Camp     
Description: In this "OurStory'' module entitled "Life in a WWII Japanese American Internment Camp'' , students will learn about the lives of Japanese American children who were forced to leave their homes and move to internment camps during World War II. The module includes links to hands-on activities, pertinent websites, and a list of recommended readings. "OurStory'' is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, "OurStory'' resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution Collection Search     
Description: In this resource, students can explore more than 800 artifacts from the online exhibition http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/index.html" A More Perfect Union , including: archival photography, publications, original manuscripts, works of art, and handmade objects from the Museum's outstanding collection of items related to the Japanese American experience during World War II. A More Perfect Union focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Internment     
Description: Students will learn about everyday life in the Japanese American internment camps during World War II. Living in geographically isolated camps under harsh conditions and laboring for unfair wages, internees recreated a community structure that enabled them to live as normal a life as possible as well as thrive culturally. This section of http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/" A More Perfect Union , an online exhibition, uses of artifacts from the Museum's collections, fine art, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories students will get sense of the daily life of internees as well as gaining an appreciation of the unique art and culture that emerged from the rigors of life in the camps. Oral history transcripts are available in the subsections http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/internment_permanent.html" Permanent Camps , http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/internment_conditions.html" Conditions , and http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/internment_work.html" Work .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Loyalty     
Description: Students will learn how the loyalty of Japanese Americans was tested during World War II. Based on answers to mandatory loyalty questionnaires, many Japanese Americans were sent to separate camps, repatriated, expatriated or given the opportunity to be drafted into the military. This section of http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/" A More Perfect Union , an online exhibition, includes artifacts from the Museum's collections, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories. Oral history transcripts are available in the subsections http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/loyalty_questionnaire.html" The Questionnaire , http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/loyalty_expat.html" Expatriation and Repatriation , and http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/loyalty_draft.html" The Draft .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Justice     
Description: Students will learn about the efforts of Japanese Americans to receive justice after their internment during World War II. This section of http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/" A More Perfect Union , an online exhibition, uses artifacts from the Museum's collections, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories to discuss the court cases brought against the government, the formal apologies and efforts of redress by the government and the successes of members of the Japanese American community in post-war United States . Oral history transcripts are available in each subsection of this webpage.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Collection Search - A More Perfect Union: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution     
Description: In this resource from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, students can explore more than 800 artifacts from the online exhibition A More Perfect Union, including: archival photography, publications, original manuscripts, works of art, and handmade objects from the Museum's outstanding collection of items related to the Japanese American experience during World War II. "A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Family Photo Album     
Description: Mary Taylor used her 35mm Bell and Howell camera to document her family's life in the black community of Los Angeles, California, during the mid-20th century. She turned a discarded wallpaper sample book into a treasured family heirloom. Taylor's family photographs including 19th-century tintypes, turn-of-the-century hand-colored portraits, and albums from the 1950s to the 1970s provide insight into the African American experience in the United States over the past century. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: D Day     
Description: Robert Capa (1913 - 1954) documented World War II from the bombing of London to fronts in North Africa, Italy, France, and Germany. He captured this arresting image of American troops landing at Omaha Beach on D-day, June 6, 1944. Capa was one of two magazine war correspondents allowed to join the U.S. troops landing on the shores of Normandy, France, for the D-Day operations, launching the Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Western Europe. Sailing with the 2000 men transported on the U.S.S. Chase , Capa joined the men of Company E on a barge headed for the section of the beach designated "Easy Red." Dodging bullets and hiding behind pieces of steel, Capa photographed for hours in waist-deep water with several Contax cameras. His hands trembled, and he ruined many rolls of film as he tried to change film amid the dead and wounded of the battle. Capa did make his way to the shore, but soon after found himself jumping aboard a barge to rest and dry off, not realizing the boat was returning to its main ship. Capa didn't get back to shore again until the fighting had ended. Capa's D-Day was sent directly to the offices of LIFE in London for processing. Hurrying to develop the rolls, a technician turned up the heat in the dryers, ruining many of the 72 images taken.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Immigration     
Description: Students will learn about the experience of Issei, the first generation of Japanese immigrants to the United States, through the use of artifacts from the Museum's collections, primary source documents, photographs, and oral histories. This section of the http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/" A More Perfect Union , an online exhibition, discusses how Japanese Immigrants to Hawaii and mainland United States faced severe racial prejudice and the restrictive laws that specifically limited the rights of Asian immigrants to own property and to become citizens. Oral history transcripts are available in the subsections http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/immigration_issei.html" Issei: First Generation and http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/immigration_mainland.html" U.S. Mainland .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Digital History     
Description: This EDSITEment-reviewed Web site, provided by the University of Houston, contains extensive resources for the teaching of American History at all educational levels. The site contains classroom handouts and fact sheets, learning modules devoted to significant periods in American history, resource guides, lesson plans, and online exhibitions.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Bibliography     
Description: This annotated bibliography, part of the http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/index.html" A More Perfect Union online exhibition, includes works of non-fiction, fiction, poetry and children's literature. A More Perfect Union focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Bracero History Archive     
Description: This website provides online access to a collection of oral histories, photos, documents, and objects related to bracero history. Students can browse the archive, use social bookmarking tools to share resources, add their own notes and make a poster using items from the archive, and contribute to the archive by adding their own stories about the bracero program. The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is part of a consortium of museums, universities, and cultural institutions documenting and preserving the history of the bracero program, a little-known chapter of American history in which an estimated two million Mexican men came to the United States between 1942-1964 on short-term labor contracts. The Bracero History Project has recorded more than 600 oral histories and has collected many objects.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Image of the Izumizaki Family, California, circa 1900     
Description: This webpage, part of the National Museum of American History's America on the Move exhibition, includes an image of the Izumizaki family in a strawberry field with an apple orchard in the background in Pajaro Valley, California and information on the work of Asian laborers in California agriculture in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Religion,Science,Social Studies,Geography
Title: Encyclopedia of Alabama     
Description: A free, authoritative source information about the history, politics, geography, and culture of the state of Alabama; updated regularly to ensure that the content is accurate and accessible. The editors are continually adding new entries, photographs, and maps, so check back frequently to see what's new.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: C1,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Resources     
Description: This page provides links to all of the resources included in the online exhibition http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/index.html" A More Perfect Union , and serves as an invaluable reference regarding the Japanese American internment camps of World War II. Included are links to a statement by one of the exhibition's curators and the text of the original traveling exhibition A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and The United States Constitution , as well as an historical overview of the period, two classroom activities, a bibliography of books for grades 4-12, and a list of relevant Web sites about Japanese and Asian American culture and history.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution Homepage     
Description: In this online exhibition, students will explore the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II, a period of history when racial prejudice and fear upset the delicate balance between the rights of citizens and the power of the state. The story is told through interactive galleries that combine photographs, objects, oral histories, and first-person accounts. Students will be able to share their responses to what they have learned on a comment board that is included in the exhibition as well as search more than 800 artifacts from the Smithsonian Collection. Also included are links to related activities, Web sites, a bibliography and more resources about this topic. A non-flash version of the site is available at http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/overview.html" http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/overview.html .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Setting the Precedent: Four Women Who Excelled in Business     
Description: Meet four American women who succeeded in business during the twentieth century in this online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. Each woman-Freda Diamond, Estelle Ellis, Dorothy Shaver, and Brownie Wise-was exceptional in many respects. An influential industrial designer, a prolific magazine publisher, a prominent department store retailer, and a top-ranking business executive, each achieved a degree of visibility in her field enjoyed by few other women. Students can read about their lives and accomplishments, and learn about their careers through short biographies, timelines and interactive games. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Julia Child's Pyrex Measuring Cup     
Description: The well-known cookbook author and television cooking show star Julia Child had a number of the most commonly used American kitchen measuring devices in her kitchen. Now in the collections of the National Museum of American History, Julia's Pyrex glass one- and two- cup measures, are marked in both English measurements (1 cup; 8 oz.) and in metric (250 ml). National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts,Social Studies
Title: Smithsonian National Museum of American History     
Description: The Web site for the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History features virtual exhibits, background on the museum, and an overview of the museum's collections. Also included are resources for teachers, the Smithsonian Store, and details regarding internships, workshops, and other opportunities to get involved.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts,Foreign Languages,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: EDSITEment Websites     
Description: This page from EDSITEment provides links to top humanities sites on the Web. All sites linked to EDSITEment have been reviewed for content, design, and likely impact in the classroom. They cover a wide range of humanities subjects, from American history to literature, world history and culture, language, art, and archaeology, and have been judged by humanities specialists to be of high intellectual quality. EDSITEment is the product of a partnership forged among the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Council of the Great City Schools, WorldCom Foundation and the National Trust for the Humanities and is a member of the MarcoPolo consortium.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Leg Silque Liquid Stockings     
Description: While leg makeup has been commercially available since the 1920s, it wasn't until rationing was introduced during the World War II that the product became an essential commodity for many American women. Unable to procure silk or nylon hose, many women resorted to painting their legs with products such as Leg Silque Liquid Stockings, made in Boston, Mass., by the Langlors Company. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Produce For Victory: Posters on the American Home Front (1941-45)     
Description: World War II posters helped to mobilize a nation. Inexpensive, accessible, and ever-present, the poster was an ideal agent for making war aims the personal mission of every citizen. This online resource from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History discusses the images created for and the messages conveyed by famous World War II propaganda posters, as well as the debate over their design. Students will learn how posters connected the home front with the military front through the use of art intended to advertise the nation's war aims and represent the American ideals of the time.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Answering the Call 1917-1945     
Description: Merchant seamen and ships played a vital role in winning both world wars of the 20th century. In this section of On the Water: Stories from Maritime America, an online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, students will learn how the United States mass produced huge merchant fleets to support the soldiers fighting overseas. They will also learn about the men and women who built the ships and risked their lives sailing them while playing a vital and unheralded role in the American war effort. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: American Memory Project: Main Index Page     
Description: The main index page for the Library of Congress's American Memory Project gives users free access to more than 9 million items that document U.S. history and culture.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese American Exclusion Orders During World War II     
Description: When Japanese Americans were ordered to move to internment camps during World War II, they were forced to sell most of their possessions and take only what they could carry. This lesson, from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, will help students identify with the experiences of camp internees during World War II. Students will be divided into four-member family groups that are to be relocated to an internment camp. They will then read two sections of the A More Perfect Union online exhibition and, based on what they have read, make decisions about what they will take with them. After discussing their decisions, students will visit the Reflections section of the A More Perfect Union Web site and write a response to at least one of the topics. This lesson is included in the online exhibition entitled A More Perfect Union, which focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 7,8,9,10,11,12



Thinkfinity Interactive Games


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Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Bracero Archive: Tracing the Route of a Bracero     
Description: In this activity, one of three on the Bracero Archive website, students will examine an oral history related to the Bracero worker program and present their research on a map.The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is part of a consortium of museums, universities, and cultural institutions documenting and preserving the history of the bracero program, a little-known chapter of American history in which an estimated two million Mexican men came to the United States between 1942-1964 on short-term labor contracts.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Mobilizing Children on the World War II Homefront     
Description: Take a close look at propaganda cartoons and other primary sources to analyze how young Americans were mobilized for the War. This lesson plan (which includes background information and full-color primary sources) was produced to accompany the exhibition "The Price of Freedom: Americans at War,'' by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Survival, Bravery, & Brutality: William Flury, Steward Department     
Description: William Flury was a Merchant Mariner who served on a Liberty Ship carrying supplies for the Burma Road. Listen to his oral history, and then study the supporting primary sources to answer the discussion questions. This resource is part of a series called Maritime Voices: Merchant Mariners and Shipyard Workers Remember WWII, which includes four perspectives on non-military service during World War II.This resource includes a title="Flury Teacher Guide" http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/oral_histories/maritime_voices/pdf/guide_flury.pdf%20" target="_blank" teacher guide , student worksheet, downloadable audio, images of supporting primary sources, and discussion questions.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Unexpected Cargo: Spud Campbell, First Radio Officer     
Description: Spud Campbell was a Merchant Mariner who served on a Liberty Ship carrying supplies to help the Soviet Union fight Germany on the Eastern Front. Listen to his oral history, and then study the supporting primary sources to answer the discussion questions. This resource is part of a series called Maritime Voices: Merchant Mariners and Shipyard Workers Remember WWII, which includes four perspectives on non-military service during World War II.This resource includes a title="Campbell Teacher Guide" http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/oral_histories/maritime_voices/pdf/guide_campbell.pdf%20" target="_blank" teacher guide , student worksheet, downloadable audio, images of supporting primary sources, and discussion questions.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: World War II     
Description: Students will learn how Americans joined the Allies to defeat Axis militarism and nationalist expansion. Sixteen million Americans donned uniforms in this section of the online exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War . The millions more who stayed home comprised a vast civilian army, mobilized by the government to support the war effort. The world-wide conflict that led to the emergence of the United States as an economic and military superpower is divided into sections that allow students to focus either on a specific aspect of the war, or the conflict as a whole. The sections included are titled: Axis Aggression, America Enters the War, Mobilizing for War, "You're in the Army Now", Battle of the Atlantic, The Mediterranean Theater, Storming Fortress Europe, The Pacific Theater; So Others Might Fight; Morale Boosters and Victory and Peace. A non-flash version of the site is available: http://americanhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/printable/section.asp?id=9" World War II . strong strong
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Bracero Archive-Learning From Documents     
Description: In this activity, one of three on the Bracero Archive website, students will examine two public laws and other primary resources related to the Bracero worker program and apply their knowledge to evaluate whether the program was carried out as intended.The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is part of a consortium of museums, universities, and cultural institutions documenting and preserving the history of the bracero program, a little-known chapter of American history in which an estimated two million Mexican men came to the United States between 1942-1964 on short-term labor contracts.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Bracero Archive-Learning From Photos     
Description: In this activity, one of three on the Bracero Archive website, students will discuss their thoughts on immigration, learn about the Bracero labor program, and use photographs to develop deeper understandings of the Bracero labor program.The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is part of a consortium of museums, universities, and cultural institutions documenting and preserving the history of the bracero program, a little-known chapter of American history in which an estimated two million Mexican men came to the United States between 1942-1964 on short-term labor contracts.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Health,Science,Social Studies
Title: Whatever Happened to Polio?: Activities     
Description: These three activities, including an interactive game called "Got Ramps?'' , an animation illustrating the Lifecycle of the Polio Virus and a downloadable sheet for coloring, are part of the online exhibition entitled "Whatever Happened to Polio?'' , from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. "Got Ramps?'' illustrates the changes in architectural barriers between 1955 and 2005, before and after the Architectural Barriers Act (1968) and the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990). Playing the part of a wheelchair user, students choose a postcard and make the decisions required to deliver it to the post office. They can then email the virtual postcard to someone that they know. By viewing the animated "Lifecycle of the Polio Virus'' , students will learn how the poliovirus begins the infection process. Students can then use the downloadable illustration to color in the poliovirus lifecycle.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Changing Gender Roles on the World War II Home Front     
Description: Kick-off a research project on gender roles on the World War II home front with two brief video clips and a selection of primary sources. Once students have analyzed the photographs and wartime advertisements, begin a research project on women during World War II. This lesson plan (which includes background information and full-color primary sources) was produced to accompany the exhibition "The Price of Freedom: Americans at War,'' by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Scott Family: Life on the WWII Homefront     
Description: The Scotts rented apartment on the first floor of an Ipswich, Massachusetts house became a home front battlefield during World War II. Through the use of a description of the apartment, an excerpt from Mary Scott's diary, and artifact from the period, students will learn about life on the home front during World War II. The Scotts are one of the families that lived in the Ipswich, Massachusetts house which is the focus of Within These Walls , an online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Women's History: Make A Quilt Square     
Description: Quilts do more than just keep us warm; they preserve history by telling us stories about the people who made them. In this hands-on activity, students will learn about women's history by studying quilts. They will then make a quilt square in honor of a person who is important to them. It is included in an "OurStory'' module entitled Great Women of Our Pasts. "OurStory'' is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, "OurStory'' resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Topic 1 - Immigration     
Description: In this section of "A More Perfect Union,'' an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, students will learn about the experience of Issei, the first generation of Japanese immigrants to the United States, through the use of artifacts from the Museum s collections, primary source documents, photographs, and oral histories. This section of the exhibition discusses how Japanese Immigrants to Hawaii and mainland United States faced severe racial prejudice and the restrictive laws in Hawaii and the U.S. that specifically limited the rights of Asian immigrants to own property and to become citizens. Also discussed are the challenges that later immigrants to both Hawaii and California faced as in the face of legalized racist attitudes and policies. "A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Topic 3 - Internment     
Description: In this section of "A More Perfect Union,'' an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, students will learn about everyday life in the Japanese American internment camps during World War II. Living in geographically isolated camps under harsh conditions and laboring for unfair wages, internees recreated a community structure that enabled them to live as normal a life as possible as well as thrive culturally. Through the use of artifacts from the Museum s collections, fine art, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories students will get sense of the daily life of internees as well as gaining an appreciation of the unique art and culture that emerged from the rigors of life in the camps. "A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: A More Perfect Union: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution - Overview     
Description: This printable version of "A More Perfect Union," an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, provides a brief introduction as well as links to all of the separate sections of the exhibition. "A More Perfect Union" focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Topic 2 - Removal     
Description: In this section of "A More Perfect Union,'' an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, students will learn how the attack on Pearl Harbor led to Executive Order 9066, which was the first step in a program that uprooted Japanese Americans from their West Coast communities and placed them under armed guard for up to four years. This section uses artifacts from the Museum s collections, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories to discuss the early stages of this traumatic period, from the initial reactions and policies brought about by the attack on Pearl Harbor to the temporary assembly centers that were the first stop for Japanese American internees. "A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Topic 4 - Loyalty     
Description: In this section of "A More Perfect Union,'' an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, students will learn how the loyalty of Japanese Americans was tested during World War II. Based on answers to mandatory loyalty questionnaires, many Japanese Americans were sent to separate camps, repatriated, expatriated or given the opportunity to be drafted into the military. This section includes artifacts from the Museum s collections, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories. " A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Topic 5 - Service     
Description: In this section of "A More Perfect Union,'' an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, students will learn about the 25,000 Japanese Americans who served in U.S. military units during World War II. This section uses artifacts from the Museum s collections, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories to tell the stories of the military service and sacrifice of these brave men as well as the irony that they were fighting to preserve the world s freedom while their families were imprisoned. Their combat record aided the post-war acceptance of Japanese Americans in American society and helped many people to recognize the injustice of wartime internment. "A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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