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Focused Monitoring

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The Alabama State Department of Education (ALSDE), Special Education Services (SES) Section, continues the process of developing and refining a monitoring and improvement system for public agencies.  The Continuous Improvement System is intended to balance the need for continuous procedural compliance with a focus on improving student results and outcomes. 



This system includes the following components:


The Continuous Improvement System has as its anchor Alabama’s State Performance Plan and/or the Annual Performance Report required by the Office of Special Education Programs.As depicted in Figure 1, the Continuous Improvement System will contain the following major components:

Student Services Review (SSR)
The Student Services Review is a case-based review method used for:

  1. Appraising the current status of students receiving adequate supports and/or services in response to special needs or learning problems, and

  2. Determining the adequacy of performance of key service system functions for the students and those who support them. The SSR examines short-term results for children with special needs and their supporters and the contribution made by school-arranged supports and services in producing those outcomes. Results may be used for understanding and improving front-line practices by student services teams.

Overall Student Status Indicators

  1. Least restrictive, most appropriate environment
  2. School attendance
  3. School and class participation
  4. Appropriate social skills
  5. Emotional well-being
  6. Parent participation in educational decisions
  7. Student progress in assigned curriculum
  8. Student progress in reading
  9. Student progress in school behavior (or early childhood environment behavior)
  10. Student progress toward IEP goals supported by related services
  11. Student progress toward transition goals
  12. Satisfaction

Overall Educational System Performance Indicators

  1. Understanding the student’s situation
  2. Adequacy of the IEP
  3. IEP reasoning process
  4. Appropriateness and applicability of services
  5. Successful transitions
  6. Implementation of services and supports
  7. Unity of effort
  8. Resource availability and utilization
  9. IEP review and revision
  10. Access to school programs and services
  11. Access to extracurricular activities
  12. System progress in risk reduction

    For more information about SES Focused Monitoring, contact Special Education Services at


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