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ALEX Lesson Plans


Subject: Social Studies (K - 11)
Title: African American Honorees in Alabama History
Description: Students will create a PowerPoint slide show presentation and brochure on a famous African American icon from the Alabama Calendar. Students may select famous African Americans from Alabama such as Rosa Parks, Vonetta Flowers, Dr. Mae Jemison, Joe Louis, Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth, Rosa Parks, Hank Aaron, Dr. Regina Benjamin, Dr. Ethel Hall, Judge Oscar Adams, Billie Jean Young, George Washington Carver, Booker T. Washington, or Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. This lesson was created to accompany the Alabama African American History Calendar Project.


Subject: English Language Arts (7), or Social Studies (6 - 7), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Personal Heritage Project
Description: This research project requires students to connect with the past by researching both primary and secondary sources for family history. Their findings are presented in a keepsake portfolio and in a multimedia presentation comparing the historical time period of an ancestor to their own.


Subject: English Language Arts (6 - 8), or Information Literacy (K - 12), or Social Studies (6 - 7), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Whose Voice Guides Your Choice?
Description: In this one-two week unit, students explore the role media has in influencing public opinion. Students analyze advertising in print, video, and online formats. An optional visit to the Museum of Television and Radio via distance learning videoconferencing helps students examine the extent to which they are influenced by propaganda.


Subject: English Language Arts (6), or Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Christopher Paul Curtis and His Books: Bud, Not Buddy and The Watsons Go to Birmingham
Description: This interdisciplinary lesson on two books by C.P. Curtis features students in one classroom (or group) reading one of the books while the other class (or group) reads the other novel. Each class then divides into groups and researches the time period of its novel and develops presentations designed to encourage the reading of the second novel. These presentations are then presented to the other class.


Subject: English Language Arts (6), or Information Literacy (K - 12), or Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Researching with the Alabama Virtual Library
Description: After an introduction to the Alabama Virtual Library, students use the available resources to research and present information about a United States president.


Subject: English Language Arts (6), or Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Fighting for Gender and Racial Equality
Description: In this lesson students will examine the lives of key leaders and events in the fight for gender and racial equality at the turn of the 20th century. Through this inquiry study students will choose one of these leaders or events to research. The research content will be the basis of a written summary on an individual or event. The students will also create a visual aide or role-play relating the life and times of the individual or event.


Subject: Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Description: This lesson introduces students to Rosa Parks and the beginning of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. After considering the impact of Ms. Parks' heroism, students will explore its relevance to the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement. Students will learn new vocabulary and will answer a questionnaire that will be published on the web. Students will then create a tribute to Rosa Parks' heroism that will be submitted to a classroom book.


Subject: English Language Arts (6), or Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: Our African American Heroes
Description: Students will create a short digital slideshow presentation and brochure on a famous black American.


Subject: Social Studies (6), or Technology Education (6 - 8)
Title: World War II: The Home Front
Description: World War II opened a new chapter in the lives of Americans. It was a time of social change and a marked increase in patriotism. In this lesson, students will explore how World War II affected civilians at home.


Thinkfinity Lesson Plans


Subject: Social Studies
Title: National Japanese American Historical Society      Add Bookmark
Description: The National Japanese American Historical Society (NJAHS), founded in 1980 in San Francisco, is a non-profit membership supported organization dedicated to the preservation, promotion, and dissemination of materials relating to the history and culture of Japanese Americans.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Becoming Aware of the Japanese American Internment Camp Experience      Add Bookmark
Description: What would it have felt like to be forced to move into an internment camp during World War II? This lesson, from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, will help students become aware of, and sensitive to, the Japanese American internment camp experience. By creating a list of things that are important and familiar to them and then choosing what they will take and leave behind, students will develop a sense of empathy by simulating situations which Japanese American children faced. This lesson is included in the online exhibition entitled A More Perfect Union, which focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 2,3,4,5,6



Subject: Health,Social Studies
Title: Women Working, 1800-1930      Add Bookmark
Description: Digitized texts and objects related to women working between 1800 and 1930, with a teacher resource page that provides five themed exhibits for incorporation in a lesson.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7



Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Women's History: Make A Quilt Square      Add Bookmark
Description: Quilts do more than just keep us warm; they preserve history by telling us stories about the people who made them. In this hands-on activity, students will learn about women's history by studying quilts. They will then make a quilt square in honor of a person who is important to them. It is included in an "OurStory'' module entitled Great Women of Our Pasts. "OurStory'' is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, "OurStory'' resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Language Arts, Social Studies
Title: Getting an Education      Add Bookmark
Description: This video segment, adapted from NOVA , chronicles the education of leading chemist Percy Julian. Although Julian began his elementary school years in the DeepSouth under Jim Crow laws, he became one of the few African Americans of his time to earn a Ph.D.
Thinkfinity Partner: Teachers's Domain
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Blog Post: Memories of a Wartime Poster Model      Add Bookmark
Description: In this post, students will learn the story of Ms. Weslee W. D'Audney, a woman who modeled for a government poster during World War II. Students will also discover the challenges of managing the Smithsonian's large collection of war-related posters. Written by David Haberstich, Associate Curator in the Museum's Archives Center, this post is published on the Museum's "O Say Can You See?" blog.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: Life in a WWII Japanese American Internment Camp      Add Bookmark
Description: In this "OurStory'' module entitled "Life in a WWII Japanese American Internment Camp'' , students will learn about the lives of Japanese American children who were forced to leave their homes and move to internment camps during World War II. The module includes links to hands-on activities, pertinent websites, and a list of recommended readings. "OurStory'' is a series of modules designed by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History to help children and adults enjoy exploring history together through the use of objects from the Museum's vast collections, quality children's literature, and engaging hands-on activities. Ideal for afterschool use, "OurStory'' resources allow students to think critically, to be creative, and to achieve academic standards both in and out of the classroom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4



Subject: Social Studies
Title: History Wired      Add Bookmark
Description: This is an experimental program through which you can take a virtual tour of selected objects from the Museum's collections. The website links to 450 objects from the found on a customizable map that can be used to group objects in different ways. By voting for your favorite objects, you can change the map to reflect which objects have the most popular appeal.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Bracero Archive: Tracing the Route of a Bracero      Add Bookmark
Description: In this activity, one of three on the Bracero Archive website, students will examine an oral history related to the Bracero worker program and present their research on a map.The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is part of a consortium of museums, universities, and cultural institutions documenting and preserving the history of the bracero program, a little-known chapter of American history in which an estimated two million Mexican men came to the United States between 1942-1964 on short-term labor contracts.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: PBS American Experience: The Presidents      Add Bookmark
Description: This website, related to the award-winning broadcasts of Presidential biographies, provides a wealth of excellent material related to Presidents Roosevelt, Truman, Johnson, Nixon, Carter, Reagan and George H. W. bush. Students can view individual chapters from each documentary and listen to podcasts that discuss the presidency in depth. Teacher's materials related to the documentary films are also available.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: POTUS.com      Add Bookmark
Description: POTUS.com consists of detailed biographies of every president from George Washington to George W. Bush. Each president has a comprehensive individual section devoted to them specifically. In each section teachers and students can find a great deal of information about the (residents, including dates, cabinet members, general information, video and audio media resources. In addition, the site offers links to other helpful internet resources for each individual president. The site is a great starting point for students wishing to begin researching a specific president.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: American Presidents: Life Portraits      Add Bookmark
Description: This website was originally designed to complement C-SPAN's 20th Anniversary Television Series, American Presidents: Life Portraits, which debuted in 1999. The American Presidents website, created for the television series, contains a complete video archive of the series, additional resources of biographical facts, key events of each presidency, presidential birthplaces, libraries, and gravesites, as well as reference material. The site is a great starting point for students researching a specific president.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Presidential Manuscripts: Library of Congress      Add Bookmark
Description: The Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress is the nation's oldest and most comprehensive presidential library. Although the website is older, it provides valuable images of original primary source documents related to 23 presidents, each paired with contextual information. This is a fantastic teaching resource for teachers who want their students to learn about the presidents and events in American History through the use of primary source documents.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery      Add Bookmark
Description: The Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery tells the story of America through the individuals who have shaped U.S. culture. Their official online website features links to current, past, upcoming and online exhibitions, a collections search and educational resources including an The Great History Mystery, an interactive activity that focuses on great Americans as well anecdotal information that can be learned by examining their portraits. This important website will allow students and teachers to learn American history in a unique and interesting way.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Mobilizing Children on the World War II Homefront      Add Bookmark
Description: Take a close look at propaganda cartoons and other primary sources to analyze how young Americans were mobilized for the War. This lesson plan (which includes background information and full-color primary sources) was produced to accompany the exhibition "The Price of Freedom: Americans at War,'' by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The White House Historical Association      Add Bookmark
Description: This website is a must-visit for students and teachers studying the history of the White House, or the presidency itself. The site contains timelines, historical photographs, historical tours, as well as links for further research. In addition, the site has entire sections devoted to students and the classroom. Information found on this site is likely not easily accessible elsewhere. It truly is a treasure-trove of information for students and teachers alike.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution Collection Search      Add Bookmark
Description: In this resource, students can explore more than 800 artifacts from the online exhibition http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/index.html" A More Perfect Union , including: archival photography, publications, original manuscripts, works of art, and handmade objects from the Museum's outstanding collection of items related to the Japanese American experience during World War II. A More Perfect Union focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Voices of US Presidents of the Twentieth Century      Add Bookmark
Description: The Vincent Voice Library at Michigan State University is working to preserve over 100 years of historical spoken word recordings like those of the U.S. Presidents, and shares some of the sound samples from its collection for students, teachers, and scholars on this website. The site is an easily searchable library of primary audio sources of any president from Benjamin Harrison to George W. Bush.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: History and Politics Out Loud      Add Bookmark
Description: History and Politics Out Loud is a searchable archive of politically significant audio materials of politically significant audio materials for scholars, teachers, and students. Speeches from the likes of twentieth century American Presidents, Supreme Court Justices, and major twentieth century political figures can be found on this site.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Go For Broke Educational Foundation      Add Bookmark
Description: A division of the 100th/442nd/MIS WWII Memorial Foundation.Incorporated in 1989, the 100th/442nd/MIS WWII Memorial Foundation was established by Japanese American World War II veterans to build the Go For Broke Monument as an eternal tribute to the heroics of the segregated Japanese American units. The Monument, located in Downtown Los Angeles at Temple Avenue and Alameda, was unveiled in June 1999 and presented as a gift to the City of Los Angeles. With the Go For Broke Monument built, the Foundation is establishing itself with a new vision and mission as the Go For Broke Educational Foundation. The Foundation's educational programs expose students and teachers to the involvement of Japanese American soldiers in World War II, the Japanese American internment and the civil liberties issues raised by these events. To date, the Foundation has set up several programs including: teacher training workshops, Hanashi Oral History Program, and several media projects.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Densho: The Japanese American Legacy Project      Add Bookmark
Description: The Densho Project is a non-profit educational organization that preserves historical first-person accounts, photographs and documents in a digital archive. Digitally videotaped oral history interviews include personal experiences of immigration, family life, mass incarceration of Japanese Americans by their government during World War II, efforts to obtain redress for the denial of civil rights, and many other topics. This resource links past and present by providing primary and secondary source material on Japanese American experiences, as part of American history. The Densho Project works to educate future generations, collaborating with teachers and students in communities nationwide, preserving history, and inspiring people to act with respect, compassion and fairness.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Internment      Add Bookmark
Description: Students will learn about everyday life in the Japanese American internment camps during World War II. Living in geographically isolated camps under harsh conditions and laboring for unfair wages, internees recreated a community structure that enabled them to live as normal a life as possible as well as thrive culturally. This section of http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/" A More Perfect Union , an online exhibition, uses of artifacts from the Museum's collections, fine art, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories students will get sense of the daily life of internees as well as gaining an appreciation of the unique art and culture that emerged from the rigors of life in the camps. Oral history transcripts are available in the subsections http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/internment_permanent.html" Permanent Camps , http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/internment_conditions.html" Conditions , and http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/internment_work.html" Work .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: America's Story      Add Bookmark
Description: This website, from the Library of Congress, was designed especially with young people in mind, but there are great stories and information for people of all ages. Through the use of short essays, biographies, interactive games and activities, students can explore every era of American history and learn interesting facts about all 50 states. This is a wonderful resource for any teacher of American history and geography.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Loyalty      Add Bookmark
Description: Students will learn how the loyalty of Japanese Americans was tested during World War II. Based on answers to mandatory loyalty questionnaires, many Japanese Americans were sent to separate camps, repatriated, expatriated or given the opportunity to be drafted into the military. This section of http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/" A More Perfect Union , an online exhibition, includes artifacts from the Museum's collections, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories. Oral history transcripts are available in the subsections http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/loyalty_questionnaire.html" The Questionnaire , http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/loyalty_expat.html" Expatriation and Repatriation , and http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/loyalty_draft.html" The Draft .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The National Highway System      Add Bookmark
Description: The National Highway System website is run by the United States Department of Transportation's Federal Highway Administration. The website offers teachers and students detailed maps of the nation's highway system, which are broken down by state. The site also contains information about the history of the National Highway System and details the very basis for its existence.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Library of Congress      Add Bookmark
Description: The Library of Congress, established in 1800 serves as the research arm of Congress and is recognized as the national library of the United States. Its collections comprise the world's most comprehensive record of human creativity and knowledge. Open to those above high school age without charge or special permission, it is the world's largest library and a great resource to scholars and researchers.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Manabi and Sumi Hirasaki National Resource Center      Add Bookmark
Description: The mission of the Hirasaki National Resource Center at the Japanese American National Museum is to provide access to the Museum's diverse collections related to Japanese Americans. The National Resource Center develops a collection of secondary materials that document the Japanese American experience. Access is provided not only to this reference collection, but also to the Museum's collections (primary materials) and to the institutional archives. Because education is a life-long pursuit, the Hirasaki National Resource Center is committed to providing service to all ages and skill levels.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese American National Museum      Add Bookmark
Description: The mission of the Japanese American National Museum is to make known the Japanese American experience as an integral part of our nation's heritage in order to improve understanding and appreciation for America's ethnic and cultural diversity.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese American Digital Archive      Add Bookmark
Description: A core component of the California Digital Library, the Online Archive of California (OAC) is a digital information resource that facilitates and provides access to materials such as manuscripts, photographs, and works of art held in libraries, museums, archives, and other institutions across California.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Justice      Add Bookmark
Description: Students will learn about the efforts of Japanese Americans to receive justice after their internment during World War II. This section of http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/" A More Perfect Union , an online exhibition, uses artifacts from the Museum's collections, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories to discuss the court cases brought against the government, the formal apologies and efforts of redress by the government and the successes of members of the Japanese American community in post-war United States . Oral history transcripts are available in each subsection of this webpage.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese American Documentary Collection, National Museum of American History      Add Bookmark
Description: The collections of the American History Archives Center complement the Museum's artifacts and are used for scholarly research, exhibitions, journalism, documentary productions, school programs, and other research and educational activities.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: United We Stand: Magazine Cover Analysis      Add Bookmark
Description: During July 1942, seven months after the United States entered World War II, magazines nationwide featured the American flag on their covers. Adopting the slogan "United We Stand,'' some five hundred publications featured the stars and stripes to promote national unity, rally support for the war, and celebrate Independence Day. Using magazine covers from the Museum's "United We Stand'' online exhibition, students will analyze and interpret these magazine covers from the National Museum of American History. They will then create their own magazine covers for the July 1942 "United We Stand'' campaign.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Survival, Bravery, & Brutality: William Flury, Steward Department      Add Bookmark
Description: William Flury was a Merchant Mariner who served on a Liberty Ship carrying supplies for the Burma Road. Listen to his oral history, and then study the supporting primary sources to answer the discussion questions. This resource is part of a series called Maritime Voices: Merchant Mariners and Shipyard Workers Remember WWII, which includes four perspectives on non-military service during World War II.This resource includes a title="Flury Teacher Guide" http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/oral_histories/maritime_voices/pdf/guide_flury.pdf%20" target="_blank" teacher guide , student worksheet, downloadable audio, images of supporting primary sources, and discussion questions.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Unexpected Cargo: Spud Campbell, First Radio Officer      Add Bookmark
Description: Spud Campbell was a Merchant Mariner who served on a Liberty Ship carrying supplies to help the Soviet Union fight Germany on the Eastern Front. Listen to his oral history, and then study the supporting primary sources to answer the discussion questions. This resource is part of a series called Maritime Voices: Merchant Mariners and Shipyard Workers Remember WWII, which includes four perspectives on non-military service during World War II.This resource includes a title="Campbell Teacher Guide" http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthewater/oral_histories/maritime_voices/pdf/guide_campbell.pdf%20" target="_blank" teacher guide , student worksheet, downloadable audio, images of supporting primary sources, and discussion questions.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Collection Search - A More Perfect Union: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution      Add Bookmark
Description: In this resource from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, students can explore more than 800 artifacts from the online exhibition A More Perfect Union, including: archival photography, publications, original manuscripts, works of art, and handmade objects from the Museum's outstanding collection of items related to the Japanese American experience during World War II. "A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: World War II Overview: North Atlantic and North Africa      Add Bookmark
Description: This video, an overview of the Allied efforts in the North Atlantic and North Africa, was compiled from original video footage as part of the Price of Freedom learning resources package for use with the The Soldiers Experience lesson plan. It was produced to accompany the exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War , by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: World War II Cartoons      Add Bookmark
Description: Cartoons from World War II helped explain the war to children and encouraged families to do their part for the war cause.This video is part of the Price of Freedom learning resources package for use with the Mobilizing Children WWII lesson plan. It was produced to accompany the exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War , by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Family Photo Album      Add Bookmark
Description: Mary Taylor used her 35mm Bell and Howell camera to document her family's life in the black community of Los Angeles, California, during the mid-20th century. She turned a discarded wallpaper sample book into a treasured family heirloom. Taylor's family photographs including 19th-century tintypes, turn-of-the-century hand-colored portraits, and albums from the 1950s to the 1970s provide insight into the African American experience in the United States over the past century. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Book Dragon: Asian Pacific American Book Review      Add Bookmark
Description: This blog, published by the Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Program, includes reviews of book written by or about Asian Pacific Americans. The books range from children's picture books to adult fiction and nonfiction to manga, and the reviewer makes special note of whether the book is presented bilingually. By using the categories, search, or tags, users can refine their exploration of the reviews, which have been accumulated over more than fifteen years of diligent reading.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: D Day      Add Bookmark
Description: Robert Capa (1913 - 1954) documented World War II from the bombing of London to fronts in North Africa, Italy, France, and Germany. He captured this arresting image of American troops landing at Omaha Beach on D-day, June 6, 1944. Capa was one of two magazine war correspondents allowed to join the U.S. troops landing on the shores of Normandy, France, for the D-Day operations, launching the Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Western Europe. Sailing with the 2000 men transported on the U.S.S. Chase , Capa joined the men of Company E on a barge headed for the section of the beach designated "Easy Red." Dodging bullets and hiding behind pieces of steel, Capa photographed for hours in waist-deep water with several Contax cameras. His hands trembled, and he ruined many rolls of film as he tried to change film amid the dead and wounded of the battle. Capa did make his way to the shore, but soon after found himself jumping aboard a barge to rest and dry off, not realizing the boat was returning to its main ship. Capa didn't get back to shore again until the fighting had ended. Capa's D-Day was sent directly to the offices of LIFE in London for processing. Hurrying to develop the rolls, a technician turned up the heat in the dryers, ruining many of the 72 images taken.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Immigration      Add Bookmark
Description: Students will learn about the experience of Issei, the first generation of Japanese immigrants to the United States, through the use of artifacts from the Museum's collections, primary source documents, photographs, and oral histories. This section of the http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/" A More Perfect Union , an online exhibition, discusses how Japanese Immigrants to Hawaii and mainland United States faced severe racial prejudice and the restrictive laws that specifically limited the rights of Asian immigrants to own property and to become citizens. Oral history transcripts are available in the subsections http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/immigration_issei.html" Issei: First Generation and http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/immigration_mainland.html" U.S. Mainland .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Presidential Timeline of the Twentieth Century      Add Bookmark
Description: This resource, designed by Learning Technology Center in the University of Texas at Austin College of Education, features an interactive timeline that tells the stories of the American presidents of the twentieth century, from Herbert Hoover to William Jefferson Clinton. Each presidents biographic information is included along with interpretation of the major issues and events of their presidencies. The site also allows students to view special exhibitions relating to twentieth century events like the Great Depression and the Vietnam War, and a gallery of personal images from the lives of each of these twelve presidents.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Legacies: Collecting America's History at the Smithsonian      Add Bookmark
Description: This resource allows students to browse the two hundred and fifty artifacts included in the Legacies: Collecting Americas History at the Smithsonian collection. It also includes descriptions of each artifact, interpretations of how the artifacts fit into broader themes in American history, and brief case studies explaining the method historians use to discover meaning from seemingly ordinary historic treasures.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Stand Up For Your Rights - U.S. History for Kids      Add Bookmark
Description: This PBSkids website, part of the WayBack series from the American Experience, focuses on an interactive approach to teach about civil rights. Students can complete a mock interview, evaluate and comment on an image related to school desegregation, take an online quiz, and play a matching game. The website also features brief essays regarding the school desegregation, women and the vote, and religious freedom.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Digital History      Add Bookmark
Description: This EDSITEment-reviewed Web site, provided by the University of Houston, contains extensive resources for the teaching of American History at all educational levels. The site contains classroom handouts and fact sheets, learning modules devoted to significant periods in American history, resource guides, lesson plans, and online exhibitions.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: World War II      Add Bookmark
Description: Students will learn how Americans joined the Allies to defeat Axis militarism and nationalist expansion. Sixteen million Americans donned uniforms in this section of the online exhibition The Price of Freedom: Americans at War . The millions more who stayed home comprised a vast civilian army, mobilized by the government to support the war effort. The world-wide conflict that led to the emergence of the United States as an economic and military superpower is divided into sections that allow students to focus either on a specific aspect of the war, or the conflict as a whole. The sections included are titled: Axis Aggression, America Enters the War, Mobilizing for War, "You're in the Army Now", Battle of the Atlantic, The Mediterranean Theater, Storming Fortress Europe, The Pacific Theater; So Others Might Fight; Morale Boosters and Victory and Peace. A non-flash version of the site is available: http://americanhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory/printable/section.asp?id=9" World War II . strong strong
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Bracero Archive-Learning From Documents      Add Bookmark
Description: In this activity, one of three on the Bracero Archive website, students will examine two public laws and other primary resources related to the Bracero worker program and apply their knowledge to evaluate whether the program was carried out as intended.The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is part of a consortium of museums, universities, and cultural institutions documenting and preserving the history of the bracero program, a little-known chapter of American history in which an estimated two million Mexican men came to the United States between 1942-1964 on short-term labor contracts.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Bracero Archive-Learning From Photos      Add Bookmark
Description: In this activity, one of three on the Bracero Archive website, students will discuss their thoughts on immigration, learn about the Bracero labor program, and use photographs to develop deeper understandings of the Bracero labor program.The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is part of a consortium of museums, universities, and cultural institutions documenting and preserving the history of the bracero program, a little-known chapter of American history in which an estimated two million Mexican men came to the United States between 1942-1964 on short-term labor contracts.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Bibliography      Add Bookmark
Description: This annotated bibliography, part of the http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/index.html" A More Perfect Union online exhibition, includes works of non-fiction, fiction, poetry and children's literature. A More Perfect Union focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Bracero History Archive      Add Bookmark
Description: This website provides online access to a collection of oral histories, photos, documents, and objects related to bracero history. Students can browse the archive, use social bookmarking tools to share resources, add their own notes and make a poster using items from the archive, and contribute to the archive by adding their own stories about the bracero program. The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History is part of a consortium of museums, universities, and cultural institutions documenting and preserving the history of the bracero program, a little-known chapter of American history in which an estimated two million Mexican men came to the United States between 1942-1964 on short-term labor contracts. The Bracero History Project has recorded more than 600 oral histories and has collected many objects.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Image of the Izumizaki Family, California, circa 1900      Add Bookmark
Description: This webpage, part of the National Museum of American History's America on the Move exhibition, includes an image of the Izumizaki family in a strawberry field with an apple orchard in the background in Pajaro Valley, California and information on the work of Asian laborers in California agriculture in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Religion,Science,Social Studies,Geography
Title: Encyclopedia of Alabama      Add Bookmark
Description: A free, authoritative source information about the history, politics, geography, and culture of the state of Alabama; updated regularly to ensure that the content is accurate and accessible. The editors are continually adding new entries, photographs, and maps, so check back frequently to see what's new.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: C1,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Resources      Add Bookmark
Description: This page provides links to all of the resources included in the online exhibition http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/experience/index.html" A More Perfect Union , and serves as an invaluable reference regarding the Japanese American internment camps of World War II. Included are links to a statement by one of the exhibition's curators and the text of the original traveling exhibition A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and The United States Constitution , as well as an historical overview of the period, two classroom activities, a bibliography of books for grades 4-12, and a list of relevant Web sites about Japanese and Asian American culture and history.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution Homepage      Add Bookmark
Description: In this online exhibition, students will explore the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II, a period of history when racial prejudice and fear upset the delicate balance between the rights of citizens and the power of the state. The story is told through interactive galleries that combine photographs, objects, oral histories, and first-person accounts. Students will be able to share their responses to what they have learned on a comment board that is included in the exhibition as well as search more than 800 artifacts from the Smithsonian Collection. Also included are links to related activities, Web sites, a bibliography and more resources about this topic. A non-flash version of the site is available at http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/overview.html" http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/non-flash/overview.html .
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Topic 1 - Immigration      Add Bookmark
Description: In this section of "A More Perfect Union,'' an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, students will learn about the experience of Issei, the first generation of Japanese immigrants to the United States, through the use of artifacts from the Museum s collections, primary source documents, photographs, and oral histories. This section of the exhibition discusses how Japanese Immigrants to Hawaii and mainland United States faced severe racial prejudice and the restrictive laws in Hawaii and the U.S. that specifically limited the rights of Asian immigrants to own property and to become citizens. Also discussed are the challenges that later immigrants to both Hawaii and California faced as in the face of legalized racist attitudes and policies. "A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Setting the Precedent: Four Women Who Excelled in Business      Add Bookmark
Description: Meet four American women who succeeded in business during the twentieth century in this online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. Each woman-Freda Diamond, Estelle Ellis, Dorothy Shaver, and Brownie Wise-was exceptional in many respects. An influential industrial designer, a prolific magazine publisher, a prominent department store retailer, and a top-ranking business executive, each achieved a degree of visibility in her field enjoyed by few other women. Students can read about their lives and accomplishments, and learn about their careers through short biographies, timelines and interactive games. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: 'Fly Girls'': Women Aviators in World War II      Add Bookmark
Description: In this lesson from EDSITEment, students explore the contributions of the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) during World War II. They examine portrayals of women in World War II posters (and newsreels) and compare and contrast them with personal recollections of the WASPs.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: 6,7,8



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Julia Child's Pyrex Measuring Cup      Add Bookmark
Description: The well-known cookbook author and television cooking show star Julia Child had a number of the most commonly used American kitchen measuring devices in her kitchen. Now in the collections of the National Museum of American History, Julia's Pyrex glass one- and two- cup measures, are marked in both English measurements (1 cup; 8 oz.) and in metric (250 ml). National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Arts,Social Studies
Title: Smithsonian National Museum of American History      Add Bookmark
Description: The Web site for the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History features virtual exhibits, background on the museum, and an overview of the museum's collections. Also included are resources for teachers, the Smithsonian Store, and details regarding internships, workshops, and other opportunities to get involved.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Arts,Foreign Languages,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: EDSITEment Websites      Add Bookmark
Description: This page from EDSITEment provides links to top humanities sites on the Web. All sites linked to EDSITEment have been reviewed for content, design, and likely impact in the classroom. They cover a wide range of humanities subjects, from American history to literature, world history and culture, language, art, and archaeology, and have been judged by humanities specialists to be of high intellectual quality. EDSITEment is the product of a partnership forged among the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Council of the Great City Schools, WorldCom Foundation and the National Trust for the Humanities and is a member of the MarcoPolo consortium.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Four Freedoms for the Fourth      Add Bookmark
Description: This page from EDSITEment features resources relating to freedom, and presents information and activities about Franklin Delano Roosevelt's concept of The Four Freedoms. Learn more about political speeches, freedom, and the U.S. government by visiting the EDSITEment lesson plans and EDSITEment-reviewed Web sites referenced on this page.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Topic 3 - Internment      Add Bookmark
Description: In this section of "A More Perfect Union,'' an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, students will learn about everyday life in the Japanese American internment camps during World War II. Living in geographically isolated camps under harsh conditions and laboring for unfair wages, internees recreated a community structure that enabled them to live as normal a life as possible as well as thrive culturally. Through the use of artifacts from the Museum s collections, fine art, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories students will get sense of the daily life of internees as well as gaining an appreciation of the unique art and culture that emerged from the rigors of life in the camps. "A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: A More Perfect Union: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution - Overview      Add Bookmark
Description: This printable version of "A More Perfect Union," an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, provides a brief introduction as well as links to all of the separate sections of the exhibition. "A More Perfect Union" focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Topic 2 - Removal      Add Bookmark
Description: In this section of "A More Perfect Union,'' an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, students will learn how the attack on Pearl Harbor led to Executive Order 9066, which was the first step in a program that uprooted Japanese Americans from their West Coast communities and placed them under armed guard for up to four years. This section uses artifacts from the Museum s collections, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories to discuss the early stages of this traumatic period, from the initial reactions and policies brought about by the attack on Pearl Harbor to the temporary assembly centers that were the first stop for Japanese American internees. "A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Topic 4 - Loyalty      Add Bookmark
Description: In this section of "A More Perfect Union,'' an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, students will learn how the loyalty of Japanese Americans was tested during World War II. Based on answers to mandatory loyalty questionnaires, many Japanese Americans were sent to separate camps, repatriated, expatriated or given the opportunity to be drafted into the military. This section includes artifacts from the Museum s collections, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories. " A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Leg Silque Liquid Stockings      Add Bookmark
Description: While leg makeup has been commercially available since the 1920s, it wasn't until rationing was introduced during the World War II that the product became an essential commodity for many American women. Unable to procure silk or nylon hose, many women resorted to painting their legs with products such as Leg Silque Liquid Stockings, made in Boston, Mass., by the Langlors Company. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Health,Science,Social Studies
Title: Whatever Happened to Polio?: Activities      Add Bookmark
Description: These three activities, including an interactive game called "Got Ramps?'' , an animation illustrating the Lifecycle of the Polio Virus and a downloadable sheet for coloring, are part of the online exhibition entitled "Whatever Happened to Polio?'' , from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. "Got Ramps?'' illustrates the changes in architectural barriers between 1955 and 2005, before and after the Architectural Barriers Act (1968) and the Americans with Disabilities Act (1990). Playing the part of a wheelchair user, students choose a postcard and make the decisions required to deliver it to the post office. They can then email the virtual postcard to someone that they know. By viewing the animated "Lifecycle of the Polio Virus'' , students will learn how the poliovirus begins the infection process. Students can then use the downloadable illustration to color in the poliovirus lifecycle.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Produce For Victory: Posters on the American Home Front (1941-45)      Add Bookmark
Description: World War II posters helped to mobilize a nation. Inexpensive, accessible, and ever-present, the poster was an ideal agent for making war aims the personal mission of every citizen. This online resource from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History discusses the images created for and the messages conveyed by famous World War II propaganda posters, as well as the debate over their design. Students will learn how posters connected the home front with the military front through the use of art intended to advertise the nation's war aims and represent the American ideals of the time.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Changing Gender Roles on the World War II Home Front      Add Bookmark
Description: Kick-off a research project on gender roles on the World War II home front with two brief video clips and a selection of primary sources. Once students have analyzed the photographs and wartime advertisements, begin a research project on women during World War II. This lesson plan (which includes background information and full-color primary sources) was produced to accompany the exhibition "The Price of Freedom: Americans at War,'' by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: The Scott Family: Life on the WWII Homefront      Add Bookmark
Description: The Scotts rented apartment on the first floor of an Ipswich, Massachusetts house became a home front battlefield during World War II. Through the use of a description of the apartment, an excerpt from Mary Scott's diary, and artifact from the period, students will learn about life on the home front during World War II. The Scotts are one of the families that lived in the Ipswich, Massachusetts house which is the focus of Within These Walls , an online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Answering the Call 1917-1945      Add Bookmark
Description: Merchant seamen and ships played a vital role in winning both world wars of the 20th century. In this section of On the Water: Stories from Maritime America, an online exhibition from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, students will learn how the United States mass produced huge merchant fleets to support the soldiers fighting overseas. They will also learn about the men and women who built the ships and risked their lives sailing them while playing a vital and unheralded role in the American war effort. National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Arts,Language Arts,Social Studies
Title: American Memory Project: Main Index Page      Add Bookmark
Description: The main index page for the Library of Congress's American Memory Project gives users free access to more than 9 million items that document U.S. history and culture.
Thinkfinity Partner: EDSITEment
Grade Span: K,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese-Americans and the U.S. Constitution: Topic 5 - Service      Add Bookmark
Description: In this section of "A More Perfect Union,'' an online exhibition from the Smithsonian s National Museum of American History, students will learn about the 25,000 Japanese Americans who served in U.S. military units during World War II. This section uses artifacts from the Museum s collections, primary source documents, photographs and oral histories to tell the stories of the military service and sacrifice of these brave men as well as the irony that they were fighting to preserve the world s freedom while their families were imprisoned. Their combat record aided the post-war acceptance of Japanese Americans in American society and helped many people to recognize the injustice of wartime internment. "A More Perfect Union'' focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: July 1942: United We Stand Campaign      Add Bookmark
Description: Through the use of authentic magazine covers, objects from the museum's collections, a timeline and brief video news clips, students will learn about the collaboration between the Magazine Publishers of America and the US Treasury Department to help generate support for the war effort during World War II, through the July 1942 "United We Stand'' magazine cover campaign, the awards given by the United States flag association, and the history of the motto "United We Stand.'' National Museum of American History
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12



Subject: Social Studies
Title: Japanese American Exclusion Orders During World War II      Add Bookmark
Description: When Japanese Americans were ordered to move to internment camps during World War II, they were forced to sell most of their possessions and take only what they could carry. This lesson, from the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, will help students identify with the experiences of camp internees during World War II. Students will be divided into four-member family groups that are to be relocated to an internment camp. They will then read two sections of the A More Perfect Union online exhibition and, based on what they have read, make decisions about what they will take with them. After discussing their decisions, students will visit the Reflections section of the A More Perfect Union Web site and write a response to at least one of the topics. This lesson is included in the online exhibition entitled A More Perfect Union, which focuses on the experiences of Japanese Americans who were placed in internment camps during World War II.
Thinkfinity Partner: Smithsonian
Grade Span: 7,8,9,10,11,12



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