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English Language Arts, Grade 4, 2007

1.) Demonstrate word recognition skills, including structural analysis.

Example: structural analysis--prefixes, suffixes, root words

•  Producing common word parts
•  Reading multisyllable words
•  Reading compound words, contractions, possessives, and inflectional endings
2.) Demonstrate reading vocabulary knowledge, including recognition of a variety of synonyms and antonyms.

•  Using context clues
•  Reading multiple-meaning words
•  Increasing number of sight words
3.) Use a wide range of strategies, including distinguishing fiction from nonfiction and making inferences, to comprehend fourth-grade recreational reading materials in a variety of genres.

Examples: novels, short stories, poetry, trade books

•  Skimming passages to get significance of passage
•  Summarizing passages to restate information
•  Comparing and contrasting to extend meaning
•  Using knowledge of sentence structure and context to enhance comprehension
•  Using self-monitoring for text understanding, including rereading and adjusting rate and speed of reading
•  Using vocabulary knowledge to enhance comprehension
•  Reading fluently with expression and attention to punctuation
•  Drawing conclusions to determine content not directly stated
•  Asking and answering questions
•  Relating events, ideas, and characters to prior knowledge and specific life experiences
4.) Identify literary elements and devices, including characters, important details, and similes, in recreational reading materials and details in informational reading materials.

•  Identifying main idea
•  Identifying author's purpose
5.) Use a wide range of strategies and skills, including using sentence structure, locating information, and distinguishing fact from fiction, to comprehend fourth-grade informational and functional reading materials.

•  Determining sequence of events in informational and functional text
•  Distinguishing fact from opinion in informational text
•  Summarizing passages to demonstrate understanding
•  Comparing and contrasting to extend meaning
•  Using self-monitoring for text understanding, including rereading and adjusting rate and speed of reading
•  Using text features to gain meaning
Examples: titles, headings, glossary, boldface, index, table of contents, tables, charts, graphs

•  Previewing to anticipate content
•  Using note-taking skills, including highlighting and outlining
•  Detecting obvious bias in informational text
•  Recognizing persuasive techniques in informational text
Examples: bandwagon, snob appeal

6.) Compare the genre characteristics of tall tales, fantasy, myths, and legends, including multicultural literature.

7.) Compare story elements and the experiences and feelings of literary characters to students' lives.

•  Describing how events, settings, and characterization encountered in written text influence the thinking of the reader
•  Identifying author's craft and technique for relaying intended message
Examples: dialogue, exaggeration, alliteration, imagery, parallel structure, logical arguments

8.) Compose descriptive texts using an introductory paragraph, sensory details, vivid language, and a conclusion.

•  Determining purpose and audience prior to writing

- purpose--writer addresses topic in correct mode

- audience--writer uses appropriate tone and language

•  Demonstrating clarity and organization in a composition
•  Composing expository texts using a main idea with three supporting details
•  Composing narrative texts using a definite time frame, selected tone, and a clear sequence of events
Examples: selected tone--sarcastic, angry, humorous, respectful

•  Writing complex sentences to vary sentence structure
•  Correcting sentence fragments and run-on sentences in writing
•  Demonstrating the process of prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, and publishing
•  Demonstrating usage of graphic organizers during prewriting
•  Spelling correctly in final written texts
•  Bulleting major ideas during prewriting
•  Utilizing figurative language to enhance written communication
Examples: simile, metaphor, onomatopoeia, personification

9.) Respond in writing to open-ended questions.

•  Utilizing bullets to organize major details and ideas to support a topic
10.) Apply mechanics in writing, including capitalization of business and friendly letter parts and envelope addresses and use of punctuation, including apostrophe with contractions; underlining or italicizing of book titles; and commas to separate items in a series and in a physical address.

•  Capitalizing proper adjectives and the first word in direct quotations
•  Applying correct punctuation in a direct quotation, including quotation marks, commas, and end marks
•  Using commas correctly in a compound sentence
•  Using apostrophes with possessives
•  Writing sentences without the use of double negatives
11.) Demonstrate knowledge of subject-verb agreement with simple subjects and correct usage of regular and irregular verb forms.


- subject-verb agreement--she walks, they walk

- regular verb form--like, liked, liked

- irregular verb form--draw, drew, drawn

•  Differentiating among helping, linking, and action verbs
•  Demonstrating correct use of nouns, pronouns, conjunctions, adjectives, and adverbs
12.) Organize information on a specific topic obtained from grade-appropriate reference materials.

Examples: dictionaries, online resources, thesauruses, atlases, news and feature articles

•  Formulating research questions
•  Using paraphrasing to convey ideas from resources
•  Using note-taking skills to gather information
13.) Demonstrate eye contact, articulation, and appropriate voice intonation with descriptive presentations.

•  Using demonstrations with oral expository presentations
•  Using figurative language to enhance oral communication
Examples: simile, metaphor, onomatopoeia, personification

•  Utilizing precise vocabulary in oral presentations
Examples: leap instead of jump, miniature instead of little

14.) Identify strategies of a skillful listener, including attending to the listening task and assigning meaning to the message.

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