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This lesson provided by:
Author:Carol Blair
System: Opp City
School: Opp Elementary School
Lesson Plan ID: 33042

Using Informational Text


In this lesson, students will learn about frogs and toads using the book Frogs by Gail Gibbons.  Students begin the lesson by brainstorming what they already know about frogs and toads. After reading the book, students will compare and contrast a frog and a toad by using the diagrams located in the book. At the end of the lesson students will use the information in the text to draw and label a frog and a toad.

This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.

Content Standard(s):
SC(2) 6. Identify characteristics of animals, including behavior, size, and body covering
ELA2015(2) 16. Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text. [RI.2.7]
ELA2015(2) 29. Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about Grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. [SL.2.1]
ELA2015(2) 31. Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify comprehension, gather additional information, or deepen understanding of a topic or issue. [SL.2.3]
Local/National Standards:  
Primary Learning Objective(s):

Students will use writing and speaking to explain how specific images contribute to and clarify a text.

Students will identify characteristics of a frog and toad including size, color, and body covering.



Additional Learning Objective(s):

Students will listen attentively, take turns speaking, and link their comments to the remarks of others.

Students will gather information from provided sources to label a diagram.

Approximate Duration of the Lesson: 31 to 60 Minutes
Materials and Equipment:

Several copies of the  book Frogs by Gail Gibbons

Poster board

Sticky Notes

Markers, Crayons, Pencils

Plain writing paper

Chart paper with Venn diagram

Technology Resources Needed:

Computer connected to Internet

Digital projector or interactive whiteboard

Website: Frogs


Teacher will:

  • Obtain several copies of the book Frogs by Gail Gibbons
  • Make a T-chart titled Frogs and Toads
  • Draw a blank Venn diagram on the chart paper
  • Check Internet access in order to view video clip

1. Teacher will ask students to turn and talk with their partner about what they already know about frogs or toads. The teacher will pass out sticky notes to each group of students and ask them to write something they know about either a frog or a toad.

2. Show students the T-chart labeled Frogs and Toads. Each group will be given an opportunity to share what they wrote on their note. They will post their sticky notes on the T-chart according to whether it relates to frogs or toads.

3. Show the attached video clip. Introduce the book Frogs by Gail Gibbons. Tell the students they will be reading a story that will tell facts about Frogs. Tell them as they read to pay close attention to the detailed pictures, headings, captions, diagrams, and labels included in the book.

4. Pass out copies of the books for students to use as you read the story orally with the class. (If you do not have enough copies of the text for each student to have their own copy, then allow students to share in small groups.) Read the story orally whole group. Point out important pictures, headings, diagrams, and captions that help the students have a clearer understanding of frogs and toads.

5. After reading the story, ask the students to locate the pages in the book that show the diagrams of the frog and the toad. Point out to the students that the picture diagrams give information that the story did not include. Draw attention to the  information that would be missed if they skipped over these two pages. Use the diagrams to compare a frog to a toad. Ask the students to contribute either differences or similarities of frogs and toads.  Record their information onto the Venn Diagram.

6. Pass out the paper slips and ask the students to choose either the frog or the toad. Draw a picture of their choice and label it using the diagram available in the text.

7. On the back of their picture write a sentence about either the frog or the toad. 

8. Give the students an opportuntity to share drawings, pictures, and writing with classmates. 

9. Revisit the T-chart made at the beginning of the lesson. Ask students to turn and talk with their partner again. Pass out sticky notes and ask them to write something they learned in this lesson about either a frog or a toad. Let students share their responses.

Attachments:**Some files will display in a new window. Others will prompt you to download. teachereval.pdf
Assessment Strategies:

Teacher will observe and evaluate the students participation in the lesson using the rubric attached (teachereval.pdf).


Teacher will place paper, markers, and other books about frogs and toads in a center. Students can use the materials to create and label diagrams.


Teacher will meet with students in small group who need more practice reading informational text. The teacher will use the student's rubric evaluation to provide the additional instruction needed.

Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom accommodations for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with short-term memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions; poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.

Presentation of Material Environment
Time Demands Materials
Attention Using Groups and Peers
Assisting the Reluctant Starter Dealing with Inappropriate Behavior

Be sure to check the student's IEP for specific accommodations.
Variations Submitted by ALEX Users:
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The University of Alabama at Birmingham
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The Malone Family Foundation
The Malone Family Foundation
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