English Language Arts, Grade 2, 2007
1.) Demonstrate phonological skills, including manipulating sounds and words of the English language and identifying syllables in two- and three-syllable words.
2.) Apply phonetic strategies to decode unfamiliar and multisyllable words using graphophonemic clues and letter-sound correspondences, including diphthongs and digraphs.
Correcting word-recognition errors
Examples: substituting, deleting, omitting
Reading phonetically regular and irregular two-syllable words
- regular--table, mitten
- irregular--baby, city
3.) Exhibit vocabulary skills, including explaining simple common antonyms and synonyms and using descriptive words.
Examples: simple common antonyms--up - down, in - out, above - below
Responding to questions
Using semantic cues to achieve meaning
Recognizing words in the environment
Using new words from independent reading of stories and texts
Recognizing possessive forms
Using correct spelling, including spelling of sight words, spelling of unfamiliar words using phonetic strategies, and checking spelling with a dictionary
Identifying multiple-meaning words
4.) Demonstrate comprehension of second-grade reading materials across the curriculum, including drawing simple conclusions, classifying ideas and things, identifying sequence, and retelling directions and information from informational and functional reading materials.
Examples: functional materials--maps, simple tables, atlases, encyclopedias
Relating events and ideas to specific life experiences
Answering what if, why, and how questions
5.) Read with fluency passages containing complex sentences.
Example: sentences with phrases and clauses
Reading 90-100 words per minute
Recognizing second-grade high-frequency words
Examples: Dolch word lists, basal reader word lists
Using punctuation to help phrase
Reading with expression
6.) Differentiate among folktales, tall tales, fables, realistic fiction, and other narrative texts.
Recognizing the author's purpose or intent in a variety of texts
Inferring the main idea and supporting details in narrative texts
Summarizing the plot and characters' actions and motivations in narrative texts
Recognizing morals and lessons in narrative texts
7.) Explain how authors use text features to identify key and supporting ideas in informational texts.
Examples: boldface, maps, charts, diagrams
8.) Organize sentences into a paragraph to address a topic or tell a story.
Sorting information using graphic organizers
Generating a topic sentence and a concluding sentence in a paragraph
Drafting a written piece, including an introductory paragraph and a concluding paragraph
Editing for spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and sentence variety
Publishing final draft
Using descriptive, narrative, and expository modes of writing
Writing free verse poetry to express ideas
9.) Demonstrate correct use of question marks and capitalization of names, months, days of the week, and holidays in written expression.
Using abbreviations, apostrophes in contractions, and apostrophes in possessives in writing
Using commas in writing
Examples: dates, friendly letter greetings, physical address, items in a series
Using exclamation points at the end of sentences to show emotion in writing
10.) Use concrete nouns and action verbs in written communication.
- concrete nouns--teacher, beach, desk, dog
- action verbs--run, eat
Describing nouns using adjectives in writing
Substituting nouns with pronouns in writing
Using singular and plural nouns in writing
11.) Write words and sentences legibly with proper spacing in manuscript.
Forming upper- and lower-case letters in cursive
12.) Utilize research skills to collect and record information on a specific topic.
Listing key concepts from texts
Locating boldface and italicized words to identify essential information
Using captions, illustrations, and photographs to extend meaning of written text
13.) Locate information in reference material using alphabetical order.
Examples: dictionary, textbook, nonfiction book
Generating oral and written questions before, during, and after research
Using table of contents, glossary, and index to locate information
Reporting on a specific topic with facts and details
14.) Respond to various types of literature read aloud.
Focusing attention on a speaker without interrupting
Following multistep oral directions
Interpreting presented information
15.) Select appropriate voice tone, gestures, and facial expression to enhance meaning.
Using active listening skills
Example: "Stop, Look, and Listen" technique
Retelling stories and events in logical order
Remaining on topic when speaking
Using visual aids, props, and technology in oral presentations
Examples: poster, puppet, slideshow
Using appropriate grammar and word choice in oral presentations and in conversations