Professional Learning Podcast Treasury Lesson Plans Personal Workspace Site Search ALEXville Learning Assets Home Courses of Study

Social Studies, Grade 3, People, Places, and Regions: Geographic Studies, 2004

1.) Locate the prime meridian, equator, tropic of Capricorn, tropic of Cancer, international date line, and lines of latitude and longitude on maps and globes.

•  Using cardinal and intermediate directions to find a location on a map or globe
•  Demonstrating an understanding of simple grid lines
•  Measuring distance between two locations using a scale of miles
•  Locating physical and human features on a map using labels, symbols, and legends
•  Identifying limitations of maps
Examples: projections and distortions of maps

2.) Describe physical characteristics, including landforms, bodies of water, soil, and vegetation of various places on Earth.


- landforms—mountains, hills, plateaus;

- bodies of water—oceans, rivers, lakes;

- soil—silt, clay, sand;

- vegetation—tropical, desert, plains

•  Locating countries in the Western Hemisphere
•  Locating historical landmarks on maps
Examples: the capitol of the United States, the Alabama state capitol, previous site of the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York, Statue of Liberty, Pearl Harbor

•  Identifying processes of Earth, including continental drift, erosion, natural hazards, weather, and climate
3.) Identify components of various ecosystems.

Example: discussing differences in soil, climate, vegetation, or wildlife

•  Identifying ways in which humans alter the physical environment
Examples: oil spills, landfills, clearing of forests, urbanization, replacement of wetlands with farms, reforestation of cleared land, restocking of fish in waterways, planting of nitrogen-fixing crops such as legumes to restore nitrogen to the soil, planting of cover crops to prevent erosion

4.) Locate population shifts due to geographic, economic, and historic changes in the Western Hemisphere.


- geographic—floods, hurricanes;

- economic—crop failures;

- historic—disease, war

•  Identifying human and physical criteria used to define regions

- human—city boundaries, school district lines;

- physical—hemispheres, regions within continents or countries

5.) Identify national and international trading patterns of the United States.

•  Differentiating between producers and consumers and imports and exports

- producers—suppliers, sellers;

- consumers—buyers;

- imports—coffee from Colombia, pineapples from Hawaii;

- exports—corn from Iowa

6.) Identify conflicts involving use of land, economic competition for scarce resources, different political views, boundary disputes, and cultural differences within and between different geographic areas.

Example: disputes over water rights, landfill locations, or prison locations

•  Identifying examples of cooperation within and between different geographic areas
Examples: participation in Neighborhood Watch programs, provision of emergency assistance, participation in America's Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response (AMBER) Alert programs

•  Locating areas of political conflict on maps and globes
•  Explaining different viewpoints on contemporary issues at the local, state, national, and international levels
7.) Describe the relationship between locations of resources and patterns of population distribution in the Western Hemisphere.

Examples: presence of trees for building homes, availability of natural gas supply for heating and water supply for drinking and for irrigating crops

•  Locating major natural resources and deposits throughout Alabama, the United States, and the Western Hemisphere

- Alabama—iron;

- United States—timber;

- Western Hemisphere—fish from Canada

•  Describing present-day mechanization of labor as opposed to the historical use of human labor to harvest natural resources
Example: present-day practices of using machinery to mine coal and to harvest cotton and pecans

•  Evaluating the geographic impact of using major energy and technological resources in the twenty-first century
8.) Identify geographic links of land regions, river systems, and interstate highways between Alabama and other states.

Example: Tombigbee River

•  Locating the five geographic regions of Alabama
•  Comparing laws that pertain to citizens of the United States, including pollution laws, highway speed limit laws, seat belt laws, and interstate trade laws
•  Describing cultural, political, and economic characteristics of people in the Western Hemisphere

- cultural—types of clothes, homes, languages, religions;

- political—functions of political units at different levels such as cities, states, and nations;

- economic—natural resources, industrialization, living standards

9.) Identify ways to prepare for natural disasters in the United States.

Examples: preparing for earthquakes by identifying structural needs of homes before building, constructing houses on stilts in flood-prone areas, buying earthquake and flood insurance, providing hurricane or tornado shelters, establishing evacuation routes

10.) Describe characteristics and migration patterns of human populations in the Western Hemisphere.


- characteristics—birth rate, death rate, life expectancy, population density, food, clothing, shelter;

- migration—movement of migrant workers to other locations

11.) Identify significant historical sites in Alabama, including locations of civil rights activities.


- Montgomery—birthplace of the Confederacy, birthplace of the modern Civil Rights Movement;

- Tuskegee—home of Tuskegee Institute;

- Mobile—site of Fort Morgan and the Battle of Mobile Bay;

- Huntsville—home of the United States Space and Rocket Center;

- Tuscumbia—location of Ivy Green (birthplace of Helen Keller);

- Moundville—location of Moundville Archaeological Park;

- Birmingham—home of Vulcan and Vulcan Park, Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, and Sloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark;

- Selma—site of voting rights activities

Alabama Virtual Library
Alabama Virtual Library

Hosted by Alabama Supercomputer Authority
The University of Alabama at Birmingham
The University of Alabama at Birmingham
The Malone Family Foundation
The Malone Family Foundation
Best of the Web

Web Design by: Digital Mason LLC