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English Language Arts, Grade 7, 2007

1.) Apply strategies appropriate to the type of reading material, including setting purposes for reading and making generalizations, to comprehend seventh-grade recreational reading materials.

•  Distinguishing factual from fictional materials
•  Determining sequence of events
•  Using specific context clues to determine meaning of unfamiliar words
•  Applying self-monitoring strategies for text understanding
•  Drawing conclusions to interpret unstated intent
•  Analyzing predictions, including confirming and refuting
2.) Relate literary elements and devices to each other, including main idea and supporting details, climax, point of view, and imagery.

•  Determining mood
•  Recognizing use of flashback
3.) Distinguish among the major genres, including poetry, short stories, novels, plays, biographies, and autobiographies, and subgenres, such as folktales, myths, parables, fables, and science fiction, based on their characteristics.

4.) Apply strategies that include setting purposes for reading, distinguishing fact from opinion, making generalizations, and reviewing to comprehend informational and functional reading materials.

•  Determining sequence of events to enhance text understanding
•  Using specific context clues to determine meaning of unfamiliar words
•  Applying self-monitoring strategies for text understanding
•  Drawing conclusions to determine unstated intent
5.) Recognize the use of textual elements, including main idea and supporting details, to gain information from various text formats, including graphs.

6.) Analyze nonfiction, science fiction, mystery or suspense, fantasy, and adventure for distinguishing characteristics.

•  Classifying plot elements as exposition or hook, conflict, rising action, climax, falling action, or resolution
7.) Interpret the author's message in various literary, informational, and functional texts.


- literary text--nonfiction, science fiction, suspense, fantasy, adventure

- informational and functional text--laws, directions, newspapers, advertisements, Internet sources, pamphlets

•  Comparing various types of informational and functional texts
8.) Compare selections of culturally diverse literature and their characteristics.

Examples: Native American, Hispanic, African American, Indian, European, Asian, Middle Eastern

9.) Compose in descriptive, narrative, expository, and persuasive modes with a thesis sentence and introductory, supporting, and concluding paragraphs when appropriate.

•  Using transitional words and phrases for coherence
•  Composing various genres of literature by imitating an author's style, form, and purpose
Examples: poetry, short story, folktale, tall tale, nonfiction, science fiction, suspense, fantasy, adventure, contemporary realistic fiction, legend, fable, myth

•  Using figurative language when writing in various genres
10.) Apply mechanics in writing, including commas to set off nouns of address and following introductory phrases and clauses.

•  Punctuating titles correctly using quotation marks, underlining, or italics

- quotation marks--short stories

- underlining or italics--books, magazines, newspapers

•  Using semicolons, conjunctive adverbs, and commas to join two independent clauses or to correct run-on sentences
•  Demonstrating correct sentence structure by avoiding comma splices
•  Using commas to set off nonessential clauses and appositives
11.) Apply grammar conventions in writing to pronoun-antecedent agreement and to subject-verb agreement with inverted word order and with indefinite pronouns as subjects.

•  Identifying gerunds, infinitives, and participles in writing
•  Using degrees of comparison in writing
Examples: good, better, best; beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful

•  Identifying sentence patterns in writing

- subject-->verb (S-->V)

- subject-->action verb-->direct object (S-->AV-->DO)

- subject-->action verb-->indirect object-->direct object (S-->AV-->IO-->DO)

- subject-->linking verb-->predicate nominative (S-->LV-->PN)

- subject-->linking verb-->predicate adjective (S-->LV-->PA)

•  Using compound and complex sentences in writing
12.) Cite sources used in the research process.

Examples: author, title, page numbers, date of publication, publisher or uniform resource locator (URL)

13.) Apply steps in the research process to identify a problem or issue, locate resources and information, and present findings.

•  Taking notes to gather and summarize information
14.) Present findings from inquiry and research using a variety of resources.

Examples: projects, brochures, display boards, speeches, multimedia presentations

15.) Demonstrate listening skills, including identifying the main idea, detail, purpose, and bias in group discussions, public speeches, and media messages.

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