1.)Present the book, Air is All Around You. Read it to the children as an introduction.
2.)Teach children the song about air to the tune of "Frere Jacques."
3.)Each student will be able to participate in this activity to demonstrate that air takes up space.
4.)Fill the bowl with water, then color with food coloring so the experiment can be seen easily.
5.)Show the class a glass and ask them if there is anything in it. Discuss the fact that air takes up space, even though we cannot see it. Air is all around us and fills every open space. Air is in the glass.
6.)Show the students how to crumble a paper towel or napkin and put it in the bottom of the glass.
7.)Ask the children to predict what will happen when the glass is put upside down in the bowl of water.
8.)Students will record their predictions on their science journal sheet (see attachment).
9.)Turn the glass upside down and push it straight down to the bottom of the bowl. Hold it there for a moment; then lift it straight up out of the water.
10.)Let the students feel the napkin and ask them, "What kept the napkin dry?" Help the students conclude that water could not get into the glass because the glass was already filled with air that had no place to go. Air kept the napkin dry.
11.)Explain that although we cannot see air, we can see its effect. A blanket of air called the atmosphere surrounds Earth and is important to every living thing.
12.)Let the students take turns performing this experiment in cooperative groups.
13.)Students will record the results.
14.)For the next part of this lesson, fill the glass with the colored water and place a piece of cardboard over the glass.
15.)Ask the children to predict what will happen if the glass is turned upside down.
16.)The students will record their predictions.
17.)Holding the cardboard, turn the glass upside down, then let go of the cardboard. Now turn the glass on its side. Ask the students what is holding the cardboard to the glass.
18.)Lead them to conclude that air is pushing from all sides and is holding the cardboard in place. We call this pushing of the air "air pressure." Children may now practice this experiment with supervision.
19.)Students will record the results.