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This podcast is part of the series: BCRI Oral History
Birmingham Civil Rights Institute
Birmingham Civil Rights Institute
Dr. James T. Montgomery was born in the South Alabama town of Atmore in 1926. When he was 10 years old, his family moved to Birmingham where they made a living in the grocery business.
After graduating from Rosedale High School, Dr. Montgomery went to Atlanta to study at Morehouse College, from which he graduated in 1947. In order to save money for medical school, Montgomery and his wife lived with his grandparents in Birmingham while he taught Biology and Chemistry for two years at Parker High School. In 1950, the Montgomerys moved to Washington, D.C. where James attended Howard University Medical School. Following residencies in St. Louis and Boston, Dr. Montgomery and his wife returned to Birmingham, where he set out to practice cardiology.
Listen as James Montgomery discusses his return to Birmingham in the late-1950s and his reception by local White physicians, many of whom privately encouraged his practice, while publicly refusing to support his induction into medical societies or his ability to see patients in all the city's hospitals
Content Areas: Social Studies
Alabama Course of Study Alignments and/or Professional Development Standard Alignments:
|SS2010 (4) Alabama Studies || |
14. Analyze the modern Civil Rights Movement to determine the social, political, and economic impact on Alabama. Recognizing important persons of the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Martin Luther King, Jr.; George C. Wallace; Rosa Parks; Fred Shuttlesworth; John Lewis; Malcolm X; Thurgood Marshall; Hugo Black; and Ralph David Abernathy Describing events of the modern Civil Rights Movement, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing in Birmingham, the Freedom Riders bus bombing, and the Selma-to-Montgomery March Explaining benefits of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and Brown versus Board of Education Supreme Court case of 1954 Using vocabulary associated with the modern Civil Rights Movement, including discrimination, prejudice, segregation, integration, suffrage, and rights
|SS2010 (6) United States Studies: The Industrial Revolution to the Present || |
9. Critique major social and cultural changes in the United States since World War II. Identifying key persons and events of the modern Civil Rights Movement
Examples: persons—Martin Luther King Jr.; Rosa Parks; Fred Shuttlesworth; John Lewis (Alabama)
events—Brown versus Board of Education, Montgomery Bus Boycott, student protests, Freedom Rides, Selma-to-Montgomery Voting Rights March, political assassinations (Alabama) Describing the changing role of women in United States' society and how it affected the family unit
Examples: women in the workplace, latchkey children Recognizing the impact of music genres and artists on United States' culture since World War II
Examples: genres—protest songs; Motown, rock and roll, rap, folk, and country music
artists—Elvis Presley, the Beatles, Bob Dylan, Aretha Franklin, Hank Williams (Alabama) Identifying the impact of media, including newspapers, AM and FM radio, television, twenty-four hour sports and news programming, talk radio, and Internet social networking, on United States' culture since World War II
|SS2010 (11) United States History II: The Industrial Revolution to the Present || |
14. Trace events of the modern Civil Rights Movement from post-World War II to 1970 that resulted in social and economic changes, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the desegregation of Little Rock Central High School, the March on Washington, Freedom Rides, the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing, and the Selma-to-Montgomery March. (Alabama) [A.1.c., A.1.d., A.1.f., A.1.i., A.1.j., A.1.k.] Tracing the federal government's involvement in the modern Civil Rights Movement, including the abolition of the poll tax, the nationalization of state militias, Brown versus Board of Education in 1954, the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 Explaining contributions of individuals and groups to the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Martin Luther King, Jr.; James Meredith; Medgar Evers; Thurgood Marshall; the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE); the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP); and the civil rights foot soldiers Appraising contributions of persons and events in Alabama that influenced the modern Civil Rights Movement, including Rosa Parks, Autherine Lucy, John Patterson, George C. Wallace, Vivian Malone Jones, Fred Shuttlesworth, the Children's March, and key local persons and events (Alabama) Describing the development of a Black Power movement, including the change in focus of the SNCC, the rise of Malcolm X, and Stokely Carmichael and the Black Panther movement Describing the economic impact of African-American entrepreneurs on the modern Civil Rights Movement, including S. B. Fuller and A. G. Gaston (Alabama)