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Social Studies, Grade 7, Citizenship: Living in My World, 2004

1.) Describe influences of ancient Greece, the Magna Carta, and the Mayflower Compact on the government of the United States.

•  Identifying essential characteristics of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights as the foundation of the government of the United States
•  Describing the influence of John Locke
•  Explaining essential characteristics of the political system of the United States
Examples: organization and functions of political parties, process of selecting political leaders

2.) Compare the government of the United States with other governmental systems.

Examples: monarchy, limited monarchy, oligarchy, dictatorship, theocracy, pure democracy

3.) Describe essential characteristics of state and local governments in the United States.

•  Identifying major offices and officeholders of state and local governments
•  Explaining the historical background of the 1901 Constitution of Alabama and its impact on state and local governments
Example: lack of home rule

•  Describing how local and state governments are funded
4.) Compare duties and functions of members of legislative, executive, and judicial branches of local, state, and national governments.

•  Identifying geographic and political districts of legislative, executive, and judicial branches of national, state, and local governments
•  Describing the organization and jurisdiction of courts within the judicial system of the United States at local, state, and national levels
•  Explaining concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances among the three branches of state and national governments
5.) Explain the importance of juvenile, adult, civil, and criminal laws within the judicial system of the United States.

•  Explaining rights of citizens under the Constitution
Examples: due process, right to keep and bear arms, private property right, right to privacy, equal protection, religious expression, habeas corpus

•  Explaining what is meant by the term rule of law
•  Understanding consequences of breaking the law
•  Contrasting juvenile and adult laws and their respective court systems
•  Identifying laws that most affect youth at home, school, and in the community
6.) Describe how people organize economic systems for the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services to address the basic economic questions of which goods and services will be produced, how they will be produced, and who will consume them.

•  Using economic concepts to explain historical and current developments and issues in global, national, or local contexts
Example: increase in oil prices resulting from supply and demand

•  Analyzing the distribution of urban areas to determine how they are linked together
Example: using distribution maps to examine population flows among cities, suburbs, and small towns

7.) Describe the relationship between the consumer and the marketplace in the economy of the United States regarding scarcity, opportunity cost, trade-off decision making, characteristics of a market economy, and supply and demand.

•  Describing the influence of the stock market upon individuals and the economy
•  Analyzing distribution and production maps to determine patterns of supply and demand
•  Describing effects of government policies on the free market
•  Identifying laws protecting rights of consumers and avenues of recourse when those rights are violated
8.) Apply principles of money management to the preparation of a personal budget that addresses housing, transportation, food, clothing, medical expenses, and insurance as well as checking and savings accounts, loans, investments, credit, and comparison shopping.

9.) Identify individual and civic responsibilities of citizens of the United States.


- individual—respect for rights of others, self-discipline, negotiation, compromise;

- civic—respect for the law, patriotism, participation in the political process

•  Describing differences in rights, privileges, duties, and responsibilities between citizens and noncitizens
•  Explaining how United States citizenship is acquired
•  Interpreting an immigration map
•  Identifying character traits that are beneficial to individuals and to the republic of the United States
Examples: honesty, courage, compassion, civility

10.) Describe changes in social and economic conditions in the United States during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.


- social—family values, peer pressures, educational opportunities;

- economic—career opportunities, disposable income

•  Describing the impact of print and electronic media and the Internet on the American way of life
Examples: fashion trends, consumer spending, increased debt, speed of communication, changes in language and social skills

11.) Describe examples of conflict, cooperation, and interdependence of groups, societies, and nations, using past and current events.

•  Tracing the political and social impact of the modern Civil Rights Movement from 1954 to the present, including Alabama's role
12.) Explain how the United States can be improved by individual and collective participation and by public service.

•  Identifying options for civic and community action
Examples: investigating the feasibility of a specific solution to a traffic problem, developing a plan for the construction of a subdivision, using maps to make and justify decisions about the best location for facilities

•  Participating in the political process
Examples: writing letters, being involved in political campaigns and issues

•  Identifying ways adults participate in the political process
Examples: voting, running for office, serving on a jury

•  Applying a problem-solving model to a community project, including constructing a policy statement, budget, and an action plan to achieve one or more goals related to an issue of public concern
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