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The Creek Indians in Alabama

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This podcast is part of the series: ArchiTreats: Food for Thought


Kathryn Braund


Alabama Department of Archives and History


ArchiTreats: Food for Thought celebrates the Year of Alabama History through a series of sequential lectures in Alabama history by leading experts in the field. Join us for the third presentation in the series as Kathryn Braund presents The Creek Indians in Alabama.

Once the newly established state of Alabama extended sovereignty over the tribe, it effectively ended the existence of the Creek Nation in their traditional homeland. In her talk, Dr. Braund will explore the main themes in Creek Indian history, including trade and land, diversity and division, and change and continuity. Drawing on both the written record and historical artifacts, Dr. Braund will explore the complex story of Alabama when it was owned and ruled by the Creek Indians.

Dr. Kathryn Braund is Professor of History at Auburn University and has authored or edited four books relating to the southeastern Indians. Her first book, Deerskins and Duffels: The Creek Indian Trade with Anglo-America, 1685–1815, was the first to extensively examine the Creek deerskin trade, especially the impact of commercial hunting on all aspects of Indian society. She has also written on William Bartram, an eighteenth-century botanist whose published account of his southern Travels is an American literary classic, and on James Adair, a deerskin trader whose account of his life among the southeastern Indians was published in London in 1775. Dr. Braund has also published scholarly articles on the southeastern Indians during the American Revolution, Creek gender and work roles, and race relations and slavery among the Indians. She also has contributed to several encyclopedias and reference works. Currently, she is researching the Creek War of 1813-1814.

This ArchiTreats presentation is made possible by the Friends of the Alabama Archives and a grant from the Alabama Humanities Foundation, a state program of the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Length: 53:43

Content Areas: Social Studies

Alabama Course of Study Alignments and/or Professional Development Standard Alignments:

SS2010 (3) Geographic and Historical Studies: People, Places, and Regions
13. Describe prehistoric and historic American Indian cultures, governments, and economics in Alabama. (Alabama)
Examples: prehistoric—Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Woodland, Mississippian
historic—Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Creek (Alabama)
  • Identifying roles of archaeologists and paleontologists
    SS2010 (4) Alabama Studies
    3. Explain the social, political, and economic impact of the War of 1812, including battles and significant leaders of the Creek War, on Alabama.
    Examples: social—adoption of European culture by American Indians, opening of Alabama land for settlement
    political—forced relocation of American Indians, labeling of Andrew Jackson as a hero and propelling him toward Presidency
    economic—acquisition of tribal land in Alabama by the United States
  • Explaining the impact of the Trail of Tears on Alabama American Indians' lives, rights, and territories
    SS2010 (5) United States Studies: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
    3. Distinguish differences among major American Indian cultures in North America according to geographic region, natural resources, community organization, economy, and belief systems.
  • Locating on a map American Indian nations according to geographic region
    SS2010 (10) United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
    1. Compare effects of economic, geographic, social, and political conditions before and after European explorations of the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries on Europeans, American colonists, Africans, and indigenous Americans. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A. 1.d., A.1.g., A.1.i.]
  • Describing the influence of the Crusades, Renaissance, and Reformation on European exploration
  • Comparing European motives for establishing colonies, including mercantilism, religious persecution, poverty, oppression, and new opportunities
  • Analyzing the course of the Columbian Exchange for its impact on the global economy
  • Explaining triangular trade and the development of slavery in the colonies
    SS2010 (10) United States History I: Beginnings to the Industrial Revolution
    6. Describe relations of the United States with Britain and France from 1781 to 1823, including the XYZ Affair, the War of 1812, and the Monroe Doctrine. [A.1.a., A.1.b., A.1.d., A.1.g., A.1.i.]
    Examples: Embargo Act, Alien and Sedition Acts, impressment


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