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ALEX Lesson Plans


Subject: English Language Arts (4 - 5), or Social Studies (5)
Title: Going to War!
Description: In this 21st Century roleplay lesson, students use what they know about causes of the Civil War to have an educated discussion with another class.  By utilizing Skype, students and teachers collaborate with one another in an engaging historical scenario.


Subject: Social Studies (4 - 5)
Title: The Effects of the Civil War
Description: Students will work in groups to research the causes of the Civil War, events during the war, and Reconstruction. They will compile their information into a multimedia presentation. They will use research to answer the essential question, "How did the events of the Civil War affect our society today?"


Subject: English Language Arts (4), or Social Studies (4 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Yo! The Slaves Have Gotta Go!
Description: In this lesson, students will explore the events leading up to the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation.  Students will work collaboratively to research and report their findings.


Subject: Social Studies (4 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: A Divided Nation
Description: Students will explore the sectional differences between the North and the South that ultimately led to the southern secession. Students will learn what is meant by secession and which states seceded, the country they formed, its capital, and whom they elected president. Students will create a PowerPoint Presentation, a brochure, and possibly a newsletter using computer software presenting information they have learned.


Subject: English Language Arts (4), or Social Studies (4 - 5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: The Underground Railroad
Description: The Underground Railroad of the 1800's inspired talented writers of all ages. This lesson will integrate some of these famous writings to encourage students to develop their questioning techniques for analysis of literature while furthering their knowledge of this era in American history. As an extension of this study, students will create a class quilt to illustrate the depth of their research.


Subject: English Language Arts (5), or Social Studies (5), or Technology Education (3 - 5)
Title: Newscast on the Battles of the Ironclad Ships
Description: This lesson is on the ironclad ships and the battles that took place during the Civil War. Students will use the information from previous lessons to create a simulated newscast that takes place during an actual battle between ironclad ships.


Thinkfinity Lesson Plans


Subject: Social Studies
Title: Find Grace's Family      Add Bookmark
Description: In this activity, children will analyze a primary source document-Grace Bedell's letter to Abraham Lincoln-and look for hints about Grace and her family. They will then draw a picture to represent the information they found in this activity, part of an OurStory module entitled A Letter to Abraham Lincoln, from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. OurStory is a series of modules designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources will allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Arts,Social Studies
Title: Factory vs. Plantation in the North and South      Add Bookmark
Description: This lesson, one of a multi-part unit from EDSITEment, focuses on the differences in the economic systems of the North and South on the eve of the Civil War. Through the investigation of primary source documents--photographs, census information and other archival documents--students gain an appreciation of everyday life in the North and South, changes occurring in the lives of ordinary Americans, and some of the major social and economic issues of the years before the Civil War.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Voices of Bull Run      Add Bookmark
Description: This unit will introduce the first major clash in the Civil War--the Battle of Bull Run--and encourage students to consider the perspectives of ordinary citizens of the North and the South and the impact of this battle on their lives. The activities are based on the award-winning young adult novel Bull Run by Paul Fleischman.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Explore PA History      Add Bookmark
Description: Demonstrates the rich historical importance of Pennsylvania via maps, timelines, essays, primary documents, and lesson plans.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10



Subject: Philosophy - Ethics - Social Studies - Geography - Social Studies - United States History
Title: Would You Have Helped Out?      Add Bookmark
Description: In this lesson, from Xpeditions, students investigate the dangers faced by escaping slaves and their helpers on the Underground Railroad. Pretending to live back in the time of slavery, students consider whether they would have helped the escaping slaves. Students write conversations with friends explaining whether they would help on the Underground Railroad and describing the challenges and risks they might face.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: 6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Reading Follow the Drinking Gourd      Add Bookmark
Description: In this activity, students will increase their knowledge of slavery, slave life and the Underground Railroad by answering questions about the book and song Follow the Drinking Gourd and then writing and illustrating a poem or letter playing the role of a conductor, agent or passenger on the Underground Railroad. It is included in an OurStory module entitled Slave Life and the Underground Railroad . OurStory is a series of modules designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Using Rice Plantation Tools      Add Bookmark
Description: In this activity, students will analyze images of tools that were used on rice plantations to determine each tool's purpose. These objects can tell us a great deal about slavery and the lives of the slaves who worked on rice plantations. It is included in an OurStory module entitled Slave Life and the Underground Railroad . OurStory is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Slave Life and the Underground Railroad: Document Detective      Add Bookmark
Description: Historians gather information about the past by looking at primary sources. In this activity, students will practice using primary sources by to learn about slavery and the Underground Railroad by analyzing newspaper advertisements regarding runaway slaves from the Charleston Mercury. It is included in an "OurStory'' module entitled Slave Life and the Underground Railroad.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Physical Education,Social Studies
Title: Running the Blockade      Add Bookmark
Description: Calling all ships! Play an outdoor game loosely based on Civil War signaling and navy strategy. Part of an OurStory module entitled Full Steam to Freedom, this activity includes game instructions for groups of 3 or more players, discussion questions, and historical background information. OurStory is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 1,2,3,4,5,6



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Send a Lincoln Letter      Add Bookmark
Description: Writing and receiving letters is fun! In 1860, Grace Bedell wrote a letter to Abraham Lincoln and took it to her local post office to mail it. A week later, a very special letter was waiting for her when she returned! Write a letter and then take it to the post office using helpful advice in this resource from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. Included in an OurStory module, entitled A Letter to Abraham Lincoln, this activity will encourage children to write letters to friends and family as well as learn more about their local post office. OurStory is a series of modules designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources will allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Three Sides of the Smalls Story      Add Bookmark
Description: Take a close look at two newspaper articles and a children's book telling the story of an escaped slave-compare the stories they tell to uncover the perspectives they represent. Part of an OurStory module entitled Full Steam to Freedom , this activity includes transcripts of two Civil War-era newspaper articles (one from the North and one from the South)and a recommended children's book, along with a ThinkAbout worksheet with strategies for analyzing. OurStory is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Imagining Abraham Lincoln      Add Bookmark
Description: Cartoons are great documents that can tell both funny and serious stories. In this activity, from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, children will first read Mr. Lincoln's Whiskers. Then they will use what they have learned about Abraham Lincoln and their critical thinking skills to add a scene to the story in the form of a comic strip. Included in an Ourstory module entitled A Letter to Abraham Lincoln, this activity is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources will allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Educational Technology,Language Arts,Physical Education,Social Studies,Geography
Title: Full Steam to Freedom      Add Bookmark
Description: Robert Smalls was born a slave in South Carolina, but made a daring escape to freedom on the ship CSS Planter and joined the Union in fighting to end slavery in America. By using this OurStory module, children and adults can enjoy exploring one aspect of the Civil War. Focused on actively reading Seven Miles to Freedom , an illustrated biography of Robert Smalls, this module also includes links to a related outdoor game, classroom-based newspaper investigation and online exploration.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Reading Mr. Lincoln's Whiskers      Add Bookmark
Description: This useful reading guide will help engage young readers as they read Mr. Lincoln's Whiskers, a children's book based on a true story about a girl who writes a letter to Abraham Lincoln. It includes 4 active reading helpers that will help children identify new vocabulary, make predictions and think about the characters and their emotions. Part of an OurStory module entitled A Letter to Abraham Lincoln, from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, this resource is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources will allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Dear Mr. President      Add Bookmark
Description: Are you excited about the election of Barack Obama? Have you thought about writing him a letter? In 1860, an eleven-year-old girl named Grace Bedell wrote a letter to Abraham Lincoln advising him to grow whiskers, and he did! Perhaps you can persuade the President to do something as well! In this activity from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, students will analyze the letter Grace Bedell wrote to President Abraham Lincoln, then write and send their own letters to the president of the United States. This activity is included in an Ourstory module entitled A Letter to Abraham Lincoln. OurStory is a series of modules designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources will allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 3,4



Subject: Arts, Social Studies
Title: Civil War Letters      Add Bookmark
Description: Using letters written during the Civil War students develop an understanding of the message of the letters. They will create a dramatic reading based on their letter.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Comparing Confederate and Union Soldiers      Add Bookmark
Description: After examining uniforms and viewing two short video clips, students will develop questions and perform short research projects to uncover the motivations behind the Civil War and the conditions for the soldiers who fought.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: We Are The Freedom Riders      Add Bookmark
Description: Students will learn about the courageous efforts of the Freedom Riders while embracing the bold theme, '' We Will Overcome!'' as a theme surrounding the civil rights movement.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Union Belt Plate      Add Bookmark
Description: Union belt buckle found on the battlefield at Winchester, Virginia.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Women's Role in the Civil War      Add Bookmark
Description: Women served in the Civil War as nurses, spies, and vivandieres. Explore these stories with students through a video clip and close examination of two dresses and a woman's uniform. This lesson plan (which includes background formation, guided analysis questions, and full-color primary sources) was produced to accompany the exhibition "The Price of Freedom: Americans at War,'' by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Mr. Lincoln's Hat      Add Bookmark
Description: In this activity, children create top hats out of paper by reading or listening to directions that use simple terms from geometry. After making the hat, they measure their heights with and without the hat, and then take a picture wearing the hat. This resource is included in an OurStory module, entitled A Letter to Abraham Lincoln, from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. OurStory is a series of modules designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, OurStory resources will allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Disability Rights Movement      Add Bookmark
Description: This website includes information and objects that will help students gain perspective on civil rights, public involvement and the power of protest in the United States through the lens of the disability rights movement.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Lincoln at 200      Add Bookmark
Description: This website, produced by the Institute of Museum and Library Services and the Chicago History Museum, is part of the bicentennial celebration of the birth of Abraham Lincoln. The site features 2 exhibitions about Lincoln and searchable database of objects. A Museums and the Web Best of the Web Award nominee, this site is an outstanding place for students to view background and primary source resources regarding Lincoln.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Buffalo Coat      Add Bookmark
Description: According to legend, this coat was made from the skin of a buffalo killed by Buffalo Bill, and presented by him to Captain J. B. Irvine, Twenty-second U.S. Infantry. Irvine then presented it to Second Lieutenant Albert C. Dalton, Company A, U.S. Infantry. In a life that was part legend and part fantasy, William F. Cody came to embody the spirit of the West. During the Civil War, Cody served first as a Union scout in campaigns against the Kiowa and Comanche; then in 1863 he enlisted with the Seventh Kansas Cavalry, which saw action in Missouri and Tennessee. In 1867, Cody took up the trade that gave him his nickname, hunting buffalo to feed the construction crews of the Kansas Pacific Railroad. According to Buffalo Bill, he killed 4,280 head of buffalo in seventeen months. He is perhaps best known for Buffalo Bill's Wild West show, a theatrical extravaganza. His show dramatized some of the most picturesque elements of frontier life. It contained a buffalo hunt with real buffalos, an Indian attack with real Indians, and a grand finale that reenacted Custer's Last Stand, with some Lakota who actually fought in the battle playing a part. The show was enormously successful and traveled the world for three decades.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Digital History      Add Bookmark
Description: This website is a comprehensive set of web based resources and activities suitable for students at every grade level. Produced through a collaborative partnership including the National Park Service, the University of Houston, The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, and the Chicago Historical Society, t he site features a digital textbook with hypertext links, virtual exhibits featuring letters, artwork and artifacts, an interactive timeline, a collection of e-lectures, inquiry based learning units, and an extensive collection of online resources like maps, charts, and primary sources.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Inaugural Words 1789-Present (Word Cloud)      Add Bookmark
Description: This website, from the New York Times, allows students to read the texts of every American president's inauguration speech. The site creators clarify each address by highlighting words that appear the most often in each president's speech. The site also includes related multimedia from President Obama's inauguration and links to news items from the event.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: New York Divided      Add Bookmark
Description: This website, from the New York Historical Society, is a collection of two special exhibitions focused on slavery in antebellum New York. Both sites offer students interpretation of the people, places, and documents that define New York's experience with slavery, culminating in New York's role in the Civil War.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Greensboro Lunch Counter      Add Bookmark
Description: On February 1, 1960, four African American college students--Ezell A. Blair, Jr. (now Jibreel Khazan), Franklin E. McCain, Joseph A. McNeil, and David L. Richmond--sat down at this "whites only'' lunch counter at the Woolworth's store in Greensboro, North Carolina, and politely asked for service. Their request was refused, and when asked to leave, the students remained in their seats in protest. Their peaceful sit-down was a watershed event in the struggle for civil rights and helped ignite a youth-led movement to challenge racial inequality throughout the South. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Cross-Disciplinary,Geography,Social Studies
Title: The Underground Railroad in Indiana      Add Bookmark
Description: Article. Indiana: Crossroads of Freedom. Find out how Hoosiers played a role in the Underground Railroad in this article.
Thinkfinity Partner: National Geographic Education
Grade Span: C1,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: America's New Birth of Freedom: Documents from the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum      Add Bookmark
Description: Was the Civil War worth the lives of more than 620,000 Americans? This online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History features a signed copy of the Emancipation Proclamation and 10 letters expressing Lincoln's views on emancipation and the conclusion of the Civil War. Through the use of downloadable images of the original documents and 4 brief videos using Lincoln's words to answer questions about the Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation, students will learn how Abraham Lincoln struggled with the same questions that many Americans had about the causes and costs of the bloodiest struggle in American history. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Religion,Social Studies,Geography
Title: Prince Among Slaves: The Cultural Legacy of Enslaved Africans      Add Bookmark
Description: Website for the award-winning NEH-supported documentary film, Prince Among Slaves: The Cultural Legacy of Enslaved Africans. With the goal of deepening public understanding about the impact and legacy of American cultural and religious history in the antebellum era, and its influences on our pluralistic society today, the website features rich content expanding on three theme areas: identity, Muslims in early America, and the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. Lessons included.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: C1,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Exploring the Gettysburg Address      Add Bookmark
Description: This teacher tip-sheet is included in the online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History entitled The Gettysburg Address and includes tips for how to use the interactive document tool, suggested discussion questions based on the speech, and other recommended resources related to the Gettysburg Address. Students will closely examine a copy of the Gettysburg Address written in Lincoln's hand and will be encouraged to think critically about the meanings and context of one of America's most famous speeches. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Reading Seven Miles to Freedom      Add Bookmark
Description: Seven Miles to Freedom is a book about Robert Smalls, a man who was born a slave in South Carolina, but made a daring escape to freedom on the ship CSS Planter and joined the Union in fighting to end slavery in America. Part of an OurStory module entitled Full Steam to Freedom, this activity includes strategies that will help adults and children actively read Full Steam to Freedom together. OurStory is designed to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of children's literature, everyday objects, and hands-on activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Social Studies
Title: On the Water: Stories from Maritime America      Add Bookmark
Description: The maritime history of the United States is brought to life in this online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American history. With a focus on boats, ships and the lives of the men and women who lived, worked, traveled and died on them, students will understand the importance of maritime activity throughout the nation's history. Objects from the Museum's collections, audio and video clips, oral histories and narrative accounts provide a unique look into this important aspect of American history. An interactive collections search, learning resources and an extensive list of web links are included to extend the experience further. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Ulysses S. Grant's Field Glasses      Add Bookmark
Description: When the Civil War began, Ulysses S. Grant offered his services and soon took command of a volunteer regiment. In September 1861 he was appointed Brigadier General of Volunteers by President Abraham Lincoln.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: U.S. Civil War Colored Troops Medal      Add Bookmark
Description: During the American Civil War, General Benjamin Butler so appreciated the heroic actions of African American soldiers under his command at the 1864 battles of Fort Harrison and Fort Gilmer that he commissioned a special medal for them. Designed by Anthony C. Paquet and realized in silver by Tiffany, the U.S. Colored Troops medal had no official status. After General Butler was relieved of his command in 1865, the 300 U.S. Colored Troops who had received the medals were forbidden to wear them on their uniforms.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century      Add Bookmark
Description: This resource, designed by Learning Technology Center in the University of Texas at Austin College of Education, features an interactive timeline that tells the stories of the American presidents of the twentieth century, from Herbert Hoover to William Jefferson Clinton. Each presidents biographic information is included along with interpretation of the major issues and events of their presidencies. The site also allows students to view special exhibitions relating to twentieth century events like the Great Depression and the Vietnam War, and a gallery of personal images from the lives of each of these twelve presidents.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Smithsonian's First Ladies Collection      Add Bookmark
Description: This website includes 10 objects from the Smithsonian's First Ladies Collection supplemented with contextual information. Part of the online exhibition entitled Legacies: Collecting America's History at the Smithsonian, this resource will give students a unique look at the life of some of American's First Ladies.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Interactive Gettysburg Address      Add Bookmark
Description: Use this interactive document from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to bring one of the five know handwritten copies of the Gettysburg Address to life! Students can zoom in on the document, click on highlighted passages that help put the famous speech into context and listen to actor Liam Neeson read the entire address. Transcripts of the manuscript are also available in English and Spanish to help students understand one the most famous speeches in American History. This resource is included in the online exhibition entitled The Gettysburg Address. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: First Person Account: Spotswood Rice      Add Bookmark
Description: Spotswood Rice, an African American Union soldier, threatens the Southern woman who holds his daughter as a slave.This video is part of the Price of Freedom learning resources package for use with the Comparing Confederate and Union Troops lesson plan. It was produced to accompany the exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War , by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Gettysburg Address Homepage      Add Bookmark
Description: President Abraham Lincoln's short address at the Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, battlefield is one of the most eloquent political speeches in American history. Its inspiring message remains as meaningful today as when first delivered at the dedication of the Soldiers National Cemetery on November 19, 1863. This online exhibition, from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, tells a unique story of the Gettysburg Address by focusing on the last handwritten copy of the speech, a manuscript that usually resides out of the public eye in the Lincoln Bedroom of the White house. Also included to help students further explore this important document are a printable version of the manuscript, transcripts in both English and Spanish and an interactive document that features actor Liam Neeson reading the entire address. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: First Person Account: William Christie      Add Bookmark
Description: Willian G. Christie, a Union Soldier from Minnesota, relates his disgust over prejudice against black soldiers in his unit.This video is part of the Price of Freedom learning resources package for use with the Comparing Confederate and Union Soldiers lesson plan. It was produced to accompany the exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War , by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: First Person Account: Louis Myers      Add Bookmark
Description: Louis Myers, a Union Soldier from West Virginia, describes changes in his perspectives about War.This video is part of the Price of Freedom learning resources package for use with the Comparing Confederate and Union Soldiers lesson plan. It was produced to accompany the exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War , by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: First Person Account: Eugenia Phillips      Add Bookmark
Description: Eugenia Phillips, a Southern spy, tells of her encounter with Union troops trying to incriminate her.This video is part of the Price of Freedom learning resources package for use with the Women's Role in the Civil War lesson plan. It was produced to accompany the exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War , by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Arts, Social Studies
Title: Civil War      Add Bookmark
Description: Through songs and letters, explore the stories and people who lived through the American Civil War, including the relationship President Abraham Lincoln had with the music of his time.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - History , Social Studies - Comparative Political Systems , Social Studies - State History , Social Studies - United States Government , Social Studies - United States History
Title: Where Was Abraham Lincoln Born?      Add Bookmark
Description: Follow Donna and her grandson, Landen, as they take a tour of Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Park in Hodgenville, Kentucky. Then read on to learn more about Abraham Lincoln's humble beginnings as a young boy in Kentucky. Happy birthday, Mr. President!
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



Subject: Social Studies
Title: LeMat Revolver      Add Bookmark
Description: The LeMat revolver was a favorite of famous high-ranking Confederate officers, such as J. E. B. Stuart.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: John Brown's Sharps Rifle      Add Bookmark
Description: This Sharps rifle was made especially for John Brown. Brown carried this weapon on his Kansas campaign in 1856....
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Slave Shackles      Add Bookmark
Description: In the 15th century, decades before they sailed into the Caribbean, Spanish merchants, captains, and adventurers had already conquered and enslaved the people of the Canary Islands in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. On the western coast of continental Africa, the Portuguese had been cultivating a slavery-based economic policy. This legacy of conquest and slavery shaped the colonization of Puerto Rico and other islands in the Caribbean. Some of the first American encounters between Europeans, Indians, and Africans took place in Puerto Rico, and its early history of genocidal violence and physical exploitation was repeated throughout the Americas.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Price of Freedom: Learning Resources      Add Bookmark
Description: Included in this collection of learning resources connected with the online exhibition entitled "The Price of Freedom: Americans at War'' , are "Who Am I? A History Mystery'' , an interactive game in which students select a mystery character from the Civil War and examine objects that hold the key to their identity, and a teacher's manual that contains fifteen classroom activities for students in grades 5-12. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: NCHS Social Studies Standards      Add Bookmark
Description: This is a link to national standards of history written by the National Center for History in the Schools at the University of California, Los Angeles under the guidance of the National Council for History Standards. From this homepage, students and teachers can link to US and World history content standards as well as historical thinking skills standards for grades K-4 and 5-12.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: POTUS.com      Add Bookmark
Description: POTUS.com consists of detailed biographies of every president from George Washington to George W. Bush. Each president has a comprehensive individual section devoted to them specifically. In each section teachers and students can find a great deal of information about the (residents, including dates, cabinet members, general information, video and audio media resources. In addition, the site offers links to other helpful internet resources for each individual president. The site is a great starting point for students wishing to begin researching a specific president.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: American Presidents: Life Portraits      Add Bookmark
Description: This website was originally designed to complement C-SPAN's 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits, which debuted in 1999. The American Presidents website, created for the television series, contains a complete video archive of the series, additional resources of biographical facts, key events of each presidency, presidential birthplaces, libraries, and gravesites, as well as reference material. The site is a great starting point for students researching a specific president.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: West Point Graduates Quiz      Add Bookmark
Description: West Point graduates had diverse careers and interests. They were not only military officers, but also inventors, builders, managers, and businessmen. This section of the online exhibition entitled "West Point in the Making of America'' , from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, contains 3 interactive multiple choice quizzes that can be used by students to review information contained in the exhibition. The topics of the quizzes are: Inventions and Innovations, Private and Public Works and War Diplomacy.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: National Geographic's Inside the White House      Add Bookmark
Description: This website is a entertaining resource for students researching the history of the White House, and/or the American Presidency. The site contains an interactive map of Washington for students, as well as a section devoted entirely to younger kids. The site also has a section devoted to teachers, where teachers can access teacher-tested classroom activities, suggested readings, and more that will help students learn about the history of the White House and the presidency. Also included is an activity in which students can decorate the Oval office using objects that were favorites of former presidents!
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The White House Historical Association      Add Bookmark
Description: This website is a must-visit for students and teachers studying the history of the White House, or the presidency itself. The site contains timelines, historical photographs, historical tours, as well as links for further research. In addition, the site has entire sections devoted to students and the classroom. Information found on this site is likely not easily accessible elsewhere. It truly is a treasure-trove of information for students and teachers alike.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Official Website of the White House      Add Bookmark
Description: The official website of the White House features updated news on the current administration, as well as a history of each past president, administration, and all of the first ladies. A comprehensive history of the White House itself is also presented, with many interactive links for students of all ages. Resources for student research include links to each of the existing Presidential Libraries, Camp David, Air Force One, and Marine One. For any student beginning a research project on the White House or a particular president or first lady, this website is a must see.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Treasures of American History: National Challenges      Add Bookmark
Description: The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History provides a broad and complex view of the American experience. The valuable pieces of history displayed in this section of the online exhibition entitled "Treasures of American History'' document some of the struggles, conflicts, and controversies that have shaped the nation. Students will learn that by understanding the challenges of the past, they can draw lessons and inspiration for confronting new challenges in the present and future. The topics discussed in this section are: the American Revolution; slavery; westward expansion; the Civil War, women's suffrage, the Great Depression and World War II, the Civil Rights movement and AIDS. A Spanish version of the exhibition is available on the exhibition's homepage.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents      Add Bookmark
Description: Complete inaugural addresses of every president from George Washington to George W. Bush can be found on this reference website. It is a very useful tool for students conducting research on a particular president.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: West Point in the Making of America Homepage      Add Bookmark
Description: In March 2002, the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, celebrated 200 years of producing leaders for the United States Army-and also for American science, education, engineering, exploration, public works, business, manufacturing, communications, and transportation. This online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History looks at the lives of selected West Point graduates who attended the Academy between 1802 and 1918. Students will also learn about the U.S. Army's major functions in 19th- and early 20th-century America: building the nation's infrastructure of roads, bridges, canals, and railroads; exploring its territories from the Mississippi to the Pacific; and fighting its wars-the role of the West Pointers in engineering, exploration, and war.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: I Do Solemnly Swear Presidential Inaugurations      Add Bookmark
Description: This website, from the Library of Congress, is a collection of approximately 400 items or 2,000 digital files relating to inaugurations from George Washington's in 1789 to George W. Bush's inauguration of 2001. It includes diaries and letters of presidents and of those who witnessed inaugurations, handwritten drafts of inaugural addresses, broadsides, inaugural tickets and programs, prints, photographs, and sheet music. This site is a fantastic resource for both teacher and students, as it includes many primary source images and text regarding Presidential inaugurations.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Who Am I? A History Mystery      Add Bookmark
Description: In this interactive game, students select a mystery character from the Civil War and examine objects that hold the key to their identity, video footage, first person reenactments, oral history interviews, and lesson plans. This resource was developed in conjunction with the exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Sharps Rifle      Add Bookmark
Description: The 5th New York Volunteer Infantry, "Duryee's Zouaves," was one of the most renowned fighting regiments of the American Civil War. Their colorful Zouave uniforms were based on those of the elite Zouave battalion of the French Army.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture: New York Library      Add Bookmark
Description: The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture is a national research library devoted to collecting, preserving and providing access to resources documenting the history and experiences of peoples of African descent throughout the world. Their website features online access to digitized images, texts, manuscripts, and archival finding aids. This site is a great for students researching any topics having to do with African-American history.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Model 1842 Harpers Ferry Rifle      Add Bookmark
Description: Model 1842 Harpers Ferry percussion musket had a smoothbore barrel. After the adoption of the .58-caliber minie bullet in 1855, musket barrels were rifled.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Confederate Battle Flag      Add Bookmark
Description: The Confederate battle flag, known as the Stars and Bars, was born of necessity at the Battle of Bull Run. Amid the smoke and general chaos of battle, it was hard to distinguish the Confederate "Stars and Bars" from the U.S. national flag, the "Stars and Stripes. General Pierre T. Beauregard was credited with creating a new flag.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Battle of Antietam Lithograph      Add Bookmark
Description: General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North culminated in the Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest single-day battle in American history.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Social Studies,Geography
Title: EDSITEment lessons on Slavery, the Crisis of the Union, the Civil War and Reconstruction      Add Bookmark
Description: This is an expansive multi-disciplinary collection of EDSITEment resources on the antebellum and Civil War era of American history.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Confederate 5 Dollar Bill, 1862      Add Bookmark
Description: Like the fledgling United States during the American Revolution, the Confederacy struggled to keep its money in existence during the American Civil War, 1861-1865. Coinage had never been all that plentiful in the states that now made up the Southern Confederacy. It was a debtor area, with coinage flowing out for purchase of manufactured goods about as quickly as it flowed in from the sale of agricultural ones.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Draft Letter      Add Bookmark
Description: The Union Conscription Act of March 3, 1863, provided that all able-bodied males between the ages of 20 and 45 were liable to military service, but a drafted man who furnished an acceptable substitute or paid the government $300 was excused.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Association of Midwest Museums      Add Bookmark
Description: The Association of Midwest Museums was founded in 1927. It is a non-profit membership organization that provides resources to museums and cultural institutions and services to museum professionals in an eight-state region in the Midwest, including Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin. Through its programs and activities, AMM encourages professional standards for all areas of museum administration and provides cutting-edge information and resources to museums and cultural institutions in the Midwest and the greater museum community.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: No. 5 Field Case Surgical Set      Add Bookmark
Description: Many of the surgical sets used during the American Civil War were made to the specifications of the Union Army. This Civil War surgical set was made by George Tiemann Company of New York City. Tiemann, who emigrated to America from Germany in 1826, was considered one of the finest surgical instrument makers of the 19th century.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Slave Narratives: Constructing U.S. History Through Analyzing Primary Sources      Add Bookmark
Description: In this lesson, from EDSITEment, students research narratives from the Federal Writers Project and describe the lives of former African slaves in the U.S., both before and after Emancipation. From varied stories, students sample the breadth of individual experiences, make generalizations about the effects of slavery and Reconstruction on African Americans, and evaluate primary source documents.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Southeastern Museums Conference      Add Bookmark
Description: Southeastern Museums Conference (SEMC) members include museum staff, corporate partners and other individuals, who benefit from the networking opportunities provided through this website, Members represent museum interests throughout the Southeastern United States.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Civil War Soldier      Add Bookmark
Description: Photographs can be powerful connections to the past. Soldiers, for example often had their portraits made before going off to war so that loved ones would have a rememberance of them in the event they did not return. This decorative mat is unusual and suggests the pride the owner may have felt about his status as a fighting soldier.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The American Presidency: A Glorious Burden Resources      Add Bookmark
Description: A list of the presidents, a time line of presidential candidates, a summary of the military service of presidents as well as a bibliography and web sites related to the presidency are the resources included in the online exhibition entitled The American Presidency: A Glorious Burden from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Pike from John Brown's Raid      Add Bookmark
Description: The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 allowed the two states to decide the issue of slavery by a popular ballot. The fight in Kansas was so intense that the state earned the nickname of Bleeding Kansas. As Missouri pro-slavery Ruffians flocked to Kansas, New England abolitionists bankrolled Free-Soilers to move to the settlement of Lawrence, Kansas....
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Battle Rattle      Add Bookmark
Description: Civil War battle rattle used on smaller ships to call all hands to battle stations.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Confederate Officer's Frock Coat      Add Bookmark
Description: This is the type of jacket that would have been worn by a Confederate medical officer.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Spencer Carbine      Add Bookmark
Description: The Spencer carbine was one of the most popular firearms of the Civil War. Issued late in 1863, it had a demoralizing effect on Confederate soldiers. Smaller and lighter than other guns, it could fire a magazine of seven copper rimfire cartridges in 30 seconds.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: West Point in the Making of America Resources      Add Bookmark
Description: The collection of resources relating to military history and the United States Military Academy at West Point from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, includes an extensive bibliography, teacher and student resources and web links. It is included in the online exhibition entitled "West Point in the Making of America'' .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Blog Post: Collecting the Presidential Campaigns      Add Bookmark
Description: In this post, students will learn how political history curators collect campaign memorabilia Democratic and Republican National Conventions. S ince the late 1980s, they have collected more than 150,000 objects. In this video, the curators give a show and tell of some of the artifacts they collected from the 2008 campaigns. This post is published on the Museum's "O Say Can You See?" blog.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Christian Fleetwood's Medal of Honor      Add Bookmark
Description: This Medal of Honor was awarded to Sergeant Major Christian Fleetwood, 4th U.S. Colored Troops, for heroism on the field of battle at Chaffin's Farm on September 29, 1864. Fleetwood seized the colors after two color bearers had been shot down, and bore them nobly through the fight. Fleetwood was 23 years old.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: John Singleton Mosby's Cavalry Jacket and Hat      Add Bookmark
Description: Confederate cavalry leader John Mosby is among the most romantic characters in the Civil War. From 1863 to the end of the conflict, Mosby's raiders were a constant headache for the North, sacking supply depots, attacking railroads, and harassing federal troops.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Abraham Lincoln's Top Hat      Add Bookmark
Description: At six feet four inches tall, Lincoln towered over most of his contemporaries. He chose to stand out even more by wearing high top hats. He acquired this hat from J. Y. Davis, a Washington hat maker. Lincoln had the black silk mourning band added in remembrance of his son Willie. No one knows when he obtained the hat, or how often he wore it. The last time he put it on was to go to Ford's Theatre on April 14, 1865.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Enlisted Man's Forage Cap, Model 1858      Add Bookmark
Description: The forage cap was introduced just in time to become the signature headgear of the Civil War soldier. This model was the most popular worn by the Union army, officers and enlisted men alike.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: McClellan's Chess Set      Add Bookmark
Description: Chess set used by Major General George McClellan during the Civil War.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Great Seal of the Confederacy      Add Bookmark
Description: Seal with an equestrian portrait of George Washington, surrounded by a wreath composed of the principal agricultural products of the Confederacy including cotton, tobacco, sugar cane, wheat, and rice. Embossed around the edge, "The Confederate States of America: 22 February, 1862" and the motto Deo Vindice, or "God will vindicate."
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Cross-Disciplinary - Careers , Cross-Disciplinary - History , Cross-Disciplinary - Informal Education , Cross-Disciplinary - Popular Culture , Cross-Disciplinary - Process Skills , Cross-Disciplinary - Technology , Health - Body Systems and Senses , Health - Preventative Health , Health - Research , Social Studies - Civics , Social Studies - Human Behavior , Social Studies - Psychology , Social Studies - Social Work , Social Studies - United States History , Informal Education - Academic Enrichment
Title: Who Was Clara Barton?      Add Bookmark
Description: March is both Women's History Month and American Red Cross Month, which is why Wonderopolis wants you to meet the woman Civil War soldiers called "the angel of the battlefield."
Thinkfinity Partner: Wonderopolis
Grade Span: K,PreK,1,2,3,4,5



Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: A Light in the Storm : A Personal Look at the Civil War      Add Bookmark
Description: Create a historical timeline and personal event timeline based on the historical fiction book and play A Light in the Storm and its main character, Amelia Martin.
Thinkfinity Partner: ArtsEdge
Grade Span: 5



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Daniel Butterfield's Medal of Honor      Add Bookmark
Description: Perhaps best known as the composer of the bugle call "Taps," Daniel Butterfield began his Civil War service as a sergeant in the Washington, D.C., militia.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



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