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Using Maps and Globes

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Arnetta Harris


Auburn University Montgomery


The podcast explains the differences in maps and globes.  It illustrates how maps and globes are used to find different locations all over the world.  It explains how a map scale is used to calculate the real distance between two areas located on a map.  It describes how the equator and prime meridian divide the earth’s hemispheres. It defines the use of a compass rose. It includes a map of the United States and the state of Alabama, demonstrating the difference between large and small map scales.

Length: 4:09

Content Areas: Social Studies

Alabama Course of Study Alignments and/or Professional Development Standard Alignments:

SS2010 (K) Living and Working Together in Family and Community
8. Recognize maps, globes, and satellite images.
SS2010 (K) Living and Working Together in Family and Community
9. Differentiate between land forms and bodies of water on maps and globes.
SS2010 (3) Geographic and Historical Studies: People, Places, and Regions
1. Locate the prime meridian, equator, Tropic of Capricorn, Tropic of Cancer, International Date Line, and lines of latitude and longitude on maps and globes.
  • Using cardinal and intermediate directions to locate on a map or globe an area in Alabama or the world (Alabama)
  • Using coordinates to locate points on a grid
  • Determining distance between places on a map using a scale
  • Locating physical and cultural regions using labels, symbols, and legends on an Alabama or world map (Alabama)
  • Describing the use of geospatial technologies
  • Examples: Global Positioning System (GPS), geographic information system (GIS)
  • Interpreting information on thematic maps
  • Examples: population, vegetation, climate, growing season, irrigation
  • Using vocabulary associated with maps and globes, including megalopolis, landlocked, border, and elevation
    SS2010 (3) Geographic and Historical Studies: People, Places, and Regions
    2. Locate the continents on a map or globe
  • Using vocabulary associated with geographical features of Earth, including hill, plateau, valley, peninsula, island, isthmus, ice cap, and glacier
  • Locating major mountain ranges, oceans, rivers, and lakes throughout the world (Alabama)
    SS2010 (7) Geography
    1. Describe the world in spatial terms using maps and other geographic representations, tools, and technologies.
  • Explaining the use of map essentials, including type, projections, scale, legend, distance, direction, grid, and symbols
  • Examples: type—reference, thematic, planimetric, topographic, globe and map projections, aerial photographs, satellite images
    distance—fractional, graphic, and verbal scales
    direction—lines of latitude and longitude, cardinal and intermediate directions
  • Identifying geospatial technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective
  • Examples: Google Earth, Global Positioning System (GPS), geographic information system (GIS), satellite-remote sensing, aerial photography
  • Utilizing maps to explain relationships and environments among people and places, including trade patterns, governmental alliances, and immigration patterns
  • Applying mental maps to answer geographic questions, including how experiences and cultures influence perceptions and decisions
  • Categorizing the geographic organization of people, places, and environments using spatial models
  • Examples: urban land-use patterns, distribution and linkages of cities, migration patterns, population-density patterns, spread of culture traits, spread of contagious diseases through a population


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