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This podcast is part of the series: BCRI Oral History Project
Hattie Felder and the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute
Birmingham Civil Rights Institute
Hattie M. Felder was born in Orrville in Dallas County, Alabama in 1928. When she was 21 years old, Felder moved to Birmingham, where she could live with extended family while completing school and supporting a child. She attended beauty school at night and worked in the kitchen at a nursing home during the day. Even then, in the early 1950s, Felder was a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which the State of Alabama shut down in 1956. When former members and leaders of the NAACP formed the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, Felder joined it as well.
Many adults in the Black community did not openly participate in Movement activities because they feared loss of their or their spouse's jobs. Felder, however, was self-employed as a beautician, so she did not hesitate to go to jail on Easter Sunday 1963.
Listen to Hattie Felder tell what it was like to be involved in the NAACP in Alabama in the 1950s.
Content Areas: Social Studies
Alabama Course of Study Alignments and/or Professional Development Standard Alignments:
[SS2010] USS6 (6) 9: Critique major social and cultural changes in the United States since World War II.
[SS2010] US11 (11) 14: Trace events of the modern Civil Rights Movement from post-World War II to 1970 that resulted in social and economic changes, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the desegregation of Little Rock Central High School, the March on Washington, Freedom Rides, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing, and the Selma-to-Montgomery March. (Alabama) [A.1.c., A.1.d., A.1.f., A.1.i., A.1.j., A.1.k.]