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This lesson provided by:
Author: Brian Copes
System:Shelby County
School:Calera High
Lesson Plan ID: 29480
Title:

Career Technical Education Research and Design Engineering Report Outline.

Overview/Annotation:

This lesson is designed to help students document their research for a year long capstone project. (Creating an Engineering Report)

The students will be following the requirements for the Siemens Math, Science Technology competition. http://www.collegeboard.com/siemens/index.html
This activity not only fulfills the course of study (COS) requirements but will give the students the opportunity to apply for a college scholarship offered by the Siemens Corporation. The Siemens Corporation issues out several scholarships ranging from $1,000 to $100,000.

This lesson contains a financial aid component.

Content Standard(s):
STM(9-12) Engineering Research and Design3. Create a formal, narrative proposal for an engineering design brief.
STM(9-12) Engineering Research and Design4. Conduct independent research related to a chosen engineering design brief.
STM(9-12) Engineering Research and Design5. Demonstrate the engineering design process, including defining the problem, developing and selecting solutions, constructing prototypes testing, evaluating and documenting results, and redesigning as needed.
STM(9-12) Engineering Research and Design6. Apply a standard experimental method to the evaluation process of a given engineering design.
STM(9-12) Engineering Research and Design7. Create a written technical report and a multimedia presentation for an engineering design problem, concept, or issue using industry recognized guidelines.
STM(9-12) Engineering Research and Design10. Design a project portfolio that includes all project-related documentation.
Local/National Standards:

Essential Questions:
1. What is the purpose of a proposal and how is it organized?

2. What properties do materials exhibit and what types of strains are encountered by an engineered object?

3. How do you present your project to the world?

Recommended Career Technology Student Organization (CTSO) Technology Student Association (TSA).

High School Competitive Event:
Engineering Design Participants (one team of three to five members per chapter, one entry per team) work as part of a team to solve a design problem. Through use of a model/prototype, display, and design notebook, the team explains in detail how it has solved the problem and the solution's impact on society and the environment. Semifinalists demonstrate the problem and solution in a timed presentation.

Manufacturing Prototype Participants (one team per chapter) design and manufacture a prototype of a product and provide a description of how the product could be manufactured in a state-of-the-art American manufacturing facility.

Middle School Competitive Event:
Inventions and Innovations Participants [one team (with a minimum of three individuals) per chapter, one entry per team] investigate and determine the need for the invention or innovation of a device, system or process. Team members will 1) create a prototype or model, 2) develop a stand-alone multimedia presentation and 3) document work completed as they prepare to promote and demonstrate their idea for the invention or innovation. Semifinalists make an oral presentation to a panel of judges who will act as a group of venture capitalists interested in providing funding for the development of the idea

 

Primary Learning Objective(s):

This lesson is designed to prepare students for the world of work and/or an engineering collegiate degree.

Additionally, this lesson will explain/demonstrate the importance in documenting their work.

Additional Learning Objective(s):

Engineering Research and Design is a one-credit, capstone course in the engineering field
recommended for students in Grades 11-12. The course enables students to make an informed career choice through the study and application of mechanical, electrical, and other engineering systems. Students conduct research and design engineering projects to enhance abilities and expand interest in the field of engineering. Projects reinforce the application of communication, mathematics, and science. Computer technology applications are utilized extensively in this course to enable students to visualize, model, prototype, solve, and report comprehensive design problems.

Approximate Duration of the Lesson: Greater than 120 Minutes
Materials and Equipment:

Pen, pencil, paper, variety of colored pencils/markers. 

Technology Resources Needed:

Computer, Internet access, presentation software, word processing software, poster board.

Background/Preparation:

Review Purdue Universities Engineering Report Outline. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/ppt/20061207031120_647.ppt

Another resource that can be used in this lesson is http://www.eng.wayne.edu/legacy/MSE130/REPORT.html
Review the Siemens Math, Science Technology competition. http://www.collegeboard.com/siemens/index.html

 

Procedures/Activities:

This lesson should be taught at the beginning of the year. Explain to the students about the importance of documenting their work. Show the Purdue University Power Point http://owl.english.purdue.edu/media/ppt/20061207031120_647.ppt  Have the students' then log onto http://www.collegeboard.com/siemens/index.html and review the Siemens Grant requirements. Have the students examine the similarities of the Siemens Grant and the outline given in the Purdue University PowerPoint. Point out to the students that not only will they receive a grade for their engineering report in class but if it is done well the students could be eligible to receive a $100,000.00 scholarship.

Give the students an overview of the entire report. This allows the students the opportunity to see the big picture. Have the students fill out the attached TIME LINE worksheet. This will help keep the students on track/schedule with the research and build. This also gives the students valuable due dates for grading purposes.
Each student is to write and submit each section of their report and submit on or before the given deadline 1. Purpose of the research, Rational for the research, Pertinent scientific literature, Prior work and contributions of others, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, and References. Details about what is to be in each section can be found on the attached TIME LINE FOR ENGINEERING REPORT document.
I would then recommend covering each section in greater detail as each of the following sections is assigned. Also take a moment and explain how each section will be evaluated/graded. You can use the attached grading rubric or work with your English/Literature teacher in the development of a grading rubric. This could be a collaborative assignment with Career Tech and the English/Literature department. The students will create an Engineering Report documenting their research through the year.

1. Create an abstract to include the purpose of the proposal, the main need, the main features you offer and related benefits and an overview of the proposal sections to follow. This should be done when the students identify an area/project that they want to research and develop.
2. Create the body to provide the details of your proposal and answer the following questions: what do you want to solve and why? What are the technical details of your approach? Who will do the work and with what? When will it be done? How much will it cost?
3. Create a conclusion telling your reader the main benefit of your proposal, why you have an interest, and what should happen next.
4. Investigate current field developments. I would recommend at least five articles that talk about these developments. You can also incorporate article reviews. Article reviews would be a written summary of the given article.
5. Determine if they can redesign or modify a current product.
6. Determine feasibility of designing a new product.
7. Use various sources to gather information which may include the Internet, libraries, newspapers, magazines, journals, trade publications, and patent searches.
8. Maintain accurate notes, records, and files of collected information.
9. Maintain sketches and diagrams of similar products or original ideas to aid them in their solution.
10. List strategies used when designing.
11. Identify and define a design problem.
12. Explain the steps in a design process.
13. Use design process skills to generate and develop a solution to a problem.
14. Recall the elements of design.
15. List in order the steps to build a prototype.
16. Apply the experimental method of testing a design.
17. Create a written technical report and a multimedia presentation for an engineering design problem, concept, or issue using industry recognized guidelines.
18. Demonstrate the correct use and selection of tools, materials, procedures, and equipment in the construction of models, prototypes, and finished products.
19. Apply correct drafting techniques using computer-aided design (CAD) programs to produce plans, diagrams, and working drawings for the construction of models, prototypes, and final products.
20. Design a project portfolio that includes all project-related documentation.
http://www.collegeboard.com/siemens/eligibility.html

Additional information that should be included in the report includes.
http://www.collegeboard.com/siemens/report.html
The scientific format of a paper differs by discipline; therefore, there is not one required format for writing the research paper. It should be written in the scientific format appropriate to the discipline and contain the following information:
1. Purpose of the research: Describe the problem to be solved, the research question to be answered, the hypotheses to be tested, or the product to be developed.
2. Rationale for the research: Why is the work important?
3. Pertinent scientific literature: Provide a brief review of the most relevant literature. Previous relevant publications and patents must be cited in the text of the Research Report.
4. Prior work and contributions of others on this project: Provide information on concurrent similar or related work, projects, or both in the facility or laboratory in which you worked.
5. Methodology: Describe the methods used to allow someone trained in the field to understand the work or sufficient steps to follow a proof. Explain what was done and how it was accomplished. Document any outside assistance or special circumstances that had implications for the project.
6. Results: Describe the results of the research or mathematical study.
7. Discussion: Describe how the results address the problem to be solved or research question to be addressed. Discuss any interpretations that can be drawn from the results.
8. Conclusions: What questions still need to be answered? Does the Research Report have a basis for future work?
9. References: Assemble a complete list of the works cited in the paper, formatted correctly for the discipline.
Review the purpose of an Engineering Report. You can use the attached PowerPoint from Purdue University and/or the attached outline from http://www.eng.wayne.edu/legacy/MSE130/REPORT.html
The students will develop an engineering report based on the activity that they chose to research, design and develop.
Have the students fill out the attached TIME LINE worksheet. This will help keep the students on track/schedule with the research and build. This also gives the students valuable due dates for grading purposes.
Each student is to write and submit each section of their report and submit on or before the given deadline 1. Purpose of the research, Rational for the research, Pertinent scientific literature, Prior work and contributions of others, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, and References. Details about what is to be in each section can be found on the attached TIME LINE FOR ENGINEERING REPORT document.


Attachments:**Some files will display in a new window. Others will prompt you to download. PurdueUniversityEngineeringReportOutline.ppt
WayneEngineerinReportOutline.doc
GradingRubric.pdf
SiemensCompetitionRequirments.doc
TIMELINEFORENGINEERINGREPORT.doc
Assessment Strategies:

Attached is a grading rubric that can be used to help evaluate the student's Engineering Report. It is recommended to grade each component of the report on the due dates. This will give the students valuable feedback on their writing skills and emphasize the importance of meeting deadlines.

Extension:

The students' Engineering Reports can be submitted to the Siemens Math: Science: Technology Competition. Here the students can win a scholarship valued up to $100,000.
Work with the English/Literature teachers to develop a cross-curricular tie. This will allow the students to perhaps receive help and credit in multiple classes.

Remediation:

Work with the English/Literature teachers to help struggling students.

Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom accommodations for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with short-term memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions; poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.

Presentation of Material Environment
Time Demands Materials
Attention Using Groups and Peers
Assisting the Reluctant Starter Dealing with Inappropriate Behavior

Be sure to check the student's IEP for specific accommodations.
Variations Submitted by ALEX Users:
Alabama Virtual Library
Alabama Virtual Library

Hosted by Alabama Supercomputer Authority
The University of Alabama at Birmingham
The University of Alabama at Birmingham
The Malone Family Foundation
The Malone Family Foundation
Thinkfinity
Thinkfinity
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