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Architecture and Construction, Grade 9 - 12, Construction Framing, 2009

1.) Compare various career opportunities associated with frame construction.

Examples: engineer, construction foreman, carpenter

2.) Demonstrate job site safety in frame construction.

3.) Compare applications of hardwood and softwood lumber used in framing structures.

•  Identifying grades of lumber
Examples: appearance grade, timber grade, dimension grade

•  Identifying defects that affect lumber grade
Examples: knot, wane, split, check, warp

4.) Calculate a bill of materials for the framing of a wood structure.

5.) Compare advantages of concrete flooring systems and wood flooring systems.

6.) Design a floor framing system for a structure.

•  Describing the purpose of a sill used in structures
•  Demonstrating the layout of joist headers and floor joists used in structures
•  Contrasting various subfloor materials used in structures
Examples: tongue and groove plywood, plywood, oriented strand board, shiplap boards

•  Demonstrating the installation of a subfloor for a structures
7.) Design a wall framing system for a structure.

•  Comparing the use of wood and metal wall framing components
•  Describing the use of a sole plate in structures
•  Demonstrating the construction of corner posts with and without blocking
•  Demonstrating the use and installation of full, cripple, and trimmer studs
•  Demonstrating the installation of a double top plate in structures
•  Demonstrating the installation of rough openings for doors and windows, including headers
•  Demonstrating techniques for bracing a wall
8.) Compare various wall sheathing materials for structures.

Examples: foam board, oriented strand board, insulating board, plywood

9.) Explain the importance of vapor barriers used in wall framing.

•  Comparing the advantages of using plastic and building felt as vapor barriers in walls
10.) Design a ceiling framing system for a structure.

•  Demonstrating the installation of ceiling joists
•  Explaining the use of headers in two-story structures
•  Demonstrating the installation of rough openings for stairs, attic access, and chimneys
11.) Identify types of stairs used in structures.

•  Comparing materials used in stair construction
•  Calculating the total rise, number and size of risers, and treads for a stairway
12.) Demonstrate the procedure for laying out and cutting stringers for stair construction.

13.) Demonstrate the procedure for installing handrails to stairs.

14.) Identify types of roofs used on structures.

Examples: hip, gable, gambrel, shed

15.) Compare conventional and truss roof systems for structures.

•  Laying out common, hip, and valley rafters
•  Laying out a truss using a framing square
•  Demonstrating the installation of rough openings for vents, skylights, and chimneys
16.) Compare various decking materials for roof systems.

Examples: tongue and groove plywood, plywood, oriented strand board

17.) Describe types of materials used for roof systems.

Examples: felt, shingles, metal roofing, roll roofing

18.) Demonstrate the installation of roofing materials.

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