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BCRI Oral History- An Interview with Hattie Felder

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This podcast is part of the series: BCRI Oral History


Birmingham Civil Rights Institute


Birmingham Civil Rights Institute


Hattie M. Felder was born in Orrville in Dallas County, Alabama in 1928.  When she was 21 years old, Felder moved to Birmingham, where she could live with extended family while completing school and supporting a child.  She attended beauty school at night and worked in the kitchen at a nursing home during the day.  Even then, in the early 1950s, Felder was a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which the State of Alabama shut down in 1956.  When former members and leaders of the NAACP formed the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, Felder joined it as well. 
Many adults in the Black community did not openly participate in Movement activities because they feared loss of their or their spouse's jobs.  Felder, however, was self-employed as a beautician, so she did not hesitate to go to jail on Easter Sunday 1963.

Listen to Hattie Felder tell what it was like to be involved in the NAACP in Alabama in the 1950s.

Length: 02:36

Content Areas: Social Studies

Alabama Course of Study Alignments and/or Professional Development Standard Alignments:

SS2010 (4) Alabama Studies
14. Analyze the modern Civil Rights Movement to determine the social, political, and economic impact on Alabama.
  • Recognizing important persons of the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Martin Luther King, Jr.; George C. Wallace; Rosa Parks; Fred Shuttlesworth; John Lewis; Malcolm X; Thurgood Marshall; Hugo Black; and Ralph David Abernathy
  • Describing events of the modern Civil Rights Movement, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, the Freedom Riders bus bombing, and the Selma-to-Montgomery March
  • Explaining benefits of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and Brown versus Board of Education Supreme Court case of 1954
  • Using vocabulary associated with the modern Civil Rights Movement, including discrimination, prejudice, segregation, integration, suffrage, and rights
    SS2010 (6) United States Studies: The Industrial Revolution to the Present
    9. Critique major social and cultural changes in the United States since World War II.
  • Identifying key persons and events of the modern Civil Rights Movement
  • Examples: persons—Martin Luther King Jr.; Rosa Parks; Fred Shuttlesworth; John Lewis (Alabama)
    events—Brown versus Board of Education, Montgomery Bus Boycott, student protests, Freedom Rides, Selma-to-Montgomery Voting Rights March, political assassinations (Alabama)
  • Describing the changing role of women in United States' society and how it affected the family unit
  • Examples: women in the workplace, latchkey children
  • Recognizing the impact of music genres and artists on United States' culture since World War II
  • Examples: genres—protest songs; Motown, rock and roll, rap, folk, and country music
    artists—Elvis Presley, the Beatles, Bob Dylan, Aretha Franklin, Hank Williams (Alabama)
  • Identifying the impact of media, including newspapers, AM and FM radio, television, twenty-four hour sports and news programming, talk radio, and Internet social networking, on United States' culture since World War II


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