1.)Do a warm-up activity to get students thinking about giving good directions. Give students directions on making a person from shapes. The directions should be unclear and should not state that it should be a person. (For example: Draw a square one inch from the top of the paper. Draw hexagon under the square. Draw two small hexagons inside the square. Draw two rectangles under the hexagon, etc.) After students have finished drawing their "person," show students what the picture should look like. Most of the students will be surprised.) The teacher could use any kind of directions to demonstrate this.
2.)Discuss why giving specific and clear directions is very important, as seen from the previous activity. Explain to students that they will be writing a paper on "How to Build a Snowman."
3.)Give students a copy of an outline of a snowman(see attached). On the snowman, have students draw details of the snowman. Explain to students that they will use this to explain how to build a snowman. Give them 10 minutes to complete their snowmen.
4.)Give students a copy of the flow chart graphic organizer from the link below. On the organizer, there should be a place for an opening paragraph, a materials paragraph, a paragraph explaining how to make the snowman, a paragraph for how to decorate the snowman, and a place for a closing paragraph. Before the students begin their writing, the teacher should model how to write a "How To..." paper. Explain to students that it is very important for them to be explicit in their directions.
)This link has a flow chart.
5.)After students complete their papers, they will switch papers with a classmate or another class. The other students will use their directions to draw a snowman. This will show them how well their directions worked. If their directions were not specific enough, then the snowman will not look like it is supposed to look. The second groups of students will give the original students some advice on how to improve their directions.
6.)The teacher will collect the snowmen that were drawn from the directions and scan them onto the attached presentation. The teacher will then allow students to revise their directions and complete Step 5 again.
7.)After students have finished drawing the second snowman from the revised directions, the teacher will then scan these pictures onto the presentation to let students see how being more specific improved the snowmen.