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Social Studies, Grade 2, Exploring Our Nation and World: People and Places, 2004

1.) Compare features of modern-day living to those of the past.


- past—shopping in general stores, attending frontier schools in one-room buildings;

- present—shopping in national chain superstores, attending contemporary schools with multiple classrooms

•  Using vocabulary to describe segments of time
Examples: year, decade, century

2.) Identify past and present contributions of a variety of individuals who have overcome difficulties or obstacles to achieve goals.

Examples:Abraham Lincoln rising from poverty and achieving position of President of the United States, Heather Whitestone coping with hearing loss and achieving title of Miss America, Nat "King" Cole struggling with segregation and becoming a world-renowned singer, Arthur George (A. G.) Gaston overcoming lack of completion of high school education and becoming exceptional businessman and developer and owner of one of the largest African-American businesses in the United States, Nelson Mandela confronting apartheid and receiving the Nobel Peace Prize

3.) Discuss historical and current events within the state and the nation that are recorded in a variety of resources.

Examples: interviews with grandparents, Martin Luther King, Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech, video of Neil Armstrong's walk on the moon, newspaper reports of current elections, video about Sheyann Webb and her involvement in Selma's voting rights

4.) Discuss celebrations in the United States and around the world.

Examples: Children's Day in Japan, Veterans Day in the United States, Bastille Day in France, Cinco de Mayo in Mexico, New Year celebrations in China

5.) Explain the relationship between the production and distribution processes.

Examples: tracing milk supply from production on the farm to grocery stores and to consumers, tracing the manufacturing of technological components in other countries to consumers in the United States

•  Discussing the impact of consumer choices and decisions
Example: cost of buying and caring for a pet

•  Making informed decisions about borrowing and saving
6.) Identify human-made and natural resources in the world.


- human-made—paper;

- natural—crude oil

7.) Describe ways people throughout the world are affected by their geographic environments.

Examples: land use, housing, occupations

•  Comparing physical features of regions throughout the world
Example: discussing differences in a desert environment, a tropical rainforest, and a polar region

•  Identifying positive and negative ways people affect the environment

- positive—restocking fish in lakes, oceans, and rivers; reforesting cleared land;

- negative—polluting water; throwing trash on roadways; causing erosion

8.) Identify continents, oceans, and the equator using technology, maps, and globes.

•  Identifying map elements, including title, legend, and scale
•  Identifying intermediate directions
•  Utilizing key elements on maps and globes to estimate routes
Example: using a map scale to estimate the shortest route from one state to another or from Birmingham, Alabama, to Athens, Greece

9.) Describe rights and responsibilities of citizens of the United States.


- rights—voting, freedom of speech;

- responsibilities—paying taxes

•  Explaining the voting process and the use of results
Example: telling how some national and world issues are settled by voting

•  Identifying acts of patriotism and symbols of the United States

- acts—reciting the Pledge of Allegiance to the flag, standing during the national anthem;

- symbols—Statue of Liberty, Liberty Bell

•  Describing responsibilities of state, national, and world leaders
10.) Discuss ways in which people in authority gain the right to direct or control others.

Examples: being an appointed or elected official, being a parent or guardian, being a police officer

•  Describing the appropriate use as well as the misuse of power and authority

- use—determining safety rules;

- misuse—showing disrespect for personal freedoms

11.) Explain how the diversity of people and customs in the United States and the world affect viewpoints and ideas.

•  Discussing how and why people from various cultures immigrated to the United States

- how—ships, planes, automobiles;

- why—improved quality of life, family connections, agricultural disasters

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