1) Teacher can invite a ranger to visit the classroom to give a presentation on the four prehistoric time periods that are represented at Russell Cave National Monument: Paleo Period, Archaic Period, Woodland Period, and Mississippian Period. (Contact Russell Cave National Monument Ranger)
2) The teacher will involve the class in a discussion about the Native Americans that lived in Alabama during the Historic Period. The teacher will focus on:
- How did the Native American's technology change after European contact?
- How did their governments change after European contact?
- How did their population decline after European contact?
- How were they treated during the 1500s to 1800s?
Information on the Native Americans during the Historic Period:
Trail of Tears - Fort Smith National Historic Site
De Soto National Memorial
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park
Museum of the Cherokee Indian
The Chickasaw Nation
Creek Tribe Facts For Children
Five Civilized Tribes
3) The teacher will create five groups and assign each group a time period: Paleo Period, Archaic Period, Woodland Period, Mississippian Period, and the Historic Period. Allow groups to create a slide show presentation using text and Internet sources on their assigned prehistoric period. Have each group to focus on the Prehistoric Americans and Native Americans culture, economics, and government. Students will share information during a presentation.
Russell Cave National Monument
Hopewell Culture National Historic Site
Ocmulgee National Monument
Shiloh Indian Mounds National Historic Site
4) Then the teacher will explain dioramas to students and for homework have each student create a shoebox diorama of their assigned time period. (Diorama Instructions)
For the Historic Period have students focus on a Native American Removal Scene or a Native American Game Scene.
5) Using a computer projection device, allow each group to present their slide show to the class. To ensure student participation, each student should take notes during the presentations.
6) Have students turn in their diorama and display them in the hall or lunch room.