ALEX Lesson Plans Subject: English Language Arts (6), or Mathematics (6), or Science (6) Title: The Heart and Soil of Agriculture Description: This lesson will discuss the process and importance of water filtration though soil.  This lesson will discuss the vital role that soil and water play in our survival.  We are limited to a very small percentage of available water.  We are also very limited to available soil for growth.  As we grow and build upon our soil what impact will this play with our drinking water.  Subject: Mathematics (6 - 7) Title: How Big Should it Be? Description: This lesson will allow students to become familiar with the concept of equivalent ratios and similar objects. Through an open investigation, students will develop methods to find equivalent ratios. This is a lesson to be used as part of a unit with Painter Problems and How Far Can You Leap found in ALEX. This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.Subject: Mathematics (6 - 7) Title: How Far Can You Leap? Description: This lesson will allow students to become familiar with the concept of unit rate. Through an open investigation students will develop methods to find unit rate with a table, equivalent ratios, or an equation. This is a lesson to be used as part of a unit with "Painter Problems" and "How Big Should It Be?" This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.Subject: Mathematics (6) Title: Painter Problems Description: This lesson will allow students to become familiar with ratios. In this investigative lesson students will compare ratios and determine equivalent ratios. This is an introductory lesson to be used as part of a unit.  This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.Subject: Mathematics (6) Title: M & M's Probability (extension of M and M's Math) Description: The activity incorporates the M and M's Internet Website into a probability activities involving the most prevalent colors.  This lesson allows students to create virtual bar graphs with M and M's. Subject: Mathematics (6 - 7), or Science (4 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5) Title: Scaling Down the Solar System Description: In this lesson students will work collaboratively to gain a better understanding of the vastness of space by scaling down the solar system. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.  Subject: Mathematics (4 - 6), or Social Studies (7), or Technology Education (6 - 8) Title: Can you survive in the real world? Description: Living in the real world is expensive and sometimes hard for a new college graduate to adjust to. This lesson will allow students to see the importance and need of budgeting money. Students will have to make choices and research different budget areas. Can they survive in the real world? This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.  Subject: Mathematics (5 - 6), or Technology Education (6 - 8) Title: Aquarium Project Description: The class is given money to purchase fish for a class aquarium.  Students must use the size and lifestyle requirements for the fish to decide which type to buy.  Students must present their proposal to the principal in a letter.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.Subject: Mathematics (5 - 6), or Technology Education (6 - 8) Title: The Average Middle "Schooler" Description: In this lesson, students will work in groups to find the average middle school student.  They will measure members of the group, find the average, and convert to different units of measure.  Students will also conduct a survey and display the information in graphs.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.Subject: Mathematics (6) Title: Thirsty for Ratios Description: In this lesson the students will learn what a ratio is and how it can be used in comparison. In this lesson, students will also determine how to combine a sports drink in powder form and water to make enough for a whole football team. Students will be encouraged to use different strategies such as ratios and proportions. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.Subject: Mathematics (6 - 7) Title: Percents Description: This lesson explores the making of comparisons by using percents. In this lesson you will compare your class's favorite foods using percents. Students will use cooperative groups to answer follow up questions about the lesson.This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project funded by the Malone Family Foundation.Subject: Mathematics (5 - 6) Title: Fractions and Recipes Description: This is a lesson used to show how fractions are used in everyday life. Students will use the knowledge they have about fractions to change a recipe to accommodate different amounts of people. Students will enjoy navigating the Internet to locate a recipe. Students will also have the opportunity to make the recipe in class and share it with their friends.Subject: Mathematics (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8) Title: Shake ‘n Go Fractions Description: This lesson is designed for cooperative groups. Students will use a computer tutorial to practice computing equivalent fractions and then will apply what they have learned to adjust a recipe for a tasty snack.Subject: Mathematics (6) Title: Measuring Marvelously - Standard Ruler Description: This lesson is used to instruct students in the use of a standard "English" ruler for determining measurements. The students will read a standard ruler accurately to the nearest 1/16 of an inch. The student will measure different items to gain proficiency in measuring.Subject: Mathematics (6) Title: Percents Description: This lesson provides a variety of activities for the students to experience using percents. The usage of percents is presented in the context of situations that occur in a student's daily life. A kinesthetic activity is also included to reach all learning types. Thinkfinity Lesson Plans Subject: MathematicsTitle: A Swath of Red      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students estimate the area of the country that voted for the Republican candidate and the area that voted for the Democratic candidate in the 2000 presidential election using a grid overlay. Students then compare the areas to the electoral and popular vote election results. Ratios of electoral votes to area are used to make generalizations about the population distribution of the United States.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: Arts,Mathematics,Social StudiesTitle: Real Estate Tycoon      Add Bookmark Description: This year-long project, from Illuminations, is divided into three parts and reinforces skills that lay a foundation for algebra, such as measurement, fractions, decimals, percents, and proportions. Students design, build, and sell a house and then simulate investment of the profits in the stock market. Along the way, students make scale drawings, compute with fractions and decimals in various contexts, solve simple equations, and learn valuable lessons about how money really works.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Getting into the Electoral College      Add Bookmark Description: In this unit of 3 lessons from Illuminations, students are engaged in activities involving percentages, ratios, and area, with a focus throughout on building problem-solving and reasoning skills. They are designed to be used individually to fit within curriculum being covered at the time of an election. Additionally, the lesson extensions include many ideas for interdisciplinary activities and some possible school-wide activities.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: Mathematics,ScienceTitle: Inclined Plane      Add Bookmark Description: In this multiple-day activity, from Illuminations, students time balls rolling down inclines of varying lengths and heights. They then try to make inferences about the relationships among the variables involved.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Why Is California So Important?      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students learn about the mechanics of the electoral college and use the State Data Map applet to gather data on the population and electoral votes for each state. Several questions are provided to strengthen understanding of measures of central tendency and fluency with decimals and percents.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Paper Pool: Analyzing Numeric and Geometric Patterns      Add Bookmark Description: This page provides an overview of a four-lesson Illuminations unit plan titled '' Analyzing Numeric and Geometric Patterns of Paper Pool.'' The interactive paper pool game in this unit plan provides an opportunity for students to further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple. This investigation includes student resources for the Paper Pool project, preparation notes, answers, and a holistic-by-category scoring rubric with guidelines for how it can be used to assess the project. Samples of two students' work and comments from a teacher accompany the suggested rubric. This resource references the Illuminations lessons titled '' Paper Pool Game,'' '' Explore More Tables,'' '' Look for Patterns,'' and '' Go the Distance.''Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Paper Pool Game      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple by playing an interactive paper pool game.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Explore More Tables      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Look for Patterns      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students further develop their understanding of ratio, proportion, and least common multiple.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: Mathematics,ScienceTitle: Travel in the Solar System: Lesson 2      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students consider the amount of time that space travelers need to travel to the four terrestrial planets. Students also think about what kinds of events might occur on Earth while the space travelers are on their journey.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Shopping Mall Math      Add Bookmark Description: In this two-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they develop number sense in and around the shopping mall. Two grade-level activities deal with size and space, estimation, measurement and applications involving percent.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Shops at the Mall      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students develop number sense in and around the shopping mall. They explore the allotment of space within a mall by generating a class list of stores typically found in a shopping center or mall. They then categorize stores into general categories, such as women's clothing, food service, and so on, and conduct research about malls in their own area. Finally, students plan a mall and create a scale drawing.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Fraction Models       Add Bookmark Description: This student interactive, from Illuminations, explores several representations for fractions using adjustable numerators and denominators. Students can see decimal and percent equivalents, as well as a model that represents each fraction.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Fire      Add Bookmark Description: In this student interactive, from Illuminations, students can see the results of a fire if a forest is densely planted in a rectangular grid. Students are able to choose a starting place for the fire and enter the probability that a given tree will burn.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12Subject: MathematicsTitle: Canada Data Map      Add Bookmark Description: Investigate data for the Canadian provinces and territories with this interactive tool. Students can examine data sets contained within the interactive, or they can enter their own data.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Health - Nutrition , Mathematics - Applied Mathematics , Mathematics - Arithmetic , Mathematics - Measurement , Science - Biological and Life Sciences , Science - Biology , Science - Chemistry , Science - General Science , Adult & Family Literacy - Lifeskills , Informal Education - Health/Wellness/Nutrition/CookingTitle: How Can Math Help You Cook?      Add Bookmark Description: You might think the best part of making brownies is enjoying the end result, but gathering and mixing the ingredients can be just as fun. Grab a spoon and let's find out what ice cream can teach us about math. Yummy!Thinkfinity Partner: WonderopolisGrade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5Subject: Health - Disease - Mathematics - Applied Mathematics - Science - Biology - Social Studies - GeographyTitle: Africa's Struggle With AIDS      Add Bookmark Description: In this Xpeditions lesson, students come to understand the enormity of the impact of AIDS on the population of Africa by comparing its effect there with its effect on the population of the world in general, and especially on that of the United States. After locating Africa on a world map, and individual sub-Saharan nations on a map of Africa, students examine charts and graphs to find and compare data about AIDS in Africa, the world, and the United States.Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic EducationGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: Health,Mathematics,Informal EducationTitle: Big Math and Fries      Add Bookmark Description: This Illuminations lesson is designed to enlighten students about how to calculate percent of calories from fat, carbohydrates, and protein. The calculations are made to determine if a person can follow the Zone Diet with only McDonald's food items.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Purple Prisms      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students investigate rectangular prisms using an online, interactive applet. They manipulate the scale factor that links two three-dimensional rectangular prisms to learn about edge lengths and surface area relationships.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Measurement Terms      Add Bookmark Description: This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, introduces relationships between measurement and geometry. The activities build on students prior knowledge as they work with partners and as a whole class to list, group, label, and write to present their understanding.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: Language Arts,MathematicsTitle: Mathematics and Children's Literature      Add Bookmark Description: In this five-lesson unit, from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. Five pieces of literature are applied to teaching a wide range of topics in the mathematics curriculum, from sorting and classifying to the meaning of averages.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8Subject: Language Arts,MathematicsTitle: Making Beds      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students participate in activities in which they focus on connections between mathematics and children s literature. They listen to the story How Big Is a Foot? by Rolf Myller and then explore the need for a standard unit of measure.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8Subject: Language Arts,MathematicsTitle: How Much is a Million?      Add Bookmark Description: This lesson focuses students on the concept of 1,000,000. It allows students to see first-hand the sheer size of a million while at the same time providing students with an introduction to sampling and its use in mathematics. Students will use grains of rice and a balance to figure out the approximate volume and mass of 1,000,000 grains of rice.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Ratios      Add Bookmark Description: This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, features equations for finding the ratios for surface area and volume when comparing a model to a full-size object.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Apple Pi      Add Bookmark Description: In this unit of two lessons, from Illuminations, students use estimation and measurement skills to determine the ratio of circumference to diameter and explore the meaning of pi. They discover formulas for the circumference and area of a circle based on their investigations.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Bagel Algebra      Add Bookmark Description: In this Illuminations lesson, a real life example--taken from a bagel shop--is used to get students to think about solving a problem symbolically. Students must decipher a series of equations and interpret results to understand the point that the bagel shop s owner is trying to make about the price of his bagels compared to that of his competitor.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Bagel Comparison      Add Bookmark Description: This reproducible transparency, from an Illuminations lesson, presents information from a sign displayed by a real bagel retailer, comparing the price of their bagels to that of their competitor.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Dynamic Paper Tool      Add Bookmark Description: Create customized activity sheets for your classroom! Nets of 3-D shapes, tessellations, coordinate graphs, and more - all based on your input.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12Subject: MathematicsTitle: How Steep Can You Be?      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, one of a multi-part unit from Illuminations, students consider the construction of a tool that will measure percent slope. They then use ideas about percent slope to determine recommended defensible space distances near a home, in relation to protecting the home from wildfires.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Constant Dimensions      Add Bookmark Description: In this Illuminations lesson, students measure the length and width of a rectangle using both standard and non-standard units of measure. In addition to providing measurement practice, this lesson allows students to discover that the ratio of length to width of a rectangle is constant, in spite of the units. For many middle school students, this discovery is surprising.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8Subject: MathematicsTitle: Capture - Recapture      Add Bookmark Description: In this lesson, students experience an application of proportion that scientists actually use to solve real-life problems. Students learn how to estimate the size of a total population by taking samples and using proportions. The ratio of tagged items to the number of items in a sample is the same as the ratio of tagged items to the total population.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12Subject: MathematicsTitle: Bean Counting      Add Bookmark Description: By using sampling from a large collection of beans, students get a sense of equivalent fractions, which leads to a better understanding of proportions. Equivalent fractions are used to develop an understanding of proportions. The number-sense of recognizing equivalent fractions is useful when students study slope and proportions.Thinkfinity Partner: IlluminationsGrade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12