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This lesson provided by:
Author: Marta Cole
System:Madison City
School:Columbia Elementary School
Lesson Plan ID: 23953
Title:

The Birth of Rock(s) - Identifying Rock Types

Overview/Annotation:

This lesson will allow the student to explore the characteristics of rocks. Through exploration the student will be able to identity the three kinds of rocks and examples of each. They will also learn how rocks are used in our society.

This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project
funded by the Malone Family Foundation.

Content Standard(s):
SC(3) 11. Describe Earth's layers, including inner and outer cores, mantle, and crust.
TC2(3-5) 8. Collect information from a variety of digital sources.
Local/National Standards:

National Science Educational Standards The student should develop an understand of Properties of earth materials, objects in the sky, and changes in earth and sky.

Primary Learning Objective(s):

Discover how rocks are formed. Catagorize rocks into three types. Classify rocks by their physical characteristics.

Additional Learning Objective(s):

Observe how rocks are used in our society.

Approximate Duration of the Lesson: 31 to 60 Minutes
Materials and Equipment:

Chart paper, markers, and large rocks.

Technology Resources Needed:

Laptop Lab or Computer Lab, SmartBoard

Background/Preparation:

Before beginning this lesson students should study minerals in detail. They should be able to tell what a mineral is and ways to identify them.

Procedures/Activities:
1.)Bring in 6-10 large rocks. Divide the class into 5-6 groups. Ask each group to choose a rock. Pose this question to the group? What is this and how do you know what it is? Students are to discuss within their group and write a description of their rock. Be sure to prompt them to write about the color of the rock, how it feels, and what it looks like. After 5-10 minutes have each group share their findings with the class. Through discussion the students should be able to infer that a rock is a naturally formed solid made of one or more minerals.

2.)Ask the students how to group the rocks. Follow their suggestions and group accordingly. Suggestions may be to group by color, size, layers in rock, etc. Ask the students: Are you aware there are only three types of rocks? How do you think they are formed? Structure the discussion to come to the conclusion that rocks are grouped by how they are formed.

3.)Tell the students they will be learning about each type of rock by working independently on the listed URL. Utilizing a laptop lab or computer lab give the following directions: All of the programs you will interact with are from the Rock Hounds with Rocky Website. You are to explore the following areas: a. Rock Creations will tell you how rocks are made. b. Discover Earth's Treasures will let you examine rocks and will identify it's type. c. Take the Rock Hound Quiz and print off you final score. d.If you do not make 100% the program will guide you to "Become a Rock Expert". This will let you learn and practice again before you retake the quiz.
(Rock Hounds with Rocky)
This website has interactive learning sites as well as other lesson plans about types of rocks.

4.)Now that the students know what rocks are and their types, have the class brainstorm and discuss the uses of rock in our society. Elicit questions such as: Where can rocks be found? What products have rocks in them? How are these products used? Write these ideas on large chart paper or SmartBoard. Have the students view the video on the SmartBoard, "Rocks Made to Order." Then, bring together and ideas pre and post video to discuss and finalize chart.
(Rocks Made to Order)
This is from "The Dynamic Earth" and features many videos and information about rocks above and below Earth.

5.)Ask the students how to group the rocks. Follow their suggestions and group accordingly. Suggestions may be to group by color, size, layers in rock, etc. Form cooperative groups by incorporating diverse learning styles of students in each group. Ask the students: Are you aware there are only three types of rocks? How do you think they are formed? Structure the discussion to come to the conclusion that rocks are grouped by how they are formed.

6.)In conclusion, form the students into groups of two to three students, integrating diverse learning styles. Ask them to select one of the rocks, name it, decorate it, and think of a use for it. The students really enjoy getting to put a creative edge on this lesson. Have them present their rock and it's use to the class.

Attachments:**Some files will display in a new window. Others will prompt you to download.
Assessment Strategies:

Rock Hound Quiz on URL included in lesson, and teacher observation from discussion.

Extension:

Students who are knowledgeable of the Learning Objectives could continue with Independent Study of "The Dynamic Earth" URL. Many independent activities are posted on this site.

Remediation:

Students who need extra remediation may be placed to work with a peer. If a student does not pass The Rockhound Quiz, a Rock Expert Activity is offered on the website, to be explored prior to retaking the quiz.

Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom accommodations for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with short-term memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions; poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.

Presentation of Material Environment
Time Demands Materials
Attention Using Groups and Peers
Assisting the Reluctant Starter Dealing with Inappropriate Behavior

Be sure to check the student's IEP for specific accommodations.
Variations Submitted by ALEX Users:
Alabama Virtual Library
Alabama Virtual Library

Hosted by Alabama Supercomputer Authority
The University of Alabama at Birmingham
The University of Alabama at Birmingham
The Malone Family Foundation
The Malone Family Foundation
Thinkfinity
Thinkfinity
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