Lesson Plan ID: 
6183 
Title: 
Newton's Laws of Motion 
Overview/Annotation: 
Students use toy cars, a CBR sonic motion detector, and pennies to investigate Newton's Laws of Motion. 
Content Standard(s): 
SC(8)  8. Identify Newton's three laws of motion.  TC2(68)  11. Use digital tools and strategies to locate, collect, organize, evaluate, and synthesize
information.  TC2(68)  13. Use digital tools to formulate solutions to authentic problems.  SC2015(8) Physical Science  9. Use Newton's second law to demonstrate and explain how changes in an object's motion depend on the sum of the external forces on the object and the mass of the object (e.g., billiard balls moving when hit with a cue stick).  SC2015(8) Physical Science  10. Use Newton's third law to design a model to demonstrate and explain the
resulting motion of two colliding objects (e.g., two cars bumping into each
other, a hammer hitting a nail).* 

Local/National Standards: 

Podcast(s): 

Primary Learning Objective(s): 
Students will analyze the effects of force, mass, and acceleration. Students will follow written lab procedures. 
Additional Learning Objective(s): 
Students will use technology in a science setting to gather, record and analyze data. 
Approximate Duration of the Lesson: 
31 to 60 Minutes 
Materials and Equipment: 
Per group of students: Ramp, 2 equal mass Hot Wheels toy cars, 5 pennies, tape, meter stick, lab procedures (see attachments) 
Technology Resources Needed: 
CBR sonic motion detector, graphing calculator 
Background/Preparation: 
Students and teacher need to know how to use the CBR and graphing calculator. 
Procedures/Activities: 
1.)The lesson is divided into 3 labs that can be completed in any order. In lab 1 (see attachment), the students explore Newton's 2nd law of motion.
2.)The lesson is divided into 3 labs that can be completed in any order. In lab 2 (see attachment), the students explore Newton's 3rd Law of Motion.
3.)The lesson is divided into 3 labs that can be completed in any order. In lab 3 (see attachment), students explore Newton's 3rd Law of Motion.
4.)After labs have been completed, facilitate a class discussion where students summarize and compare findings and relate how their findings support (or refute) Newton's Laws of Motion.

Attachments:**Some files will display in a new window. Others will prompt you to download. 
Experiment One, Newtons laws.doc
Experiment 2 Newtons laws.doc
Experiment 3Newtons laws.doc

Assessment Strategies: 
The teacher will check the entries in the lab book for completeness and accuracy. 
Acceleration: 
Students may want to find the force of the crashes using the formula F=MA. Students will need to find the mass of the cars and the pennies. Some students may also find it interesting to find the speed of the cars. For more advanced students, a scale speed can be obtained. 
Intervention: 
Some students may need extra preparation with the Laws of Motion. Teachers may want to restate the laws in simpler terms. 

Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom
accommodations
for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading
or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at
a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with
shortterm memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions;
poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.

Presentation of Material

Environment 
Time Demands 
Materials 
Attention 
Using Groups and Peers 
Assisting the Reluctant Starter

Dealing with Inappropriate
Behavior 
Be sure to check the student's IEP for specific accommodations.

Variations Submitted by ALEX Users: 
