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English Language Arts, Grade K, 2007

1.) Exhibit phonemic awareness, including identifying and categorizing phonemes, orally blending phonemes into one-syllable words, segmenting one-syllable words into phonemes, and rhyming.

2.) Demonstrate letter-sound association, including matching letters to corresponding spoken sounds and blending letter sounds into one-syllable words, using printed materials.

Examples: initial consonant sounds, final consonant sounds, medial short vowel sounds

3.) Identify upper- and lower-case letters.

4.) Use words that describe and represent real-life objects and actions.

Example: using words that describe location, size, color, and shape

•  Using a variety of emergent reading materials
Examples: picture books, predictable texts, decodable text, print in the environment

•  Learning new words through stories and explicit instruction
•  Recognizing kindergarten high-frequency words in print
Examples: Dolch word lists, basal reader word lists

5.) Demonstrate listening comprehension of passages, including retelling stories and answering questions.

•  Recalling information
Examples: characters, settings, details, main ideas, beginning and ending of story

•  Making predictions to determine main idea or anticipate an ending
•  Responding to stories, asking questions, discussing ideas, and relating events to daily life
•  Identifying correct sequence of events after listening to a story
6.) Identify various forms of narrative texts, including nursery rhymes, poetry, and stories.

•  Naming characters and settings in books and stories
•  Identifying the author and title of a text
7.) Recognize basic features of informational text.

Examples: pictures, photographs, captions, facts

8.) Use brainstorming, drawing, and discussion as elements of prewriting in the writing process.

Examples: graphic organizers, storyboards, peer group discussions

•  Drafting by stringing letters together to express thought
•  Revising group or modeled story
•  Using approximate spelling while editing
•  Publishing through reading or displaying work
•  Using basic punctuation
Examples: period, question mark, exclamation point

9.) Print upper- and lower-case letters using proper formation, spacing, and letter-line placement.

•  Using correct hand position when holding writing instrument
10.) Use print and nonprint classroom, library, and real-world resources to acquire information.

Examples: nonfiction books, videos, personal interviews, Web-based sources, environmental print

•  Identifying parts of a book
•  Using simple charts, maps, and graphs to gain basic information
11.) Follow one- and two-part oral directions.

•  Responding to various types of literature read aloud
Examples: drawing a picture, composing a song, participating in a discussion

•  Looking at the speaker without interrupting
•  Listening for meaning in oral communication
12.) Select appropriate voice level when interacting with others.

Examples: whispering in the library, cheering loudly in the gym

•  Using appropriate grammar and word choice for a specific audience
•  Reciting short poems, rhymes, songs, and stories with repeated patterns
•  Demonstrating the ability to take turns in a conversation
•  Making connections to stories read aloud
Examples: text-to-self, text-to-text, text-to-world

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