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|School:||McDonnell Elementary School||
|Lesson Plan ID:
Dinosaurs: Prefixes and Suffixes
Scientists use prefixes and suffixes to name dinosaurs. In this lesson, students will use a variety of prefixes and suffixes to create their own dinosaur names. They will draw a picture of the new dinosaur, and then type, edit, and print a story using a word processor.
|ELA(5) ||1. Demonstrate reading vocabulary knowledge, including recognition of multiple-meaning words. |
|ELA(5) ||7. Compose expository texts using an introductory paragraph that includes a main idea; supporting paragraphs with a minimum of three reasons, explanations, or steps in a process; and a conclusion. |
|ELA(5) ||9. Apply mechanics in writing, including capitalization of first word in a direct quotation and use of punctuation, including quotation marks and comma with direct quotations, colon to introduce a list, and commas after introductory words, with a noun of direct address, and in a compound sentence. |
|ELA(5) ||10. Demonstrate knowledge of grammar and usage concepts, including subject-verb agreement with a compound subject; present, past, and future verb tenses; forms of adjectives; forms of nouns; and subject, object, and possessive pronouns. |
|TC2(3-5) ||1. Use input and output devices of technology systems. |
|TC2(3-5) ||2. Use various technology applications, including word processing and multimedia software. |
|TC2(3-5) ||10. Use digital environments to collaborate and communicate. |
|ELA2010(5) ||19. By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the Grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently. [RI.5.10] |
|ELA2010(5) ||23. Write informative or explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly. [W.5.2] |
|ELA2010(5) ||26. With guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of the first three Language standards in Grades K-5.) [W.5.5] |
|ELA2010(5) ||39. Demonstrate command of the conventions of Standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. [L.5.2] |
|ELA2010(5) ||41. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on Grade 5 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. [L.5.4] |
|Primary Learning Objective(s):
Students will create a drawing of an imaginary dinosaur with a name that integrates assorted prefixes and suffixes. Students will write a story describing the life of the dinosaur, using a computer and scanner to publish their work.
|Additional Learning Objective(s):
Students will demonstrate vocabulary growth through the use of prefixes and suffixes.
|Approximate Duration of the Lesson:
|| Greater than 120 Minutes|
|Materials and Equipment:
Assorted books on dinosaurs, drawing paper, colored pencils or crayons, transparency and/or handout of prefixes and suffixes, sample dinosaur pictures, copies of handouts for students
|Technology Resources Needed:
Computers with Internet access, LCD projector, scanner, AlphaSmarts
The students will need to know how prefixes and suffixes are used and have experience using word processing software and a scanner. The teacher will need to download, print, and duplicate the attached handouts and bookmarks the websites listed on the computers the students will be using.
1.)Ask students to tell what they know about dinosaurs. Then share with students some of the pictures in the dinosaur books, along with the meaning of the dinosaurs' names. Be sure to discuss how the parts of the name have something to do with the way the dinosaur looks.
2.)Explain to students how scientists use Greek and Latin prefixes and suffixes to name new dinosaurs. Refer back to some of the dinosaurs that were in the books. Show students the attached prefixes and suffixes handout. Go over the different words and meanings and how these would equate to a part of a dinosaur (for example, "titano" in a dinosaur name would mean something gigantic; "pteryx" might refer to something with wings, and "nano" and "ped" would refer to nose and foot respectively).
3.)Explain to students that they are to think of a totally outrageous dinosaur. Using the list of prefixes and suffixes, they are to create and name an imaginary dinosaur. Give them an example: tri (three), oculo (eye), retro (backward), pteryx (wing). It could be called a TRIOCULORETROPTERYX, and it could be drawn with three eyes -one in the back of its head so that it could see as it was flying backwards. Explain that they will draw their new dinosaurs, and then write a story about how the dinosaurs survived, how they protected themselves, and what they ate. Any other details would also be appropriate.
(Region 15 Graphic Organizer: Event Map
)This site has several graphic organizers to choose from in order to write an expository story.
4.)To reinforce the use of prefixes and suffixes, write the name "Xenolalotitanopedpteryxraptor". Have students break down the parts of the name and locate the meanings on their handout. When they have described what they thought it might look like, show the picture of the dinosaur from the attachment labeled "dinosaur lesson." Let them see if it follows the meanings of the words. (Emphasize that prefixes will be toward the beginning of the name; suffixes toward the end of the name.)
5.)Allow time for students to visit various websites (see attachment for a list) to find information on how the dinosaurs lived, and how they used various parts of their bodies to move and capture prey. This information will help them create a dinosaur and write about it. Students may also record their interesting facts about dinosaurs on the attached "Dino Facts" handout.
6.)Give students time to come up with their dinosaur names and to draw their pictures. Once they have completed their pictures, they will use AlphaSmarts to begin a story about the dinosaur. Review the steps of the writing process using the website below.
)This site teaches about the steps in the Writing process.
7.)When students finish their drafts, help them download and print them out for review. Students will then make final corrections/additions to their stories. Monitor use of proper keyboarding skills and the use of different aspects of the handheld. Be sure they save the word processing documents.
8.)Use a scanner and scan the pictures students have drawn. Be sure to save the scanned picture. Insert the image into the word processing documents containing their stories. Print out the finished products. Display the finished dinosaurs on a bulletin board under the heading "It's a Whatasaurus?"
|Attachments:**Some files will display in a new window. Others will prompt you to download.
||dinosaur lesson 2.jpg|
The teacher will use a rubric to assess the drawings, stories, and computer use (see Rubistar.
Students can either work with a partner, or the teacher can work with a small group on the prefix-suffix meanings sheet.
Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom
for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading
or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at
a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with
short-term memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions;
poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.
|Presentation of Material
||Using Groups and Peers
|Assisting the Reluctant Starter
||Dealing with Inappropriate
Be sure to check the student's IEP for specific accommodations.
|Variations Submitted by ALEX Users: