Set up for the program
1. Fill the numbered (2-9, no # 1) plastic cups/jars/ bags with the following:
2. Soil (from farmers)
3. Brown sugar and powder creamer (fertilizer)
4. Dark syrup (oil)
5. Sugar (Salt from road department)
6. Paper dots (litter)
7. Dish detergent and warm water Red food coloring (pollution from factories)
8. Coffee grounds in container in the cup (raw sewage
Line up the plastic cups/jars in the order they will be used.
• Fill "Fred's" container with cold tap water.
• Suspend "Fred" into water with clear fishing line from a ruler.
• Adjust the length of the string until the fish is suspended midway in the fish bowl.
• Place the fish bowl on the blue circle mat.
• Set up the 11x17 laminated cards on an easel on the table/desk.
Have your 5x7,11 x 17 laminated instruction cards, or digital slide program ready to use.
1. Introduce some of Little River Canyon National Preserve's fishes. This could be a very short introduction of the Blue Shiner, or an extensive listing of all 47 fish depending on age group and time. Use slides 1-12.
2. Ask volunteers to assist by take their places with one of the pollutants (in order). Volunteers read the card or slide and a volunteer will pour the materials into the fishbowl.
3. Introduce "Fred" to the class. Tell them that Fred has lived its whole life in Little River. Now, Fred is going to leave the preserve and journey downstream. The class has been invited to share in Fred's adventure.
Ask, "HOW IS FRED?" and "Would YOU swim in Little River now?"
4. As you or a volunteer reads your instruction card/slide, ask a volunteer to come to the front and pour in the appropriate pollution.
After each item is dumped into the fish bowl, ask, "HOW IS FRED?" and "Would YOU swim in it now?"
5. Expand on the section about litter. Pretend there is a woman with a beautiful, small baby by the river. The baby has "pooped" in its diaper. The woman changes the diaper and instead of throwing it in the trash, she throws the diaper into the river. (I use a toilet tissue, or other soft tissue folded for a diaper between my index and middle finger while telling this story. Dip the baby with wagging fingers in the water to wet the diaper) She has thrown the diaper in the exact place that we are about to go swimming. "WHO IS IT GOING TO HURT?" Hopefully they will say "US!"
6. (optional) Go to each person and pretend that they have just thrown a piece of litter into the river. Say, "After all, what is one piece of litter going to hurt?" Continue until each person has "thrown" litter into the water.
7. Then ask, "Now that we have all thrown something into the river, WHO IS IT GOING TO HURT?"
8. Continue reading the cards until all "pollution" has been dumped into Fred's bowl. After each of the ingredients have been dumped in, ask, "Would any of you swim in this water?"
9. Tell about toxic waste dumps. Put on gloves if using them. Use the dropper to add a few drops of undiluted green food coloring while telling about the toxic waste. Allow the drops to slowly spread. After slide 21 or the laminated sheet from slide 21, tell them that even though Fred is a tough, little fish, even he cannot survive poisonous chemicals in the water. (optional: I do not like to do this part.) Slowly, let the string go so that Fred will sink to the bottom of the container. Tell them that Fred is now dead.
The mood should be somber after the news that Fred is dead. You will want to cheer the students up by letting them know that "Fred" is not a real fish, we use him as an example so that the real "Freds" don't die from pollution in Little River.
I have changed Fred's outcome (slide 22) to living because I know each of you will grow up to help keep the water cleaner. Talk about jobs where the responsibility could be theirs.
10. Offer maps, brochures, and invite them to come out and enjoy the park.