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  This lesson provided by:  
Author:Karen Perry
System: Cullman City
School: Cullman High School

  General Lesson Information  
Lesson Plan ID: 26293

Title:

"Electron"-ic Battleship

Overview/Annotation:

The students will play a game of Battleship on the Periodic Table to review electron configuration of the elements.

This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.


 Associated Standards and Objectives 
Content Standard(s):
SC (9-12) Chemistry
3. Use the periodic table to identify periodic trends, including atomic radii, ionization energy, electronegativity, and energy levels.
  • Utilizing electron configurations, Lewis dot structures, and orbital notations to write chemical formulas
  • Calculating the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons in an isotope
  • Utilizing benchmark discoveries to describe the historical development of atomic structure, including photoelectric effect, absorption, and emission spectra of elements
  • Example: Thompson's cathode ray, Rutherford's gold foil, Millikan's oil drop, and Bohr's bright line spectra experiments
     
    SC2015 (9-12) Physical Science
    1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties and trends (e.g., reactivity of metals; types of bonds formed, including ionic, covalent, and polar covalent; numbers of bonds formed; reactions with oxygen) of main group elements based on the patterns of valence electrons in atoms.
     
    SC2015 (9-12) Chemistry
    3. Use the periodic table as a systematic representation to predict properties of elements based on their valence electron arrangement.
    a. Analyze data such as physical properties to explain periodic trends of the elements, including metal/nonmetal/metalloid behavior, electrical/heat conductivity, electronegativity and electron affinity, ionization energy, and atomic-covalent/ionic radii, and how they relate to position in the periodic table.
    b. Develop and use models (e.g., Lewis dot, 3-D ball-and-stick, space-filling, valence-shell electron-pair repulsion [VSEPR]) to predict the type of bonding and shape of simple compounds.
    c. Use the periodic table as a model to derive formulas and names of ionic and covalent compounds.
     

    Local/National Standards:

    National Science Education Standards (NSES)-

    Content Standard B:

    As a result of their activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop an understanding

    • Structure of atoms

    • Structure and properties of matter

    • Chemical reactions

    • Motions and Forces

    • Conservation of energy and increase indisorder

    • Interactions of energy and matter

    Primary Learning Objective(s):

    The students will provide the electron configuration of elements on the periodic table. The students will be able to relate the electron configuration to the location of the element on the periodic table and the quantum model of the atom.

    Additional Learning Objective(s):

    The students will hypothesize an explanation for the electron configuration deviations of some elements found in the 4th period and higher on the Periodic Table.


     Preparation Information 

    Total Duration:

    31 to 60 Minutes

    Materials and Resources:

    Periodic Tables

    Markers

    Wooden Buttons(from a craft store)

    Technology Resources Needed:

    Laptop

    Interactive white board

    Background/Preparation:

    Teacher will need to divide the students into cooperative learning partnerships.

    Teachers will need to make enough Periodic Tables for all students. (A printable version of the Periodic Table can be found at http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/index.html   )

    Teacher will need to print the post activity quiz from the site listed in the assessment region and make copies for all students.

    Students will need a basic understanding of the quantum model of the atom, Aufbau Principle, Periodic Table and electron configuration.


      Procedures/Activities: 
     

    1. The teacher will use the following sites to review electron configuration of the atom.

    http://education.jlab.org/qa/electron_config.html   http://chemistry.about.com/od/electronicstructure/ss/aufbau.htm

    2. The students will move into their cooperative learning partnerships and use the "Electron"-ic Battleship activity instructions found in the attachment to begin reviewing.

    3. The teacher will move throughout the room as the activity occurs acting as a facilitator. 

    4. As the cooperative learning partnership completes the activity, they will begin the post activity quiz individually.

     



    Attachments:
    **Some files will display in a new window. Others will prompt you to download.

      Assessment  

    Assessment Strategies

    The students will take a post activity quiz on electron configuration. (The quiz can be printed from the following site http://misterguch.brinkster.net/PRA014.doc )


    Acceleration:

    Students will go to the site that follows and perform the activity related to various elements behavior within a magnetic field.  The students will write the electron configuration for each element locating the electron region that produces the diamagnetic or paramagnetic behavior. www.magnet.fsu.edu/education/tutorials/java/paramagnetism/index.html

    Intervention:

    Students that need additional help may use the Electon Configuration Tutorial presentation posted in attachments.

    Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom accommodations for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with short-term memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions; poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.

    Presentation of Material Environment
    Time Demands Materials
    Attention Using Groups and Peers
    Assisting the Reluctant Starter Dealing with Inappropriate Behavior

    Be sure to check the student's IEP for specific accommodations.
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